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8 Th Daily T.ir Heel Fndjy Kibruury 20. 1 f)H 1
CWORCi; SlUDROUI. EJiliV
Brad Kutrow. As.wLih' Editor
Amy Sharpk. Production Editor
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Karen Rowley, Nwi wr
Linda Brown, University Editor
Ann Smallwood, City Editor
Mark Murreli, State and National Editor
David Poole, Sports Editor
James Alexander, Features Editor
Tom Moore, Arts Editor
Scott Sharpe, Photography Editor.
Ann -Peters, Weekender Editor
4 f? tl li q
year of editorial freedom
Turning the page
y yON DRESCHER
Anti-Semitism didn't die with the fall of Nazi Germany.
Ask any Jew. The stereotypes, ignorance and mistreat
ment of perhaps the world's most persecuted people
continues, and, in fact, appears to be growing.
Across the nation, the Anti-Defamation League of
B'nai B'rith reported a 300 percent increase in the num
ber of anti-Semitic incidents last year. Although there
have been cases of arson and death threats, most of the
cases reported involved minor acts of vandalism. Of
the 377 cases" reported, only 20 arrests were made and
most of these involved minTr-?ros.
g. r zi- ...-.'rr., ;srsE5ssra
Once a year The Daily Tar Heel undergoes a cleansing of sorts. Those of us
who rank among the old and beaten leave, and a new, fresh and talented staff
begins its year-long struggle to bring this University a superb student newspaper.
At this time each year, the soul of the paper, often forgotten amid the confu
sion of publishing on a daily basis, becomes terribly important to those of us
who must forever leave it behind. It seems appropriate then that we reveal a
part of the newspaper that is always there but is perhaps not evident to the
student who picks up a DTH each day without understanding how important
that simple act is to us.
Today, some people who have served this newspaper faithfully and tirelessly
during the past year will move on to new worlds. Brad Kutrow, Amy Sharpe,
Karen Rowley, David Poole, Andy James, Ann Smallwood, Linda Brown,
Scott Peterson and James Alexander leave their editorial positions.
They join Thomas Jessiman, Pam Kelly, Dinita James, Melanie Sill, Bill
Fields, Martha Waggoner, Buddy Burniske, William Durham, Lynn Casey
and Anne-Marie Downey, all of whom already have left the staff. Each of
them has contributed to the DTH in an effort to make it better for you the
In the three or four years.and thousands of hours of struggling to produce
a professional college newspaper, many of us have come to see The Daily Tar
Heel as a precious thing, something that has become so much a part of us that
to let it go is difficult painful.
Certainly, our caring for this paper stems from the hundreds of pressure
filled days and nights spent trying to give a fine University the kind of news
paper it deserves. Certainly, it is the friends made and lost in moments of
anger, frustration and comradery as we have learned about the limitations of
those people with whom we have worked. The DTH staff holds no monopoly
or talent, patience, intelligence or pride. The people who work here are sepa
rated from other students'only by the walls of the Union, the ceaseless pound
ing of typewriters and wire machines, the anguish of deadlines and the thrill
of feeling and seeing this University and the people in it grow. They are different
only in their dedication and commitment to bring you a wonderfully special
and personal thing: a newspaper called The Daily Tar Heel.
The DTH in past years has distinguished itself as one of the finest college
newspapers in the country. Yet, no story, editorial, headline, picture or award
makes the DTH remarkable. These things are just a part of the DTH.
The DTH is steeped in an amazing tradition. All of us who have worked
here are very much aware of the legacy left by the Thomas Wolfes, Charles
Kuralts, Ed Voders and thousands of other fine journalists who have helped
mold and shape the Tar Heel. Just as important, we are aware of this Univer
sity, of its history and of the people who have made it a true bastion of higher,
There is a timelessness to the DTH. In past years it has led the nation with
enlightened thought on racial issues; it has witnessed the deaths of presidents
and kings; it has seen the world almost destroyed by two world wars; it has
watched Carolina students dying, for the causes of their parents and has
watched them striving to learn about books and people; success and failure;
pain and sorrow; right and wrong; life and death. It has welcomed them into
the University community as naive and unsure freshmen and has seen them
out as frightened and unsure seniors. In the interim, they have grown, lost
much of their innocence and'too much of their youth. Yet, the Tar Heel was
proud to serve them. Even though classes are missed, tests failed and social
lives forgotten, we know students read the paper - have read it, studied it,
cursed it, laughed at it and thrown it away. All of this is part of The Daily Tar
The DTH is not a mere college newspaper, any more than human beings are
mere people. It is a living extension of thousands of students who have worked
during its 88 years of publication (89 come Monday). It is a creature that
knows not graduation or time, for even as editors come and go, savoring and
cherishing their brief moments as DTH staff members and editors, it continues
its fundamental role as a campus newspaper.
The DTH is not liberal or conservative; right or wrong; life or death. It is a
tradition of excellence and a recorder of University history. It has informed,
entertained and stimulated the minds of virtually every student who has walked
on this campus in the past 88 years. And while its pages may be tattered and
torn, may lie crumpled in a gutter, may yellow quickly and fade into the brick
paths of Carolina, the DTH never really ages for it never loses for long its
youth or its idealism.
As Jim Hummel and his staff assume their duties we know this legacy is left
in good harfds..The DTH has been and will be prepared to think, to question
and to probe. That is what makes the Tar Heel unique even among newspapers:
daring to be not only a newspaper, but a culmination of ideas, experience,
dreams and questions. This seemingly intangible energy has been the lifeblood of
thousands of students who have worked here and of the University itself as
each nurtures the other and grows simultaneously.
Indeed, the DTH is just a college newspaper, but for those of us who have
lived and breathed it during our short stay at Carolina, it is much more than
that. It is history, tradition, work, pain, tears and laughter. It is realizing that
the great and noble tradition of The Daily Tar Heel is bigger, better and more
important than most of us alone could ever dream of being. That is why it has
survived and flourished for 88 years. That is why it most certainly will move
forward confidently for yet another 88 years.
Still, this trend is alarming. For years, anti-Semitism
in the United States has decreased as barriers have fallen.
So the sudden rise has kindled an awareness in many
' When there's a rise in any kind of hatred, Jews start
worrying because it tends to spread to all groups,' said
Linda Singer, director of student activities at the N.C.
Hillel Foundation in Chapel Hill. "Nothing overt has
happened, but the community is concerned."
In Chapel Hill, many Jews said they felt there was
little feeling of anti-Semitism. Instead, Jews are often
made to feel uncomfortable by remarks or actions
made by others toward them. Richard Gordon, a junior
from Statesville, cited numerous examples. "A friend
of mine saw a Jewish book in my apartment," Gordon
said. "Then he said, 'What the hell are you doing with
that?' I told him I was Jewish. It just made me feel
"There's been nothing blatant," said Paul Posner, a
member of Tau Epsilon Phi, a predominantly Jewish
fraternity. "There's a naive attitude about Jews and
what they are and who they are, but I don't feel alienated
because I'm a Jew."
Chapel Hill has long been thought of as a liberal
town, and so it comes as no surprise that most Jews feel
comfortable here. Across the state, however, and espe
cially in large cities, many Jews said the situation is not
. as good. . : : .
The prejudice often surfaces in subtle, disguised ways.
Private country clubs, with the legal right to discriminate,
often have anonymous membership committees that can
reject a potential member without giving a reason. Rarely
wiH a club admit that it discriminates against Jews, but
Charlotte Country Club is one club that reportedly does
not allow Jewish members. When asked about admissions
policies, a secretary said, "We don't give out that infor
mation." Carmel Country Club, also in Charlotte, and
also identified as not allowing Jews, is another that
neatly avoids the question. A secretary refused access
to the manager. "I will take your questions and give
them to the manager," she said. "I'll have him call you
back after he reviews the questions." The call was never
Gordon, from Statesville, said there were few times
when he felt anti-Jewish feelings in his hometown. Yet
while his father's peers were getting into a social club
when they were about 30, Gordon said his father couldn't
become a member until he was 45. Gordon's uncle was
the first Jew in the club.
Discrimination and other social and cultural factors
have caused many Jews to stick together.
"Jews feel a need to stay together at certain times," '
said Singer. But this same togetherness can breed prob
lems. Non-Jews often resent Jews staying together.
"Sticking together is good to a point, but beyond that it
becomes self-alienation," said Posner, whose fraternity
is between 65 and 75 percent Jewish. "Certain Jewish
people feel like they have to' marry another Jew. Religion
shouldn't come first.
"Some of the Jewish brothers are sticking together
too. much. A lot of that is because they're from the
North, and they live in a predominantly Jewish area."
In North Carolina, it's difficult to say if anti-Semitism
is increasing. Certainly, the rise of the Nazi Party and
Klan indicates an increase in hatred and prejudice.
"Since Greensboro (where Klansmen shot six demon
strators in November 1979) there's been more discussion
(on anti-Semitism)," Singer said. "As Jews we have a
responsibility not only toward ourselves, but also to
others who are discriminated against. It's not just
"There's a feeling that we won't wait until it (an out
break of hostility) happens. When it does happen we
want to be ready."
At the heart of all prejudice is ignorance. Singer wisely
advocates education, perhaps through peaceful protest
marches, to inform the public of what is happening
Singer's approach certainly is wiser than that of the
Jewish Defense League, which is offering 10-week courses
in warfare tactics to combat anti-Semitism. Militant
Jews can only make a bad situation worse by encouraging
Jews to use force to solve their problems.
Anti-Semitism clearly exists. The last year has seen a
general increase in hatred and bigotry that needs to be
eliminated and not ignored. Said Singer: "It's certainly
not approaching Nazi Germany but it could."
John Drescksr, a junior journalism major from Raleigh,
is editorial assistant for The Daily Tar Heel.
By ANN SMALLWOOD
Three months after the Nov. 17 acquittal
of the six Kii Klux Klansmen and Nazis
arrested for the Greensboro shooting of
five Communist Workers Party members,
most of us still feel the bitterness brought
on by what we perceived as an unjust
verdict from a jury. Phrases like "found
not guilty of murder and rioting by an
all-white jury" still ring in the back of
Soon after the verdict was announced,
a proposal made by the N.C. Human
Relations Council to include more blacks
in the state's jury pools was met by en
thusiasm. But how important was the
all-white jury to the not-guilty verdict?
Almost two months after the acquittal,
and more than a year after the Nov. 3,
1979 shootout, several of the defense
and prosecution attorneys in the trial re
flected upon the importance of the jury
and its six weeks of selection hearings.
"I think this trial was decided on the
evidence," Assistant District Attorney
Rick Greeson said. "There was a fair
trial and a fair jury selection, but I'm
not convinced that we couldn't have got
ten a conviction with college-educated
and black jurors."
The jury that was chosen in June and
July was made up of six women and six
men, one of whom had a college educa
tion, none of whom were black.
In the selections, the prosecution be
gan questioning prospective jurors. Those
they approved were then questioned and
accepted or rejected by the defense.
Under North Carolina law, a judge is
required to excuse "for cause" any juror
who admits to or obviously shows a bias.
Then both, prosecuting and defense, at
torneys are allowed a certain number of
peremptory challenges juror dismis
sals that do not have to be justified. In
the Klan case, a formula in N.C. law
yielded 83 such challenges for the defense.
"We were looking for people who we
felt did not have such a strong bias as to
impede fairness in the case," Greeson
said. "We tried to get just what we wanted,
but we took what we could get."
Greeson said he was unpleasantly sur
prised at how much hatred there was for
. Communists compared to a relative tol
erance for the Klan and Nazi groups.
; V. , . :
"No matter what we said to the (pros
pective) jurors, most of them thought
they had to make a choice between the
Klan and the Communists, and they
would choose the Klan. We were really
feeling the pulse of the community. Now
there is no question in ray mind that for was "non-college educated, a worje-
Communists are the least popular human ing person," according to Defense At
beings in this state." torney Hal Greeson (no relation to Rick).
"The majority of blacks were excluded
for one of two reasons," Douglas said.
"Either they were opposed to the death
penalty or they admitted a prejudice against
the Ku Klux Klan."
As for those who passed both of those
criteria and were still rejected, Douglas
said, "I'm not going to say blacks in the
South don't have reason to be prejudiced
against the Klan, but I can't believe they
could be very open-minded, regardless
of whether or not they thought they
could be fair. Every Jew called said they
couldn't give a fair trial to a Nazi
The Meal juror the defense team looked
There are those who would insist that strict racial, gender and
cultural quotas are essential to ensuring that fair cross-sections of
our communities fill our nation's jury boxes. But there are other
ways that make all-white juries more difficult to select.
Defense attorney Bob Douglas agreed.
"I think most people, white people, are
more threatened by the Communists than
the Klan," he said. "A few we could
sense were Klan supporters, but there
was not near as much racism (in the jury
pool) as there was perceived to be."
The all-white jury that eventually was
selected was not necessarily racist, either,
"Now all we are hearing are cries for a
change in the jury selection system," he
said. "There's absolutely no reason. This
was the only trial in Guilford County in
12 years with an all-white jury 99.9
percent of them are integrated. And 20
to 30 percent of the people called were
Although the prosecutors approved
every black juror except those opposed
to the death penalty, the defense team
peremptorily rejected every black they
questioned, if they were unable to get
the judge to reject the juror for cause.
"We would have accepted a black if
we felt they could have truthfully given
our clients a fair trial," he said. "We
thought we could get a fairer trial out of
jurors who could more readily identify
with the defendants, if they were white,
and not highly educated."
Both Greeson and Douglas credited
their victory to superior evidence, how
ever not to the racism of the jury.
"When we showed that of 37 shots,
the Klan only fired 20,7 Douglas said,
"we wiped out the mow-em-down
theory. Another jury might have locked
at it differently, but this was not a white
Whether an all-white jury trial for
members of violent white supremacist
groups is fair to their victims is open for
argument, of course. There are those
who would insist that strict racial,
gender and cultural quotas are essential
to ensuring that fair cross-sections of
our communities fill our nation's jury
boxes. But there are other ways to make
all-white juries more difficult to select.
The N.C. Human Relations Council
has submitted a bill to the General As
sembly that would change the public lists '
from which jury pools for each county
are selected. As the law stands now,
voter registration and property tax list
ings or any other list the individual jury
commissioners decide to use (usually
none) are. used to select prospective,
jurors for a given biennium.
The new bill would remove the prop
erty tax lists, which tend to be biased to
ward wealthy, white males, and substitute
driver's license lists, which include more
of the state's adult population. This list,
with the voter registrations, should pro
vide a more equitable source for jury
pools. Human Relations Council Director
Jim Bowden said.
"We realize that some groups would
still be underrepresented," he said, "but
this (the driver's license list) would be a
better tool. Clacks and poor people and
women are not listed in property tax
rolls as much. And most phone books
(another jury source considered) list
numbers under the husband's name only."
. More comprehensive measures to seek
out underrepresented groups for jury ser
vice such as the use of welfare roils or
lists of social security numbers have
been favored by some judicial reformers.
Even so, the council's moderate, and by s3
estimates workable, proposal for drawing
more of our population into the judicial
process demands support. .
We cannot allow ourselves to be helpless
end shocked when we see til-white juries,
which reek of segregation-era Injustice,
.'selected today. We mint work to ensure
that such juries do not appear in North -Caron3
Ann Small wood, a senior Journalism
msjorfrom Greensboro, Is city editor for
The DaHy Tar Heel.
I mwJ ' ml mm Lta mm, m
By GEORGE SHADROUI
Editor's note: Beginning Monday, Jim Hummel
assumes the editorship oThc Daily Tar Heel.
Atticus Finch, the wise and intelligent father and
lawyer in To Kill a Mockingbird, once said you
could never know a nun until you walked around
in his shoes. Thai's a fairly profound statement.
Lest you have any mistaken ideas of what my shoes
are like as editor of one of the best college news
papers in the country, I will e liberate.
Each morning I get vp and brush my teeth.
Actually, each morning I f tt up, walk into the
kitchen of my house and look to see what time it
is. If it's within 1 5 minutes of a class, ! then brush
my teeth and .et dressed. Sometimes, too often, I
juU f.o back to bed.
F.cr'u .l!y, I do r-i vp arour.J noon cr 1 p.m.
sr. J i!t p at "the PHI c.f,";r. Li:.- Cooper, the
rtcerti '"M. secretary zrA czt.'?z c' r ii lh?
I usually stop by the Hunger Hut (now called
Fast Break) and get a hamburger or something to
eat. I grab a newspaper, the DTH of course, and,
ifI haven't forgotten my keys, unlock the editor's
office. However, if I have forgotten them, which
more often than not is the case, I ask Linda or
Amy Sharpe, production editor and comrade-in-arms,
to unlock it for me. They usually do.
a out vj.h c j i.:J tn : rt M.rry S....ry c: .:J
10 1 : S V.,'-.- :J 3 IT.- ' ' tv.O d-TjS tcfC
V, .h i:.;o c. !: : - why li ?
fi-trrr.iiy d-'.n'l ; :t a t r..;f hr
r.f i ,y t -J fii:r is uc i.i
I get really neat letters. To the editor; To David
Shadroui; To David Stocks (list year's editor); To
Lou EiliorJj (editor before David); To Gres Porter
(editor before Lou); To Georee Shadrouwy; To
Gres Shadouirwi; To Gres Stacks; To Lou Porter;
Once in aw hi;, ! get one with George Shadroui
en it. That means someone knows me and Im In
trouble. I usually wait until after dinner to open
I i ir V. ..i
Tl :n, t.:re are the r.cutrr-. I get rrJ"rts
cf n:. rrf5. tzzk in the sprirs I thc j;ht it vr.$
?n tl'.tcfi d.ty lo re-J th: c.hcr cc'.'.r-: rtv.s
r . r:rs th:.l cc.r in th; r. .1. AUzt :p:r.Jlrj
cK-;,t f:jr Vr.Hiy zU::r.::. ttS'.' thrm I
.!,-: Iri to r. :.'..; V t ch'cr's CSr:, V,
l! a cf llr ; ir:: r r e.'. '.tt rry
cf:..r fr itiff rrr.. ;n to r: J t ihry fi.
It's filled to the top. I prefer the Wall Street Journal
end The New York Times. So do they. Aren't we
- Thefe are several people waiting to talk with
me by this time. More than likely, Joe Blow,
Merry Sherry and Dob Dczo. They want to know
why I didn't return their czls. Yes, yes, yes, well,
I see your point. Yes, yes, well, I don't know
what hzppenrd to the announcement for the cal
endar; 1 don't know w hy there was a typo in'ycur
name; I don't know why your htter C 'n'l run.
Ycu'U have to talk to ttzi Kutrow cr Pam UeHry
Yes, I know I'm the editor. Yc5. I'm jure Pn r.:
lent. Yts, yes, yes, yes, yrs. Ttcr.ks for
by (I bzrz my head t lsjx the wall w hen thry lzz z).
1 talk to a few staff r.rrr.hcrs t:fcre the 3:23
tuJctt ccr.frrer.ee. We talk about ail kinds cf
thirds: prctlerns with the p:p:r, prctl:ms i:h
the staff, prchl:ms with the tSisr.
Eui;rt is wh;n we d:zi: whit goes where in
the p rsr: frcr.t r-Cs zrJ ir.-.i'e r eces. We fell tit
crcur.i a te.V.e up.'. airs in a rc-crrj in the Ur.len.
Ccr.trery to the crir.ior.s etrrcv-ri by c:r.dld-'.es
After budget, there are editorials' end columns to
be written, adrrdrustrators to call (just before 5 p.m.,
of course), and mere people who wzrA to cell me
' : and the other editors burns. "
Somciimcs I out to Usu- y Iiiy
Burniske says there's cothLnj wronj wi:h that. He
wTCte a column seyir so. Cut I kr.er fct a fact thit
4C WdtVI iW &HwHt mV W-If ,vv
off. In feet, editors who eat wiLi scrnecne have
cf f, too. Tint's v. he.t fce.rj
editor is all about, gie:lr.3 people off. Juet ask
ChirSes Kuralt; he did it a let when he wes h:re.
After dinner, I return to the cff.ee to v.-il:e tn
editcrU. On the way t e.ek, I u:ue!ly fctl strej;e.
It's ttrar.-e (ctDTJIcn to w ilk cn ca.r;us in the
ocr.lrj. S:rer:e ar.d refrehir. P-:k t:fcr: they
i tart: J tU the ccr.:truetior., 77 staffers u.ed to
tit in the cli Union piriir let er.J d;l.k teer
cr.d i:l! with f.liaw ttu.ler.tj. tl. v.e j.;;t sit
fcbre in cur li:tle corner cf theU.'.ie-j tr.i try lo
rtrr.trr.t erdeji ler j put.
i.... u:; v ; - -
d re;s. Ju:t r::d my fierLl;. My five: lie eJi
tcrlJ terie isTSA. Thet!:ffil ;ys ! -" tlcui
-rKt "Tn "t -r-h""i: -irr;-.-i
r i their v.crltrs we tre r.evrr tk-:ei. Esee;t I dc.Vt kr.cw fc?;:t the tell Vtn f -1 " t J vrl:e crs
wh:n v.e v.er.t to te. T-le th;r, scj guyi.
Sni-.:.'. ve tele fehcut 23 ti 4J r.r.utes to
tui:t the r-rr tr.l to u!k il e-t e'l kirds cf
tr..;.;: ccr. ' :j
ti.:-:. t: e c :.
t:: .2 attrry al H;.n:
I it iff rr.tr I . i it
Ye:. Di n.i. ti n's the re .l t::::n v.e :c:e the
rit cl.:z:L tr.J en-'.:i c h rr c ! :rrl,!i vet ..e
written. STethr.es v.e f: J tt;-; J teUlr-1 : frei
jj ;r.t i.-.i the f.c:.l:"S t.l :t 13 C 3 ltn v eir :
r f f - f
i w .
Vm r.rt f.
t: r rr. er f re. 1 tl e DTI I.
J tr!.".r- ttu' :-: t I A x, e tl 1
tl :y r-::: r:: i tl e c
e;.t f.:l Me! : ti'-i tt r i r:J.
By 9 p.ra., if I've met my rarely-met deadline,
the editorial or column goes downstairs to the
: production room, where people who work for a
livinj put my words fcrevcr into print. After that,
' I just hams around the office md rurnhute. - .
; The mane-irs editor cf cn stete r.rspepeT
told me that rnane-ir.s c-'.tcrs work and editors
0 eff to the mcur.telr.j t.-.i think. Vtn ccnvir.eei
1 was meant to be tn cJl'.cr, but unfcrtur.ztely
there aren't any r.euntelr.s srcur.J here, to, 1
ju;t lit in my cT.:e fcr a fr.v hcun. 1 f.'l cut til
kinds cf farms, tr.-. Aer incre-ihle letters, return
cells ztA try to thirl; cf elite:;-! teries ar.J stery
iJeas. Ey tl cr 12 p.m., I tr.i ether c -'iters hive
r.r.Uhed cur jets fcr the dey. H en, I s:rie j:!y
ccr.idrr stuiylrj. C-l 1 cen't. Lven v.1 en 1 h-vc
the time tr.J er.rrry, 1 em't.
You see, pirt cf 2rojrJ In tn clUee's
shoes is r.eer tiVrz thrneff. Ever. At trrer.e
who his i.;!J c;h:r e.l tcriJ pc J.ic.rj cn the Dill,
I cen tv.z:z C4 thrt ct h:r t'iff r;c ;'e t:le
them effceee;::.-::.. II -t r:.t the cJ.::r. ll's r.:t
tl: tl. rre L.rr:- ' c.r;r.. t:t C :y cftrn
l-n. Ar.i it's r et thet tl ry i f.t v;ll, f.:r
they crten d Vt. It t::"J t'eri c.h :r ih i 3
l.v.e h'.i i' - ;ic.i l: :.l l;'s tl mi r.r J r i r: : 1;
Ihrra Ut I'l s.rr v: 1 l:r er ;t -1 lr ! ' Z
i rd 1 1 w em c ry th; , t " c , f. . tl. ? r )
" Tl tf? d.ril'e tl - t. It '.! i ( :za,
i I ti tl.:res s l V T ' i! .'.