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Sunny and warmer today
with the high near 70. Satur
day the high will be in the low
70s and there is a 10 percent
chance of rain.
The Red Cross Bloodmobile
will be in Great Hall today
from 1 0 a.m.-3 p.m. for its last
visit to campus this
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 07, Issue No. 1377
Friday, April 18, 1SS0 Chapel HUI, North Carolina
WASHINGTON (AP) President Jimmy
Carter announced Thursday he is imposing new
economic sanctions against Iran in an effort to
force the Tehran government to free its
American hostages and warned that "the only
next step available" if economic pressures fail
appears to be military action.
Taking military action against Iran, he said,
is the prerogative and right of the United
States" if peaceful efforts fail to resolve the
The new sanctions include a ban on American
travel to Iran, financial transactions with Iran
by anyone in the United States and the payment
of reparations to families of the American
hostages, using Iranian government assets
frozen in U.S. banks and their overseas
He also said weapons that were ordered by
Iran before the crisis, but which have been
impounded by the U.S. government, will be sold
or diverted to American defense use.
In addition, the president told a nationally
boardcast news conference he will prohibit all
imports from Iran, even though trade between
the two countries already is virtually
Only food and medicine have been untouched
by the trade cutoff so far. Carter said if the
sanctions he announced Thursday are not
effective, he will ban those few shipments that
have continued. In addition, he said he is
prepared to ask other nations to cooperate in
barring international communications to and
Carter also appealed to American news
organizations to limit their activities in Iran, but
said he would not interfere in press operations.
"If this additional set of sanctions that I have
described to you today and the concerted action
of our allies is not successful, then the only next
step available that I can see would be some sort
of military action which is the prerogative and
the right of the United States under these
circumstances, the president said.
Meanwhile, the West Europeans gave Carter
a boost even as he ordered the new economic
sanctions against Iran. Portugal announced it
was banning all trade with Iran, and the
European Parliament urged the nine Common
Market nations to consider breaking diplomatic
ties with the Tehran government.
Iranian revolutionary leader Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini dismissed the American
sanctions as an "empty drum," and President
Abolhassan Bani-Sadr insisted Iran was
"mostly self-sufficient" and would not be
endangered by a broad trade embargo.
AMA takes cover
Jh;UI '; -Ill
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Servomation worker serves dinner Thursday evening
...new food service begins first day of summer school
By STEPHANIE BIKCHEK
ARA Services, Inc. has been selected by UNC administrators
to replace Servomation Inc. as the University's food service,
Charles Antle, assistant vice chancellor for business, said
ARA was chosen over four other food service companies,
including Servomation, because it could begin operation by
May 19, the first day of summer school, and because of specific
recommendations for food service improvement, Antle said.
The decision to search for a new food service was made in
February by the Chancellor's Food Service Advisory
Committee after a committee study group found Servomation's
The study group recommended that food service at the Pine
Room and Chase cafeteria be upgraded within the next four
years to meet the demands of the UNC student body. The
committee also recommended that a larger portion of Chase
cafeteria be used as dining space and that Chase provide South
Campus residents with weekend food service.
ARA was chosen by Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs
Donald Boulton, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs
James Cansler, Vice Chancellor for Business and Finance John
Temple and Antle.
"I think there will be some changes," Antle said. "ARA was
chosen because we're hoping we can make som changes in the
food service. There will be new meal plans. In their proposal
they have recommended changing the decor, and talked about
things such as changing the meals."
Student Body President Bob Saunders said one thing that
impressed the Food Service Committee about ARA was its
specific recommendations for improvements on Chase and the
Pine Room. "They are willing to invest their own money to
make these improvements," he said.
Saunders said ARA had not yet put its ideas into a contract
but detailed changes in decor, management, marketing and food
quality would be made. He. also said ARA's prices were
competitive or comparable to all of the other bids, including
"Students wanted flexibility in a meal plan," ARA
representative Terry Crumb said. "We tried to come up with a
flexible meal plan that would suit their needs."
Crumb said that ARA has devised meal plans with 19, Hand
10 meals per week. Students will be able to use their meal plans
at Chase Cafeteria, the Union Snack Bar and the Pine Room
under the existing system.
Crumb also said there w ould be other separate meal plans that
will enable a student to use his meal card like a credit card.
The full list of changes that ARA hopes to make istoolongto
be outlined at the present time. Crumb said. Further
information will be sent to UNC students and incoming
freshmen after a formal contract is drawn up next week.
ARA officials said they plan to meet with Servomation's
hourly paid employees sometime next week, Antle said. They
probably will bring in their own management personnel and hire
the hourly paid Servomation employees.
ARA Services, Inc. is based in Philadelphia, he said. It caters
to universities and corporations and also owns distribution
companies, Contract Transportation Services and basic
medical care and retirement facilities.
Officials say sexual harassment at UNC kept quiet
By LORI MORRISON
Editor's note: To make the community aware of
the problems of sexual harassment, rape, sexual
crimes and violence, a coalition of local women's
groups will sponsor a " Take Back the Night" march
at 10 p.m. tonight. The march will begin at the
Franklin Street Post Office and end with a rally at
Carr Mill Mall.
The groups also are sponsoring workshops
beginning at 3 p.m. at the Orange County Women's
Center at 307 N. Columbia St.
Sexual harassment of women by men happens
because men can get away with it, said Janet Colm,
director of the Rape Crisis Center.
Even though sexual harassment exists at UNC,
the issue is kept rather hushed perhaps even
limited to only those involved for fear of
embarrassment, shame or guilt.
"Sex is one of the things men have had to barter
with," Colm said. "They have been taught to take it
when they 'want it."
Sexual harassment is definitely a reality at UNC.
The definition of sexual harassment ranges from
catcalls and dirty looks all the way to rape,
depending on who is defining the term.
Colm said some women don't define it as a
problem because it doesn't fit in with how society ;
looks at rape. "Personally, I .would say it
(harassment) would be when a person feels like it is
a problem and it is unwelcome, it is a harassment,"
she said. "It becomes worse when someone feels
like they have to go along with it."
Because all harassed women do not report their
cases, it is hard to say how serious the problem is on
campus. Susan Ehringhaus, assistant to the
chancellor wo handles such cases, has had no cases
invloving students in the past 18 months. However,
the problem isn't limited to students, but extends to
the University's female employees as well,
"I'm sure there is a problem at UNC with
students and with workers," Colm said. "The Rape
Crisis Center has had more calls with workers being
harassed on the job rather than with students." ;
"Sexual harassment is everywhere, but
unfortunately we can't quantify it because it is so
unreported," said Joan Roberts, a Rape Crisis
Center volunteer. "Certainly from the number of
calls we get at the Rape Crisis Center, there is a hell
of a problem."
One typical unreported case which occurred last
semester involved a student and her instructor.
Kelly, (not her actual name), chose not to report
him even though he became a problem for her.
As part of a club meeting, Kelly and four other
women students went to dinner with their
instructor in one car. When they returned to the
dorm, Kelly was the last to leave.
" He asked me if I could stay and have a beer with
him," she said. "I thought 'what the harm? so I did.
Then he started putting his hands all over me and
he said his roommate was out of town. I told him
'no thanks' because I didn't want to be put in that
sort of situation!! didn't think it was the right thing
to do. But he kept putting his hands all over me and
tried to kiss J" .t . - -
; Kelly said he wanted sexual favors in return for a
good grade. "He said that a student teacher
relationship could work out to both our
advantages,44 she said. "1 think he meant if 1 went
upstairs (to his room) purposely to have sex, he
would have given me an A."
Kelly said the incident made her not want to go
to class and the teacher's persistent phone calls
made her angry. She thought her instructor treated
other girls the same way because she heard him pay
them many compliments.
v Support groups for women who have
experienced harassment of this type and for those
who presently are being harassed are helpful for
building a case as well as in coping with the
problem, Colm said. If women can take other
people in confidence and discuss their problems,
some may find the same man is harassing several
people, which can help make a case against
Dorothy Bernholz, director of Student Iegal
Services, said sexual harassment cases are usually
hard to prove because sex is such a private matter.
Since it is one person's word against another, an
outside witness or being able to show a pattern is
very useful for a case, Bernholz said.
Bernholz said she worked on two blatant cases
last year involving students and professors. "These
two cases, in my opinion were very bad," she said.
Students who think they have a case should
contact Susan Ehringhaus, assistant to the
chancellor, for help because Bernholz cannot work
against the University or its employees.
Bernholz, who is also president of the National
Association of Students' Attorneys, said there are
See HARASS on page 2
i ! v
4 r jt
Betty Machando, a sophomore member of Kappa Kappa Gamma
gets 'gritted on' at the APO Campus Chest Carnival held Thursday
night on Ehringhaus Field. Proceeds from the carnival events will go
to local charities. The carnival also featured 50 kegs of free beer.
in Chapel Hill
From Staff Reports
It is possible that contaminated Quaaludes and "black
beauties" are being sold in the Chapel Hill area, a Wake County
Drug Action official said Thursday.
"We have informal, but reliable, information that bad
Quaaludes and 'black beauties' are being sold in the area," said
Jeff Cheek, director of the Alternative Treatment to Street
Quaalude, the brand name for the drug methaqualone, is a
controlled substance used to induce sleep.
Although Quaaludes are used as a prescribed sedative, they
have been used as recreational drugs for years, said Steve
Cailola, an associate professor in the UNC School of Pharmacy.
Cheek said some counterfeit Quaaludes were brought to the
Drug Action Crisis Center of Wake County for analysis and
found to be made of PCP and Valium.
PCP is classified as a depressant and hallucinogen. It
sometimes is used as an animal tranquilizer. "There hasn't been
enough research on it to get its effects on humans," Cheek said.
"There are different reactions for different people. There have
been some reports of extreme violence and aggression al ter it is
taken," he said. "Drug officials are publicizing it as the most
See DRUGS on page 2
Money market investment on the rise
By JONATHAN RICH
With double-digit inflation rapidly eating
into bank savings, some Americans have begun
looking for other places to invest their money.
Many have found they can fight inflation by
turning to the money market.
The recent creation of money market funds
has transformed a once-restricted investment
area into a multi-billion dollar business catering
to the small investor as well as the millionaire.
The money market is a unique investment
area. Whereas most investment companies
concentrate on channeling their clients' money
into stocks and bonds,- which pay varying
dividend rates, companies dealing in the money
market make short-term loans at the going
money interest rate.
They do this by investing in liquid assets like
short-term bonds and treasury notes. B
supplying corporation and government cash
demands, money market funds are similar to
Money market investments pay an interest
rate that is not restricted by the government.
Although interest rates on savings accounts
remain limited by law to 5.5 percent, money
market rates have risen with the inflation rate.
The result has been a great influx of capital
into investment companies, said Pat Nicholson,
a UNC graduate who is now a research assistant
at Alliance Capital Reserves, a New York
"As soon as interest rates started up last
summer, money market investments became
popular." Nicholson said. "People are taking
money out of sav ings and putting them into the
money market where the yield is much greater."
. Nicholson said the average return of money
market investments for the month before April
9 was 14.9 percent, w ith some firms returning as
much as 17 percent. Interest on these
investments is compounded daily, making the
yearly returns even greater.
Until recently, a minimum investment
requirement of $100,000 prevented small
investors from playing the money market.
Established in 1972, money funds like Alliance
have given the small investor access to the high
yielding money market by pooling investors'
Although some funds still require large
minimum investments, most demand only
about $1,000, or like Alliance, no minimum.
Nicholson said his firm had increased its
investments from $300,000 to $500 million since
last November. This is only a small fraction of
what has become a $70 billion business
Although money funds are not insured by the
government, they represent sale. liquid
investments, Nicholson said. "Most firms have
established certain guidelines, and we only
invest in certain grades of securities." he said.
"On the whole it's a very safe investment."
"I think it's something students can really
take advantage of." Nicholson said. "Like any
See MARKET on page 2
DT H Andy
Award recipient Don Honbarrier, second from left, at ceremony
...other Chancellor Award winners are listed on page 3
Woman wins Patterson
By BILL FIELDS
Swimmer Bonny Brown made North Carolina
athletic history Thursday when she became the
first woman to win the Patterson Medal, awarded
to the senior athlete who has demonstrated general
excellence throughout his or her career.
Brown was an All-America performer for four
years and led the Tar Heel women's
team to top 10 finishes in the last four
AIAW national championships. ; t
"It's quite a thrill, that's for sure." :
said Brown, who grew up in Florida but
now lives in Murphy. "It's really
something to say. They told me I was x
the first woman to win the award and
sure enough. 1 went down and looked
and I as."
The selection is based on athletic
ability, sportsmanship, morale.
leadership and general conduct and is
made by a committee of athletic
officials, faculty members and student
representatives. The Patterson Medal is Carolina'
highest athletic honor.
"there isn't a person more deserving of the
Patterson Medal than Bonny," UNC swimming
coach Frank Comfort said. "She is, without
question, one of the greatest collegiate swimmer
of our time."
Comfort said Brown, who led the Tar Heels in
scoring at the nationals every year of her career, "is
the undisputed leader of our swimming team."
Brown won the national championship in the
100 IM as a freshman and finished second in the
KM) freestyle and fourth in the 200 free. A a junior.
Brow n had three top-five finishes. This scaon. lc
scored points in six different events in the AI AWi.
Unlike many successful collegiate athlete.
Brown w ill leave her competitive tport behind w ith
"I feel I really did everything I could
do." he said. "It's not a sad feeling, or a
relief to know my carter is over. I know
I've done everything I can. and it made
me glad I went out in style. A lot of
"' people aren't that fortunate."
Although by winning the award
Brown broke a 55-year male tradition.
she laid she didn't consider it a victory
1 for women' liberation.
"I'm not a women' libber, bui I
Brown would hope my winning might set a
trend. It would be nice to sec women
recognized near the top for their
accom pi i h me nt ."
Comfort gave Brown credit for putting UNC
where it is in collegiate women swimming Wc
did two very important things that got u to the top
of women' wimming," he said. "We got deeply
involved in trie porl before mot other ihHil
and we rccruiied Bonny Blown "