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8Tha Daily Tar HeelThursday, November 6, 1980
George Shaprol'i. CJiiv
7 would like blacks to be able to make a choice
about where to live, but that doesn 't exist now
because there are not enough blacks on North
Dsnita James, Managing Editor
Brad KUTROW, IttiYUft- Editor
- Thomas Jessiman, Associate Editor
Karen Rowley, News Editor
?AM KelLEY, University Editor
Martha Wagconer, City Editor
Jim Hummel, State and National Editor
Bill Fields, Sports Editor
Mask Murrell, Features Editor
Tom Moore, Arts Editor
Scott SiiXIpe, Photography Editor
Mr.LAN'JE Sill, Weekender Editor
'The reason I chose Morrison was because tne
blacks were down there. It's one thing going to
school with whites, and it's another living with
.year o editorial freedom
You could have heard a pin drop in the Carolina Union Tuesday
night, except for the quivering voice of President Jimmy Carter as he
conceded the presidential election to Ronald Reagan. It was an eerie
silence, the kind of quiet that comes with tragedy and death. You
expected the tears to come and you waited for them. But they didn't.
Not even a sigh came. For the entire night it seemed people were
holding their breath and would never let it out. Ronald Reagan was
president. That was the news. And not only was he president, but the
Senate was Republican and that's something most college students
have never seen. They were, it is safe to say, in a state of shock.
Moreover, the overwhelming victory of Reagan magnified the
shock. He did not narrowly defeat Carter. He thrashed him in one of
the most amazing displays of political power in U.S. history." It was the
last thing in the world anyone expected, including Reagan.
But that's history now. Like it or not, Reagan will be president and
the Senate will be Republican. The question on most people's minds is
why? Why did this seemingly close election suddenly snowball into the
Republican victory it was? That's a question folks will scratch their
heads about for some time. Certainly, the signs were there even if
some of us didn't want to read them. This election was, for many
people, the opening of windows. People wanted fresh air, wanted a
change. It is as simple as that.
Carter's administration, while not a total disaster, did not inspire in x
the people of this country any sense of confidence or faith. His
campaign did little to alleviate their concerns. Jhe fact that the
economy has been riddled with inflation and unemployment, that the
hostages are still in Iran, that the Soviet Union and numerous allies
seem to see this country as an impotent world power,, all made a lot of
people wary of Carter, justly or not.
This election does not mean, as some might suggest, that the
majority of people in this country oppose equal rights or helping the ,
poor and disadvantaged. It is our hope that this mandate Reagan
received does not indicate that Americans will accept the dogma of the
right wing in this country prima face or helplessly watch as some of
the more myopic in the country try to ignore real problems.
Reagan must put at ease those who honestly fear him. He said
Tuesday that his election was a humbling experience. It was an
appropriate remark, because he now faces the reality of being
president. Simple solutions, slips of the lip and carefully worded
dogma will no longer suffice. We hope Reagan proves as progressive a
president as he was governor of California; he must grow up, and
quickly, to the complexity and power of his job.
Still, he is the president-elect. He has shown himself an incredible
campaigner and a remarkable leader in many respects. To write him
off prematurely with tasteless jokes and overreaction will only satisfy
the smallest of minds. It is certainly not beyond our sensibilities or
sensitivities to wish him luck and success. His success is the people's
and his failures can only hurt the people. Whatever his presidency
becomes, we will grant him the benefit of the doubt until shown
otherwise. It seems a mature and necessary attitude for all of us to
take. ' , ' (
m si tt MD
irrevaient as eve
Wp have Hnn? our time in Iran. Eieht Americans were killed there in
a rescue effort that never even came close. It's sad that few people talk
about that anymore, but it happened. We have watcnea as me
Iranians manipulated our press encouraging bidding wars over the
footage of hostages. We have been baited again and again into hoping
for settlements and deals that were only lies. Some would say that by
supporting the shah we deserved whatever reprisals the Iranians
deemed our due, but that is simply not the case.
Over the weekend, the Iranians took one more step in their game of
international blackmail. They set their latest terms for the release of
the hostages , and then demanded, first, a reply "as soon as
- possible," and then that it be made public "through the mass media."
President Carter and his staff wisely decided that no action should be
taken until after the election they had learned the hard way that
responding to such commands only led to disappointment.
Former President Gerald Ford said after Ronald Reagan's victory
that the outgoing and incoming administrations should take advantage ,
of the transition period to pose a united front to the demands of the
Iranians. Indeed, the transition period offers our government the
unique opportunity to transcend party lines for once and perhaps
present to the Iranians not a country of bickering politicians but a
strong and unified nation that can approach whatever negotiating
table agreed upon with patience and integrity.
For the record
In an editorial, "Student Opinion," DTIU Nov. 4, The Daily Tar
Heel stated that while Student Body President Bob Saunders did not
know that a new adviser was being sought for Student Government
and other organizations, Executive Assistant and Inter-fraternity
Council member Lee McAllister did. In fact, McAllister knew only
' that an adviser was being sought for the Inter-fraternity Council. The
DTH regrets the error.
: By THOMAS JESSIMAN
No matter" what we'd like to believe, segregation
still exists at Carolina. Perhaps it no longer takes the
involuntary form of the pre-60s era the "white
only" buses and rest rooms but a "voluntary"
form of segregation still flourishes. It is present in the
dining rooms and classrooms where blacks sit on one
side of the room and whites on the other, and it is
there, most of all, in the placement of students in
. residence halls.
It is common knowledge that, for the most part,
blacks live on South Campus and whites on North
Campus. People can juggle figures as long as they
want, but that is the simple fact. In many of the
dormitories on North Campus that average 200-300
peopleonly three to five of those are black and that
estimate is probably far-too optimistic. The vast
'majority of the blacks who attend Carolina live on
South Camous in three high-rise
dormitories Hinton James, Morrison and
Ehringhaus: Granted, some blacks live off-campus
and others live in Scott Residence College, but a very
high percentage' live in just those three dorms.
, John Slade, a junior from Yanceyville, lived his
first year on South Campus, but has lived in Mangum
dorm last year and now lives in Grimes. He chose
Morrison his freshman year because he had
participated along with other black high school
seniors in a special weekend at Carolina for National
Achievement scholars. He was housed in Morrison
for that weekend. "The reason I chose Morrison was
because the blacks were down there," he said. "It's
one thing going to school with whites, and it's
another living with them. I knew blacks would be on
' South Campus and chose it, I guess, as a kind of
security blanket." .
Slade did not condemn the segregated living
situation on campus. "It's more of a cultural
community thing than anything else, and I don't
think that's bad at all." He said, he liked North
Campus and was glad he had given1 it a chance, but
for all cultural activities he goes to South Campus.
"If I had to move to South Campus I would, but now
v I prefer living here it's more, convenient." '
. But being one of only two or three blacks in his
dorm for the past two years has been awkward and
difficult for Slade at times. "I'm not always
comfortable living here. I don't always feel like I'm
wanted. Last year in Mangum I was tolerated. My RA
was black and lived on my floor, and, at first at least,
the feeling on the floor was 'here comes another'
Slade said that he and the whites in his dorm have
to be careful,not to offend each other. "It can be
straining you have to be so conscious of what you
The Bottom Line
"People won't believe it back
home," Andy Comar said. "They
just won't believe it. l our cars ceo
it was a peanut farmer, now an
actor. They're ebv; to wonder
what's happening to America.'
Coniar, a 20-year-old from
Toronto, CanaJa an J a member of
Hit; Toronto I;chanie froup that
kit Chapel Hill Wednesday, m:.d:
that comment v,h;!e watching
UonahJ ltca;an make his victory
television tube as Reagan spoke.
"Maybe we can plug him into a
Beta Max and fast forward the next
four years," someone else sa:d.
"It's a shame it has to t : this
way," Co mar later said. "I mean,
here you have so much choice,
you'd guess people w ould be upset if
their candidate lost, but net quite so
l ;f. t ... . . , .i.,. mcriean
people. tvc Mr. ilea s an a c
before cond.mmV.: him. I know the
A ihort time l.-ter Andy Comar
sr. J 3S cth.r C. : .!'am jot cn a
Voyajeur I as ;::.! heaJed for
Canada -disrc -arding, .as the
ncpubhean r!.:i-:;:i urpes. the 55
rr.ph Jpred hmit.
lit was an education in
I iarre a:: J onin:.! s!van.
'I ctS Po-ctq into the ': :.V
r . ! ft,?,.,f ;,( 1 1, ifi J.-. . r.--
South Campus. But arguments like that sound an
awful lot like ones we were hearing not so long
ago people saying that blacks liked living in houses
without screens and that they like eating watermelons
and going around without shoes.
"I would like blacks to be able to make a choice
about where to live,- but that doesn't exist now
because there are not enough blacks on North
Campus and there are no support systems there.
Thus, in reality, we don't have a free choice system."
Leutze .said there were no easy solutions to the
problem, but that the first priority should be to get
more blacks on campus. After that, one option might
be to reserve places for blacks in North Campus
dorms. "A serious problem is that most North
Campus dorms are already filled before some blacks
even hear about financial aid." Housing contracts are
awarded on a first come-first served basis. A more
radical solution would be to use a computer to assign
students randomly to dorms, Leutze said. In that
manner, it would be highly unlikely for all the blacks ,
to end up on South Campus.
Leutze said he knew both his solutions might be
called "social engineering" by some. "But I would
rather do some social engineering than stay with the
status quo." It could be that some blacks would feel
uncomfortable if placed in a predominantly white
dorm, but they should not have come to Carolina if
they felt that way, Leutze said. "It may be tough now
for blacks living on North Campus, but they are
"The University has been talking about doing
something about this housing situation for the past
four or five years, and it keeps getting put off to the
next year. If the University is committed to
integration as I think it should be, then I think this
situation should not be tolerated. Something must be
done, and we've waited quite a while on this one."
' Darryl Owens, a sophomore from Goldsboro, had
mixed feelings about the housing arrangement of
blacks and whites. "In some ways, I feel it's bad, and
yet I sort of leave it up to the individuals. If they feel
... they can live on South Campus then they should stay,
but if they can come to North Campus, that's fine
too. It is a learning experience living with people you
Owens said he has had no problems living with his
white dormmates in Lewis. He does spend much of
his time on South Campus though most of his
friends live there and there are cultural attractions
like the Upendo Lounge and some Black Student
Movement activities. The obvious split between
blacks and whites on North and South campuses,
Owens thought was not primarily racial, but rather
just the way things have worked out over time.
Whites are more likely to live on North Campus
I 1 . I J I ,4 I
say ana ao. n we nave a uunii ihccihis u . ihtk and mn friends Uvcd
want to go, I have to wonder if they think I m not ther, and recommended the Owens said, and
going because I'm black." Even taking a shower . . . e . . t . . . lin .. 5n Qnnfh rj,mnns
becomes something he has to think of in racial terms.
"When I first moved into North Campus, I wondered
whether I should take a shower when everyone else
does or late at night like I like to. After a while, I just
decided to do what I wanted to."
Slade said it was hard at first for him to adjust to
person visits me
Campus." He said
coped with living on North Campus his first term.
"It's hard adjusting to this place (North
Campus) especially when you have been raised in a
black neighborhood." When asked if he would prefer
that Carolina have a more integrated living system,
Slade said, "Ideally, I would, but I've learned you
just canbe too idealistic about too many things.
dorms when they opened 10 years ago because they
were the newer and more appealing then.
discriminated against in housing assignments. In
recent years, there also has been an effort to house
high school visitors all over the campus, so blacks and
whites are more likely to choose different areas when
they decide to come to UNC, Condie said.
"Some of the blacks I hav e spoken to say they like
living on South Campus because the dorms are
newer," Condie said. "Another reason is that on
South Campus you have eight people in your' suite
that you get to know very well, but in North you
might get to know two or three well and another 40
superficially." Condie may be right about that
difference between the two campuses, but that
difference, if it really is one, should appeal to all
students, black and white, and does not explain the
segregated living set-up.
"There's a proud feeling among the black people
here," Condie said. "That pride they have with
themselves and their peers. It's like they're saying,
We can stand integration, but if we don't have to be
away from our friends w hy should we be.' " Condie's
view of the voluntary segregation in dormitories cn
. campus provides a sharp contrast to Leutze's opinion
that blacks really do not have a free choice with their
Benita Bell, a junior from Greensboro, said the
difference between North and South campus had less
to do with race than with culture. "Even if we had a
quota system I think blacks w ould still come down to
South Campus for the cultural activities." If the
segregation were intentional, she said she would see it
as bad, but she does not think the present system is
negative. She emphasized that she lived on South
Campus because her friends and family were there,
not specifically because many blacks lived there.
Eli McCullough, governor of James dormitory and
a member of the housing subcommittee, said that
spreading minorities out across campus might benefit
people more. "Since there are so many claims' of
discrimination and racism, that might result in a
breakdown of some of the barriers between the
races." He said that he thought if blacks were placed
more evenly in the residence halls, there would be no
great threat to preserving their culture on campus.
Like Leutze, he also cited the difficulty some blacks
have in getting North Campus dorms because they
have to wait for financial aid.
Cindy Hodgin, a senior from Randleman and RA
in James, said she would like to sec a greater rtix of
blacks and whites in dorms, but she objected to any
kind of quota system. "I think people should be able
to live where they want period."
Suzie Schmitzer, a white junior from Ralcijh, is
living on North Campus for the third year in a row.
She said she had been surprised by the housing split of
the races when she arrived at Carolina. "I wish we
w ere more mixed in and 'w e could be more at home
with each other. Idealistically, it's not the way you'd
want it, but realistically, it's college. It winds up being
segregated whether you want it or not."
The housing subcommittee that Leutze and Eh
Owens suggested one other possible explanation for McCullough served on heard opinions from a number
the black and white dichotomy in dorm living. "If ' Diac siuaems on me issue oi inc amaca cpus.
you're not used to living with whites or blacks, each Some felt the situation was a serious problem, others
group might try to stay with its own to make the did not- Summer vacation cut short , the
adjustment to college easier." He also noticed that subcommittee's work and it has yet to convene this
there were more blacks on North Cammis thU vear. c"- "uuci ui cuumi iiiuuuw. .ww
........... ... i thrmoh vnrtpH Hnnhf nhnut hnw miirh clout that
"I cet awfullv hacDv when a black tnmic tnal s goa- we're going 10 nave to live VI , T. .u V.Z W- V r
I get awmiiy nappy wnen a DiacK . 9BWU,, e V1. m:f,u. w Ke committee had anyway. They felt that the Division of
-especially someone irom aomn - j. - - au . Affair, and th, Housin2 Department were
wanted rczarcless of
James Condie, director of University Housing, said
that as long as people were living, for the most part,
where they wanted to, the split of blacks and whites
was not a major problem. The housing application
does not ask for a student's race, and thus the
Housing Department actually has no effect cn where
blacks and whites will live. "There's no way we can
One strong critic of the segregation in housing has do what some people say we do 'here's another
been James Leutze, a history professor and member
of a housing advisory subcommittee that, among
other things, has discussed this issue. "My immediate
reaction is that it is a bad situation," Leutze said,
"but there are some mitigating circumstances.
Someone might say that if blacks all want to live
together then they should be able to. That may be
true there may be more support systems for them on
black person, let's put him on South Campus.'
Condie said the percentage of black3 who get their
first choice on a housing application was very similar
to that of whites with probably less than a 4 percent
deviation. Unlike Leutze, Condie said that blacks
were admitted at essentiality the same time as whites
and those who have to wait on financial aid before
they decide to come to Carolina were not badly
going to do what they
the subcommittee's proposals. This is an attitude
Student Affairs and Housing should quickly dispel.
The Residence Hall Association and housing are
planning a survey for later this year on this whole
issue. Perhaps that survey will show that most people
do not perceive the North South housing situation
to be a problem, but more likely many will wish, like
Suzie Schmitzer, that there was a better mix of blacks
and whites. If that is the case, then Housing and
Student Affairs must make a serious commitment to
altering the situation, for some, though, they have
already waited too long.
Thomas Jessiman, a junior English major from
Newton, Mass., is assoiiaie editoror The Daily Tar