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2 The DaiK- r i Monday ,;Se' se.nber 15. 1980
lira ft tahco -leave, from. Carter campaign
WASHINGTON (AP) Tim Kraft, President Jimmy Carter's national
campaign manager, said Sunday he is taking a "leave of absence" amid
reports he is being investigated for alleged use of cocaine.
Kraft said he is "completely innocent of the charges." He added that he
has "concluded that I can best serve the president and avoid political
exploitation of the false charges against me by taking a leave of absence
from the campaign."
Kraft said he was told by the Justice Department last week that "matters
under preliminary investigation by the FBI had been referred to the court for
the appointment of a special prosecutor, and I have now learned from the
press reports that a special prosecutor has in fact been appointed."
Carter and ileagan even in poll
WASHINGTON (AP) President Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan are
running even in their race for the presidency but Carter's strength is limited
to the South, according to a new public opinion poll by The Washington
Carter and the Republican presidential nominee each drew 37 percent
support in the Post survey published Sunday. Independent candidate John
Anderson was favored by 13 percent of the 1,755 registered voters polled.
The remaining 13 percent had no preference.
While Carter and Reagan were even in the nationwide survey, a breakdown
showed Carter a strong favorite in the South, with 47 percent saying they
would vote for the president compared to 34 percent for Reagan. Reagan was
the favorite in the ether regions, with margins of 35 percent to 30 percent in
rthe Northeast, 40 percent to 33 percent in the North Central states and 44
percent to 30 percent in the West.
Ulan rally reoulto in
SCOTLAND, Conn. (AP) Members of a Ku Klux Klan faction,
surrounded by state police in riot gear, burned an 18-foot cross in this tiny
eastern Connecticut town following skirmishes between sympathizers and
opponents of the white supremacist organization.
Nine people were arrested Saturday night, most on charges of interfering
with a police officer, and eight were injured in scattered violence, authorities
said. '. '
Klan leaders said they planned another demonstration for Sunday night.
The area was under tight security Saturday, as state police looking for
concealed weapons, frisked anyone trying to enter the Klan rally. A variety of
weapons, including a billy club and a sledge hammer found in a car, were
confiscated. . . '
Andruo to resign Cabinet position
WASHINGTON (AP) Interior Secretary Cecil Andrus is planning to'
resign from the Cabinet and will become a member of the board of the new
Synthetic Fuels Corp. '
The anticipated announcement came over the weekend in a statement by
President Jimmy Carter nominating six persons to the board of directors of
the Synthetic Fuels Corp.
Carter said Andrus, 49, a former governor of Idaho, was "a superb
interior secretary. I know he will bring a keen knowledge of the West and the
problems and opportunities the synthetic fuel initiative poses for Western
states and communities to the board."
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ANKARA, Turkey (AP) Soldiers searched house-to-house
for suspected terrorists in suburban Istanbul
and -Ankara on Sunday, and Turkey's new. military
rulers said they arrested 182 terrorists in the eastern
province of Elazig.
Informed sources said a Turkish army captain was
killed late Saturday in a shootout between soldiers and
suspected leftist extremists in the south central city of
Adana. Two leftists were wounded and an unspecified
number of snipers captured, the sources said.
The Turkish military command would not confirm
that Capt. A. Bulat Angin was killed. His reported
death would be the first directly related to Friday's
n vnr t
WASHINGTON (AP) The House
begins debate this week on legislation
establishing a $1.2 billion "superfund"
to clean up abandoned hazardous
chemical dumps such as that, at Love
Canal in New York.
The superfund proposal follows a
surgeon general's report released late
last week describing the problem of toxic
chemicals as "a major public health
concern" that will plague the nation for
And it comes after two days of
hearings last week on the Senate version
of the bill, during which federal, state
and local officials called for urgent
congressional action on the problem.
But the legislation faces obstacles
from the Chemical Manufacturers
Association and other industry groups.
Although the. industry prefers the
House version of a superfund to a much
more ambitious Senate version, the
association still feels the fund is too big
and puts too much of a burden on the
The fund is Congress' response to
such environmental disasters as Love
Canal, where a neighborhood was built
on top of an abandoned chemical dump
that eventually began to poison its
efinition of paraphernalia debated
Controversy has arisen over the
definition of "drug paraphernalia."
Opponents of the term consider the
items sold can be more accurately called
"smoking accessories," since this
definition does not connote illegal use of
Under the Drug Enforcement
Administration's Model Drug
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Istanbul and Ankara were calm Sunday as the
military command pulled most of its tanks from the
cities, and Turks; crammed the streets, bazaars and .
Ultranationalist Alpaslan Turkes turned himself in
just hours before a deadline set by the ruling five-man
National Security Council, state radio reported.
Friday's pre-dawn, bloodless army coup stemmed, at
least temporarily, from the political violence that has
wracked this NATO nation for years. No terrorists
killings were reported Saturday. A boy was reported
shot Sunday in the Black Sea province of Ordu, but
there was no indication of the assailant's identity.
The surgeon general, in his report last
week, said mor and more
"environmental emergencies" like Love
Canal will occur during the coming
' years. ' .
And Douglas Costle, administrator of
the Environmental Protection Agency,
testified last week that "this legacy of
many years of uncontrolled hazardous
waste disposal may well be the most
serious environmental problem facing
the nation today."
The major superfund bill to come
before the House this week would set up
a $1.2 billion, four-year program to
clean up abandoned chemical waste
dumps. Of the total, $900 million would
come from taxes on the chemical
industry and $300 million from the
The scope of the project is limited
compared with the Senate's proposed $4
billion, six-year program, which is
pending in -the Senate Finance
The House bill covers only the actual
costs of cleaning up a dump. The Senate
version sets aside one-third of its fund
for compensating chemical waste victims.
Paraphernalia Act the following items
would be considered illegal when used,
intended for use or designed for use with
illegal drugs. Again, the phrase
"intended use" is at the center of the
controversy. The items include:
scales and balances.
blenders, bowls, containers, spoons
and mixing devices.
capsules, balloons, envelopes and
other containers for packaging, storing
or concealing controlled substances.
hypodermic syringes, needles and
other objects for injecting controlled
substances into the body.
objects used, intended for use or
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-William M. Lenck, chief counsel of the
Drug Enforcement Administration, used the
example of a roach clip which can be found in
any hardware store as an alligator clip for
electrical connections. Under the ordinances,
the clip found in the hardware store would
not be considered paraphernalia whereas the
clip found in the "head shop" would be. .
Opponents of the law note that such items
as Clad bags, spoons, belts and various other
common household goods deemed
. "paraphernalia," which may be used will
illegal drugs, also should be outlawed. The
distinctions, they contend, are not clear.
"Once the item is used, then it can be
determined (but not upon sale)," Hoffman
said. "Under the laws, safety pins, Glad bags
(and other items) would have to be taken off
"Where does enforcement come in? The
money would be much better spent in
(improving drug-related) education;" he
Although other shopowners like Hoffman
and many interested individuals disagree with
the Model Drug Paraphernalia Act,
ordinances developed strictly along these
guidelines have passed in U pstates;
Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois,
Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Nebraska,
New Jersey, New York and South Carolina
and other cities and counties around the
nation. High Point and Fayetteville have
passed such ordinances outlawing the sale of
drug paraphernalia. . On Sept. 18, the
' Governor's Crime Commission will bring its
adaptation of the Drug "Enforcement
dministration's act before the Governor so
that it may be considered in state legislation.
designed for use in ingesting, inhaling or
otherwise introducing marijuana,
cocaine, hashish or hashish oil such as:
metal, wooden, acrylic, glass, stone,
plastic or ceramic pipes with or without
screens, permanent screens, hashish
heads or punctured metal bowls; water
pipes; carburetion tubes and devices;
smoking and carburetion masks; roach
clips (meaning objects used to hold
burning material, such as a marijuana,
cigarette); minature cocaine spoons and
cocaine vials; chamber pipes; carburetor
pipes; air-driven pipes; chillums; bongs,
ice pipes' or chillers.
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Before the coup as many as 25 political killings a day
. An unconfirmed Istanbul newspaper report claimed
soldiers arrested two men and a woman suspected in
the July 19 murder of former Turkish Prime Minister
Nihat Erim. The independent Gunaydin newspaper
said the three had confessed to the crime.
Gen. Kenan Evren, 62-year-old chief of staff and
leader of the third Turkish military coup in 20 years,
said he would restore civilian rule after adoption of a
new constitution and other reforms in Turkey, which
has been plagued by soaring unemployment and
inflation, rampant political violence and a crushing $18
billion foreign debt.
From pags 1
"The Model Act does not infringe (upon
individual rights), due process or the first
amendment," DEA counsel Lcnck said.
Lenck, who has been involved with
programs of drug use and abuse for the past
20 years, said many different factors must be
considered when trying to curb the drug
"Nothing (by itself) is going to solve the
problem," Lenck said. "Nobody is going to
be cured simply by the act. So many factors
are involved treatment, peer groups. All are
inputs into the drug abuse equation."
"The sale, and delivery and advertismcnt
has more and more been oriented to minors,"
law enforcment specialists Jones said.
"That's a matter of really great concern.
There is a greater awareness of how big the
problem is in terms of juveniles.
"Free trade and commerce is one thing but
dealing with products designed for
furtherance of activity that is outlawed (is
another)," he said. "I'm a parent myself and
I don't want that spilled and splashed all over
Opponents of the Drug Enforcement
Administration's guidelines have proposed a
model law prohibiting the sale of smoking
paraphernalia to minors. The proposed act
notes that smoking tobacco as well as
smoking other "smoking materials" is
dangerous to the smoker's health. All sale,
bartering and exchange of cigarettes, cigars,
pipes and "other loose tobacco and smoking
herbs" should be prohibited to minors, this
model law states.
Kevin Zeese, assistant to the national
director of the National Organization for the
Reform of Marijuana Laws said the 'drag
paraphernalia' ordinances are an attempt to
deal with a side issue of marijuana and other
"(The act) is not dealing with the
problems," Zeese said. "If limited to minors,
the act would be (reasonable). Yet whenever
you make progress in a societal situation, it is
one step front and two steps back.
"North Carolina has been one of the more
liberal states when dealing with
decriminalization of possession of
marijuana. Yet this (act) is inconsistent," he
"Enforcement creates prospective
problems," said Michael Pritzker, attorney
for the Tobacco Accessories Trade
Association. The association is concerned
;, solely with litigation of related matters for
, the regulation, of. cigarette papers, pipes and
otherwise common tobacco accessories. The
association is not opposed to nor does it
sanction any drug paraphernalia ordinances.
"It is unfortunate to litigate (these items)
in the context of drug paraphernalia
ordinances," Pritzker said. "Those charged
with discerning, look to whatjsjamiliar for
the criteria color and taste rather than
function. Those that are different fall into the
Have (any new designs) changed the
essence of the pipe, and is the manifestation
of the intent transferred to the pipe?
"The way the ordinance reads is that the
problem is. that the statute is not shop
oriented but item-oriented, Pritzker said.
"The act presumes that we can define,
regulate and exorcise (drugs) from the
community. This is a naive, simplistic
"Drugs cause paraphernalia. (The act) is a
very naive cosmetic approach. It is not
dealing with the basic issues; it focuses on a
tide issue," Pritzker said. . -
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