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Gi.crci. Smadsouu Ed..vr
Dinita Jamls, Margin-! Editor
I a ad KuTRO'w, Associate Editor
PAM KELLEY, AWiViat E!?ir
Kajln Rowley, iNVu j Editor
LlNDA DP-OWN, University Editor
Martha Waggoner, City Editor
Mark Murslll. Soi.'e ani National Edit
Bill FlLLDS, 5c?rfi Eror
J amis Alexandir, Features Editor
Tom Moose, ylrtj Ed'tor
Scott Sharfe, Photography Editor
Ann Fetl:!, iTlT EJffer
83 th year of editorial freedom
ITTin Til TV
I u S ! s
In a town like Chapel Hill, you ought to be able to set your stereo
speakers cut on the front porch, put on James Taylor, twist open a
cold beer, sit and listen. If the municipal noise ordinance is amended
as planned, however, that sort of boisterous behavior would require
two days' notice and an excessive $5 noise permit.
On Tuesday night, the Town Council postponed a decision on the
new noise ordinance pending further study. Before the council passes
the proposed ordinance, it should be amended so that it affects more
directly the causes of excessive noise without making social life
difficult for the rest of the town's populace. .
The proposal retains specific decibel limits for sound, which would
be measured at the edge of the property from which the sound
emanates. Such limits are essential to any noise ordinance and should
be enforced strictly when complaints are received.
Earlier this year, however, town police were accused of shutting
down noisy parties arbitrarily and failing to warn offenders
adequately. If standard procedures for enforcing the decibel limits
were specified, both police and partiers would know exactly what the
From that reasonable beginning, the ordinance goes on to state a
number of unreasonable restrictions on outdoor noise. These seem to
By JOHN DRESCHER
It happens in all areas of life; it always
has, and it always will. People cheat.
University students are no exception.
In fact, a recent U.S. Nevss end World
Report article said that cheating in
college has become an epidemic.
"It's a disturbing sign on campus,"
the article reported. "(There's) a wave
of collegiate dishonesty that flouts
academic values and penalizes honest
At UNC there is a small amount of
evidence . showing that academic
cheating has increased in the last decade.
The UNC Honor Court found 23
percent more students guilty of cheating
in the 1978-79 judicial session than it did
in the 1977-78 session.
There is, however, a good explanation
for this rather dramatic increase. The
Honor Court decided nearly a third
more cases in the 1978-79 school year
than it did in the previous year. This was
the result of a strengthening of the
student-run honor system in summer
"I don't view it as a problem," said
Ebon Floyd, assistant dean for student
isn t m
ting may not be an
associate professor Linda Dowen said
still thcugdit it was a problem.
arge classes have been the worst,"
Three years ag;o, the enforcement cf
the Honor Code clearly was a problem.
. Since then, numerous actions have been
taken to try to cut down cheating.
The efforts to make the honor system
stronger have been successful. The
standard penalty for academic cheating
was increased to suspension, giving the
Honor Court more power of
enforcement. During the past two years,
76 percent of all cases heard before the
court resulted in a rai'ty verdict.
Also, the system's enforcers began an
extensive program cf educating students
and faculty about the honor system and
how it works.
"We've tried to make it a positive
educational process," Floyd said.
"We've told them what it is, how it
works and why we have it.. .We've also
.tried to make students more aware cf the'
tiicrc exs tccccrs zincl students
who feci cheating is a problem. Eledsoe
and Floyd have done all they can do.
More education is not the answer.
Eledsoe makes it clear that his office
cannot lock for cheating by policing
students. That is up to the system's
participants students and
teachers and they are the ones who
need to be taking a more active role. .
Teachers feel that most problems arise
in crowded, large classrooms. There are
a number cf precautions teachers can
take. Some split their classes up into
A stronger honor system probably has
helped reduce cheating. But how much
cheating occurs remains an issue.
A recent poll at Princeton University
showed that 34 percent of. those'
surveyed admitted to cheating on an
exam at least once in the;r
undergraduate careers. At Carolina,
Student Attorney General Louis Bledsoe
estimated that more than 34 percent
have violated the academic honor code
be aimed at the handful of fraternities that regularly sponsor outdoor
parties and have jukeboxes. Any source of "outdoor amplified at least once in their college years.
noise" would have to have an excessive noise permit; those permits A good number of these violations are
would cost S5 and two days notice. No decibel limits were set for probably "minor" misplacing a
outdoor amplified noise. Thus, the ordinance would restrict the noisy footnote source or discussing a test
fraternities it seems to be after, but it also would muffle dormitory K"89??? uny
. . ' . P , . taken the test, for example. Still, the
parties, spontaneous gatherings and the sort of outdoor porch parties nuraber of blatant cheaters out of a
described above, no matter how quiet they were. Because speakers university of 20,000 must be more than
could not be more than 10 feet off the ground, the ordinance would the 40 who were found guilty at the
theoretically prohibit any resident above the first floor of a high-rise
dorm from playing his stereo with the window open. '
Further, the town manager or his designee likely Police Chief
Herman Stone could require that the holder of a noise permit
deposit $50 to defray the costs of cleanup of public property littered by
party-goers. This is nearly unenforceable; most parties which cause
litter are sponsored by several organizations, and it is unfair to fine
them for the litter left by uninvited guests. The $50 deposit, like the $5
cost of permits, seems intended to discourage individuals and groups
from applying for permits and thus from having outdoor parties.
Stone's refusal to even grant a noise permit to the organizers of
Sunday's "Smoke-In" is characteristic.
Chapel Hill residents should not have their ears assaulted by
excessive noise, but they also should be able to throw outdoor parties
within reasonable restrictions. In attacking the principal producers of
noise, the proposed ordinance would oyerregulate ordinary citizens.
An ordinance with reasonable noise limits, indoors and out, would be
a more effective arid fair solution to this problem.
University last year.
The issue is: Does the number of
cheaters at the University represent the
bare minimum, that small minority who
will always cheat, or is there more of a
problem at Carolina? It depends on
whom you talk to.
o r V
:s to tske the test.
Some use mere thcui cr.e version of a test
and char.re the erder cf the questions. .
Often teaching assistants are called in to
Various teachers have cheeked
students' identification cards in br-e
classrooms to make sure there were no
surrogate students taking the test.
Rodney Redding, assistant professor in
the business department, cheeked IDs
when he was teaching at Penn Stste.
"I highly recommend it," Redding
said. "It's impossible for an instructor
to know each student. It'd be very ess
for someone not enre'ded to take the
test. I (check IDs) only because the
These preventive techniques eliminate
the temptations a student may have.
They shouldn't be used solely to catch
students, but merely to ensure that tests
can be taken in proper environments. It
is these kinds cf actions by teachers that
are recommended by the Honor Code.
The rest of the burden falls on
students. Eledsoe estimates that 40 to 50
percent of the cases he receives are
brought in by students, and he said he's
pleased at that amount.
Bowen said though students
sometimes reported cheaters to her,
often they were never prosecuted. "The
student comes up to me and reports
cheating, but later backs cut," she said.
And Bledsoe admits that there are
many students who see cheating and
never report it. In effect, they arc
condoning that cheating.
Thus, ironically, the strongest point
of the Honor System, that it is run
completely by students, is also its worst
flaw. It's, been said over and over, but
the system cannot function without
enforcement from students. There is no
passing the buck.
Cheating is not rampant at UNC, but
it is an aspect of college life that should
be dealt with by all members of the
"It's a serious business," Bledsoe
Indeed it is. Just ask one of the 50
students suspended for cheating the last
John Drcschcr, a junior journalism
major from Raleigh, N.C., is en
editorial assistant for The Daily Tar
The campus is rife with rumors about which bowl bid the Tar Heel
football team might accept although no bids will be extended until the
dust settles from Saturday's games. The leading candidates, -assuming
UNC beats Virginia, seem to be the Peach Bowl in Atlanta, which will
be nationally televised, and Houston's Bluebonnet Bowl, which will be
carried by an independent network.
In choosing a bowl, Coach Dick Crum, athletic director John
Swofford and the team will have to weigh all kinds of factors: the
chance to improve our ranking, profits and the prestige of the bowl
itself. They ought to consider the location of the bowls as well.
It seems to us that a whole lot more students could drive to Atlanta
for the Peach Bowl than could afford to fly to Houston for the
Bluebonnet. A large percentage of UNC's out-of-staters are from
Georgia and Florida, and Atlanta is halfway, sort of, between here
What effect the student cheering section might have on the team's
chances is unclear. Still, there will likely be no Carolina student
cheering section in Houston. Wherever the Tar Heels go, we hope
their fans will be able to follow.
otto trml Uommmtes mieo
By MARK ANCONA
Well my baby she's a juror -
I'm as blue as I can be
And I can ' get no lovin '
Till that judge-man sets her free
"Well My Baby's A Juror Blues"
Don O'Shea, a reporter for WBIG radio in
Greensboro, wrote this ode while passing the time
as he covered what has become the longest trial in
North Carolina history.
It all began on Nov. 3, 1979, when demonstrators
for the Communist Workers Party held a "Death to
the Klan" rally in Greensboro. During the rally, a
caravan of cars filled with Ku Klux Klansmen and
Nazis pulled up and the confrontation began. When
it was over a few minutes later, five demonstrators
for the CWP were dead.
The ensuing incidents have taken a year to get to
where they are now, with the jury on the verge of
reaching a verdict. For reporters, the trial, now in
its 22nd week, has been a grueling experience. It's
hard to say what kept the Greensboro press corps
from fading away from the long hours spent in
room 3-C of the Guilford County Courthouse.
One reason could be the camaraderie that has
evolved between reporters and artists over the 22
weeks. "If camaraderie between members of the
media did not exist, we would all be very
depressed," said Mike Massoglia, a reporter for the
Winston-Salem Journal. Massoglia, who has
covered the story since the 1979 shootings, has
become very involved in the proceedings. "It has
been my life for the last year," he said. "When my
colleagues at the paper see me, they ask me why J'm
not in Greensboro covering the trial instead of
asking me how I am doing."
The trial has become so well-known both
statewide and nationally and has lasted so long that
the proceedings even haunt the subconscious minds
of some media representatives. Stefan Dechtel, a
reporter for the Burlington Times-News, says he has
had many dreams about the trial. Bcchtel
discovered through conversations with other
reporters that he is not alone in his obsession with
k i w ww&w
"This trial has become so big that other things
are just sidebars and not as important," Bechtcl
said. "It is totally penetrating my subconscious."
O'Shea also feels that the trial has influenced his
personal life to a large degree. "We're here so
much, it's the only contact we have with other
people. It's a letdown after the day," he said.
The feeling of togetherness that exists between
media people has become one in which friendships
go a lot further than the courtroom. Many of the
reporters have had to stay overnight in Greensboro
every day that the jury deliberates, due to the risk of
being absent when and if a verdict is reached. .
Through the last four d3ys of deliberations most
of the out-of-towncrs have stayed in the same motel
and planned their evening activities together. Vic
Carter, a reporter for WTIAL-TV in Raleigh, came
into the Grand Jury rccm in the courthouse
Wednesday, informed some cf hi3 fellow overnight
gutsts that he had reservations at a local restaurant
and took a head count to see how many of his
comrades would accompany him. :
Another example of personal relationships
developed during the trial occurred again
Wednesday, when it came time for the court to
recess for lunch. Reporters and artists concurred on
their destination for a mid-day meal and waited for
each other patiently as each completed pre
The reporters also learn a great deal from each
other about reporting styles, Massoglia said, "h has
been interesting to meet the other reporters and find
out how they run their operations," Eechtel said.
According to Massoglia, the trial has been very
rewarding. He feels he has learned skills tha will
stay with him for the rest of his life, and says the
trial tested many of his journalistic
"I'll be ready to go to another story," Massoglia
said. Later, he joked with another reporter. "When
all this is over, I'm going to have to start working
For most of the reporters involved, the long trial
in Greensboro has been rewarding despite its
characteristic tedium. But the trial also has created
genuine friendships that will last a long time.
Without the camaraderie that has existed during the
trial, many of these reporters would have left long
ago. Friendship has been the glue that hai he'd
these people together through the constant
repetition and boredom that have filled most of the
MarkAncona, a sophomore journalism major from
Westport, Conn., is covering the Greensboro trial
for The Daily Tar Heel.
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' I If
W ii I)
f ' 'j IP , v ! m in n Mm
By BUDDY BURNISKE
In the rust yer, the United States has allowed
several thousanj aliens the right to immigrate to
this country. There have been "Boat People"
from Vietnam, who braved rugged oceans
seeking asylum!; Cubans fleeing the political
persecution of Castro; and a continued flow of
alien?, leg-il and otherwise, encroaching from the
Mexican border. How many more aliens this
nation can absorb end v,htre the cutoff point v, ill
be fixed is difficult to say.
"Whr.t ve do'with membership dictates all
ether action Michael Walzer, author,
Piinec'ra professor and Weil lecturer for 1 913 on
"Distributive Justice The Problem of
Mcrr.t;-rt'.V sr.id Wcdr.rsdsy.
"Men ar.d were. en without membership arc
!'rt;!:::; ibry hr.c t;j rbrec in the sod J wcif.-.rs
i j jeeurity," V.'.,b-:r US. "Positive d tsr.ee h
r:-!.-.i, f. 1 if ere i;J: needs it bdly ar.4 another
i;:.n aU'crd U ide it, then there is a mcred
id !';::! d:i to id? i
V,d;r i di a!!'d;er.t r.etierts were lie Lrge
i . i ; ' . , v-di i;,.i!y cgen tr.rcd:::er.:. iddi
tries I .well e d d:y to rerfugt to a v.rr.-.t
i.. r.y i . ; ';, t ..t ede.: - ;:n rt'cs tr.uet b:
:J. I J I j in- rtcc:d.f .: ! chere.'vf v :).',:
mobility of people. There are, of course, a great
many arguments against this idea!."
Nations, if they were governed as
neighborhoods, would loose partriotism and
cohesion of internal mechanisms like social
programs. There seems littlj room for an ideal
nation that regulates entrance and exit of its
members only by the free hand of market
"Cos are (of entrance) h important to the
stabilization cf communities Wektr said. "It
preserves the commonality cf culture
Wdecr suggested that a "club? is the realistic
mend! for the nations cf th: world. While he
agreed that there was seme sense of
neighborhood and family his third
model within the interna:! cr.ol system, there
remains an elitist attitude inherent to r.athcs cf
., i r i
t to refugees whether
i exterds to the point
t farther cdmirdaa
to tbr'r r. ::d i cr
alternative to admission, and that's the
exportation of goods and wealth to Third-World
Obler was quick to add that the exportation cf
goods was not always a practical answer to the
needs cf refugees, lie' disagreed with Wabeer's
contention that ideological affinity with refugees
fleeing political persecution was any more reason
for admission than the pleas of those sufferir.g
from economic disparity.
"The non-expcrtatle 0c4 cf membership
should te extended to economic refugees as well
as pCiitieal refugees," Oder sa.J. "economic
refugees, would be fjerseeutcd. regardless cf lb:
exportation cf coeds cad resources. Th: caste
system cf their countries would net allow e-;uol
di-.trilution cf t'J, 0 tbdr tenef.ts wedd b:
Pcdeegiihegreiieet prcdrm wiih Lr.mlgratbn
in the United States rr di ether nations is the
ddtrdutien cf rde::":- c:e th ry ere addrd.
As r: fa-gees brj fzt irearity, the area
they inhibit often e x r t ri : r. : : i reeisl
c. ".::;''.'' ::, t', es tl : C- e .. 'j Cd" t
r.:. .-, ii : i c.-g. a--- t
numbers, and the subsequent Inundation cf
particular areas that breeds trouble. The
.Immediate response of natives often is a hostile
Cm rr if r m jfiv" ' "'
leading to acts of violence. Nevertheless, curs are
an eclectic society seed culture, created by
Lr.migrar.ts cf the past and certain to be
influenced by immigrants cf the future. For the
most port, we rcep benefits from their exiitence
within the country.
"Somecr.e cr.ee tc!J rr.: that teat people
wedd be c--J fcr us to have," Clhrr il'.S.
"People wieh the courege er.d fortitude to cross
en ocean far their freedom are the kind cf pecgle
we need in this ccar.try. Tl.r.: p:a;le edo
p erf: em irj lee,! j ! ' r th.: r:.--.t r .eives do
net war.:; t! ry fd." a r .zS. V,.i V . : ,t ; red::.'?
h ci.trih'-ti.'g t' . -i ce ;e thry ere here."
The Ur.i'.eJ htetes Ms r.at rend.ei its
taturatien pdnt fcr th: edredtune: cf
t e.e. V.. e a f
r "I t. v. :
r : y t
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v. ' o (.ret t.
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i J - --'Si
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tb ;! id nk it
c f r
r i : ) 1 ' e o r::.t
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-t - -----
:h-1 tot? e
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"Pevrl? t.ve a r'. t to r-
I ,. , , . ... , , .,
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t f h-.i:.g u:gj i "!lu! S!;e
naturJ !.:e.:.ri t.:r.d.;.ey to t::k te.