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Serving the students and the University community, since 1893
Volume 87, Issue No
Friday, April 11, 1830 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Ntw Sport. Ad 933-0245
Buins Advertising 133-1163
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Former GPSF president Roy Rocklin with defense attorney Wayne Rackoff
..trial to decide validity of vote was longest in history of Student Supreme Court
Energy conservation promoted
By CINDY BOVVERS
Staff W riter
Editor's Note: To mark the 10th
anniversary of Earth Day, numerous
University, private and local government
organizations are sponsoring the Solar Arts
Festival in the Carolina Union Saturday. '
The Solar Arts Coalition's festival will
begin at 10 a.m. and end at 5 p.m. Various
workshops focusing on the economics,
practicality and uses of solar energy will run
throughout the day. There is a $5 admittance
fee or a $1.50 charge per workshop.
The Chapel Hill Anti-Nuclear Group
Effort also will be sponsoring an Earth Day
celebration at the Forest Theatre at 8:30 p.m.
This article and the accompanying one
examine the growing use of solar energy in the
Chapel Hill and Carrboro area and the efforts
of local governments to encourage alternative
Chapel Hill, Orange County and Carrboro
officials are working to find ways to promote
solar energy' use in area homes and
State and federal tax credits provide some
incentive to install solar-powered heating and
cooling systems, but more encouragement is
needed on the local level, county and town
"(Tax incentives) have been effective to
some extent," Steve Sizemore, Chapel Hill's
planning technician, said Thursday. "But
obviously they're not enough to get anyone to
convert to solar."
Chapel Hill currently is rewriting its zoning
ordinance, which has been in effect since
1955. Sizemore said the town is considering
including measures in the rewrite that would
encourage solar energy use.
"We want to do everything we can to knock
By BILL FIELDS
Call it a battle, but then the parties involved
are on the same team.
Phrase it a heated duel, and people will think
you're talking about gladiators, not football
T ell someone it's a rivalry, and they'll ask how
tough the competition is.
There's competition in this contest, all right.
How much? "Plenty," said Chuck Sharpe, who
has vied with Rod Elkins all during the Tar
Heels' spring drills for the quarterback spot to
replace Matt Kupec.
Sharpe, a rising junior from Burlington
Williams High, quarterbacked Carolina to a
couple of wins during the 1978 season before
being forced to sit on the sidelines last fall as
Kupec engineered the team to an 8-3-1 record
and the Gator Bowl championship.
Elkins, a rising sophomore from Greensboro
Grimsley, played three games with the UNC
jayvees during the fall, then dressed out w ith the
varsity, but only saw action in the waning
minutes of the Army game w ith Carolina well in
The talents of both Tar Heels will be
displayed with the rest of the team at I p.m.
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out any (discouragement of) solar energy," he
The town planning staff is trying to remove
any zoning barriers to solar energy in the
ordinance and replace them with incentives to
encourage developers to install solar systems,
One proposal would allow developers who
agree to use solar energy more flexibility in
the required ratio between building and lot
sizes. Builders of solar homes also could be
allowed to modify the town's setback
requirements, which regulate a building's
placement on a lot, he said. Changing the
setback requirement would permit a
developer to place a house with the wider end
facing south for maximum solar benefits.
Sizemore said the building height
requirements in the town's zoning rewrite
would prohibit buildings on lots adjacent to
solar building from blocking solar collection
Orange ,County Energy Conservation
Coordinator Carol Fitzgerald said the county
also is looking for ways to encourage solar
"But because the county is a less dense area,
we aren't quite as concerned with it as Chapel
Hill," she said.
The Orange County Energy Commission,
an advisory board to the Orange County
Board of Commissioners, has developed 17
energy related policies to go with the county's
newly adopted land use plan, Fitzgerald said.
The county's policies encourage solar
energy use by providing for careful planning
. of developments and streets, she said.
We want to encourage site planning that
will put roads running east to west so the long
end of a house can face south," she said.
Buildings facing the south use solar energy
See ENERGY on page 2
Saturday in the Blue-White intrasquad game at
Kenan Stadium. The most notable absence
from the game will be tailback Amos Lawrence,
who has a bruised ankle.
Head coach Dick Crum today will divide the
players and the coaching staff into two teams.
He said they will be divided as evenly as
possible, and that Sharpe and Elkins will be on
Before spring practice began, Crum said the
race to be the starting quarterback would be
w ide open. Both Sharpe and Elkins said that's
what has occurred, although Sharpe has run the
No. I offense most of the time with Elkins
heading the No. 2 unit.
But one Tar Heel running back said the.
distinction was more like a "No. 1 and a No.
IA." Regardless of their placement during
spring, both quarterbacks said they're looking
ahead to next fall.
"It's been a real good spring," Sharpe said.
"We've added on to a lot of things we used at the
Gator Bow l. Hopefully, I'll be running the show
in the fall. I've got more experience. One of my
edges is that I know the defenses better."
Though he was a high, school star, Elkins
said he came to Chapel Kill a humble person,
not sure he could compete w ith the college crop.
"It kind of surprised me," Elkins said. "I
By LYNN CASEY
The Student Supreme Court ended the
longest trial in its history Thursday night when
it decided to uphold the results of a Feb. 5
referendum guaranteeing funds to the Graduate
and Professional Student Federation.
Student Supreme Court Justice Roy Cooper
explained that after ruling on numerous pretrial
hearings, hearing almost 25 hours of testimony
and oral arguments and spending many hours of
individual research, the four court justices
unanimously decided to uphold the results of
the Feb. 5 election.
Five UNC students, represented by UNC law
student Craig Brown, sought to overturn the
results of the referendum which gives the GPSF
15 percent of the activities fees paid by the
graduate and professional students. The
referendum, an amendment to the Student
Government constitution, passed by a required
two-thirds margin, 2,105-956.
The five plaintiffs attempted to prove the
election was so unfairly and incompetently
administered that it prevented a valid election
on Feb. 5. The plaintiffs also tried to prove that
the election irregularities during the election
materially affected the outcome of the election.
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Chapel Hill home uses active heating system
...circulates air in natural surroundings
Natural heat cuts costs
in Orange County homes
By LEILA DUNBAR
Saff W riler
John and Barbara Hartley live in a comfortable two-story home
with large, open rooms off Old Highway 86 in Chapel Hill. John
Hartley, an architect, designed and built the large wooden home
himself. The Hartley's heating bill for January and February totaled
$75. The Hartleys' home is heated by solar energy.
"It's a nice feeling to know that we can heat our house on almost
total solar and wood heat," Barbara Hartley said. "We don't have to
rely on anything else. It's a good, back-to-the-earth feeling."
Solar energy, especially for home heating, is growing in popularity
among local residents. There are approximately 75 solar-heated homes
in Chapel Hill and Carrboro.
"There will be an explosion in solar energy in the next two years,"
A.W. Worth, a local realtor who sells solar homes, said.
Peter Thorn, president of Capricorn Building Co., agreed that solar
energy use will continue to grow in the 1980s. Thorn predicted that
solar home construction will be a billion dollar industry by 2000.
"When people actually see solar homes around them they will join in
too," Thomas Gunter, project assistant for the Piedmont Crescent
See HEAT on page 2
wasn't sure I could get on the same field with
them (varsity players)."
But now, Elkins said he's not going to be
satisfied if he enters the fall behind Sharpe.
"Coach Crum and Coach Bryant (quarterback
coach Cleve) said it would be wide open and
because of that I'd be disappointed if 1 weren't
For Sharpe. the 1979 season was a
frustrating, sometimes confusing time. His
passing totals: 3-of-7, 44 yards.
"Last year was real difficult for me," he said.
"1 had to watch when I thought I could play. A
lot of times the coaches would say. 'Be ready,
we're going to need you," then I wouldn't get to
play, or I'd get in with the game already won.
That makes it harder."
Carolina offensive coordinator John Matsko
said spring practice which he called "fairly
successful" has emphasized putting the
quarterbacks in game-like settings.
"Sharpe and Elkins are two good ones."
Matsko said. "We tried to do a lot of situations
w here they had a lot of heat on them. They held
up well. I feel comfortable with both of them.
But two No. 1 quarterbacks aren't usually
found on football teams. That is, until the squad
lines up for a game among themselves.
Then you could cM it a heated battle between
The defendants in the case were Elections
Board Chairman Scott Simpson and former
GPSF President Roy Rocklin. They were
represented by political science graduate
student Wayne Rackoff and UNC law students
Douglas Darch and Michael Barnhill.
Craig. Brown said "the plaintiffs are
disappointed with the decision but we w ill abide
Because of the importance of the issues in the
case. Cooper said the court will not present the
justices' opinion until after exams.
The majority of the testimony of the case
concerned two of the plaintiffs' seven charges.
One charge was that the Elections Board
chairman misinterpreted the intent of a Campus
Governing Council act establishing three new
polling sites when he refused to allow off
campus undergraduates to vote at the three new
polls. Only graduate students were allowed to
vote at the additional polling sites at Rosenau
Hall, Kenan laboratories and Hamilton Hall.
Although the bill does not specify who can
vote at the new polling sites, former CGC
members David Wright and Roy Rocklin
testified that the intent of the bill was to allow
both graduates and undergraduates students to
vote at the polls.
Rebels say hostages
to die if Iraq invades
The Associated Press
Moslem militants holding the U.S.
Embassy in Tehran made a new death
threat Thursday against their American
prisoners who are in their 160th day of
- . The hostages will be "destroyed" if Irau
invades Iran, a militant identified only as
"Habib" told NBC-TV in an interview.
Iran and Iraq are engaged in a fresh
round of border hostility and each has
accused the other of acting on behalf of
The Iranian military said Thursday the
border region had been quiet since
artillery and small-arms skirmishing in
Iran's Kermanshah province Wednesday,
but it ordered Iranian naval units to leave
the port of Abadan and cruise the
northern Persian Gulf to "counter any
aggression" by the Iraqis.
The militants threatened on
Wednesday to kill the hostages if the
United States attempted any "military
intervention" against Iran.
"Habib" said in the interview that "by
military intervention we mean if the
American government directly intervenes
in Iran or if its puppets in the region, like
Egypt, Iraq and Israel, intervene in Iran."
In Washington, a top White House
official told reporters, "If they should kill
any our our people, a border spat with
Iraq would be the least of their
The Baghdad government, calling on
other Arab nations to rally behind it
against Iran, denounced revolutionary
leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in
"This cray, racist Khomeini is nothing
but a turbancd shah," the official Iraqi
News Agency said in an editorial.
The government-run Tehran Radio
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Rod Elkins and Chuck Sharpe gain experience and playing time
...as spring practice ends and plans are made for next season
The other charge which was heavily discussed
during the trial concerned the 1 1 a.m.-4 p.m.
polling hours on Feb. 5. The plaintiffs charged
the hours were unconstitutional and did not
allow on-campus residents an equal
opportunity to vote, in comparison to students
who were allowed to vote on central campus.
Brown charged that a 1977 amendment to the
elctions laws required the polls to be open from
1 1 a.m. -5 p.m.
However, the CGC that passed the
amendment did not delete an earlier clause in
the laws which states all polls must be open a
minimum of five hours. Simpson testified he
believed the hours were constitutional since they
did meet the five hour requirement.
Chip Cox, speaker of the CGC when the 1 1
a.m.-5 p.m. clause was added, testified in a
telephone interview that the intention of the
amendment was to guarantee the polls uere
open until 5 p.m.
During the trial. Cooper criticized the
performances of the previous CGC for its
Rackoff said, 1 don't know what the
Supreme Court is going to order but 1 have very
little doubt that it's going to ask the CGC to put
its house in order."
said 14,000 Iranians expelled from Iraq
by the Baghdad government had poured
across the border into the western Iranian
province of llam, and that 11,000 more
had arrived in Kermanshah province, just
north of lam.
Tensions between the Mideast
neighbors, who have long been
antagonistic, erupted into violence earlier
this week, when Iran reported cross
border assaults by small bands of Iraqi
Khomeini and other leaders of Iran's
I slam ic-oriented revolutionary
government called on Iraqis to overthrow
their secular, socialist regime, headed by
President Saddam Hussein. I he two
countries have conflicting territorial
claims, and the friction has been
heightened by turmoil among the
Kurdish ethnic minority that overlaps the
border and among the Arabs of
Meanwhile, Western European
nations told their lehran ambassadors
Thursday to damand that Iran release the
50 hostages. I lie toughly worded
declaration by the nine Common Market
nations stopped short of joining in U.S.
sanctions against Iran, but rt hinted that
some action might be taken later.
The United States asked NATO
countries, Japan and other U.S. allies to
join in sanctions against Iran, including
reductions in trade and diplomatic tics.
The Iranians threatened to cut off oil
exports to any nation that cooperates
with the United States a cutoff that
experts say could seriously affect at least
Japan. Besides t he oil question, the allies
would stand to lose billions of dollars in
other business with Iran.
See IRAN on page 2