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61 he D?:', Jar HeelMonday. October 6. 1980
Geosgk Shadboui, Editor
T r r
DiMTA James, Managing Editor
Esad Kutrow, Associate Editor
Thomas Jessiman, Associate Editor
Karen Rowley, News Editor
Pam Kelley, University Editor
Martha Wacconer, City Editor
Jim Hummel, State and National Editor
Bill Fields, Sports Editor t -
Makk Murreli, Features Editor
Tcm Moose, Arts Editor
Scott Sharfe, Photography Editor
Melanie Sill, Weekender Editor
year of editorial freedom
Last week in Washington, more than 6,000 people rallied to protest
federal efforts to desegregate the nation's colleges and universities.
They were not white supremacists or opponents of integration,
though; they were students and supporters of traditionally black
colleges, and they were attacking government policies they say will
destroy the schools they represent.
The speakers, who included protest organizer and syndicated
television commentator Tony Brown and Fayetteville State University
Chancellor Charles Lyons, raised a question the Department of
Education has failed to address since beginning its efforts to
desegregate the University of North Carolina system as well as other
traditionally black schools: How far should the government gff in its
efforts to make black campuses whiter?
Those schools have historically educated a far larger number of
black students than predominantly white colleges and universities.
North Carolina private black universities Johnson C. Smith, St
Augustines's and Shaw as well as the formerly segregated state
universities, provided educational opportunities "when other schools
were closed to blacks. The largely segregated UNC system is a' legacy
of that era, and the Department of Education's efforts to integrate it
fail to take into account the black schools singular success.
Black students at black schools are far more likely to graduate than
those who attend predominantly white institutions, and most black
doctors and lawyers graduate from black universities. Although they
fail to conform to the federal government's concept of an equitable
educational system, they meet the essential criierion of effectiveness.
Admittedly, many black schools are having difficulty maintaining
academic standards and enrollments as formerly white universities
compete for black students. The disappointing scores of North
Carolina Central's law school graduates and N.C. , A & T's nursing
school graduates point out severe problems within those institutions.
Yet, as Brown asserted at the Washington rally, wholesale shifts of
programs between white and black schools have failed, and the only
way to avoid some deree df segregation is to close the black colleges.
That would deny Slack ar?dvhit!ef students an educational and cultural
alternative many jprefc?, brldl one that other schools cannot provide.
Such institutions ought to be brien to blacks and whites, but to close
them simply because 'Mef are predominantly black is to destroy an
important component of an integrated American educational system.
JL" JL cL
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By JOHN DRESCHER
A picture on the front page of Tuesday's Daily Tar
Heel showed a student dropping a ballot into a box at
the Union in Monday's mock election. The caption
underneath read: "...Almost 3,000 students cast ballots
in the presidential race "
It could have just as easily been a picture of a lonely
ballot box attendant, sitting patiently and waiting for
the next student to appear, with a caption underneath
that read: "...More than 17,000 students did not cast
The numbers showed that 85 percent of the student
body did not vote. Elections Board Chairman Gregg
James said the 15 percent turnout was only slightly less
than he had anticipated. Even with his extensive efforts
to advertise the mock election through posters and the
local media, James had hoped for a turnout of only
3,500 to 4,000. -
On the surface it would seem that 85 percent non-;
participation in a vote -concerning national politics
would be cause for great alarm, even if the vote did not
"count." But there are those who are not alarmed by
this low turnout, who say that student participation is
not on the decline. Gerry Cohen, who heads voter
registration for the Orange County Democratic Party,
maintains that more students are registering now than
at any time in the past decade.
"It looks to me that student registration (for the
Nov. 4 elections) is quite high," Cohen said. A two-day,
registration session at Woollen Gym brought 537 new
registrations, which Cohen said is higher than last
spring, fall and even the high registration totals of
1972. Also, the Student Legal Services has had
enormous requests for absentee ballots, he said.
The increase in student registration likely is due to
The Bdiy Tor H02I
AJUtant Mr?i'.rj triors: Edwtna Ralston, John Royster, Amy Sharpe
notorial A v.!. lasts: Buddy Durniske, Lynn Casey, William Durham
News Desk: Melody Adams, Laurie Brasher, Beth E until, Cindy Cranford, Amy
Edward, Anna l ite. Eric I rtderick, Virginia Fridy, Eeth Graybeal, Lisa Go'dfarb, Pamela
Johnson, Lorric Howard, Katherine Lor.f, Darlene O'Enan, Karen face, Carol Pearce,
IVM Pcschcl, Vs'crii VanGorden and Edith Wooita; James Alexander, assistant
Ne: Melodee Alves, Mark Aneor.s, Ted Avery, Stfrhanie E'.rcher, RoAnn Eiihep, Jeff
Eovkcrs, Linda Erown, Laura Carter, Eileen Curry, EdUabcih Daniel, Kerry DcRochi,
Angic Dor man, Lee Dunbar, Nitahe Eason, Scot! Green, Debbie Good so a, Karen
HayvHXvi, Charles I lerndon, Deborah Hirsch, Lucy Hood, David JsrreU, Dale Jerkins,
Keith Kirj, Kirca Kornci'ay, Diar.$ LiTtra, Suiin Maur.ey, Elaine McOatchey, Mike
McEarland, Ka.hr J Perry, E.'J Peschel, Tin Prejioa, Anne Prosser, Amy Pru-h, Jonathaa
ry, Beverly Shepard, Bet si Si.r.wons, Frances Suva, Ann Small ood.
Und'.ey Ta!or, Datd Teajye, Frank V'c!Is, Nora WUitnsoa and Fftr.i Zang
h?jft: D4vid piK.de, aiKi'-tant editor; Gift on Barnes, hVrman Cannada, John Drescher,
John I ith, 0'.:,n Kairt-., Gary Mar sun, Geoffrey M xk. Scon Petersen, Linda Rotrtsoa
gnd hUri raI..e."
Prt.ett Luce, Uzty MvKrnna, Jot Morris, tori Mcrm?at
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John Anderson's speech on campus, Cohen said, and
also to the Carrboro bus referendum, a local issue that
concerns many students.
Because many students are registered in their
hometowns, Cohen has no way of knowing how many
students actually are registered. A 1976 Daily Tar Heel
poll showed that 19,000 UNC students said they had
registered, but Cohen said the accuracy of this poll
should be questioned because students will not admit
when they have not registered.
But if student registration for national elections is
increasing, as Cohen said, this still does not explain
why only 3,000 students voted in the mock election.
The fact that the vote did not count toward actual
representation was the main reason, James said. .
"I was sitting at a polling table and a guy came up to
me and asked me what was going' on," James said.
"When I told him, he said, Oh, then it's really not
important,' and he didn't vote. He just didn't want to
stop on his way to class. He was already at the poll
An interesting fact is that the same people who
didn't vote in the mock elections are the people who
will vote in the real election, and vice versa?
"Most of the students who vote in Chapel Hill live
off campus," Cohen said. "These are the same people
who did not vote in the mock election. The ones who
did vote in the mock election were the ones who lived in
dorms and just had to go downstairs to vote. These are
often the ones who won't vote when it counts."
Obviously then, the student who lives on campus is
hindered in a real election because he must travel off
campus to vote. Another reason voting percentage
among students is somewhat lower than the national
norm is simply that most students have not voted
before, said William Keech, associate chairman of the
political science department.
"The number of times you vote increases with the
propensity to vote," Keech said. "Cc'Iege-aged
students haven't developed voting habits yet. The more
people become involved in their community, the more
"College is often a transitional stage. Students are
not yet property owners, and don't feel a stake in their
community, but once they do they will begin to vote.
After they vote once, they often continue to vote."
Keech uses the word "indifference" to describe
those who don't vote. He is not alarmed that many
students do not vote, and feels that there are several
unsurprising reasons for students not to vote.
All voters have certain information costs that they
have "to deal with, Keech said. The cost of making an
intelligent decision is pitted against the expected
benefits of making that decision. Often the expected
benefits do not outweigh the effort it takes to make
that decision, and so the potential voter does not vote,
"Sometimes it's reasonable for people not to care,"
he said.. "Not participating seems to be an appropriate
way to specify a lack of preference."
Keech's reasoning applies to elections that have no
effect on a voter. This certainly must be a rare
occurrence. Never can a lack of preference be a
relevant reason for choosing not to vote in a
presidential election. Every student, and indeed every
citizen, has a duty himself so he will know the
expected benefits of his choice, however small they may
be, and then go out and vote.
- The cost of mforrning oneself to be able to make an
intelligent choice is relatively small. The results of that
choice can be one voters will have to live with every day
for years. ,
John Drescher, a junior journalism major from
Raleigh, is a staff columnist for The Daily Tar Heel.
alters to t
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After the fight Thursday night, his face badly battered and bruised,
Muhammed Alt was already discussing a future fight with Mike
Weaver for the other share bfnhe?divided heavyweight boxing crown.
It did not matter that' he had just failed to win a single round of a
10-round bout withrtvJbfrd"'B6xing Council heavyweight champion
Larry Holmes, and thaLby- the end of the fight he no longer could raise
his hands to deflect Ihe punches of the younger, stronger Holmes.
None of that seemed to have an effect on Ali; he was still talking.
It is difficult to separate Ali the Mouth from Ali the Fighter, and
probably before Thursday's fight he had convinced many that he
would once again claim a share of the heavyweight title. Certainly his
pre-fight hype against Holmes, the jabbering and jousting with his
opponent in press conferences, was intended to remind us of the Ali of
old the Ali who beat Smokin' Joe Frazier two out of three times, the
Ali who stopped big George Foreman when no one else could, the Ali
Who defeated an aging Sonny Liston for the heavyweight crown 16
Yet, 16 years is a long time, and even though Ali had done the
impossible in slimming down from an obese 253 pounds in Match to a
slim and muscular 217 by October, the punch just was not there any
more. The promoters had billed the fight as "The Last Hurrah" but
only an embarrassed hush was evident at Caesar's Palace by the 10th
round. Angclo Dundee, Ali's long-time trainer, tutor and friend,
broke down in tears after the fight he said it had been "a horrible
The morning after his humiliating defeat Ali said on a talk show
that he still was the greatest, if not the champ. Few would argue with
him. His brilliant career is rivaled in modern sports history only by
those of Jack Nicklaus in golf and Bjorn Borg in tennis. Besides his
individual achievements, Ali brought to boxing a class and
sophistication it had obviously lacked.
It is no exaggeration to say that Ali's face and name are better
known throughout the world than any others. But it seems that, at
last, Ali has been finished, that age has taken it toll and his star has
faded. Perhaps. But how many times have writers, sports announcers
and Ali himself ended his career? Ali may be down, but we'll pass at
counting him out.
To the editor:
I would like to respond to the letter,
"Liddy speech," (DTH, October 2). Bill
Crimmins and Keith Brown claim that the
sponsorship of the Liddy speech by the
Carolina Union was an outrage and an
embarrassment. Their contention could
not be more wrong.
This University represents a cross
section of people from many different
, walks of life. In bringing people to this
campus to speak, it is important to
present diverse and varying viewpoints. I
will not go into the politics involving the
Watergate scandal, but I for one was
proud to hear a man with such integrity
and concern for this country address the
issues of the day.
Judging from the size of the audience
and the reception Liddy received I was
. not alone. I would like to commend the
Carolina Union for sponsoring Liddy's
speech. I hope the Union continues to
invite competent and interesting
individuals to speak on our campus. The
fact that Crimmins and Brown did not
attend .Wednesday night's speech
enabled me and approximately 1 ,600
others to enjoy the evening that much
i CXAJr- ;
Liddy cudienco criticized
To the editor:
I was aghast at the response that a
packed Memorial Hall gave to Gordon
Liddy Wednesday evening. That a
common cat burglar, who happens to be
a ruthless and brutal politician, could
earn such approval from an educated
audience should appall intelligent
A lawyer, who finds defense and
justification for his illegal actions
through a guise of partiotism and
loyalty, deserves neither our acceptance
nor respect and certainly not our praise.
His comment that the cost of bullets has
dampened his desire to "blow away"
John Dean was more than I could
stomach. The enthusiastic applause and
laughter that greeted such a callous
remark make me seriously question the
values of those who were present.
105B Sue Ann Court
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To the. editor:
The authors of a recently published
letter, "Uddy Speech," (DTH, Oct. 2),
objected to G. Gordon Liddy's speaking
appearance on campus last Wednesday.
They claimed it to b? an "outrage and
an embarrassment... a glorification and
condonation of criminal acts."
-Having attended Liddy's speech, we
would like to correct some erroneous
assumptions in that letter. LidHy did not
come to Chapel Hill so that we could
celebrate or chastise his notoriety from
the Watergate affair; indeed, most of his
remarks were only intended to shatter
naive perceptions held by many
Americans about international and
domestic political scenes. In no way did
the Carolina Union or the University
"condone" or "affiliate" itself with
Liddy's opinions or actions. Neither did
the more . than 1,600 students in
attendance Liddy was booed on
Rather, the University provided an
open and diverse forum of ideas and is
10 be commended for hosting such a
controversial figure. By not attending
the speech for the sake of the
"University community and the
American people," those students ofJy
proved Liddy's point that we are
indeed living in illusions and sheltering
ourselves from those things which are
disturbing or controversial in the world,
blighted past and refuse to discuss the
issues with a speaker of invaluable
experience such as Liddy?
How will we ever learn frpm our
political mistakes if we polish over the
s im ciiiaFge it jomr iuinerary9 jowls
By DA VID POOLE
The Daily Tar Heel
Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514
Mr. John B. Anderson
Somewhere on the Campaign Trail
United States of America
Dear Mr. Andersen,
Sorry ! missed you when you were in town hst week.
I'm sure I don't have to te3 "you about the fcu:y
schedule and all tKat stuff. I had a 12:33 diss, you see.
and w e were supposed to cover this "imponir.t rteri!.
But everybody else went to see you arJ c!j,:s v.;s
eancc!:d. Ch well.
Anyway, S just wanted to drop you & L'r.e and &zk
why you chose to da the thirds you did yea were '
in cur r.eck cf woods. I knew that ycu don't do all the
scheduling, but it ocl Lie to rre you could have spent
your time here more vm:!y.
Your ca!l for s,50-ccnis-p:r-t!!on f-i tzx rriht
hzc been more effective if you had left ill thene t:.
fjney rent-a-cars over at the na!-h.Durhen tirpcrt
and fidden cmt whh 5 cur stiff ti ju:t cne cr. Once
hrre, ou co-JJ hae t;Un V ? J-bu-S in frcrrs off-c-"tuj.
I d;nt think rir.y students tzz to tilt
a mnr.y iirdir.es cn thc.-.e tu-;s w;
served up in an iceream scoop.
Once on campus, I think you should have tried to get
to at least one class. Most of us students try to make it
to at least one each day, and I think you could have
seen th.ir.s better from the student perspective if you
had, too. Besides attending a class would have given
you time to pore over The Daily Tar Heel so you could
have quoted us mere in your speech. You probably
ecu! J have gotten through the crossword as well, had
you picked the riht kind cf class.
They tell me that after your speech you came back to
the Union and had quiche from some fancy local
restaurant. Heck, sir, you could hr.c gotten era r
anywhere. While you were here you should have
sampled the local cuisine, 1 dcn'l think that your
di-tstive system could have Hunr.tr Hut food, but you
zrd tU the secret service f uys cculd have walked down
to Hector's cr the Carolina Grill for a jrccr-tburgrr and
fries just to see how we live.
'..A;. ..... Z
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1 HIMiiiJWTiT wwwMKC,,Waw
and all. But I'd like to caution you about getting too
happy over your sweeping victory in our minuscule mock
election. And, I wonder if you know that one of your
key campus commandoes is Dritish and can't even vote
in our election. Pretty sloppy on the old organization
front, there, bi;j guy.
Seriously, I hope you enjoyed the four hours you
spent around here. After all, it isn't every day that we
get to see a big-time presidential candidate, even one
who docn't have much of a chance, and have all the
networks and big newspaper guys swarming around. It
was all rrctty exciting.
Hut there's just cr.e thinj. Where did you get the
"As Chapel 11.11 goes, so goes the nation" idea? i mean
it mi-iht be just a line a speech to you, but my gosh.
What re ou trying to do to ui? I can ice it now. On
Nov. 4, zl three rciwerks will send h a fhilunt cf
experts with fancy slide ride and U.nivacs the lie of
Lake Lne a reanalyze the Cr.ap'l H-U cte. We'U
s ;ddcn!y Irvcrr.e an- thrr cheap tcuri-t trap. Thty
alrcJy c'.I us "Tl.e !d..rj cf the South". 1 just hope
...l rrd v v j.
V.c'l, I kr. )--a're pretty t usy, what with d.
n and arms pfs
l ). i cr- ::; a t. e t-t-.t ; day
s-nthi. The S;k wither cu fin into
I'll t! .e. lex us know hen you're gs-lr ti be. in the
r.r 1 .i -d r;.'n and we'll see what we can wo:k
wht ycu tl
! ah.isut the MX rr.i-.ille svstem.
hrre z cf the kind
ury cr r.-
you did.Vl get tea awfully r:
us 1 v.
d to ft hrre In
ti.r.; to c.:t ttr:,lf J en can ; a, I find it l:rd to
tt!ic-e th:t tr.y:rt cii x: 1 . or :i ef-cthe r;h en
weld r-'e t---r:s It !..::s f.r;t c:.':n pcv. J.;:d t; :s
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