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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Vcluma CO, Issuo 42' f
Friday. October 10, 10C0 Cheeps! tO.' North Carolina
Ntwt, Sport Art 933-0245
Euin. Advertising 933-1163
3S mails s a
1 i v i
j AM (
President Carter shakes hands with Gov. Hunt during visit to Winstcn-Ssfem Thursday
...signed proclamation naming March 19, 1981 as National Agriculture Day
Campaign stop in JV.C
Carter calls election crucial.
By CHARLES HERNDON
WINSTON-SALEM With less than four weeks to go
before election day, President Jimmy Carter brought his
campaign to North Carolina Thursday afternoon, citing his
administration's accomplishments and stressing the
importance of the presidential election.
"The election this November will be one of the most crucial
contests of recent times... and not just between two men or
between Democrat and Republican," Carter told a crowd of
about 3,000 at the Dixie Classic Fair. "I hope the people of
North Carolina will make the right choice on Nov. 4," he said.
Campaigning on a two-day swing through the South, Carter
was accompanied here by Gov. Jim Hunt, Sen. Robert
Morgan, D-N.C., and other state Democratic dignitaries.
Carter spent the morning in Tennessee and after the -stop in.
North Carolina flew to Florida for a fund-raising dinner
Carter spoke to the crowd about its Southern heritage,
saying, "My background is the South and my present is the
South and my future is the South."
Carter denounced the policies of his Republican opponent,
Ronald Reagan, at the rally, particularly in the area of
economic policy and national defense. "My opponent has said
the minimum wage has caused more hardship and suffering
than the Great Depression. ..and that unemployment
compensation has been a ticket for freeloaders," he said,
reassuring the crowd of his support for such programs.
On energy policy, Carter said his administration had created
a solid energy base for the country. He said the nation was
using two million fewer barrels of oil per day than in 1979.
And again, the president criticized Reagan's positions on
energy. "Ronald Reagan says 'Let the oil companies be
unleashed to run the country's energy program for us.' "
Much of Carter's speech dealt with agricultural and
economic policies. He mentioned that the textile and tobacco
industries, both of which are important to the state economy, '
had prospered under his administration.
Carter pledged his support to tobacco growers and said he
would eliminate a loophole in federal laws that allows foreign
tobacco to be shredded outside the United States and imported
as scrap leaf.
"I intend to see the loophole that permits this unfair
practice to be closed once and for all," he said.
The president then'shifted his attention to economicTIssues
and his differences with Reagan.
"(Reagan) wants a massive election year tax cut, most of it'
for the rich," Carter said. Such a tax cut would produce
"unparalleled inflation," he said, adding that Reagan's vice
presidential running mate, George Bush, had called the tax cut
"voodoo economics." .
Carter drew applause from the crowd when he promised a
strong military fighting force. "There are those who say our
nation is second-rate (militarily), but our nation is the
strongest nation on earth and we will never be second to
anyone," he said.
See CARTER on page 2
Court could resolve
election law dis mutes
By KERRY DEROCIII
Ambiguities in campus elections laws
may result in two Student Supreme.
Senior Brian Goray, a candidate in the
run-off election Wednesday for the
District 17 seat on the Campus
Governing Council, said Thursday he
would appeal the decision of the UNC
Elections Board to disqualify him.
Goray had received 22 votes in the
election and his opponent, sophomore
Deborah Levinc, had received 17.
The Elections Board voted Thursday
to disqualify Goray based on election
bylaws which state a candidate must
submit a record of finances to the
Elections Board by 5 p.m. the day of the
election. Goray did not turn in a form
until 2 p.m. Thursday.
The appeal vw ill place a restraining
order on Lcvine, thereby preventing her
from assuming the position of District
17 representative. She cannot become an
active member of the council until the
case is resolved.
Goray said his appeal was based on
the elections board's interpretation of
"They justified holding only one
meeting for the candidates before the
general election on the grounds that the
whole process (including the run-off) is
one election," Goray said. "However, if
it is only one election, I had already
turned in an expense report for the
The elections board ruled Thursday
the candidate must submit a second
finance record for the run-off election.
The election bylaws, however, do not
specify a second sheet must be
"They said the run-off and the regular
election were the same election," Goray'
said. "The laws for the regular election
stated only one finance report for the
election is needed."
Elections Board Chairman Gregg
James said the board was formulating a
report of its decision to submit to the
See COURT on page Q
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) Iran claimed Iraq fired missiles
into two Iranian cities Thursday, inflicting the highest casualty
toll of any action in the war. Both sides were dispatching
envoys in an effort to enlist support from other countries.
Iran, which claimed up to 180 killed and 300 wounded in
Iraqi i missile attacks, reported major gains in the central
section of the front and President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr told
Tehran Radio "we are entering the final phase of the war."
Revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini said
victory was certain and Iran planned to replace the Iraqi
regime with an Islamic government in Baghdad.
Iraq said its forces continued to destroy enemy installations,
but Baghdad did not confirm that it used Soviet-supplied
ground-to-ground missiles for the first time in the conflict.
Baghdad Radio said Iraqi forces were destroying vital
military and economic installations at Dezful and that the city
in the central sector of the front "is at the mercy of our ground
fire.' Iran said Dezful was hit by missiles and also accused
Iraq of bombing two hospitals in Ahwaz, 70 miles to the
In Washington, State Department officials said the Soviet
Union, and possibly other Warsaw Pact nations, was sending
supplies to Iraq through the Jordanian port of Aqaba.
Spokesman John Trattner said he did not know what types of
supplies the Soviets were sending. Moscow has said it would
remain neutral in the war.
With the war in its 1 8th day Thursday, both sides stepped up
diplomatic efforts. Iran said it planned to send a delegation to
friendly countries to explain Iran's stand and that Iran also
hoped to put its case before the U.N. Security Council.
President Saddam Hussein of Iraq, apparently seeking
outside aid or new mediation efforts, sent envoys to six
countries Turkey, Greece, India, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and
Italy. Western diplomats in Ankara said they believed
Hussein's envoy asked for Turkish mediation to end the
Secretary-General Habib Chatti of the Islamic Conference
was to go to Tehran and Baghdad in a new effort to promote
settlement of the war, President Mohammed Zia ul-Haq of
Pakistan said Thursday. The 40-nation Islamic Conference
asked Zia to try to arrange a mediation effort. The Yugoslav
news agency said Chatti was in Belgrade for a conference on
Islam sponsored by the United Nations.
In Tehran, Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Rajai told a
Japanese television correspondent that "America is in no way
concerned" with the 52 American hostages held in Iran since
Nov. 4. Rajai was quoted by Tehran radio as saying in the
interview that "even if all hostages were killed America would
not consider it important, for it uses them as a pretext for any
action to advance its interests."
In the reported Iraqi missile attacks, the Iranian news
agency said four giant ground-to-ground missiles hit Dezful
and neighboring Andimeshk, killing 110 civilians and
wounding 300 in Dezful and killing 60 to 70 people in
Andimeshk. Tehran radio reported that Rajai said eight
missiles were launched against Dezful and called it "yet
another insane action" by Iraq.
An Iranian military communique said each missile weighed
4,400 pounds and had a range of about 40 miles about the
distance from the Iraqi border to Dezful, a vital road and rail
center 150 miles north of the oil port city of Khorramshahr.
Bani-Sadr, in personal command of Iran's forces, told
Tehran raido that Iran had advanced six miles along a 24-mile
front in the sector near Ahwaz, capital of Iran's oil-rich
Khuzistan Province and that both sides had brought up
reinforcements. He reported no major developments except
for the Iranian advance and the Iraqi missile attack.
By KEITH KING
The University should look to high
school counselors to aid in recruitment
of black undergraduates, according to a
UNC Office of Institutional Reasearch
survey of entering freshmen in the fall of
More than 18 percent of the black
freshmen responding to the survey said
high school counselors influenced their
decision to attend the University,
compared with the 7 percent who said
they' were influenced by UNC
The 19-page survey report titled "Go
Heels" said 17.9 percent of the blacks
entering UNC in the fall of 1979 were
influenced by their parents and added
the University should use parents and
counselors in its recruiting efforts.
"Realizing that it is difficult to
identify the parents of potential
students initially, the University could
encourage high school counselors to
point out such students so that it -might
be able to work with the parents also,
since together these groups accounted
for 35.5 percent of the black freshmen,"
the report said.
Tim Sanford, associate director of the
Office of Institutional Research said
Wednesday the survey of the Chapel Hill
campus is part of a larger survey of the
16-campus UNC system.
Ninety-five percent of the enrolled
freshmen responded to the four-page
Sanford said the UNC General
Administration asked the survey be done
to comply with requirements of the
See SURVEY on page 2
The original Gothfc-styla Memorial Hail
...ruled unsafe in 1929, it was rebuilt in 1931
iioae 'marc lies
Campus has grown, changed
By ANN PETERS
Hinton James would not recognize
his alma mater today. After walking
all the way from Wilmington, the
first UNC student, was greeted 185
years ago by only three buildings
surrounded by a forest. '
. Tha University celebrates Its
187th birthday Sunday. Gov.
dim Hunt end distinguished U.NC
alumni will ba cn campus for tha
festivities. Csa stories cn paa
When James arrived for his first
day of classes there were no
orientation counselors to greet him,
no Pit to relax around during a break
in classes or a Kenan Memorial
Stadium to cheer the Tar Heels on to
victory. East Dormitory, now known
as Old East, which was then just two
stories hgh; Steward's Hall, where
students ate their meals; and Person
Hall, the chapel, were the only
existing buildings. Exactly west of the
south end of East was a newly dug
well, the community's scle source of
water. The cornerstone for the first
building, Old East, was bid two years
before James arrived, on October 12,
But the university soon expanded
and new buildings were constructed
as the number of students increased
from the first-term enroUcment of
41. The campus had many well
traveled dirt paths which eventually
were covered with gravel. Around
1951, the old gravel paths bc-an to be
replaced with brick.
More administrative office
buildings and dormitories were
constructed, but their functions have
charged through the years.
The original Memorial Hall was
Sco CHANGES cn pega 2
l . ! ! 3 Si If
Ly LEE D UMIAK
In order to obtain a special permit to build a
har:tr on the premises of the Horace Williams
Airport, the University, in response to residents
comf! isms about noise and safety, has offered a
compromise by proposing the elimination of all
fiht training irmccs.
The tirpoit controversy surfaced in July when
the University requested a j pedal use permit to
fcuiSJ another hangar to house three of the five
2irrlanesuscd ly the Area Health Education
Center, a division of the UNC Medical
Foundation. Members of neighborhood
associations submitted petitions to the Town
Council proteMing expansion of the airport. One
r..ti!i;n, conuhisn? 4:i) names, icquesteJ that
the a rp-ut I ? ih-.cd.
la dfort to fy ic-idcnts, the University
D.-.-v.it.'ncnt of V r.inr-.v a?,.J Imsce submitted a
i't.siij amiT.dmviit ptopo-.J invlud.r.;' rest listing
flying to licensed pilots. This move, initiated by
Vice Chancellor for Business and Finance John
Temple, would eliminate future use of the airport
by non-licensed people, including students
receiving pilot training.
"Yc need a hangar to house cur planes in
inclement weather, particularly in snow and ice,"
said John Payne, deputy director of AHIX.
'Marty times our doctors base to leave riht
away, and a warm airplane saves much time in
scraping eff ice and snow from '.he wings."
Charles Antle, associate vice chancellor for
business and finance, said, "It's unfortunate, but
the University felt that it is less damaging to lose
the fight instruction than to lass the entire use of
Many people did not a;ree whh the
University's decision. "It's not fair to tho-e
afiVi .:. J with the University th .t want to ret
their llcemes, said Sieve Rottins. a University
student and an instructor. "Now is the best time
for a studs-ni to take lessons. I know that if I had
to travel to Ra'eigh-Durham when I learned, !
would have thought a lot "harder because cf the
extra time and expense.
Ernest Johnston, who is taking lessons from
the Carolina Flying -Service, agreed. "Horace
Williams Airport is an arm cf the University. It
should allow students to train there. There is no
ether local place. 12 ;s ides being a distance away,
RDU is mere dangerous because it a!so has the
traffic of major airlines."
The Estes Hill Tarent Teacher Association and
the Ccker Hills West Neighborhood Association
are the two main groups behind the contention
that the plants arc too noisy and are safety
hazards for themselves and their children,
especially those attending the four nearby
"The children who to to the s:hac!s near the
airport ?prn j six h . ,.rs a day there," taU then
li.':y, r resident of tb: Ccler ll.lls associatian.
"With the lir.di. z pittern there is aUajs a dear
and pjrcri t!..: . .r."
Jan Boeke d$ a semirctircd chemical engineer
who organized the Ccker Hills petition. "Oar
belief is that the town shouldn't have an airport
in a residential section cf town," he said. "It was
supposed to be phased out years ego, before all
the neighborhoods crew up around it, and as real
estate now it is much too valuable as property to
be in use for so few people."
Dan Boone, owner of Cart !. na IVir.g Services,
Id he did net believe the comrbiir.ts were
justified and that the Uni.crs.ty d.d net have to
"U.cre were a tatal cf 34 fatal fight accidents
between 1974 and 1978 in the Ucicd .Starts
involvins third rartics." said Boor.e. tiilr.z a
atior.al Transportation Safety n,-arJ Use?.."!.
Joan Thompson, a member of the Ih-ard cf
.rectors for the Chape! Il l IVats Ai.:via:I m.
red. "The last ptice a r I t is r irg tr J t
j a schoci she said. "There are r !.:.!- of
rt f.:!ds and fine trees t.c-r the a.rr- ft. I ab.o
have sever i! frier.d wh-n hei.i thjt area and the.
era u, 'diiju. hiii li,
Boone also said the airplanes AHLC used have
larger twin engines and were noisier than the
smaller single-engine r lines the student pilots fly.
"We are trying to be sensitive to the town's
needs," Antle said, "it (the proposal) is a
fights, it Wul
M t pa
Ti-. Ur.ivffsltv it rersr.din2 to
eptions of aviaticn. By reducm
I til-)- the hangar to be tudt an
es a -.'era tnai ur
Mssi parties grcea mai wiare vuu...;
desperately needed a enera! municipal airport.
Reports from the N.C. Department cf
Transportation and the Triangle J commission
have recommended this toLji-n.
j the town should let Horace
;-d. "If the town lets the air pert
t where there is the sv'arne for a
4 ft . t - 1 -
a 'p at. tnen i: ey can uy re r j .s
. . ...... , . !
five scars, thrv can suh .rr cperat.ons em 1
h-j-.e i-.it llora.c W :ham.
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