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Dy DIXOHAH IimSCII
First f two parts
North Carolina anti-abortion forces are .
planning to make their views known during the
fall campaign and next year's session of the
"Abortion will be an issue in the elections,"
Rep. Dan Lilley, D-Lenoir, said. "We'll hear
very much about it! The fundamentalist churches
will be actively involved."
Greensboro attorney John Swem, secretary of
North Carolina Right to Life, said his group
would be active during the campaign season.
"We're concerned with any issue that affects
human life, unborn or otherwise," Swen said.
"The primary issue is abortion at this time.
Secondary issues are infanticide and euthanasia."
"We will be surveying some candidates and
distributing information. We send questionnaires
to the candidates and our support will depend on
their response." ,
North Carolina Right to Life depends on
private donations and has not yet made any
political contributions this fall.
"Our main focus right now is disseminating
information and surveying candidates," Swen
Churches for Life and Liberty, a non-profit
corporation said it would like to educate the
state's citizens about key abortion issues. "We
send out literature and conduct telephone
surveys," said the Rev. Kent Kelly. "We're just
trying to get organized and identify the people
who agree with us.
"The state abortion fund is not necessary or
right in terms of what the Bible teaches or what
the Declaration of Independence says," Kelly
said. "This country was founded on the right to
life. To deny that undermines the .whole premise
on which our country was founded."
In addition to campaign work, Kelly said his
group will travel to Raleigh in the coming year to
talk with state.legislators.
Sd d(Jj JL lill
Dy JONATHAN RICH
Despite confusion, violence and the institution of restrictive
fundamentalist policies, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and
the reigning Islamic Republic Party have retained much of the
broad popular support that put them in power, two experts on
Iran said recently.
"The roots of Khomeini's support have traditionally rested
with three power bases," said Dick Eaton, professor of
Oriental studies at the University of Arizona. "These are the
peasantry, the merchant class and the clerics. That basis has
never been eroded."
Khomeini came to power following a revolt led by
disenchanted shopkeepers and clerics who were strongly
supportive of his religious ideology, Eaton said. "Although
Iran now faces enormous problems, the power structure has
not changed," he said. "Any hope that the government will
fall is just wishful thinking."
Eaton predicted that Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, the relatively
liberal Iranian president would soon lose all of his power. "His
interpretation of Islam is too radical and socialist for the
times," Eaton said. "He lost touch with the (religious leaders)
and the people, and with a parliament dominated by
conservative clergy, he won't survive long."
Much of Khomeini's current popularity can still be
attributed to strong anti-shah sentiment, said UNC history
professor Herbert Hodman. Iran, has a strong ' monarchical
and religious tradition," Dodrnan said. .
"The shah tried to freeze out the leaders who are central to
providing leadership and guidance to the village
communities." The revolution affirmed the religious leaders'
role in the country, he said.
Although the shah's attempts to Westernize and
industrialize Iran contributed to a powerful business and
government elite, it was detrimental to the majority of citizens,
"Industrialization caused great inflation, and the middle
class as well as the peasants working in the factory were badly
squeezed," he said. "It served to widen the inequities between
the elite rich and the poor."
The present government is not spending oil revenues on
armaments and luxury goods, but attempting to raise the
whole country's standard of living, Bodman said.
"Between the shah's land reform and the revolution, Iran
Seo IRAN on pago 2
Rep. Mary N. Pegg, R-Forsyth, said she was
confident there would be anti-abortion legislation
introduced in the General Assembly in 1981. She
also said there would be a bill concerned with
state funds for elective abortions.
Lilley agreed that abortion legislation would be
introduced in the coming session, but said he
would not be involved. "1 don't plan to introduce
any legislation against abortion," Lilley said.
"In 1979 I introduced an amendment on the
floor of the House that would have removed the
$1 million from the abortion fund," he said. "I
have mixed emotions about it now.
"In the case of rape, incest and where the
mother's life is involved, abortion is fair. But 1
think we've gone way too far."
Lilley also said he thought abortion encouraged
people to be irresponsible.
"Thousands of abortions are funded by tax
money and many people feel abortion is wrong,"
Lilley said. "If these deaths were happening on
the highways there would be something said
"If you had a public referendum on elective
abortions, I think it would be defeated by a wide
margin," Lilley said.
Lilley predicted a fight in the 1931 legislature
over the state's abortion fund. Last week the
N.C. Department of Human Resources
recommended increasing the abortion fund to
$4.4 million during the next two years.Jf passed,
this would double the amount spent during the
current two-year period.
nl - , .M. , m . n -"w7''"''"'l'iii'1'1' i-r
D I HChartM Vernon
Hartmut Rsxhsusen of the petlsf Klcukcr Company of West Germany
...one of two men installing the handcrafted pipe organ
Made, to order
New pipe organ
comes to chapel
. .. ..JCy.KEVIN.RICKS. .:.,:,
The Chapel "of the Cross, a Chapel Hill
landmark for more than a century, will soon
house a pipe organ patterned after those in the
great cathedrals of Europe.
"It is classically designed," the Rev. Peter
James Lee said. "It is almost completely
mechanical-action instead of the common
electrical-action organ in most modern
The organ was crafted and is being installed by
the Detlef Kleuker Company of Bielefeld, West
"Every part was specifically designed for this
church," choirmaster and organist Wylie Ivinn
said. "None of it was standardized in any way. It
is all 'hand work, built basically in the style of
17th and 18th-century German organs," he said.
.w. 'Jie .organ cost nearly $250,XX5,,Thitiounds
like a lot," Lee said, "But assign values to it. The
stadium being built out on Mason Farm Road,
for example. How long will it last? With this
organ, we're talking in terms of 500 or 600
Two men from the Kleuker group traveled to
the United States with the organ to install it.
"We have built 350 organs in the last 25
years," Hartmut Rexhausen, a Kleuker
craftsman, said. "This particular organ was built
mostly in our shop, and we had to take it
completely apart to ship over here. This was
unusual for us."
"The most frustrating thing to happen with the
organ so far was when we couldn't get it shipped
from Norfolk," Quinn said. "It only took two
See PIPES on page 2
Euinii , w &i lit
Tj ' o
(?) TlTlTrTlTTl W
By NORA WILKINSON
, If Educational Foundation plans are
carried out, alumni will have exclusive
rights to 120 campus parking spaces
during football games this year.
Educational Foundation Field
Secretary and Associate Athletic
Director Moyer Smith said Monday the
group wants to reserve for alumni 120
spaces near Scott Residence College
south of the Ramshead parking lot.
He said the convenient parking would
attract alumni tov the campus and
,1'.vr,,wf rfm tn r!rtf9tf tn th IINf!
Athletic Department. Donations would
be used to fund the proposed $30 million
Student Athletic Center.
Trie Educational Foundation is a
group that works to secure athletic
scholarships and fund capital
, improvements for university athletic
Assistant to the Chancellor Susan
Ehringhaus said she did not believe the
foundation had the jurisdiction to tow
people with valid parking permits who
parked in the spaces during games. The
spaces arc zoned S-5.
Some residents of Scott College,
which includes Avery, Parker, Teague
and Whitehead, said Monday that
though they weren't happy with the
foundation's plans, they felt it could use
the spaces normally used by residents if
it wanted them.
According to a recent letter from
Smith to Scott College residents, the
athletic department and the Educational
Foundation have agreed to provide them
with 75 parking passes for each home
football game during the 1980 season. .
These passes would be given to Scott
College Gov. Mitch Cox, who would
give them out to residents, probably
through a lottery system.
"If we wait until next year, they'll
take the spaces away from us anyway
and then we won't have anything to
bargain with," one Scott College officer
said. "Now at least they're offering us
some other parking."
Scott College council will meet tonight
to decide whether to agree to Smith's
Many Scott residents use the fact that
numbers were painted in each of the
spaces during the summer as evidence
that the Educational Foundation is
confident of getting the spaces
regardless of student objections.
Smith said the spaces were numbered
before an agreement was reached
because a painter was available and
because of concern about the time
See PARKING on pago 2
Fiiiill-iliiMe liraiiiaini stun.
allowed visa extensions
By GIXAnni ASAYESII
Ep!J to the Dfc2y Tar Heel
Five months a UNC student was preparing to
leave the United States for his home country of
Iran, His visa was running out and would not be
renewed because of President Jimmy Carter's
sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran. The
doctorate he had been working on for the past six
years would be left unfinished, since the
information for his dissertation was not available in
"There will be a tremendous financial and
psychological cost for me (if I have to interupt my
education)," he sdi at the time. His problem was
an example of the difficulties faced by an estimated
51,000 IrarJans who enrolled in American schools
Now, however, Iranians will be permitted visa
extensions as long as they are full-time students at
en American institution, tzli Janet Graham, press
officer for the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization
One long-time Iranian resident of the United
States said the chm-rd. attitude of the Iranian
government could be a reason for the shift.
"(There's) a much softer attitude cf the United
States toward Iran," he said. There tho seems to be
t noticeable decrease cf hostility on the part of Iran
Imm:;raticn's attitude is attuned to the White
House Attitude, so whatever the government
fn - i f '-r'-t st t ! 5 m ft v
An Iranian student tt N.C. State University said
there had btcn nt tcftenir.s cf the INS policy
concerning IrarJans. "There are still the lame rules
end if joj den't h.a; ycur there v. ill be
harassment, much mere fcr Iranians thin pccple
from ether countries. Hut they can push en.'y so far
V recuse cf the chil fi:ht$ (!aws).M
Cr. 4 "i i' r J there v. si jny tthxzxlcn cf INS
I " .7 a i'A. "li'$ just a case of rcr.cSrs the
t ita.'i'.n fKn:,M t!.e Ji'i.
All - Ir. -" - i to tay in ti e Unites Stares fcr
$ v. , v.
in Ms p.
The president said the U.S. government would
not reissue or issue new visas except for compelling
and proven humanitarian reasons, or where the
national interest was at stake.
Carter's guidelines, coupled with proposed INS
regulation that would eliminate duration of status
for foreign students and make it necessary for them
to have their visas renewed every year, indicated
that Iranian students would have to give up their
studies and return to Iran.
The proposed regulation,, however, was not
approved by INS over the summer and is still being
reviewed, said Jill Bulthuis, director of the UNC
"There was a very strong effort launched on the
part of the universities in the country, to encourage
legislators not to revoke it (the duration of status),"
Of the 59,111 Iranians interviewed by the
government last September, 8,000 were found
deportable, Graham said. Of this number, 85 were
actually deported, and the rest arc still going
through due process.
"There's a fairly long legal process (involved in
deportation)," Dulthuis said. "Thai's why so few
Iranians have actually been deported. The federal
government has never launched this kind of
investigation cf one nationality before."
Iranians in the United States caught in the middle
cf the crisis now are hoping for a resolution cf their
prctlems. "I think it's golr.z to get a lot better for
Iranian students," a senior at N.C. State University
said. "Apparently they (the tvo governments) are
beginning to come to some sort of agreement."
Some studer.ts said they have hopes for a
resection cf the hosta: situation scon. "More
than ever before I do feel there is a rrcufcor for a
resection because cf the shift in U.S. pel, ay." a
N.C. State business major said. "There is a shift
within the ccr.semthe bloc (in the US). I thir.k the
liberals will cons around a! -.a."
fcr an cr 1 to V : U;.;s, Iranians
:s i.-U they d JVi fed their
re j "I t ;; the cahn is fcr
e l;a-.i..n. "Hut (the
In i; cf t
tn tie U...::
p ; : ri v . s f
e ; -.y r
Abovs, "Country" Dsn Ccl.'lns
watches a shot hssd through a wicket
es ha competes In coimik crcqust. j
Right, David Zucchlno, who cams cH j
tha W3y from Philadelphia to play, lines
up a shot in second round cctlon.
By DAVID POOLE
The daylight was waning quickly Sunday as
Frank Phoenix kneeled on the grass cf Hinton
James field. There was enough light, however,
for Phoenix to nail the shot through the final
two wickets and natch it nestle against the
It vas the first title Frank Phoenix had wen
in cczmik croquet. He celebrated by denhing
into the nearby woods and relieving himself of
some cf the beer he had consumed cn the last
six hours. Stt victory.
On this day, in the Henry's Heroes Havoc
Classic, it was Phoenix's day to cmer?e from a
$.$-r!acr Held. The ether 95, student! fcrmer
students and just regular folks, prchatly
didn't care. Winning is r.iae in cczmik croquet,
but S3 h phyirg.
The girne? Qaite simple really. Ccznlk
crc;u:t is a t!rtJ cf crc:t-:t, where voa
strike a tall with a mallet, trir.g to maneuver
it arc-r.J and thrcu'h a series cf hocrs ituek
in the g round. The difference t$ how cj hit
the t all Ccemlk HL ;ri lay the mall.t level
ta the rc.:n J, i'tt da' n cn all fcuri snJ Micie
throu-eh the ball with a pushing action much
like you would with a pool cue.
And you have fun.
Cczmik croquet u the brainchild cf four
uys 'ho six years tzo lived on Jones Street in
Chapel Hill. One cf them, "Country" Dan
Collins, remembers well the origins of the
"We were beir.j evicted by our landlady, the
Wicked Witch of the V. e .t." Collins recalled.
"I had this van parked therenand it wouldn't
move. There wasn't a cliff anywhere nearby we
cc-'J push it eff cf, so we decided to hold a
croquet tournament tnd fcive the van away av
A tradition wss born. Not the van part, the
"The next year, we had a tournament at our
ii'd. "Three d h'er, we r:t the eitKn
Trai.iion? art hard to break. At the r.eu
toafnamcnt, the lan .'lord drove up sr.J u
tba-t 2 -1) perr'e cn the Ln cf I I - e.
"He j;'.': J. 'I w: ! i'l j I es erf rt ?
rr:-;-ny in 15 r: G . h "He
c-'.'.! th? tcrs a Ur ".: ,r c." e a' i
stood watching u? as we left. It was the
smoothest evacuation since Dunkirk."
Since that first event, the 1975 Jones Street
Classic, the coztmik croquet faithful have
played six cr seven times each year. The annual
Jones Street Cassia, rhi)ed in April, is the
cranddadJy of them all.
The original Jones Street Bays "Country"
Dirt Collins, David "Rico" Zucchlno, Moose
Pulley and Craj Perry are the cSdcvt and
most dominant team in comlk croquet.
("Team ipirit.Zuahino uiJ, "it fcn:r.-,t t
crucial as your drug connect km.") They st.l
come back, seldom mhsins a tourament.
Collins, a former sports- filer- wlah The
Chiptl thll AVhv-7 cti r.:r M the
WinUQrt-SJi-m Joun:J, cthin.O, cr;,e
wnfer fcr Jls V -V Tr tied, works trs real
l.fe fci the ;. . V -i h ;uifer.
"I tuven'i v
a tawrra:ne.'4 set.
u an all -whit? tuu..h
l.te w:sh r
tla.k tennis sh'.--cs t; c a-ay the trai
c i p hat and snits. .
(..- r f'y A i f r 4- '-.. 'i "