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C,cr end hzil.'r.j
C!:ar sklas and cod nights
through Wednesday. Sunny,
with high in low 60s end low
tonight in 30s. Ma chance of
Vcljrr.o C3. Izzns CO 5 2
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Serving the students end the University community since 1893
Tuesday, November 11. 1000 Chapel Hill, Kcrth Carina
The 19 SO Wei! Lecture
presents r.lchssl L. Walzsr cf
the Princeton Institute for
Advanced Study speaking
about 'Distributive Justice:
Ths Problem cf f.mbcrah:p'
tonight at 0 in fVlumona! He!l.
Sustne. Aaert;sirv9 933-1163
.. WARSAW, Poland (AP) Poland's biggest independent
union celled off its strike plans Monday after the Supreme
Court, slapping down a lower court, ruled that the union's
charter need not declare the Communist Party's pre-eminence
in this Soviet bloc country. ,
The court instead accepted a charter annex, written by the
Thousands of cheering supporters outside the court greeted
Lech Walesa, leader of the "Solidarity" union, after presiding
Judge Wifold Formanski accepted their controversial charter
and ruled that the Warsaw district court had exceeded its
authority in altering the document.
Last month the court, which was to authorize the union
charter, inserted a clause stating the Communist Party's
supremacy, a move the union, leaders said would undermine
the independence hard-won in last summer's labor
confrontation with the government.
The threat of strikes starting Wednesday if the court had
ruled against Solidarity prompted government warnings of
serious consequences to the country with an economy in such
In an unusual move, Polish state television showed films
; Saturday night of joint Polish-Soviet military maneuvers
purportedly taking place within Poland's borders.
But in London Monday, the Soviet Union's outgoing
ambassador to Britain said there was no way his country would
send troops into Poland. Ambassador Nikolai Lunkov made
his comment in reply to a question before the Supreme Court
decision was announced.
The judge also ruled Monday against the lower court's
modification of the right to strike, lie accepted the proposal
by Solidarity lawyer Wieslaw Chrzanowski to add an annex to
the charter. A lawyer associated with Solidarity said the final
agreement coincided with proposals made weeks ago by the
trade union organization to the government.
The annex restates the bases of the union's creation. They
include labor organization conventions affirming the right to
form independent unions and portions of the Gdansk
agreement that settled last August's crippling Baltic strikes.
The Gdansk agreement acknowledges the party's leading role.
The crowd gathered outside the court o.n a gray, blustery
day cheered wildly when Walesa emerged and led them in the
singing of Poland's national anthem and a Roman Catholic
"We accomplished what we set out to accomplish," he said.
"However, this is the beginning.. .In front of us is a big line of
work. And everyone has his piece of this line."
"Please put down we arc not afraid of anything," one
,. bystander. said. "The. Polish array is with Solidarity." J .
The union chief, who also led the summer'. Baltic "'coast'
strikes, then visited Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, head of
Poland's Roman Catholic Church.
Walesa, a small man with an enormous mustache, appeared
subdued at a press conference later.
"You cannot talk either about those victorious or those
defeated. It was the proper solution to the problem," he said.
In a communique released hours ' after the meeting,
Solidarity said the ruling "enables us to remove the dangerous
social situation the country was facing... The national
commission of the union hereby call off the strike readiness." ,
Word of the decision was broadcast without commentary on
Warsaw radio. Many people on the streets of the Polish capital
appeared relieved that the showdown had been averted.
can provide money
By KIM KLEMAN
You epprcaeh the vending machine.
Quarter. Dime. Nickel. Push. Crash out comes "your
favorite drink. Gulp, talk, gulp, talk. Crush can, head for
the waste basket.
The process is quite routine, so routine that you don't
think about whet you're doing. The only part that requires
any thought at all, in fact, is deciding how you're going to
bnhr.ee your empty can cn the mound of other empty cans
already in the trash.
But, are you really conscious of the money you're
throwing away with those empty aluminum cans?
Apparently not. Because, as a group, UNC students
throw away at least S10.7C3 worth of aluminum cans a year
and are expected to throw cut more than $11, (XX) worth of,
cans this year. That's money that could be made by
recycling those seemingly worthless aluminum cans. That .
doesn't include potential profits from recycling aluminum
from beer cans, which should be at least as much as that
from soft drink cans, since Chape! Hill is the beer-drinking
capital cf the world.
"Once In Jlv 1 duals understand the potential cf aluminum
recycling:, it ecu! J be very profitable to establish a recycling
r'.ea tt UNC," sr. id Chuck Hutaff, plant supervisor at
Presently, recoiling companies pay 33 cents "per
pound cr a penny'a canfor aluminum.
rince April, Hutaff has been investigating ways for his
company to work with the University to establish a
We've ha J an account at UNC for a long time and
weulJ Lie to help in a recycling program," he said.
Trirrr,!: Cc'a Caterers, a mWrnsioa cf Durham Coca
Ccli, is the scle distributer cf soft drinks for vending
machines at UNC. Lavt year, mere than 1,073.000 cans
v. ere ci.tri' !e J c i the UNC c. -p-. said Phil I l:rri:-;tan,
r :. .:. 1 r - r rf Tr! u Cc in Caterers.
v, 't? j t v.. ;1 ; fur a i!ud:nt crgur.'rati n
i.-t::: 1 1 1 ( : '. ' a r; c)lg program to err" : .h is
.:. a i ' V H. t If - ' 5
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Jilt 4 W--
Steve Rizzuto, a professional masseur, gives Marge McGinty a facial
massage. Rizzuto is the instructor for the special interest massage class,
sponsored by the Carolina Union. Here, he's demonstrating a
combination Swedish and Acupressure massage.
The Associated Press
U.S. diplomats Monday delivered to Algeria the
formal American response to Iran's conditions for
the release of the 52 American hostages held by
Iranian militants for more than a year.
The reply, termed positive by a U.S. official in
Washington, was presented by Deputy Secretary of
State Warren Christopher to Algeria's foreign
minister for relay to Iran.
Details of the U.S. response were kept secret, but
the Washington official said it contained a pledge of
non-interference m Iran's internal affairs and an
explanation of the legal and financial difficulties in
meeting the other terms.
In Iran, President AboLhassan Bani-Sadr was
quoted by Tehran Radio as saying if the hostage
crisis were resolved in a week, a resumption of arms
supplies would help his country in its war with Iraq.
"But if it takes more time then it won't have much
effect," he said.
Iran's Pars news agency reported that Hashemi
Rafsanjani, speaker of the Iranian Parliament, told
a press conference it "is now up to the United States
to prove to the world that it has been working for
the release of the hostages. The United States
should not expect any other move from our side."
Washington has said that U.S. arms, already
purchased by Iran but blocked when diplomatic
relations were severed, could tie shipped if ail the
hostages were freed.
Christopher and four other high-level U.S.
diplomats arrived in Algeria aboard a special Air
Force plane, conferred with U.S. Ambassador
Ulrich Haynes and then delivered the documents to
Foreign Minister Mohamed Benyahia.
Algeria has been acting as intermediary between
the United States and Iran since relations were
broken after militants overran the U.S. Embassy in
Tehran Nov. 4, 1979, and seized the employees.
It was not known if any Iranian officials were in
Algiers, and State Department officials in
Wah5rpton it was unliVelv Christopher would
meet with Iranian authorities. They did say the
United States remains willing to held face-to-face
State Department spokesman Jchn H. Trattncr
said Christopher's mission was open-ended, but
added, "I don't expect it is to be days and days or
weeks." Some U.S. officials said Christopher might
wait in Algiers for an Iranian response, but Trattner
said, "We don't have any commitment from them
(Iranian authorities) on how they will respond."
Meanwhile, in Rome, an official of the Iranian
Embassy reported that former Iranian Foreign
Minister Sadegh Ghotbzadeh was released from
But Tehran Radio, broadcast an interview with
the prosecutor of the case, in which he said Iranians
would complain if Ghotbzadeh were set free and
indicated he had not been released.
Revolutionary guards arrested Ghotbzadeh last
week after he was accused of sowing dissension and
damaging the Iranian effort in the war against Iraq
and criticizing the militants who seized the
American hostages more than a year ago.
In Algiers, Christopher conferred with Benyahia
behind closed doors for more than an hour. The
text of the U.S. reply was expected to be forwarded
to the Iranian authorities within hours.
A U.S. Embassy spokesman said Christopher
delivered the reply personally to explain to the
government of Algeria several complex legal and
financial aspect's raised by the Iranian terms.
One U.S. official in Washington, who asked that
his name not be used, told The Associated Press,
"We would like to be as positive as possible, but
they have to understand the legal and other
complications... Generally, it's a positive
By ANN SMALLWOOD
The Chapel Hill Town Council Monday
night voted 5-4. to change ,the town zoning.,
ordinance to allow the University to build a
hangar for its five Area Health Education
Center aircraff at its Horace Williams
Airport. It also passed a resolution pledging
to work with University, state and private
authorities to ensure that a replacement
airport is built within 15 miles of the town as
soon as possible.
The council voted unanimously to deny a
rezoning request that would have allowed
Zeta Tau Alpha sorority to build a new residence
in the 400 block of North Hillsborough
Street. In addition, the council agreed to
consider a petition from UNC Student
Government asking the town to call a public
hearing and staff work sessions on proposed
noise ordinance changes.
The zoning ordinance was amended at
"council member Joe 1 Stfaley's'Yequesf 6
permit construction of a hangar to house
UNC's medical aircraft service after almost
two hours of council debate. The room was
packed with about 100 onlookers, many of
them residents of the north Chapel Hill
neighborhoods near UNC's 40-year-old
facility who had hoped to see flights at the
airport either eliminated or drastically
Voting against Straley's hangar
amendment were Mayor Joe Nassif and
council members Jonathan Howes, R.D.
Smith and Bill Thorpe. Voting for the
motion were Straley and council members
Bev Kawalec, Joe Herzenberg, Marilyn
Boulton and James Wallace. .
A "stronger zoning amendment that would
have limited the size and number of aircraft
allowed" to user the" airport while-eliminating
both classroom and in-flight pilot training
was defeated in several earlier votes. The
town Planning Board and University officials
had agreed on the limitations, which would
have brought the airport into compliance
with zoning rules that were written long after
Horace Williams was built.
Airport neighbors had long complained
that planes posed a hazard to residents and
schools in the landing patterns. They voiced
loud disapproval when the council motions
to limit airport use failed.
Explaining the council's denial of ZTA
J miry fails it, ireaclk
sorority's request for the Hillsborough Street
rezoning, several council ers termed
the proposal "spot zoning" which would
place a high-density student residence in the
town's Historic District, now zoned for
"Wc should work with this sorority and
others in finding locations for their housing
in a more orderly fashion," . said council
member Bev Kawalec.
Although the dozen cr more sorority
members in attendance and Student Body
President Bob Saunders expressed their
disappointment with the council verdict,
Saunders said he hoped his staff could begin
work with the town soon to deal with the
problem of expanding and locating houses
for members of UNC's expanding Greek
71 o . e TXT Tl
veFdlicU in iiiiain una
From staff and wire reports
GREENSBORO Jurors made no
decision Monday concerning the fate of .
six Ku Klux Klansmen and Nazis who
have been charged with five counts of
first-degree murder and one count of
felonious rioting in an altercation with
Communist Workers Party
demonstrators a year ago.
The jury spent most of Monday re
examining television news videotapes of
the Nov. 3 1979, "Death to the Klan"
rally. The request to re-examine
evidence was made early Monday
morning. Superior Court Judge James
M. Long said he could not give the jury
the items unless all the attorneys
involved agreed. The nine lawyers
involved, six for the defense and three
prosecutors, gave the go-ahead to Long
Harold Covington, a prominent
national Nazi leader, held an
unscheduled ncs conference Monday
morning and charged that the
communists were "afraid to debate and
express their viewpoints other than with
bricks and so on." Covington also
warned that if Nazis and Klansmen were
challenged by the communists, strong
measures would be taken. "We'll give
them the same treatment we gave them
in Greensboro," he said.
Covington said the Nazi party would
have an announcement on its future
plans 24 hours after the verdict is in
from this trial. He said any premature
statements made by the Nazi Party could
inflame the jury.
The review of television news
videotapes begin after lunch recess, and
Channel 2, WFMY-TV cf Greensboro,
was the first to have its tape re
examined. The jury viewed the tape
twice and then after a consultation,
informed Long of their dr.irc to review
the videotape of Channel 11. WTVD-TV
of Durham. This tape, which lasted a
little over 55 minutes, was the bit tape
that could be seen due to the Lck of time
The jury consulted for about 15
minutes before informing Lc::g they
wished to recess until today &t 9:30 a.m.
They aho told Long they wished to re
examine more videotapes when
Ceo KLAfJ cn pc3 2
Andy Wei-3 throv.
..pbns for rccyclin
3 czn end msmy cvvsy
g aluminum encouregsd
ti r, r - rj ft i i
,-77 T TJ TTf
compact and ship the aluminum to South Carolina,
provided UNC could recover enough aluminum to make
National Can's expense worthwhile.
Hutaff said National Can would be more receptive to the
'idea if Duke and North Carolina Central University. ha
jsrecd to recycle aluminum through Durham Coca-Cola.
Recycling profitable to can suppliers because it is
cl . ; .r to receded aluminum than tn start frc::i
scratvh. !!: .; f said. If enough aluminum h rccyded,
' Hutaff added, lit savbgv In manufacturing costs cf
aluminum r '.t Ie-u-n future inctca-ics in canned drink
prices. Area canned dank prices arc alrtaJy 4-' ccr.tv cr
11.' ff.' ii
, . . 'He. M i ; ' 'e
Cy FRANCO SILVA ,
Although the North Carolina Yipplss movement wasdenicJ
official University recognition Monday for rla.nr.lnj a Srr.ole
la rally, they still are mallng plans to held the event.
Frederic Schrocder Jr. director cf th.e department cf jtudent
life, said be could net five recognition to an crganleatiun that
supported participation in something illegal.
The Vipp-ics r-" to he ld the Sn ale-ln fiov. 16 in the I : i t
support cf the l.-gallatiaa of marijuana. Jchn C ' i, ai
erganu'er cf the rally, v. Id earlier that marijuaiu v.- 'J I ;
upphed by the Yippirtand thai nuny p'p'.e werite; cd t
bring their oa.
CL..';i said hs zrJ ptr.""e in the New Ycrk Yipp r.
nut tl.- NV.tth CarcHaj chapter, wr;-J4 tupply i : ( i,
l.hrc-eu:r t:.li the p: u.:r Ivati-.'.-g the ia"l ; :.;':!
Lberate marijuana," fculd Mark Craty, a Yipples crgauler.
Other powers &dvtrti-.lrg the ilmale-In. "tight Up fur
Li' .:t." "Irtc Pf t" cud "In p:.h Je e H iu'.." They
featured a pl.turc of Ckcrge Wahingrcn imolirj a rafi;.ana
Svl.r&edrr u'd recegniiirn oi r.ct aa;:J to tl"? pv?
tuca,r:e cf the peter and its p- l.r ct-nduct,
"If the Yipp:et applied fuf fccrgnltl.un spart frcm thl$ L'-ue.
I dun't ie any r.'t-tlem with that. The Lh Ivrr.uy wc-.;'J tale
their apphcation into ccn'.ideratin. II -t wsth my
ur.Jerta..d.r: cf the lute:.'.'.-:.! uh ir;:rd tt the h:naie-!ri. 1
di-.Vt .-e hui the Ur.ivcr-..:y ce.n l.e teccg- ul ;a." IV e l.r
-i. , ' f,;'ti r :nJ f-" f r tl e 1 ;'.eu cf
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