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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
The Daily Tar Heel. 1980
Vdu.T.D CO, ISSUO
Thursday, November 20, 1000 Chcpci IVM north Cerc'lna
Kw.'S.?ort.'Art 933 C245
Business.' Advertising 933 1163
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' , v ; ., j- - ' 1,1, t I ? 7 .' J fi l t 1 ' f '''- J I'll t - ,' 1 ! 1 t 1
Cy LINDA CHOWN
: University Editor '
Fourth cf five parts
Since the first black student enrolled at the
University in 1951, the number of blacks at UNC,
as well as the programs for them, has continued to
grow. But while opportunities for blacks at UNC
have expanded, the comments of several campus
minority representatives at a recent panel on race
relations made it clear that the University was still
far from being integrated.
The representatives pointed out that not only
were separate campus organizations for blacks and
whites a reality at UNC, they also were needed.
"Whenever I hear black people and white people
ought to be able to worship together, I am in total
agreement," said panelist Dundee Holt, a graduate
student and head of the United Christian
Fellowship. "But when someone says black people
and white people should worship together, my .
"A lot of blacks don't want to go to white
churches. It's the 'stick to your own group' type
idea," he said.
UCF once made an attempt to attract white
students to its Sunday morning services but was
unsuccessful because most of the whites who
attended the fellowship could not adjust to its
differences. "The matter of worship was quite
alien, quite different, quite foreign. It's much more
comfortable to stick to your own, and that's what
EH 1 11 SI "till HH
we choose to do," Holt said.
Another senior, James Reid, agreed with Holt.
Reid, who is president of Alpha Phi Alpha, a black
fraternity, said cultural differences existed between
the black and white fraternities and sororities. "Not
. to say that I have anything agafnst white
fraternities," he said. "I just prefer a black
Like the people on the panel, members of several
other campus organizations agreed that there was a
need for the separation of many black and white
. Many blacks who participated in the Inter
Fraternity Council with the white fraternities have
said, like the whites in the black church, that they
feel they can play no real part in the meetings. All of
UNC's 23 fraternities belong to the IFC. Only three
of those are black. "When we attend the meetings,
we are confronted with things like fraternity
houses which house is having the mixer or what
house needs what. Blacks don't have houses," Reid
But IFC President John Blumberg said the
organization had made some attempts to encourage
blacks and whites to work together. "We haven't
had as much cooperation from either as we'd hoped
for," he said.
When he came into office, Blumberg said he
appointed two people, one black and one, white, to
a minority affairs office. The office was to' promote
interaction between . tl'ek and white fraternity
Blumberg said that although his fraternity, Sigma
Chi had no black members, he didn't think it would
discourage a black interested in joining.
"Depending upon the individual,. I think he'd be
received very well. Honestly I think there would be
, no restraint placed on his race," he said.
Chi Psi and St. Anthony's Hall fraternities have
black members, but none of UNC's 13 sororities are
Unlike fraternities, and sororities, two
predominantly black and white campus
publications say they want to remain separate
because they do not meet the same needs.
"The Daily Tar Heel doesn't cover in depth the
black community, and it might not even know how
to," said Donna Whitaker, Black Ink associate
She said the 13-year-old Black Ink began as a
voice for black students. It was also created as a
way for blacks to express grievances.
"It's a motivational force, too. It's an alternative
for students who might not otherwise gain
journalistic experience," she said. Black Ink has no
whites on its 40-member staff.
George Shadroui, editor of The Daily Tar Heel,
agreed the two papers should remain separate. "I
think the Black Ink serves a totally different
. function from The Daily Tar Heel, " he said.
"It probably addresses more acutely some of the
(black) issues on campus than the Tcr IIzcl does.
and I just think that is natural," he said..
The Daily Tar Heel, which has eight blacks cn its
staff of more than 100 people, has more black staff
members and editors now than it has had in past
years, he said. "I don't think the Tcr Heel has dene
anything really to recruit blacks cn the staff," he
said. "It just so happens that we have a lot cf
talented blacks cn the staff."
Student Government has made attempts to
recruit blacks into offices, but Student Body
President Bob Saunders said he didn't think it had
done enough. "I'd say you can never do enough,
but I'd say I made special efforts to," he said.
"That's the key, you can't just think that
qualified black students are just going to come up
to Suite C. You've get to recruit. I'm really proud
of the way I chose my staff this year," he said.
Separate black organizations, like the Black
Student Movement and its subgroups, are necessary
because of the small percentage of blacks on the
UNC campus, he said.
BSM organization leaders also emphasized the
need for both black and white groups.
"They are needed because you're talking about
two very diverse and differentiated cultures, and
our society hasn't gotten to the point where it's able
to recognize and accept cultural differences," BSM
Chairperson Mark Canady said.
. 1 1 t)
Sea RACE on paga 2
j WJ MO C
By ELlZAnZTII DANIEL ; : : . '
A slight majority cf UNC students
believe the University is doing enough to
promote integration on campus, but
74.6 percent of the black students think
the University should do more,
according to a recent poll conducted by
The Daily Tar Heel
Information for the survey was
gathered during telephone interviews
with 50- students from Nov. 5-9. The
sample consisted of 244 black students
and 257 whites. The responses to the
questions were weighted so that the
sample was representative of the racial
composition of the campus, which has a
7.9 percent black population. The
survey results are accurate to within 5
Of all students, 59 percent said UNC
was doing enough to integrate the
campus. But while 63 percent of white
students said UNC's efforts were
adequate, only 20.5 percent of the
blacks said the University was doing
Thirty-two percent of the students
who found UNC's efforts satisfactory
cited the University's recent efforts and
progress in the area of integration as
their reason. Of the students who said
more needed to be done, 14 percent said
that the small number of blacks on
campus showed the University's efforts
were not adequate.
A brge majority of the students said
they had close friends of the opposite
race and that they did net consider
themselves racists, but only one-third
s3id they belonged to any integrated
erf.anizaHons on campus.
Twenty-nine percent of the students
said they considered themselves racists,
and 10 percent explained their positions
u'uh a specific c.-knowled-.cment such as
"I don't like thcls" cr "1 wouldn't
wir t to room vuih a bhek."
One black student who considered
herself a racht, seid, "Racism is a thing
you try to avcid, tut it slips cut
Of the epproxim-tcly 70 percent v. ho
said they were net racists, 75 percent
were Mack cr.J 70 percent were white.
Many of the students, 44.8 percent, did
not explain thtif reasons, but 8 percent
mad: renera! refutations luch cs "I'm
net rcaist" cr " Everyone is the same to
1 U j
A I ''ck student who did net consider
!.i.r.f a r::i.t s::J, Tm thirAirg
t :A i : the: : white friends 1 have and 1
da n't have c::y ..erirainiting f;:!:s
toward them, I jay r.3.M
About SSpetcer.t cfte Me.els cr.J D
percent cf I' ? w!."': they ha i Cz:
It. .::a ( f ; " ' :3 .r r:;:.
.r, M.l i
.r$ i f ;
: t f t? : st.
were not members of any integrated off
campus conizations. '' ;;.-'
Of the" Black students, about 44
percent were members of integrated
campus organizations; 32.3 percent of
the whites were. Approximately 23
percent of the black students were
members of an integrated off-campus
organization and 23 percent of the white
A large majority of the students
approved of blackwhite discussion
groups to promote integration on
campus, and smaller majorities
approved assigning blacks and whites as
roommates in dormitories and using
special recruiting efforts to enroll black
students to aid integration. But a
majority was against banning campus
organizations that did not use
. affirmative action practices to integrate
their groups, and most students also
opposed admitting black students to the
University who would not otherwise
qualify for admission.
About 89 percent of the students,
including about 96 percent of the blacks,
were in favor of blackwhite discussion
groups; 10.5 percent of the whites were
opposed to them.
Of the white students polled, 50.6
percent were in favor of assigning blacks
and whites as. roommates. A larger
percentage of blacks, 60.7 percent,
favored such a move.
Sixty-eight percent of the students,
including about 95 percent of the blacks,
supported using special efforts to recruit
blacks. Approximately 66 percent of the
But stronger methods to promote
integration were disapproved of by the
majority of both blacks and whites.
Of all the students, 5.5 percent,
including about 87 percent of the
blacks, disagreed with admitting bbeks
who would not otherwise qualify for
admission. About 14 percent of the
white students agreed with this form of
affirmative action, along with 10.2
percent of the blacks.
About 70 percent of the students
disagreed with banning campus
organizations thai do not use affirmative
action to promote integration.
Approximately 35 percent cf the blacks
and 23 percent of the whites said they
would approve of such an action.
Both Macks and whites disagreed with
giving students cf different races
different academic requirements.
Almost 93 percent of the students were
not in faver cf changing course cr
graduate requirements for black
itudents and 76 percent epposad t:.;
rcrpalrcrr.cr.l cf a coarse in Mack culture.
-a CUilVEY cn p:.
Scnja f.tcCsrtcr, ric'.t, charges f.tocnlcs with exploiting students
...Seiichi Ohkawa, left, spoke for Moon student organization
DTH Matt Coop
By TED AVERY
A spokesperson for the Rev. Cur Myung-Moon- :
backed Collegiate Association for the Research of
Principles said Monday her group w as on campus to
rejuvenate the Judeo-Christian spirit of sharing and
caring,, but a student whose cousin disappeared
more than four years ago, said the group was out to
"We're working on college campuses because
we're concerned about the apathy of youth,"
Barbara Svenson, a spokesperson for CARP, said.
"We realize someone needs to be speaking out for
Sonja McCarter was protesting against the
presence of the Moonies on campus because she
said her cousin disappeared shortly after being
approached by a Moonie at UNC in April 1976.
McCarter said the group only came on campus
when people were "under emotional stress and
vulnerable, so they can exploit the situation to their
own advantage." She said the group offered an
escape from school pressures.
V"tv ft,V-v- p'Uvr CAT e-fMtpn
said his group's goal was to stimulate awareness of
God. He said to do that it would be necessary to
create a peaceful family and a harmonious society.
War, marriage breakdowns, juvenile
delinquency, drug abuse, sexual corruption and
racial conflict were among the problems Ohkawa
said CARP had to solve.
McCarter said the Moon organization tried to
fool people with a superficial image of friendliness.
A student who wished to remain unidentified said
that though he w as impressed by the kindness of the
Moonies, he refused a dinner invitation with them.
McCarter said her cousin was invited to dinner
before, he duappcarcd. He was abo subjected to
what she called an "Intensive Weekend."
"In an 'Intensive Weekend,' they won't let you
sleep and they bombard you with information about
the Unification Church," McCarter said.
"Lots of people are so intimidated that they
succumb to them," she said.
Svenson and Ohkawa said CARP would seek aid
from other religious groups. "Hopefully, we can
Seo CARP on pago 2
JERUSALEM (AP) Prime Minister Mcnachcm Begin
rallied his dwindling political forces Wednesday and defeated a
motion of no confidence in his government's economic: policy.
But former Defense flinister Ezer Weizman dealt a sharp blow
to Begin by voting to bring down the government.
Eegin's . coalition survived on a 57-54 vote with two
abstentionsthe slimmest margin in a no-confidence tid since
, haj "came Israel's prims minister in 1 977. The abstainers were
Samuel Fhtto-Sharon, an independent, and Akiva Ncf cf the
Democratic Movement for Change.
Begin cut short a U.S. visit to cast his vote g gainst & motion
effcred by the opposition Labor Party to pretest an annual
inflation rate cf mere than 120 percent and a consumer price
increase cf 11 percent in October.
Government policy also was under attack from Israeli
liberairover the shooting and wounding of 10 Palestinian
student demonstrators Tuesday during clashes with the army
in the occupied West Bank of the Jordan River.
Three opposition members of parliament Yossi Sarid,
Chaika Grossman and Mordechai Wirshubsky demanded an
official inquiry, saying the army was too quick to open fire on
demonstrators. r ' '
Chief of' Staff Lt. Gen. Raphael Eytan said his men
exercised maximum restraint, but "when demonstrators
overstep a certain boundary they must understand tat the
army won't tolerate it."
There were some incidents of rock-throwing Wednesday by
Palestinians in the Arab sector of Jerusalem and in O Birch
and Ramallah, two towns north cf Jerusalem. Palestinian
youths threw rocks at Israeli cars and soldiers but no casualties
or arrests were reported.
In Washington, the U.S. State Department expressed
concern at the Israeli army's use of live ammunition against
Palestinian demonstrators and urged both sides to exercise
maximum restraint. Spokesman John Trattner said the use of
potentially lethal force to disperse unarmed demonstrators
could lead to grave and far-reaching consequences.
In a striking irony, Weizman voted for the downfall of the
government whose May 1977 election victory he
masterminded. Weizman resigned as defense minister bit
May, compbining Begin was net moving fast enough toward
Mideast peace and that his economic policies were not correct.
In an impassioned speech to parliament, Weizman explained
his vote by saying that "in an emergency you do unusual
He demanded that the economy be placed cn an emergency
footing, the way the country was mobilized for crisii when
faced with war.
Weizman'i aciton raised the likelihood that the former air
force ace would be ousted from Begin! pol.tkal Hoc, the
Likud. His vote was a Mow to Begin! already dirr.Ir.Hhed
prestige because of the widespread grassroots popularity of
Weizman, reflected in the fact that Israel Radio broadcast live
his 20-minutc speech in parliament.
f . 5
Cy DAVID JARRLTT
Suit V, r.:.-r
The elimination cf world hanger will
require the cooperation cf both
dev eloped and Third World nations, but
neither may be willing to work toward
that end, a memtet cf the U.S.
Presidential Commission cn World
Hunger said recently.
"There's mere than enough (food),
tut it's a rrcMen cf ma'diatribaticn,"
said Dr, Howard Schneider, a
nutritionist and retired UNC profetscr
Cf tiacl,:aaa,fy, "It z'J ccrr.es back to
t a.-, -ic.'r :.:i..iv.;.h"
:; ,;. -. s .ii v. . J ra. ,n
r . . ' i a a 1 a',t;.!iai to
relations wkh the Third World.
rican peep-- have never
thoc-ht about this," he said
they do they ghc
One rcrpnnse sheuli te less' energy
ccc.urrpt.i..n. he sail The United
ccmprhi." : 6 percent cf t-' vuarU't
popubtian. ccrv.a-nes 33 percent cf the
enemy the wcrld tr at rash ear.
Since direct American i
imp- o : a b r t b r c a J . t ! .e V . . '
influence Third World r .tir-j .:.! ty
effering e; anemic res rdi to the .e
gibing to v.ark at fro, via mere cf their
fa ad, he iai
to have f.
-:d v,rfd cn
rr ed to tbe
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r- ... . - . '
pet rob urn
: a v ay h
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bard. Third World
are concerned i:H
rr.Iaatiart tbi'i wi-ri
tv e c'
f .rj i-
nbr, :r in
f its ftb'.i
Ol Of jGUffl nits m
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