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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
' Friday, December 5, 1880 Chpsf Kill. Keith- Carolina
BusinauAtfwK 833-1 183
' ' ; ' a
Ueilera! appaalo court
RICHMOND, Va. (AP) A federal appeals court Thursday
reversed the convictions of the Vilmlr4t011 10, nine black men
and one whits woman convicted of charges growing out of
rack! violence in Wilmington in 1971.
Civil rights groups long have maintained that the 10 were
victims of racial injustice, and the case drew international
attention to North Carolina's court system. London-based
Amnesty International listed the 10 as political prisoners. "'
The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said the 10 all of
whom have completed their, prison sentences or have been
released on parole, were denied their constitutional rights
when their attorneys were prohibited from attacking the
credibility of two key prosecution witnesses.
The most prominent of the 10, the Rev. Ben Chavis, said in
Washington that the decision' was a victory for all Americans'
and a sign that North Carolina should re-evaluate its court
system. - '- " . " . .'
' We'd, I'm very happy that a court somewhere in the United
States agrees with the 'Wilmington 10," he said. "We should .
have never been convicted. Ve were totally innocent of those
frame-up charges and had to suffer many years unjustly."
Chavis, who is now director of the Washington office of the
United Church of 'Christ's Commission for Racial Justice,
added, "This action shows that North Carolinians should re
evaluate their court system. I would hope that those who run
the court system in North Carolina begin to render justice
more equitably and more justly particularly when it comes to
black people and other minorities." :
Another member of the group, Joe Wright; ' said he was
"jumping for joy" but was disapppointed that the decision did
not come from a state court in North Carolina.
"This is a decision that should have come from the first
court we were in," Wright said. - ; :
North Carolina Gov. Jim Hunt, who" reduced the sentences
of th; cine who remained in jail in 1978, refused to comment
a o 71
sum im smms
'Arid this h tvhatlwant ... 9
In less than three weeks it wi!l all be over and done with the annual
event that makes the old young and the young more fun than ever to be
around. In hopes that Santa Claus knows just how good a little cowgirl
she has beenthis young lady lets Santa in on her secret of what she
wants for Christmas.
WASHINGTON (AP President Carter said
Thursday he would veto a $9.1 billion
appropriations bill because it included an
amendment 'that would prohibit .the government
from asking courts to order busing in school
desegregation cases. '
"I cannot allow a law to be enacted which so
impairs the government's ability to enforce our
Constitution and civil rights acts," Carter said in a
letter to Senate Democratic Leader Robert C. Byrd
of West Virginia.
"The precedent that would be established if this
legislation became law is dangerous," Carter said.
"It would effectively allow the Congress to tell a
president that there are certain constitutional
remedies that he cannot ask the courts to apply."
The amendment, which was passed easily by both
the House and Senate, was attached to a funding
bill for the Justice Department and several other
agencies. It would have barred government lawyers
from asking courts for desegregation plans that call
for busing children beyond the closest school to
Carter's decision to veto the measure jeopardizes
money to the departments of Justice, State and
Commerce and the federal court system.
- It was not clear whether Congress would attempt
to override Carter's veto. Both the House and
Senate are scheduled to hold their last sessions
Both chambers, in anticipation of a veto,
provided for money to keep the federal agencies
operating by including funds in a continuing
resolution that would provide money until the new
Congress could pass another appropriations bill in
January. But the resolution, already passed by the
House and pending in the Senate, also contains the
White House press secretary Jody Powell said
Congress, could dispose of the matter. easily and
without further delay simply by passing the
resolution without the anti-busing rider.
The resolution would provide up to six months of
-stopgap spending in place of the $9.1 billion bill.
Congress could not let the issue ride until the new
Congress convenes in January because a continuing
resolution under which the Justice Department and
other affected agencies are getting funds expires on
Dec. 15. The new Congress won't be seated until
'. after Jan. 1. President-elect Ronald Reagan said he
supported the anti-busing amendment.
The anti-busing amendment would have barred
the Justice Department from using the appropriated
money "to bring any sort of action to Tequire
directly or indirectly the transportation of any
student to a school other than the 'school which is
nearest the student's home." There would be
exceptions for mentally or physically handicapped
students who require special education.
Powell said Carter actually would veto the
The president said he recognized the difficulties
that 'the veto would cause in terms of government
operations, but said: "I would be shirking my
constitutional responsibilities if I ' allowed this
unprecedented and unwarranted encroachment on
executive authority and responsibility to prevail.
"Throughout my administration, I have been
committed to the enhancement and strong
enforcement of our civil rights laws," Carter wrote
to Byrd. "Such laws are the backbone of our
commitment to equal justice." .
He said he had often stated his belief that busing
should be used as a last resort in school
desegregation, but "busing is not the real issue
una ft-tr.-:-.: t:::v;::an
to xzC-zz t;
c.i t!:3 m!!r-. Durlr n r
r.. , zi m 1 v. Iur,t r.r..
prison terms, saying they were too long.
Eight of the nine prisoners were released later that year, and
Chavis was freed in 1979. The 10th defendant, Anne Sheppard
Turner, was already out of jail. , '. . ,
The appeals court said in its ruling Thursday that the
convictions were flawed on at least three grounds: . . -
The failure of the prosecution to make available to the
defense an amended pretrial statement of a key witness,
convicted felon Allen Hall. '-'"'
The refusal of the trial court to permit cross-examination
of Hall and Jerome Mitchell, another key prosecution witness.
Concealment of favorable treatment of Hall, including
accomodations at a luxury beach hotel and a visit by his girl
friend, which might have induced his testimony favorable 'to
Geo WILMINGTON psga 2
Dy EEVEHLY SHEPARD
; ' ' ; . Staff Writer - - -;s
When is the last time you've been offered a
free trip for two to Miami Beach and a year's
free subscription to the magazine of your
choice? ' ..-, . '
For the s fifth consecutive year, sales
representatives from American Market
Associates are presenting their offers to UNC
students. Yet Dorothy Bernholz, director of
Student Legal Services, said American
Market, whose subsidiaries assume as many
as 14 different names, continued to make
misleading promises to its customers.
Among AMA's subsidiaries are: Gourmet
International; Future Enterprises Inc.;
Linencrest Inc.; Matline Inc.; Royal Prestige
Inc.; and Twenty-First Century Inc. All of
these subsidiaries are listed under the same
address: P.O. Box 20C32, Indianapolis, Ind.
This year, the corrpmy h?$ .rrprrrH in
'Chapel "Hill under the names of Andrian
Industries Inc. and Multi-Industries Inc.,
both of which share a common address
5510 N. Tacoma Avenue, Indianapolis.
"The question is why the company
changes its name every time it comes into the
community. Most companies trade on their
reputation," Bernholz said! v?;:,;
But a Multi-Industries sales representative,
who refused to give her name, said in a
telephone interview Thursday the name
changes were made to meet federal regulatory
sales tax purposes. Shei said Gourmet
changed its name to Andrian, Royal Prestige
changed to Matlin and Twenty-First Century
changed to Mariac. These companies merged
within the last month because it made paper
work easier, the representative said.
Cernhclz said the company cr.!!:d students
f-.!:rt:d thrci'ih th; c:7. c'rcctcry to
p.a-Je them to haea party v,i, th; tJs
representative could demonstrate the
company's products. For having the party,
the host or hostess would receive an expense
paid trip for three days and two nights to any
of several "fabulous resorts," including
Miami Beach, Fla., Hollywood-Ft.
Lauderdale, Fla., Las Vegas, Nev., New
Orleans, La., or Aspen, Colo. ;
If 12 people, 17 years or older, attend, the
company promises to hold a door-prize
drawing in which one of the guests will
receive a free trip also. The guests can also
choose one of 16 magazines for one year's
free subscription, just for attending.
convinced that the "first-rate treatmerl" he
'V.Z3 '.prcrJ:; J v. a-rc::. Frr-tfrtrr:, ..
fM4rr.i s Earc--..a I vc.l r. w t ... I
his free certificate. The second c;-riir.;;e v. is
issued to the Windward Hot:!, which he
described as dilapidated and catering to
homosexual clientele. The third hotel was no
- better, the student complained.
The second major complaint Bernholz
offered was that students did not realize they
were paying the highest legal price to borrow
the money used to purchase the cookware.
Multi-Industries offers cookware in three
packages. The least expensive' b the!$SG0
which includes an lS-piece cookware.' The
$1,000 package includes the 18-piece
cookware in addition to a four-piece service
of crystal, china and silverware. The $1,300
Regardless of the numerous resorts
offered, at least one UNC student became
" -71 71
Seo COMPANY on dzqo 2
or i 7"
Ey GARY MANGUM
The Eyes of Texas are almost upon
the North CsroUr.3 football players. I
' For them, it is time to put behisd
fond memories of a successful 10-1
regular season and start preparation
for the Texas Longhorns, the team the '
I ltd$ will fiee in the 'Kueh-snnet Dowl .
in Houston's Astrodome ca New
Scrr.e Carolina fhyzn have teen to
& lovl f-r.2 mere than cr.ee, tut
prcriirg fcr a toui f-rr.e is a new ar.i
cr.;Uirj crr::l:r.ce far c:l.:r players.
Fcr three Cercl.r.i scnlers center
Rick Donnelley, tailback Amos
Lav.rcncc end outside l".r.:hecker
Lev.r-r.ce Tc)lcr the frr.: marks
th:;? L:it f.ir.e b a U'.'C f"'rcm cr.J
ihc'r lxt chrrc: to irrr::s fro ::cuts.
Af;;r the annet l:vl, more
By KE3RY DEROail '
Suff Writer ,
A proposal to increase the student
athletic fee was approved by the Athletic
In a 4-2 decision the council approved
Athletic Director John Swofford's
proposed increase of $15 for next year
but did not approve the proposed
increase of $10 for the following year.
Students currently pay $35 a year in
athletic fees. This figure, which has net
been increased in five years, i3 the lowest
in the 16-campus University system and
the second lowest in the Atlantic Cca:t
"I don't guess fee increases are
something any of us cherbh, but I'm
afraid they are a fact of life," Swoffcrd
said. "It's scary to us where we could be
going in our athletic program."
Swofford "said the fee increase would
help alleviate a projected deficit of
$365,390 in the operating budget of the
Athletic Department for next year. This
operating budget covers items such as
travel expenses, staff salaries and equip- '
ment costs. Becau;e the increase would
not totally eliminate th; projected
deficit, Swofford said adiliianil cuts in
expenses would have to be rr.cde. The
department also will have to ke:p maxi
mizing alternate forms cf getting money,
Merry raised by the herer.e would be
used for the nen-revenue sports,
Swofford said. The vcrJty football team
and the men's varsity basketball team
would net receive try of the fjr.Js
because they are self-supporting.
Carolina Athletic Association Presi
dent Charlie Brown said he recognized
the need for an increase in the fee but
would rather it was phased in over a
period of years.
"The problem is that it should have
been done a couple of years tzo so that
the burden would heve teen erree j
out," Brown said. "Now, ur.lef-s
students want to rut cut scrr.e cf the
srerts, there is no ether way but an
Ahheugh the council did net approve
Swofford's recommendation fcr a
subsequent Increase of $10, it
recommended that the budget
projections be reviewed each year.
C:3 FCE cn pc3 2
V'.:Z c:r:;r t'Ji Czrzy Iz c:r.t:r far fecial t3zm
...h3 was r.cmcd cn AP cccond-tcam All America
s at i
r ' "
Ll:! it h cn lo a rrcf::ala:,aJ
'1 crr::r ul;h e:-.e t:::.i hi t! e
lie::' "II- :e.
t, tc..e:r, i$ the l. ::t cf their
t;-?:;::r. they j::t
:rs tr.J h:p tie
n irrrce Li the
i c ;t v..
if - :l '! t
y 3 i e V. e 1:1 c -"- as a
: t ) : ' i xz.: -'.' i f. r t: e
:.:ty f ,1 f. f the A'-! Cc ; 1
1 ,C"0 yerJs lui tv ivuau hhic in his
career this y:r, echcri Dcr,r,al!eys
ser.tl:aer.:s. "Every tl.r.e v.c 3 cut cn
the fla! J, we have scrr.ethir.g to prove.
A let cf r.eJls r-;!edc.Vt feel vsecan
star J up la teair.s ! Ve (Texas). There's
ret that mueh re-r.ret fcr the ACC (as
a fastball ccr.f:r:r:e)."
Lav.rer.ee cited tie C'J.J : rjarr.e
as en cxar-;-le cf a Has e;s'-.-.t ACC
t; -J. "When v: U'A to Cl-vlJ.crai,
v,e v.rr.t zy c'av.n b th: p lis t' ;
f 'j didn't u-.t v. th:;e anyway, ar. i
v l :i v. e 1: t, t: ; y t thee r : rtualty
to r ut t v ey i!j..a."
t h -) u : h
v : re c :
: i.i t" t
.! v. hi! fa-.scn J them: '1'ir.
Tar Hr.lj 1. ACC
the Ycr Ta: r d-;.n't
s v.ilh "1 C i't ttlrX
' 1 fa
team knows that and will tell their guys
The three Tar I feels have reject for
Texas. "Tcanrg Texas with their t'g
n?me would be a major acccrr.r'.ish
it," Dc?r,na!ley saU.
Despite the Lcr.;horns sub-par 7-4
rcecrJ, Ta'.ar said the Heeli aren't
al-jut to tale them l';h:!y. "They have
a fe-oj club with a S-t cf ipecd a a J
quiekness," said Ta !ar, a first-team
ccr. rr.,us Al'-Arr.erica. "We have to
fry them like they were cr.e cf the top
"if we d:-ni. it will t e hie the
Ml:!.': en j-arr.e la.t tar, caly v.c'Il he
Ike ?!:e!.an cr.J V. r'd tc U
C.rc' i." La.t i::r. the Tar lied,
rat t" e ! u,' faj;:i V.'ch.criars
1745 intheCh.:; r 1! . I
v.y ruairx itjuhy
Prcll.-r.ir.ary census figures show Orar:-: Ccur.ty to te
the eighth fastest growing county in the state, and county
planners expect the pcpulatlan to mere than daut'e ov:r the
next 10 earst
"The preliminary figures f t the Orarge Cc arty pcru'-stlan
at 77.C03, and cur pcpuhatlen prc;:ctiem etlr.ates by
the year 20CO," sail Fred Luee cf the
Or arcs Ccur.ty riar.r.lr.g Drpartrreat.
"Of course the imp'.leatlrms far the way
this county will look in 23 years are
trcrr.er.Jaus," he said. "Tilt tecs will
ccr.tlr.ue to be an area cf future froth
due to Duke, UNC and their rr.rAeaJ
sahocls and faalllties. Ti e r.r'eaeh Trier
center cf crrrlUimer.t far this teta," Lu
C.ercl Hill t'.:.r.-:t Uz r.cehs e;re:J thst the fit
TtiarlearJ Ixtt ha;l::J fa;Hl:l:s were t : fare -Orar;
Cc : r.ty pe ; A at; : .1 growth. "V.". :n tl : : c , ' '
M W s V W i
tr.d state funding. "Ve'fe hoping to get over ;.:; !;
tote classified as an urlar.laed area, tut at this p: lat v cart
know if ere gain; to rate it," the tali. The pre! -Airy
tally fcr the Chep-el Ihll tarA ti47,5l, rise thart
cf th: ;D.C:0 cuteff : hat.
;n es tn urtan area v.c .'J n
e; ;..e tar a lai mare rraats, .:n en e reeaa..t g j.rraax cn
transit fur.:ir:," He :: j i:hl. "V.V heven't real.' teen
e;; Ileal le fcr many taalal
Craa'.i in the past, is v: 1
rark tl ii at'g
ft . M
re' rarer r j i: :t area ci r a
. Cr;-;? Co :r:y Cc. ".1 ..:: :t D. .1
V.'.ll' a.t te'i. i;.-:rr ar i g:-. ...:si hi
Ore:.e Ccur.ty ..ll ft 1 . e r .h
irr; :;t cn tevela! ten lees. el.'-re cr p- !:- -! HAtcftle
1; c' 3 '
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re v a.
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tras.t'i ty "f'a'-.-j f;r th's fruth, jr 1A:
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