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Although national trends indicate
voter apathy is dramatically increasing,
state and local officials are expecting a
record turnout today.
. "We've had the largest increase in
voter registration between the primary
and the November election ever a 7.3
percent increase since May," said Alex
Brock, state elections director. "I don't
think there's any question that th;
interest in politics is rising."
Gerry Cohen, a voter registration
coordinator for the Orange County
Democratic Party, said, "Many people
confuse undecided voters with apathetic
voters. Just because someone hasn't
made their mind up yet doesn't mean
they don't care."
Close to 41,500 people have registered
in Orange County for the election with
4,365 new registrations coming in the
last month. "Both of those are
records," Cohen said. .
'Statewide, total - registration from
April 8 to Oct. 6 increased by 1 9,117,
Brock said. There are 2,774,844
registered voters in North Carolina.
There are several factors that we use
to estimate voter turnout," Brock said.
"I won't say what those factors are, but
I can say they are usually pretty
"This election, we believe
approximately 1,725,000 people will
vote that's about 62 percent," Brock
said. This total is slightly higher than the
national average for a presidential
Cohen said Orange County "had
about 24,000 to vote in the 1972
(presidential) election. In 1976, we had
about 25,000 and we're expecting
around 27,000 or 23,000 for this
election. '-' - ' .
" "That doesn't sound lite much out of;
41,000 but you have to take into
consideration the transient nature of
Seo TURNOUT on psg3 2
Ctudcnt held czr.Czz In memory of ths 52 American hostages ot vigil service Monday night
...approximately 35 attended the service, sponsored by the Human Relations Committee
7 .lujaracroaue in mlcdsi
M . . . f i
Dy SUSAN MAUNEY
Approximately 35 people braved a chilly autumn evening
Monday to participate in a candlelight vigil marking a year's
captivity for the 52 Americans in Iran.
The hostages were taken by Iranian militants last Nov. 4,
when the militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
The vigil in the Pit, sponsored by the Carolina Union
Human Relations Committee, lasted 30 minutes and included
a short discussion by Herbert Bodman, professor of Islamic
history, and a prayer led by Manuel Wortman, minister at the
Bodman told the group that the hostages were surrogates for
"We all bear some responsibility for events," Bodman said.
"Our re, h.to ask ourselves,' 'How did -we permit this sort of
thing to occur in (Iran)?'." u '
He said it was natural for a country like Iran to feel as if
other countries were conspiring against it.
"When you are technically independent, and have been for
centuries, but pushed around by other countries including the
United States and the Soviet Union, there has to .be some
explanation to satisfy your own self-esteem," he said. Many of
the Iranian accusations of U.S. intervention were true, he said,
citing the Central Intelligence Agency's aid in placing the late
deposed Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in power.
Bodman also did not encourage hopes of immediate release
of the hostages despite the recent break in the crisis.
"The question of the resolution (of the crisis) can be
difficult in terms of details," Bodman said. He said he did not
expect the hostages home immediately, but rather, over a
period of weeks or months.
Many of those listening held one or more lighted candles in
order to have one candle for each of the 52 hostages. Many
were disappointed by the low number of participants.
"It almost seems like people have forgotten they're over
there," one student said. "I guess elections have
overshsdqwed them, although (the hostages) are the most -important
thing left for us."
Other participants also commented on the small number of
people and asked passers-by to join them. They were met by
replies of "Sorry, 1 have to study," and one reply of "Hell
no, I'm glad they were taken."
The Associated Press
Iranian militants relinquished
"responsiblity" for their 52 American
captives to the Iranian government
Monday, a move U.S. officials called a
major breakthrough toward their
eventual release. Iran also designated
Algeria to talk with the United States on
the conditions that Iran has set for the
The transfer of jurisdiction over the
52 Americans was approved by Iranian
spiritual leader Ayatollah Ruhoilah
Khomeini, believed to be the only single
authoritative voice in the matter.
After the Islamic militants stormed
the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took
the Americans hostage last Nov. 4, the
Iranian government appeared to
concede them a measure of power over
the fate of the captives. Statements from
the militants often drowned out the
voices of moderates in the government,
and the split in authority appeared to
dim prospects for a negotiated
Terms for the release were delivered to
the United States via the Algerian
Embassy in Tehran Monday. Some of
the conditions would be hard to meet
immediately, U.S. officials have said. In
Washington, U.S. Secretary of State
Edmund S. Muskie said ending the
hostages' year-long captivity "will
require time, patience and diplomacy."
The conditions, set by Khomeini in
September and adopted by the Iranian
. Parliament,;, or. Majlis, Sunday, are a
U.S. government pledge not to interfere
in Iran's affairs, release of all Iranian
assets frozen by the United States,
cancellation of all American legal
actions against Iran and return to Iran of
all assests of the late Shah Mohammad
Reza Pahlavi and his close relatives.
Earlier Monday the militants met with
Khomeini and issued a statement which
said in part: "We will from now on
delegate responsibility for the
(hostages') safeguarding to the
government and will engage in the most
important current issue of the
revolution, defense of the Islamic
A spokesman for the Iranian prime
minister said the government
automatically assumed responsibility
following Sunday's decision by the
Parliament to set release terms. "The
students' (militants) statement for the
transfer of custody of th hostages was
just for emphasis," he said.
In Washington, White House press
secretary Jody Powell said the transfer
"is something we have seen since the
very outset as being an important step
toward their eventual release. That's
Sc3 HOSTAGES on pegs 2
no Tn TfrTn u irnrr vro ;r rr. rora rrrm m 77 rn iriirr n m rn n
By CHARLES IIEHNBON
AND MELAME SILL
WASHINGTON Nobody here is taking bets
on the outcome of today's presidential election.
The only predictions about who will win are
coming out of the headquarters of Republican
Ronald Reagan, independent John Anderson and
Democratic incumbent Jimmy Carter. But even
the confidence of campaign staffers is tempered
by the uncertainty of several factors that could tip
the election to citner -Carter or Reagan.
"Yeah, we're confident," said Jim Shutt, a
Republican National Committee official.
"Nervous, but we're confident."
One factor on the minds of all three candidates
is the possible impact of recent developments in
Iran regarding the American hostages. Aides in
every camp, though, downplayed the importance
of Iran in today's election.
"We'll have to wait and see what the effect on
the election will be," said Ross Harris, Carter
coordinator for North Carolina.
Charles Crawford, a Reagan aide, said the
Republican's decision to avoid comment on Iran
stemmed from concern for the hostages.
"It did pre-empt the possibility for the kind of
scrutiny of the hostage situation that possibly
would have been in (Reagan's) . interest,"
Crawford said. "Iran is trying to manipulate our
However, Crawford said changes in the
hostages' plight would not help Carter's
campaign. "They waited a little too long and now
Carter is not going to gain from it."
Anderson aide Bob Levenson said
developments in Iran would have a negligible
influence on voters. "They (Iran) aren't going to
let the hostages go before Election Day, so it
won't really make that much difference."
One or more other key factors could tip the
election as well, as pollsters predict one of the
closest races in history. Some of these areas
Voter turnout getting people to the polls will
be more important to Carter, who in the last few
days of campaigning urged Democrats to support
their party. "It's the key to our victory," Harris
Getting a high turnout is not as important to
Republicans as is getting out the GOP support
itself, Crawford said. "Republicans have to get
out every one of their supporters," he said.
Levenson said a large turnout also would help
Anderson, though Levenson expected the
independent to pull considerably more than the 5
percent needed to qualify for federal campaign
funds. "We're not just going to sit there and wait
until the returns show 5 percent, then go home to
bed," he said.
Undecided voters All three camps say the
undecided bloc, larger than in 1972 or 1976, will
swing to their candidate on Election Day. "Our
polls show that most undecideds arc Democrats,
and we're trying hard to get them," Harris said.
Crawford disagreed. "A portion will stay at
home because they can't seem to vote for either
candidate, while others will decide at the polls,"
he said. "We seem to have a btttcr-than-even
split on them."
Key states All candidates canvassed and
campaigned heavily recently in eight states with
large electoral vote counts. The race is considered
a virtu -1 toss-up in Pennsylvania (27 vet: .) Texas
(25), Illinois (2S), Ohio (25). Michigan (21), New
Jersey (17) and Florida (17). Carter still holds a
slight edge in New York, which has 41 electoral
Geo FlfiAL on p;3 2
Use votes as bloch
I'reni staff reports
Although an informal survey conducted Monday
points to a high student turnout for the elections
today, many students indicated they will use their
vote to block unacceptable candidates rather than
to support a popular choice.
More then half of the students who said they
would vote for President Jimmy Carter said they
were voting e gainst a RcnalJ Reagan presidency.
"I'm met vctm.; for any good reason except that
I'm antlR::gan," said Beth Currtii, a junior from
Char! c tie.
MerU Mel: cf Chapel Hill said a Reagan
presidency would be dangerous and fcr that reason
she wculd vcte far Carter.
Jehn Petersen cf Marthead Cty r.id Reagan
v.c Jd like' J the country U :r.
n cer.tsred cn his
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Eurrcll said she would vcte for Carter but that
her conscience is with Anderson. Most students
supporting Anderson are voting out of principle or
because they feel a vote for Anderson is a vote for
. "My vote is primarily symbolic," said Mark
Niden, a post-doctoral student from Connecticut.
"I think Carter will win in this state, but I'd like to
see Andersen get a strong showing."
"My vcte is important even if Anderson doesn't
have much cf a chance, because it will help
Reagan," said Anita Brown, a junior from
Jud.cn Coep.r, a senior from Ralrigh, summed
up tee attitude cf Ar.Jencn surrers: "There's
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den't lile tl'.: way Carter has edged around all th;
is:.:: as, end Reers Lre cf thinking is too
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Ifsa stiff rtportj
WASHINGTON The best thing about a pr;siden:iad
election day is th; party that censes afterward, Ar.d r-o matter
who wins at the pelts today, there wlil be a celebration- here
Three vletnry parties will t ag,iai just after th: pal's c!a;e,
v.i:h the John Ana r an thast starting first at th: Hyatt
Rr"ney irer t : Ce '.ah
"It's gcing u t ; v' id," tnlJ Ray Lans, a staff.r far the
Independent ca.ndi-'ate. Several thon-enr.J p.:;ty-g--ert are
cap acted to v.r.h returns can.: 11 an J l.'p c:':lrat; v. hat
Lans laid wc-u'J 1 : th; peak cf Ar.dersaai's exhausting quest
far th; Wbiteihsu e.
Across to n frcan th; Hyatt, cn Connecticut Avenue.
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