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what today's forecast calls ,
for 10 'percent chines cf
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skies High is in mid-TOslow !;c Collection
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Student Government, slcng
with S3 vers! ether student
groups, is circulating
petitions pretesting Southern
Bell's proposed rets increase.
Story on pega 3.
Vc'uma 00, Issua
Vdzizzztzy Ozczhctrlr. 1S8.0 Chspcl' HI!!, north CsroHna.
Eutiness.'Advertitng 233-1 1 S3
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."" ui-vwrt Cooper
G. Gordon Liddy specking to futl housa Wednesday night
'.. .'unprepared to face Soviet military superiority'.
Americans are unwilling and
unprepared to face the reality of Soviet
military superiority, Watergate
conspirator G. Gordon Liddy told a full
house at UNC's Memorial Hall
"The people of the United States
seem to live a life of illusion... '.They turn
away from the harsher aspects of life,"
he said, citing the state of the country's
volunteer army as an example of the
United States' avoidance of reality.
Liddy labeled the volunteer U.S.
Army a failure and said the Soviet
Union should be resisted by increasing
military readiness. "The Soviet Union is
not our adversary they are our enemy,
and that is reality," he said.
' Liddy gave the audience of about
1,600 an array of facts supporting his
claims of an inadequate army, and
throughout his speech warned about the
public's naive view of the world,
drawing attention to President Jimmy
, .Carter's. fc reign policy. - t
Participation and a good education
are the only ways to dispel the illusions .
of unreality, Liddy said throughout his
address. "I didn't like what was going
on in the '60s, so instead of sitting
around on the curb bitching, I went out
and did something about it," he said.
Liddy underscored the importance of
a good education as the key to success
and to his survival. "I never realized the
value of a good education until I went to
prison, and because of that education, I
was feared by the guards and held in awe
by the prisoners," he said. "I do not
believe in being a victim." Liddy spent
four years'of a 21 -year sentence in prison
for his role in the Watergate scandal.
Although, critical of Carter, he
declined to endorse Republican Ronald
Reagan and expressed .-his belief that
Richard Nixon had a successful
presidency. "I don't know if Reagan
will be elected because of such a volatile
voting public, but anything win be better
See LIDDY on page 3
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) Iraq declared it will stop
fighting Iran for four days starting Sunday but will
return any Iranian fire. The new Iraqi truce offer
followed Iran's rejection of a U.N. cease-fire call and
renewed air attacks by both sides at the battlefront.
The Iraqi announcement was made Wednesday at
the United Nations. Iraqi spokesman Salah al-Mukhtar
said the dates Oct. 5-8 were chosen to allow time for
consultations with Iran by the United Nations and. by
an Islamic peace mission headed by President
Mohammed Zia ul-Haq of Pakistan. Al-Mukhtar said
that during the four-day period, "if military action is
taken against us, we will return the fire."
- There was no immediate reaction from Tehran to the
Iraqi declaration, which came at a time when war
seemed to be moving into a stalemate caused by
unexpectedly stiff Iranian resistance to Iraqi forces.
The Iraqi move followed Iranian President
Abolhassan Bani-Sadr's rejection of a U.N. Security
Council call for an end to the war "so long as Iraq is in
violation of our territorial sovereignty." In a message
to U.N. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, Bani-Sadr
said appeals for a cease-fire "cannot be considered by
o different charm'
V.y ANN PETLKS
Slaff W r '.rr "
Behind the hustle and bustle cf Franklin
Street is a back street cf Ch2pel Hilt that
moves at a slower pace. Rosemary Street is a
quaint place and has an atmosphere that
business owners consider an asset, because it
leads to lower rent, yet attracts customers.
"Rosemary Street is an integral pert cf
Chapel Hill," Jon Childrcsh, co-owner cf
Back Street's restaurant, said. "Cut
Rosemary Street has always played second
fiddle to Franklin Street."
Yet more and more smell businesses end
restaurants arc opening their doors alonj the
vilLre's beck street in cider buddings zr.i
older residences, which have been rencveted
and converted into sheps, restaurants cr
"There is a quaint Southern cl.trn to 3
into an c!J hou ;e that's teen remodeled and
nude practical for modern day uses,"
On'Jresh seJ. "I? refdm charm -ar.J lends
k::!f to a r.L't :h;re."
Tee Thorne. ovsr.-.r cf IXcevc'.cJ L'-oeVes,
: ;-rv;J I J;? cherry m r'J cj thctewcr rcr.tzl
our government" and there is
discussion,directly or indirectly."
no use m any
In Tehran, Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Rajai
was reported studying a new U.S. letter on the 52
American hostages. But in Washington, State
Department spokesman Jack Cannon said it was the
same letter the United States publicly acknowledged a
week ago and was designed to assure Iran of U.S.
neutrality in the Iran-Iraq crisis. -The Americans were
in their 333rd day of captivity Wednesday.
Iraq said Iranian warplanes launched seven
"savage" strikes in five Iraqi provinces and claimed
Iraqi jets hammered oil depots and concentrations of
Iranian tanks in wide-ranging attacks.
After a day of tank and infantry battles, Bani-Sadr
announced recapture of the Iranian border city of
Mehran and the Iranian news agency said the city
welcomed Iranian troops that "lifted the siege by Iraqi
Iran also said it pushed Iraqi invaders out of the oil
port of Khorr&mshahr a day after Iranian leader
) vn WD-
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini rejected an earlier cease
fire and said Iran would not compromise until Iraqi
forces were driven from Iranian soil.
An Iraqi military communique said Iraq's jets hit oil
depots in Ahwaz, the capital cf Iran's Khuzestan oil
province, destroyed rail facilities, a bridge and an
ammunition dump - in Dezful and hit Iranian tank
concentrations near Ahwaz and Abedan.
Iraq said Iranian warplanes attacked seven Iraqi
cities, including Basra and Umm Qesr port in the south
and Kirkuk and Mosul in the north. Baghdad reported
12 Iraqi civilians killed and four injured in the Iranian
raids. Iraq said the "savage strikes" were retaliation
for "defeats conceded by the Iranian forces on the
Bani-Sadr's announcement that Mehran had been
recaptured was the second Iranian claim of territorial
gains in the 10th day cf fighting. Mehran is in the
center of the disputed Iran-Iraq border, about 200
miles northwest of Khorramshahr.
Iran also said in street-to-street fighting its forces,
reported to be spearheaded by revolutionary guards,
had driven Iraqi troops cut of Khorramshahr, a key oil
port near the giant Abadan refinery that has been
ablaze since the outbreak cf hostilities.
By ELAINE McCLATCHY
Kathy Williams, a white UNC junior,
said her reason for joining the
BlackWhite Discussion Group
sponsored by the Carolina Union last
year was simple: "I had a very minimal
relationship with blacks in high school. I
just wanted to change that."
This year's BlackWhite Discussion
Group had its first meeting Tuesday at
the Chapel of the Cross, said Larry Ellis,
'-chairnsn.. -of -: the ;.- Human Relations
"Ccmmlttee Tor the" Carolina '''Activities
Board. The first group was created last
year by .Denise Barnes, a UNC
psychology department faculty member,
who formed the sessions to facilitate
interaction between blacks and whites
Williams spoke enthusiastically about
the group she was in last year. She said
she would like to see more such groups '
on campus. But Lawrence Turner, a
black senior and former member of the
group, had a different reaction.
Turner said the group was good in
some ways, but in other respects, it was
a waste of time. He said although he felt
the group as a whole had gotten a good
deal out of the discussions, he was
displeased with his personal progress.
"When I think about it, I feel that
I've slid back when I try to apply it to
everyday life," Turner said. He said he
felt he did try a little harder to see whites
and others as individuals. But in
everyday life, he finds it difficult, he
The group worked to understand
cultural and social differences and
similarities. Members used role-playing
to see the, conflicts between blacks and
whites from both sides. For example,
Williams played the part of a white girl
who was dating a black man and
meeting his parents for the first time.
Both Williams and Turner felt the role
playing was effective.
Segregation of different systems
within the University also was discussed.
Group members talked about the
fraternity and sorority systems
-"extensively. One member suggested one
of the white fraternities and one of the
.black sororities get together and have a
As the group grew closer, members
began to discuss more personal
problems. One black man who had
many white friends, told about the time
he was invited on a ski trip with them.
He said he was afraid he would look out
of place, so he kept making up excuses
to get out of going, Williams said. After
the group discussed the problem,
members suggested different solutions.
"We would put ourselves in his place
and decide what we would do," she said.
Williams said she was surprised at the
amount of interest her friends showed in
the group. "All the girls on my hall were
just waiting to hear what happened,"
One goal of the discussion group
participants was to extend what they
learned into other parts of their lives.
See DISCUSSION on page 2
Mary Margaret Hayes (left) and Ethelanne Clack (behind victim) put the
snatch on Brad Moretz, president of Stacy dorm. If the dorm can como
up with the $ 1 0.00 ransom, Moretz will be returned. It's another part of
Derby Week. Wednesday, the Phi Mu sisters kidnapped several
prominent people on campus. The ransoms will go in with t'l the other
money collected, to be donated to the American Heart Association.
, DTK S.,!M V'MPP
He:t;urcrst La Herldcncs, cr.'j cf msny bus!n:;;cs cn r,o:crr.ry Street
...Roecmary has a distinct personality of its own
1 1 ' i l
: i- e L.
"I've cot the Rosemary attitude close up
for lur.ch cr rele a wcelcr.J off. Rc'cmzry
Ettecf de::n't V.svt the r ? of YranVV;n
Street. F.aenizry is more J 3-tick" Seme
rr:r-'.rr.r.ts have been tocctei e'c3 the back
i'.r.A cfC rd III fVr r -y e.:rs.
R 1" 1 .rt. cv.:-:r r f C -i s Cred.e, t a
As with most cf the other turjht pon,
reitn'jrur.ts z::d bin slov.g Rosemary Street.
Cat's Cradle dees t.tx r.eccs,eri!y depend on
$';Jez!k tree. Owners eyee they l.i.etkeir
T Till tr
1 rent cf a c.
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By FRANK WELLS
.Ufr W riier
Faced with double-digit inflation and dwindling
funds, Duke University has begun a program
designed to cut the size of the school and increase
financial efficiency. The plan, called retrenchment,
requires the elimination of entire programs.
"What we are trying to accomplish i to do more
with a limited money supply," said Marion Pcavcy,
director of planning at Duke. To do this, he said,
the trustees are following recommendationt made
by Chancellor A. Kenneth Pc and Provost William
The recommendations included eliminating the
School of Nursing and cstaMivhing in in place a
nursing program designed to award degrees to
people who have been away from the profev,ion but
want to re-enter it.
The report also recommended chrninatir.s dejrc?
programs in the departments cf health, r
education and recreation.
The department cf education would te
transformed into a graduate train;.".?, program U r
secondary school sd.TJr.htrXon an J the School of
rotcury. and Lnvijonrner.td Stu-.es wuaVI Vase
live years to Irir iv,ehf vp to epeeteJ Inch cf
enro'.'mer.t and fmoncul itiShty.
Peaey uid the mcnt hJ tern underway slr.,e
1978. "This isn't something we're d- '.: eJl cf a
t., n, i A.-j
"We hase hid lo d V. '.-, I e-..v-.e f
ery hirh etpectitionv frc;n D-ac. We v.
si!e toctict the kind cf q..!.ty we
s.r..i ate Hcrkin? u d.j t'.it."
J.m OiiAcr cf the !
Independ-cnt Ci'dter: sni
thej -ht the D-le rrc a;;i;i
Thourh the id:a cf retrenchmenl is unusual, it is
not unique, CUivcr said. "The fact that it's Duke
we're talking about makes a difference; they are a
rich and respected institution and even they arc
having economic problems."
Ollivcr and Peavey said individuals within
particular schools were dissatisfied with the
retrenchment prcfara. One -nursing student
reportedly wore a T-shirt reading "I'm being
The answer is state support of private schools,
Peavey said. "They should support us at least as
much as they support students uho f to state
schools. If they don't and thee private schools
can't continue to operate, everyone will suffer," he
Pcavey'satJ infir.ion hit private 'schools hinder
than public institutions "because we don't have the
tax fcr e to fall back cn that thty have."
But Roy Carrr.'l, UNC vice prclder.t for
planning, said he tl.J r.ct te'.'.eve "private schools
have a rncnopcly cn suffering from inflation."
Carrcll said he was not familial with the pro. !e:ns
&i Duie but th'J say no similar rczrsm w at planned
for the USC i -Jerri,
()h:r pis a'.: inv.'utior.s bass CtaAt wnh slrnllu
prcMr-nj cf set nj tew ret cm in ether
tr.ir.nsTS, O'.'.'.sjt sa'l.
Qare.i'i Cf;h'rn? i.i Charbttf gpprozihed an
eccn-,-:-.:.e ctl.s f'.se ear fccecrd'.nj to
1).:-a r cf Ct :::a AA-iA-s U:th Re-d:r. "K-t we
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