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The chairman of the House
Ways and Means Committee
said Wednesday that the
president's tax-cut plan might
not pass. See News. In Brief,
Pertly cloudy today with no
chance of rain. High in upper
60s, lows in 40s. Sunny Friday.
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Cy GELAREII ASAYESII
Students and townspeople joined a march and
vigil in front of the Franklin Street Post Office
Tuesday night to express concern about events in
Police stopped traffic as more than 150 people
carrying candies lined the street and stood silently
for 20 minutes.
The vigil, sponsored by the Carolina Committee
on Central America, was an expression of concern
for the welfare of the people of El Salvador, com
mittee member Craig Auchter said.
"We were heartened by the show of support,"
he said. "We hoped to bring members of the com
munity and students together as a public witness to
the suffering of the Salvadoran nation," Auchter
More than 1 1,000 Salvadorans have been kiHed
in political violence in the past year.
Graduate student Knut Walter, former dean of
students at El Salvador's Catholic University, said,
"It's important in this type of society
democratic, presumably for people to express
"I don't suppose we changed anybody's mind,
but at least people will become aware that there are
a number of Chapel Hill residents who are wor
ried." Walter' also said police cooperation with the
march suggested a revealing contradiction. "In El
Salvador, the police would have come along and
put the (demonstrators) in jail, whereas in the U.S.
they seem to protect you. It's an entirely different
concept of civil rights," he said. 4
The committee also sponsored the showing of
the public television documentary, "El Salvador,
another Vietnam?" The film was broadcast
nationally on PBS stations in January but was not
seen in North Carolina because of programming
"We didn't refuse to broadcast it (the film),"
WUNC program director Diane Lucas said, "the
offer (for the film) was teXs in ccrr.bg end came
without advance warning. WUNC was' unable to:'
tape the film for later showing because of a short
supply of tapes, she added.
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Above, marchers in Tuesday night's candle
light vigil on Franklin Street about El
Salvador are shown in time-lapse photo
graphy. At right, a child with a candle in
hand joins the demonstration. More than
150 people participated in the march and
vigil, which were sponsored by the the
Carolina Committee on Central America.
An updated version of the film will be broadcast
on public TV nationally April 6, Lucas said.
Refugees and members of thehuman rights
commission interviewed in the film said govern
ment security forces were responsible for the
murders of civilians and political activists in ,E1
Salvador. The film also included interviews with
United States and Salvadoran officials.
The committee called a two-day fast Sunday fol-
lowing a memorial mass for El Salvador's slain
Archbishop Oscar Romero. The fast was part of a
national hunger strike called by the Committee in
Solidarity with the People of El Salvadorean um
brella group, including the CCCA, which opposes
U.S. military aid to El Salvador.
The mass for Romero was a "commemorative
service. "We wanted to continue some of the
things he worked ;for.ans'Mtkepeople to his
, goals," said the Rev. John McManamon, a CCCA
' Dy DEAN LOWMAN
As concern grows among Americans .
about the country's intervention in El
Salvador, UNC students and faculty
members express both misgivings and
support of U.S. activities there.
Civil war has escalated in El Salvador
between an American-tacked civilian
military junta and leftist guerillas who
are part of a center-left opposition coali
tion called the Revolutionary Democratic
More than 11,000 people have been
killed in the past year, with at least 80
percent of those deaths attributed to
"I don't see this as a fight between
democracy and communism," said Felicia
Nelson, ' a member of the Carolina
Committee on Central America. "The
people are trying to survive poor living
conditions and low wages just to stay alive.
"The people are fighting because the
government is not giving them a chance to
negotiate for a peaceful solution."
The American government ays the El
Salvadoran government is moderate,
but the majority of the fighting has been
attributed to rightist violence, allegedly
perpetrated by governmental security
Enrique Baloyra, associate professor
unpolitical science, said,"The fighting is
over Salvadorian issues, such as who is
going to govern the country and human
rights. These are not the concerns of the
"As for the military advisers Reagan
sent down there, the longer they stay
there without getting the right-wing mili
tary elements out of the government, the
more chance we have of getting involved
in a Vietnam-type situation."
President Ronald Reagan recently
sent military advisers to help the El
Salvadoran government prepare for war,
but he said that their presence was not
"an 'indication' 'that''" the United"" States
would join the war.
"A lot depends on how you define
si, KulLli Uilviy
Vietnam," said Capt. Jack Stevens,
chairman of the UNC naval science de
partment. "It seems to me that with this
fighting going on in our own backyard, we
have to do something.
"From a military point of view, there
are problems that we'll have to deal with
correctly. Are we going to be the ones to
make the decision about which government
should be supported?"
Fcderico Gil, director of the Institute for
Latin American Studies, said, "The
rhetoric that is being employed by the cur
rent administration is very similar to that
put out by the Johnson administration
"The administration wants to appear
. tough, and the easiest place for them to
do that is in Latin America or Central
America," Gil said.
Tim Gaylord, a 40 year old graduate
student from Morristown, N.J., said the
U.S. is helping to promote a fascist
police state. '
"If that isn't the case, why isn't the
U.S. government calling for elections to be
- held in El Salvador?" he said. "Also, why
is there a sudden interest in the draft and
the proposed military budget increase?"
Opinions are varied about the course of
action the United States should take in
handling the situation in El Salvador.
"I think Reagan and (Secretary of
State Alexander) Haig need to get their act
together,? said Virginia Trull, 21, a jour
nalism and English major from Hickory.
"It seems as if Reagan's saying one thing
while Halg is calling for the exact opposite
course of action.
"I don't like that schism between two of
the most important people in the nation."
Baloyra said the United States should
quit meddling in the affairs of El Salvador.
"This is not an American issue,", he
said. "Therefore, we should not allow
ourselves to try and dictate the course of
, . Gil s?M the United States could play a
rhuch mcre useful role by working "with
European countries toward a peaceful
solution to the conflict.
Students state views on tuition
Dy JEFF KNIGIIT
Staff Writer "
UNC students expressed varied reactions
Wednesday to increases of in-state tuition by
11 to 15 percent and out-of-state tuition by as
much as 20 percent proposed for fall 1981.
Student Body President Scott Norberg said
he opposed the increase in tuition but believed
it was the least objectionable of three plans to
cut state spending.
The plans include a possible funding cut in
the extension program and a proposal to de
crease the faculty-student ratio. "Everytime
the ratio changes one point, you're talking
about as many as-400 faculty positions,"
Jesse Curcton, vice-chairman of the Black
Student Movement, said he believed the tuition
increase could have an effect on the recruitment
71 H T!
of qualified black students.
"I don't think the difference will be great,
but there are students out there qualified
black students that are going to go to a less
expensive university," he said. "The 15 percent
can make some difference.
"The student that's on the borderline, his
decision could depend upon the amount of
money involved, and naturally that does con
cern us (the BSM)." '
Mike Vandenburg, CGC Finance Committee
Chairperson, said, "As far as tuition goes, right
now we're getting a really good deal. I think the
proposed hike is unfortunate, but it may well be
necessary to maintain the solvency and quality
of the University."
Carole Caldwell, a junior from' Augusta, Ga.,
said she understood that an increase was neces
sary but thought it was unfortunate. t "It
wouldn't affect my ability to come here, but it's
kind of exasperating."
Bill Durham, a junior from New York, said,
"I guess it's just the economy, but they're going
to price themselves right out of the market as far
as out-of-state students are concerned. I think
more people are going to stay in their own
states, due to money."
Freshman Bryan Gupton from Rocky Mount
said he would not be opposed to an increase.
"North Carolina provides a really good college
system for its students, and ! don't see that
paying an extra hundred dollars is going to pre
vent anyone from getting an education," he said.
Dennis Hodges, a junior from Richfield,
said, "The increase might be necessary, but I
feel it's something that's going to hurt every one
'of us. We're all having trouble just making ends
meet, and I don't think a tuition increase is
going to help any."
ilw iindiig GMdeimi ErOBBQ
By JONATHAN SMYLIE
The Finance Committee of the Campus Governing
Council announced Wednesday the criteria it would
use to evaluate organizations and make appropriate
changes in budget requests during the coming budget
The criteria listed by Finance Committee Chair
person Mike Vandenbergh in order of importance
include diversity in programming, fund raising by
organizations, cultural contribution, recognition to
the University, tradition, conferences and salaries.
"It is a good set of guidelines," Vandrnbcrgh said.
The total amount of money requested by 5-4 organ
izations is $310,323, Vandenbergh said. He
projected that the CGC would be able to allocate
about CO percent of this amount if it had as much
money to distribute this year as it did last year.
In reviewing the criteria the committee will use,
CGC speaker OChino Martin si'J diversity in pro
gramming should be the most t.apcrtar.t considera
tion in jud-ins organizations requests.
"Diversity in organizations, balance end verity of
programs is out first concern," he said. "It is im
portant to reach as many students as possible.
iberg emphasized diversity, fund raising
and the cultural contributions cf en organization as
top priorities of conuderation darirg the budget
"With the tH-.tcnir; of the ration's budget
including student lo..n$ itudcr.u ont have the
resources to j:o the here," , taid. "Because of
this, diversity vuihiri the campus ctnizatimsv h
important to them.
"Another important thin e have to rcmcrntr
is how the University can attract first-rate stuJenu
a'. J i. :.:-l.iiuhltq-K,,.ty.M
He said that the recognition an organization
could bring to the University was a valid and
positive criterion to be considered when funding
In considering an organization's tradition, com
mittee members said they would take into
consideration the history of an organization but
that their ov erriding objective would be to place more
emphasis on planned programs that demonstrated
merit for the coming fiscal year.
"How a group v. ill function is a main concern of
the committee," Vandcnbergh said. "A g-.oup that
has functioned will in the past helps their rapport in
working with other groups."
He said the committee intended to look at new
organizations on the same level as cider tines, "We
don't want to penalize them for being new.
The only problem he said new groups might run
into would be their ability to prove they could func
tion and uc funding appropriately.'
Committee members agreed that the time com
mitment and skills required for salaried positions
uoulJ be considered in determining for organiza
tions using paid personnel. The salary should not
serve as an incentive for the job. they added.
In other business, the committee voted 7-0-1 not
to fund this Frank Porter Graham and .m Tatum
awards. The committee member, having said earlier
t r y vu..d not appropriate money tor orram
.1 .tards, aereed thai such funding wouhS
' .'Ml : criteria they rt.
I! ; UiC I. 1 funded Hi Trunk Ivrier Graham
i:;rd shi.e Is--H and the Jim TU;m Aard sine
A- .': Vi.c Cm;:' t vl hut AH. s
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the itvnfd from hems picaUvJ thi c-;i,
play at 2: OS
The New York Yankees will bring most of their
big-name, high-salaried stars to town when they
play the University of North Carolina baseball team
at 2:05 p.m. today in Boshamer Stadium. (This is
a change in time from the original 3: 10 p.m. start.)
Yankee publicist Larry Wall said that only Eric
Soderholm and Rudy May would not be making
the trip. Most of the stars that led the Yankees to
the American League East crown last year Reggie
Jackson, Bucky Dent, Tommy John and Rich
Gossage - will be at Boshamer, as will Yankee
newcomer Dave Winfield.
Tom Underwood will start for New York with
Tim LoIIar, Brian Ryder and Gossage expected to
see relief action. UNC coach Mike Roberts said
that, if healthy, James "Peanut" Parks will start.
There were less than a dozen tickets remaining
for the game Wednesday morning. All 400 student
tickets and 2200 Educational Foundation tickets
The Yankees have played the Tar Heels twice
before in Chapel Hill, winning both games. In 1977
the Yanks had an easy time of it, defeating Carolina
8-1 . In 1979 New York took a 9-4 victory over the
Heels in a game shortened to seven innings
because of wet playing conditions. Jim Rouse hit
a home run off of Ed Figucroa to highlight the
Pending the outcome of Wednesday night's
game between Carolina and Princeton, the Tar
Heels are 17-6 with a 1-1 record in the Atlantic
Coast Conference. The Yankees carried a 7-6-1
exhibition record into Wednesday's game against
Here is the schedule for today's game:
11:45 a.m. Carolina batting practice; 12:25
p.m. Yankee batting practice; 1:30 p.m.
Carolina infield practice; 1:40 p.m. Yankee
infield practice; 2:05 game time.
Mush now he
Li Qf CFllSZS UM
The Associated Pre
WASHINGTON President Ronald Reagan
formally put Vice President George Bush in
charge of foreign crisis management on Tuesday
after Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig Jr.
complained publicly on Capitol Hill about the
Shortly after Haig expressed his dissatisfaction
in testimony before Congress, Reagan named
Bush as chairman of a p
"crisis management team" I
to. Coordinate the govern- I f
ment's response to foreign f
and domestic emergencies, j . i) I
But Reagan said Wedncs- j - ; ;
day that I laig remained his j
chief adviser on foreign af- j 1 5
fairs. Other officials, how- j ... " !
ever, said Haig clearly had j
lost prestipe and authority ; ' j
TtViU v.'..: '
Reagan's affirmation fol- .
lowed a talk vith Haig on the third consecutive
day the secretary had vi.iied the While House.
The president denied any suggestion that Haig
had threatened to quit over the rew rele for
Bush, one which he warded for him .If.
But one informed cff.JJ s. "J pr.va'.l that
hileHu; wouldn't' re ' -nil is t'o..e, any farther
r ! he rtbukc fio:.i the Y.h.'.e ? r.-.ll
t , e t'' : :rc" d '..rk:..r lo h'ue.
A :l ,fi u! s id Ir'iw. !tete
i ' j. J ! ' r t' ; i : C . n i f
t. p H m 'SlAt1:. y tf
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1 i. ( I t t ,r. n t' r
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! r . t ' ' 1 i tz s ; I. h. .',
said he now expected Haig to participate in
Reagan's daily national security briefing. That
role previously had fallen to security adviser
Richard V. Allen, but apparently now would be
''He probably will be here most days," Brady
said of Haig. "He's there to enhance coopera
tion." Asked whether that development was merely
a face-saving device for Haig, Brady declared,
"I don't think Gen. Haig needs to save face."
Bush, meanwhile, said he envisioned the job
of crisis management as sitting in the White
House situation room "until the president gets
there," and he said he foresaw no conflict with
Halg. "Secretary Halg and I get along very well
indeed," Bush told reporters.
Burdi said ! la'a is "the chief sdviser on foreign
policy,, that's clear; he's going to be the cmeral
men::er cf that policy, that's clear; cn excellent
secrete ry cf state, that's very clear."
A' : J hQM he would define & cri is, the vke
president said: "We'll know it when the presi
dent sees U." Eue.h said the labor strife in
Poland and the pocr sta-;e iei O Salvador
ere "absolutely not" on his I A cf crhes.
Ah hough speculation focused on Allen as the
one who orchestrated the Cash eppolntment.
il said he those ;ht it z less
Allen's doing than that cf Reac.n'i Calif orrdj
adv isers who had viewed the attention ll:! had
been gtttin v.ith susplcica.
Tie president's d:.i i:.n cast d t trrn
Ih :'s c.n tl: n cn f is fr-t d:y h clZ:z $1 :.i
he Ht-.!d I e 't! e ie:r" cf Amerl.en f. rr';n
t.j f' y d-n t '"
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Dcss 250 denied Haig had thrcated to
resign. "I can deny that absolutely," he said.
But another official, who did not want to be
identified, said Ha'g sought the role of crisis
manager for himself because that b the most in
fluential pocilion in time of turmoil.
"That's where history judges what was done
and who did it," he said.
One tdeninhtration official, who insisted on
tnonyiraty, said, "V.'hat you've got here is a
I " "1 tttl- presidential politics
f for 1534 or 193S" a
j preliminary power
j I skirmish between 1 la?g and
j j Dash, who could be rivals
! j in the years ahead for the
j GOP presidential nomina-
I Re?gan said he believed
; the controversy arose
; i j because "maybe some of
j ; you were tryirj to make
. J the news instead of
Reegxn'i statement overlooked the fact,
ho-AC-er, that it wit hlnssiif who expres
sed pet lie C ;!easure over the declcpment.s
during testimony before a congrr.slonal cfn
r.l::ee on Tt:- liy.
went to New York fo ttfer.d a rriate
dinner Wednesday tsisht "in what cin be
desscritf J as an ur.h:ppy frame of mind," &n
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