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Today wi'l be sunnv vith a
high in the low to mul 80s.
Low tonight in the low to mid
60s. Chance of rain is 10
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j j j Vj
construction on campus
forced the DTH to move
about 10 feet Thursday. The
result was organized chaos.
See page 3.
Vc'uma 00. issua 2
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Bustne Advertising 933-1163
Marshall D. ShuSman at speech in Memorial Ha!l
...'international order appears to be disintegrating'
iiOF re anus hc policies
By JONATHAN RICH
In a world characterized by global
turbulence and the deterioration of
U.S.-Soviet relations, the United States
must pursue more realistic policies in
order to counter Soviet aggression,
Marshall D. Shulman, a leading expert
on the Soviet Union, said Thursday
, ... The special adviser to the Secretary of .
State on Soviet affairs spoke before an
audience of more than 600 people in
"Our basic problem is that the
relationship with the Soviet Union has
deteriorated to its lowest point in the
post world war period," Shulman said.
"The process of negotiating our nuclear
military positions is almost played out,
and there is a reasonable probability that
both countries will be operating at much
higher arms levels with a higher element
With tensions now higher and
communications levels lower, the
chances for miscalculations are very
high, Shulman said.. As a result of this
relationship, the possibility of nuclear
war is greater than before, Shulman
"The internal effects of the
deteriorating relationship are also
carrying the Soviet Union in the
opposite direction of our goals," he said
Shulman pointed to the mobilization ,
of resources for the military, the
increased activities of the Soviet police
and the convulsive tightening of Soviet
society ai ; recent , consequences of a -strained
' The rapidly changing state of world
politics would pose a continuing source
of U.S.-Soviet competition and
antagonism, Shulman said. "We now
live in a period of great turbulence, and
violence, in which the international
order appears to be disintegrating," he
"Everywhere countries are involved in
upheaval; the United States a'nd the
Soviet Union must redefine their balance
Shulman characterized Afghanistan
as a hinge issue, which only aggravated
but did not cause current tensions.
See SPEECH on page 2
0.42 students voice pimloms im poll
Dy KERRY DEUGCHI
-' Staff Writer - "
UNC students dislike the idea of a mandatory meal
plan for freshman, want to try using a textbook rental
system and really don't care about the Thornton
.That's what the results of an August survey
conducted by Student Government say. Student
Government Chancellor Committee Coordinator
Danny McKeithen said Thursday that 3,042 students
answered the survey that was distributed in Hanes Hall
and Woollen Gym.
Angell G. Beza, associate director for research
design at the Institute for Research and Social Science,
assisted " Student Government with the survey and
measured its validity.
"He (Beza) said the survey adequately measured the
policies,". McKeithen said. "He gave his stamp. of
approval, and he's an expert in the field."
McKeithen said the results of the survey showed the
student body strongly opposed to a mandatory meal
' plan for freshmen. Seventy-five percent of the
sophomores, juniors "ahcTseniors surveyed said they
opposed the plan, while 66.6 percent of the freshman
class said it did not support it.
"Through all the classes everyone opposed the plan,
McKeithen said. "Interestingly enough, the seniors
opposed it more strongly than the freshmen."
McKeithen also said 21.5 percent of the students on
the food service board plan had plans to participate in
either sorority or fraternity rush this fall. If the
students pledge a fraternity or sorority they would
receive their meals at their houses. However, ARA
food service policy states no refunds will be made to
students on the board contract if they pledge.
'Those students who receive a bid from a sorority or
fraternity will be faced with a rough financial
position," McKeithen said. "I think we should closely
re-examine the ARA policy and change it if possible."
McKeithen said the results of the survey show that
any fear the Student Stores might have that students
wont buy textbooks if a rental system is instituted is
unfounded. Of the students surveyed, 39 percent
indicated they would buy the books in their major and
17 percent would like to rent all of their textbooks.
McKeithen said these figures indicated a need to
examine the feasibility of a textbook rental system on
"The students want to stack their libraries with
books they will need in. the future those in their
major," McKeithen said. "There also is evidence that
with a textbook rental system, the Student Stores
would not go broke."
Survey questions on the Thorton Report show that
almost 50 percent of graduate students are not aware
of the report and an average 30 percent of the
upperclassmen have never heard of it. Only 6 percent
of the students surveyed were well aquainted with it.
The Thornton Report, released in 1979, proposes
more stringent undergraduate curriculum
requirements. It is being studied and revised now, and
from it a new undergraduate curriculum is expected to
be implemented at UNC by the fall of 1933.
"I think the statistics emphasize a need to slow down
the process," McKeithen said. "The studsnt.voice has
not been heard on this subject."
Students surveyed who live in Carrboro indicated
support for the November Carrboro referendum for a
new transportation tax. This tax would help pay for the
existing bus system. McKeithen said 65 percent of the
residents favored the referendum, 20 percent opposed
it and 15 percent had no opinion.
Student Body President Bob Saunders said he was
pleased with the support for the referendum and said it
had Student Government's endorsement. "They show
the students in strong support of a stable and
permanent bus system in Carrboro," he said.
Survey responses on the presidential race show that
President Jimmy Carter is favored over Republican
nominee Ronald Reagan at UNC.
Carter had 27.6 percent of the vote, Reagan had 25
percent and independent candidate John Anderson had
19.8 percent. More than 24 percent of those surveyed
did not have a preference and of that amount, 2.3
percent said they would prefer a candidate other than
the ones running.
Of the students surveyed, McKeithen said the female
to male ratio was 58 to 42 percent, the black response
was 7.4 percent and the out-of-state student response
was 15 percent. These figures are close to the actual
make-up of the student body.
"The percentage of freshmen surveyed was the only
low figure and that was due to the method of
sampling," McKeithen said. "We issued surveys at
Hanes Hall when people went to-pick up their
schedules, but freshman receive their schedules in the
"To compensate, we had people at Woollen Gym
during the first day of drop-add, which was exclusively
for freshmen," he said.
Saunders said he was very pleased with the statistical
value of the survey. .
"The survey was tremendously accurate," Saunders
said. "It will help guide Student Government in policy
decisions because of the student input.
"I'm very sensitive to the criticism that Suite C is
very introspective," he said.
UNC official favors proposed student aid bill
By DAVID TEAGUE
Stiff Writer 7.
UNC Student Aid Director Eleanor
Morris said Thursday she favored an
agreement reached this week by House
and Senate negotiators for a $48.4
billion legislative package to provide aid
for college education costs over the next
"I really think that, given some of its
flaws, we're better off getting this bill,"
Morris said. "The financial aid group
has certainly worked for it."
The agreement came just two weeks
after the Senate rejected an earlier bill,
by a vote of 45-43, calling the plan too
expensive. Sen. Robert Morgan,
D-N.C, and Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C,
voted against the bilb
-If the compromise is approved by the
House and Senate, it will be passed to
President Carter for his signature.
Th$ majdf-chshges in'thtfeomp'romisc'--bill
include an agreement to raise interest
rates in Guaranteed Student Loans from
7 percent to 9 percent and to create a
new parent loan program which would
provide for a technical change in the
treatment of family funds and assets.
The interest rate would be set at 9
However, if the interest rate on U.S.
Treasury bills were to fall below 9
percent, the student loan rate would be
set at 8 percent. The Treasury bill rate is
currently about 10 percent.
Morris expressed reservations about
the parent loan provision, calling it good
for parents but bad for taxpayers. "I
don't believe that home equity was
brought up in the meeting," she said.
"What this means is that more
students will be eligible for a loan, but
there' will- hi no mere 'money. - A- family -may
own a very expensive house but
have very little money in the bank, and
they will qualify for a loan."
Don Berens, senior staff assistant to
Rep. Carl Perkins, D-Ky.f chairman of
the House Education and Labor
Committee, said the interest rate
increase in the GSL would affect only
"Anyone who borrowed at 7 percent
will stay at 7 percent," he said. He also
said that applications for a parent's loan
would be handled just as GSL
applications are handled, but the loans
would be only for parents temporarily
short of money. Repayment would begin
after 60 days.
Tom Polgar, legislative assistant to
Morgan, said the original provision
concerning parents Icir.s was one of
Morgan rcons for oiir.g against the
bill two weeks ao.
"We've had people ratting on their
neighbors," Polgar said. "We've
received about two dozen letters about
Spokesmen for Helms and Morgan
said they did not know whether the
changes in the bill would be enough to
make the senators change their votes
If the bill is approved by Congress,
the issue will be settled for this year.
Polgar said, however, the issue would
come up again in Congress.
"Right now the bill is tied up with 13
other programs," Polgar said. "I think
that even if it is approved, it will be
brought back up and examined by
By ANN PETERS
At times alone, wet and cold, he journeyed 2,110
miles in hiking the majestic Appalachian Trail from
Springer Mountain, Ga. to Mount Katahdin, Maine.
Jim Birch, a junior from Winston-Salem, spent
four months, two weeks and one day on the Trail,
which runs through 14 states including North
Carolina. His desire to attempt the trek was inspired
by' a trip he and two classmates took during their
senior year in high school.
"(That hike) started a little flame," Birch said..
"My parents thought (backpacking the entire trail)
was a Hing. But as they saw how much I was planning
it, they began to see it as a life learning experience."
Birch left the University last spring for a semester.
On March 22, he began the journey. '
"It was beautiful," he said. "It was still late winter
when I started. There was the crystal clear blue sky.
but the brown leaves smelled like fall."
By the end of the first week Birch had pulled away
from some of the backpackers who had started at the
same time. He was alone.
"Three days in Georgia were really tough," he
said. "1 didn't know what my body could do. I had to
learn about myself.
"The tough part about it is the mental part.
Sometimes you would give anything not to go
anywhere. It took me a month to get in shape.
"After those four weeks it was a mental challenge
and experience," he said. "There was no mountain
you couldn't climb because you had climbed one just
like it before. The Trail teaches you patience."
Although Birch Had a lot of camping experience, he
said he had not backpacked a great deal. But he said
about CO percent of the people along the Trail had not
Aiders Mb decreases
m U9 Ibmis Folates
co HIKER on paga
Ur.'C Junior Jim Clrch
..hiked Appalachian Trail
By LUCY HOOD
An increase in bus pass prices and
unreasonably warm weather have caused
the ridcrship on both on-campus bus
routes to decline significantly, Terry
Lathrop, chairman of the Chapel Hill
Transportion Board, said Thursday.
According to data recorded during the
five dsys before classes started and five
days after classes began, the number of
riders was down from last year by an
average of 00 people per day, Lathrop
said. This made for an overall decrease
of 27 percent for the month of August.
Transportation officials had predicted
in August that the increase in bui
ridership seen in June and July would
continue through August. Student Body
President Bob Saunders, however, said
then that students would refuse to buy a
bus pass which cott more than a parking
"These are results I expected and had
warned town officials of," Saunders
said. "I hope greater sensitivity will be
given in the future to the price of bus
passes as compared with the price of
Gerry Cohen, a transportation board
member, said although the number of
riders decreased by 27 percent on the
campus routes, increases of 41 percent
and 2 percent were recorded for the
Carrboro and Chapel Hill routes.
Two main factors caused thii
increase, Cohen said. The board has
Sco BUS on p::o 2
... - . . .
Cy NORMAN CAN NAD A
The North Carolina men's and women's
cress-country teams open their seasons
Saturday with two very different goals.
The Tar Heel women, cerr.ir.g off a fourth
place Atlantic Coast Conference finish in 1979,
host defending national champion N.C. State
at II a.m. at the course that begins near the
difending ACC champion men's tear? b?;;ns
Its ti:' defense at 1 p.m. cn the Fh'ry course
c:air.'.t arch-mils State and Virginia.
"It's to-v':h cper.ir.s scaimt the d:fer.di?
wcrr.rn's cc;h Hubert
V.'t.t ' J. "They dii.Vi he anybody, so they
C : .!J I : j-'.t t this year."
Hi la 11 A c::.:ns team v. ill have three
t:-? r:::r.': vr'-Jfar.i item last 5 car's squid,
1:-.!.: L:z l-t ):-r's tcp rur.r.rr, Kir.ry
n:.ifcrd. Ra.lfcrJ. a junior, h:s teen a
n::i -;;1 qu:!.firr tuu-e and f-hh?d 4:h Li the
1979 regional meet.
"I really believe that this is the best team
that we've ever had," Radford said. "I think
we have the ability to finish in the tcp three in
the ACC. neaIisuca!!y,'State and Virginia have
the fce;t (teams) in the conference, but I think
we'll surprise scrr.e p:r;!:. I definitely think
we'll improve cur ccr.fercr.ee standing."
fiadferd said cr:r j tjair.it the defendirj
Rational charrpleas dce$ not ccr.cern her.
"This is my third year here ar-.d v.ee
cpened wi:h State t try jt;rt in I'm used to it.
Th c-!y nc1!; u that it m'jht make serr.e
cf the frc.h-.:r r.rrvcus."
The ACC hai its era! cf the tcp w err. en in
V - . . . . 4 -
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Tie :-r.-r;'..e a'.s 1,4 t-1
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it .Hi J i U . J,... . J ,,...
th;. s t . : i: ';s r j 13 t trv.rr
runner an J yea zaq know what th?
competition is like nationally."
Radford said she is confident that the
women's team is becoming a team that will
also be noticed on the national level.
"Anyone In cur tcp six could qualify fcr the
nationals," she said. "Ever) body will have to
keep wcrktr.ts hard as they are now, thcu;h.
It'll ccme don to th? pec-'? with the r.r,t
4 - h
The rcn'i f-uid is In a different
pc:i:!:r.. Th.J Tif hit th::? tcp rurrrrs
frcm i:.rt ye:'! Including th? No. 1
runner. Cify H:f;::::?r. St.il. the Tar lfr:!s
Ai!w'it! . 4 f 1 - m '.--!
fc W ..... ii . V m ...
contenders fcr th? conference cron,
"We've fatten very -;cd v- 'l 'hi
ear," uiJ Hofttetter, whs r-: cc:.hrs th
men team, "tat? ?ar. the team we'd 1?
thread cut ia a face, tut thisjear we fcc Ie
m u fy tunr.,r, ihne tr, ether
r ... ,,
CROSS COUNTRY on P;
Co captain Jicit Ccnp:r
A'l ACC i : , t:-o:ca