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0Th3 Dsiiy lur Heel IhutMt.iy, March Zb, liJbl
Jim Hummi l. iik
SUSAN MAUNF.Y. Mjruynx Uit.w
MARK MURRKLL. .iaviw Jihf
JONATHAN RJCH. .4wf-;Ji.t
El) win a Ralston. ( 'nh-muy Editor
John Royster. CM) Editor
QlARLES HERNIX)N. Sum ami National Editor
Beth Burrell. n Editor
Clifton Barnes, sw Editor
Future decisions crucial
Tom Moore; Am Elite
DONNA WHITAKER. Features Editor.
SCOTT SitARPE. Pliokyraphy Editor
Ann Peters. WtAmier Editor
NORMAN CANNADA. Ombudsman
By JOEL SCHWARTZ
s f i i . ii d n a tt
f W p fl fl
4 4J SMt.
. yejr o editorial freedom
The UNC Greek system has often been maligned in the past for its
segregated voluntary or otherwise structure of fraternities and
sororities. Until recently, the system showed few substantial efforts in
combatting these accusations.
The newly-formed Black Greek Council appears to be a major step in
bridging the wide gap between the more socially-oriented, predominately
white fraternities and sororities and the service-oriented black fraterni
ties and sororities. As a subcommittee of InterFraternity and Panhellenic
Councils, the BGC's function is to serve as a cohesive force for the six
black Greek organizations and as the body through which the needs of
the black Greeks can be channeled to the IFC and Panhel.
The need for such a council is justified. With IFC representatives for
the black fraternities complaining loudly last fall that their interests were
lost between rush parties and the noise ordinance, and black sororities
experiencing the same lack of communication with the Panhel, some
type of intermediary agent was needed to schedule both the beer busts
and the blood drives.
Former IFC president John Blumberg took the initiative last spring
. and created an Office of Minority Affairs of the IFC. The OMA's of
ficer's function was to report the interests of the black fraternities to the
IFC and to intergrate them into the system. But few goals were accom
plished other than the fact that "someone was looking into the
The council appears to be a better alternative at this time to the black
Greeks breaking away completely from IFC and Panhel, which could
endanger their University recognition. Its influence on the increased
participation of the black Greeks in this week's Greek Week and the in
crease in joint service projects seems promising.
. But the BGC should exercise extreme caution to ensure that they do
not become isolated by interacting only when there is a common interest,
in a service project or a party. With the black Greek system and the
white sororities totally segregated and the white fraternities only nomi
nally integrated, the lines of division are still clearly visible. The BGC's
goal to enhance better understanding and to create more active interac
tion must cross these lines. '
The Reason administration now has been in office for
two months. Based upon statements to date, it is clear
that a "tough posture" vis-a-vis the Soviet Union will be -a
cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. Ronald Reagan has
consistently advocated such a policy, and his early
actions as president demonstrate what many have always
said about him as a politician: "With Ronald Reagan,
what you see is what you get."
Foreign policy, however, must be based on more than
just rhetoric. Sooner or later the Reagan administration
will have to make some hard policy choices. What con
cerns me is the double-think mentality which seems to be
impelling the Reagan presidency into counterproductive
decisions. Below are the dominant issues in Soviet
American relations and the prevailing approach of the
current administration. -
During the presidential campaign Reagan denounced
Carter's imposition of a grain embargo on the Soviet
Union in retaliation for its invasion of AfghanistanvThc
implication of Reagan's remarks was that he would
quickly rescind the embargo were he to be elected presi
dent. After two months in office Reagan seems to be
having second thoughts. What has changed his mind?
Kissinger's policy of linkage in dealing with the Russians
has acquired a new lease on life.. Linkage simply means
, that the United States should reward or. punish the
Soviet Union in accordance with its behavior in the inter
national arena. Secretary of State Alexander Haig's latest
pronouncements have made the linkage explicit. An end
to the grain embargo awaits Soviet announcement of a
specific timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan.
Since the grain embargo is having a decidedly adverse
effect on the Soviet economy, it is presumed to be a
powerful leverage to induce Soviet behavior modification.
What is the Soviet reaction likely to be? They would
certainly like the embargo to end. But can a great power
cave in to international blackmail? Were we prepared to
submit to the demands of the Iranian militants? The
United States has urged other countries time and again
not to set a dangerous precedent, by rewarding extortion
ist tactics in international politics. Yet we are now doing
unto the Soviet Union that which we decried others for
doing unto us. And we justify this double standard on
the specious grounds that our demands are just while the
Iranians' demands were unjust. I suspect that such fine
moral distinctions are totally lost on the Iranians and
Russians. The end result of the grain embargo may in
deed be Soviet behavioral change, but no necessarily
change to our liking. A rapidly deteriorating food situa
tion may persuade Soviet leaders of the need to tighten
oppressive controls at home and to externalize the crisis
and deflect social unrest via the instrumentation of
foreign policy adventurism.
President Reagan has repudiated the previous SALT
II agreement entered into by President Jimmy Carter
and has suggested negotiating de novo. But he also has
stated his intention to enter such negotiations only from
a position of renewed military strength. This means, in
(Mr. - cm)
f y4 V
practical terms, a drastic cut in domestic spending and a
dramatic increase in defense spending. We are being told
by this administration that we cannot agree to limit the
number of destructive weapons until we first vastly in
crease the number of destructive weapons. This sounds
hauntingly similiar to our Vietnam policy, where it was
necessary to first destroy the village in order to save it.
What will be the probable Soviet reaction to Reagan's
policy of negotiating from strength? No Soviet leader
could ever sell an arms reduction treaty in the policy
making councils of the Soviet Union unless there was
general agreement that the Soviet Union and the United
States had achieved some approximate parity in military
power. The willingness of Brezhnev to sign a treaty
negotiated with Carter suggests that a perception of
parity did exist.
The Reagan administration now informs the Soviet
leadership that it will accept a new SALT treaty only from a
position of renewed military strength. Moreover, it has
revised Carter's defense budget so as to convince every
one that it intends to put its money where its mouth is.
Once again we seem to have a policy based upon double
standards. It's unfair, argues Reagan, to expect the
United States to ratify an arms control treaty negotiated
from a position of perceived military weakness. But after
re-establishing our position of perceived military strength
it's perfectly reasonable to ask the Russians to sign a
treaty negotiated from their perceived position of
The deteriorating situation between the United States
and the Soviet Union has prompted Soviet Premier
Leonid Brezhnev to suggest a high level summit meeting.
Reagan is in no hurry to pick up on Brezhnev's offer.
Various administration spokesmen have indicated that it
.west Yxi in a mmx flw&io ir
would be unwise to hold a" summit unless there were strong
signs that the meeting would yield positive results. The na
ture of these signs is altered Soviet behavior in El Salvador,
Africa, Afghanistan, Poland and elsewhere. Such state
ments suggest to me that the Reagan administration has a
fundamental misconception of what is the appropriate pro
cess and purpose of a political summit. By demanding signs
they have established as a pre-condition the very purpose
for which a summit is being held in the first place. The opti-
mal result of a summit meeting would be modified
Soviet behavior. But a result of high level talks cannot be
set as a pre-condition for high level talks. What then
would be the point of holding the summit at all?
Furthermore, it is deceptive of the Reagan administra
tion to justify deferring a summit meeting by exaggerating .
its significance. This would not be the first such meeting
nor will it be the last such meeting. Based on the results
of previous summits no one is expecting any great break
through in Soviet-American relations. Summits offer
each side an opportunity to talk directly to one another
about their differences rather than past one another,
provide each leader a chance to personally size up his
counterpart and create a forum within which to seek
some areas of reciprocal national interest that can lead to
cooperation and agreements. There is, of course,' no
guarantee that any summit will result in improved Soviet
American relations. But when two parties are engaged in
an escalating war of charges and countercharges and are
embarked upon a course fraught with danger for them
selves and the rest of the world, it is difficult to believe
' that a high level exchange between Reagan and Brezhnev
could make things worse than they already are.
r - .
Joel Schwartz is a UNC professor of political science.
Discrimination continued inters to the editor
In ruling on two of the most controversial cases of its term, the Supreme
Court recently signalled its unwillingness to challenge state legislature's
attempts to regulate minors' sexual conduct. By deciding to uphold state
statutory rape laws, the Court has permitted the continuation of out
dated and discriminatory legislation.
The Court ruled 5-4 that states may punish only men for statutory
rape sexual relations with a willing minor. Statutory rape laws, still in
effect in 37 states, are based on the theory that a female minor is unable
to make a mature decision about having sexual relations and thus is al
ways the victim in any sexual encounter with a man, no matter how old
Although firm legislation is required to combat the sexual abuse of
children, many existing statutory rape laws are as insulting to young wo
men as they are discriminatory towards young men.
' In some states, such as Delaware, the age limit under which a girl
must fall to be a victim of statutory rape is reasonably low. But in
others, such as California, any man having sexual intercourse with
women under the age of 18 could be charged with rape. Even when the
man is also a minor, he would generally still be liable under statutory
The Supreme Court defended these laws as a constitutional method
of battling the growing problem of teenage pregnancies. Although
Justice William H. Rehnquist is justified in arguing that women can suf-.
fer disproportionately from the effects of sexual intercourse, statutory
rape legislation will accomplish little towards reducing teenage preg
These laws may prevent the occassional adult male from preying on
unsuspecting and unprepared young women. But the vast majority of
teenage pregnancies, of which there were one million in 1980, are the
result of an increasing number of sexually active adolescents having sex
ual relations without adequate knowledge of its ramifications or birth
Recent studies indicate that only 10 percent of all teenagers receive
adequate education on this subject, while only three states require pub
lic schools to offer sex education courses. If the Supreme Court and
state legislatures were truly concerned with protecting minors from the
dangers of sexual intercourse they would concentrate on requiring better
education rather than discriminatory statutory rape laws.
Student ' explminSm behind swastika
The Bottom Lin
After a confused weekend of un
packing hundreds of boxes, moving
dozens of typewriters with worn rib
bons and finally savins goodbye to the
old office, Vie'Daily Tar Heel staff
has finally completed its move into its
new office in the Union extension.
It's a pretty neat place once you
find it. The administration has solved
that problem by giving each staffer a
msp of the UNC campus, complete
with arrows, that shows how to .et
to the outiidc doors in the extension
that kzd to the office. If that doesn't
work, there's a rumor thai the admin
istration is oir,3 to tie a string
around the wrivt of each ?rer,
ulth the other end connected to the
DTI I front door. Smart uys, those
South Building fellas.
The office really h creat. We've
go! a separate room for phones now,
o now ue can hear above a!! thed:it
lenn.' typewriter. Now we don'!,
hast to make up all the quoto we use
in our uoru- like we used 10.
'I hrre are also um? great We ben
efits. We each nave our own parking
space in the new spacious lot in front
of the building. There's a special gym
for D77ers with a full-length baskct
' ball court, two raquetbali courts and
a nice little sauna.
Opposite the gym is a fully
stocked bar that we're allowed to use
any time free of charge. Someone
once said there's never been a story
written that a few beers can't im
prove, and he was right.
There's only one problem with the
new office: it's small. So small that
there are not even enough rooms to
put all of our desks in.
But we've come up with a solution:
put out a smaller-sked paper. If we
put out a smaller paper, it will take
less room to make, an J we won't be so
crowded. So starting Monday, the
paper will be 6 inches by 12 inches,
but for your convenience each
.paper will come with its own mas
'.mfyin3bs. Just kidding. But it's not easy to fill
this paeecs cry Tuesday an J Thursday
and we had to write .omethir.s.
And that the bottom line.
To the editor: '
I invite Dennis Swan to re-read "Co
alition banner defaced," (DTH, March
19), concerning the defacing of the ban
ner for the Coalition for Social Justice.
The statements reported that neither in
dicted the workers on the construction
project in general, nor the specific person
who made the unsolicited remarks to me
quoted in the DTH. I simply related what
happened, and it was reported accurately.
The banner and I were threatened by the
worker; the banner was subsequently de
faced. When I returned I was told by the same
man that if I repaired it, it would be
ruined again a remark I believed to the
extent that I made no effort to repair the ;
damage. I am not suggesting, nor did the
article report, that the man who made the
threat was the person who ultimately did
the damage. Apparently that was Swan's
inference. I can suggest, however, that he
drew the inference probably with ease
from the accurate presentation of the
sequence of events reported in the DTH.
That is a credit to his logic and common
My motive as an artist in painting the
banner was exactly as Swan suggested,
that is, to arouse sensitivities, consciences
and strong emotional responses. I am
fully aware of the roles the horrible sym
bols of the Klan and Nazis have played in
our country and in Europe. These cannot
be forgotten by the majority of us if they
remain active in the thoughts and activi
ties of a few. It was my aim to generate
discussion and an exchange of ideas, not
to invite vandalism.
One exchange of thoughts which the
DTH did not report fully was my' invita
tion to the worker in question to come to
our symposium and share his ideas with
us. His reply, among others, was that he
."wouldn't go anywhere with the likes of
people Lke me...." That b his riht. What
he hasn't the right to do hjbo threaten me
and my property.
1 repeat my invitation to Mr. Swan.
Come join us at 7:30 tonight in Room 2,
Law School, for part two of our sympo
sium: Fascism, Past and Present. Cerhart
Weinberg, UNC professor of history, and
Bobbie Benavie of the HIIIcl Foundation
will speak. I welcome the opportunity to
listen to you more fu!'y, znd, I assure
you, if I don't ree with you, Til simply
'say so. I won't feci the nerd to destroy
your property to make the point.
And, thank you, Mr. Swan. Thank
you and all of the workers for your part
in the construction cf the library. My
taxes ar.d yours, plus the tz!:r.!s of many,
&re making it possible.
Del t ie Jones
UNC Law School
To the editor:
The itory "CenirovenLd fcotil: tl to
cum- up in torture." (DTH. Mirth
21, contained a quote by J.-rry ArkcV v.rr
cf Oert$.minolj In?,, a' mufie!,.::
ettrrny thai male t.in-ftiuu.J, '.:
tcnU. lie ys ih.u ih-.tc has tcm no re
d action in liict or wa-.te in the ut ttz'n
tc EMlEtC- v k CVrKlZl Hill. lM WITH
tVfc Tttb ltf?6(HTrU&- TO .
vtft&tNtA tM SAA?!tt
C8LUCIM- IU "IVtetC CAVALIER WMttt.
XOO HAW TO T 1Wt-T TlwXfclNCr
TlM&tfc IN TWe- CSMTfJE. CP TH
V7 - fc'VJ
V 1 1 I . i
' '' . 1
II I ' I
that have bottle deposit laws.
1 have to disagree with him after read
ing a report by the Comptroller General
of the United States, entitled "States'
Experience with Devcrage Container
Deposit Laws Shows Positive Benefits"
(Dec. 11, 1930).
The report by the General Accounting
Office states that litter, solid waste, and'
energy and raw materials use has been re- .
duced in states with mandatory beverage
deposit laws. The reduction in beverage
container litter more than 80 percent
by piece count could be measured by
the decrease in litter pick-up costs. Post
consumer solid waste (trash) was reduced
by 5 percent and would cost kss to pick
up and store.
North Carolina needs less litter; the
bottle bill is a good place to start.
School of Law
To the editor:
Monday niht a forum was htU on the
Carolina Course Review tnd student eval
uation of the classroom experience. We
rtsret thai only 12 people attended, be
czm'A the forum provided h:,;ht$ ar.d
raised functarner.tal questions concerning
the needs and problems of student eval
uation. Due to numerous recurring problems,
the Carc.:.i Ccure Review ttaff r.il:
the ihreii;n this i:;:.r.ter to terrpcu,.'
r.Jt pjtxlact! ;n. The itiff is r.ow cuarr :.--L-.i
v,ijc q:zJ. :z a r.r, rr.-.-f? ccrv.iv
I ft. I zr.S crr.hl 'i y.'.:r. cf itud.r.! ctU
i: L-n. To f thli, a ccmn..:trc cf
fJiy ar. J r.-drrtj !.:s t ctn e.t-lh.t.rd.
il;:r., r.iiw.'s !. rr d":e U i-.e
attentic?fi to thii ft cut? $ problem.
Concurrently, the Committee on Un
dergraduate Education, which sponsored
this forum, hopes to explore many types
of student-teacher communication: the
Carolina Course Review, systems of de
partmental evaluations and other innova
tive methods of evaluating the classroom '
None of these goals can be met without
the support and active participation of
both students and faculty. We encourage
interested or concerned people to relay
their ideas and suggestions to the Carolina
Course Review at the Student Union or
the Committee on Undergraduate Educa
tion at the Campus Y.
John Rossitch, CCR co-chairman
Barbara Rosscr, CUE member
Scott Grsnowski, CUE member
Run en ths H 3
To the editor: , '
As one of the many who helped with
the Run on the H13 March 22 for the
Heart Fund, I feci that co terete of the
race in the DTH was inadequate. "The
Run on the 1 !il was a r-atkmaSy sanctioned
road race that deserved more than a
photoreph. In addition, the facts stated
in the caption were Incorrect. Approxi
mately 1 ,000 runners, net SO!), from &at
the state partidpaicd, ad not S 1 ,01), tut
nearly $4,000, was rai-d. 1
information re-arding ibt tpon'ri of
the race a. a was mi-.tead-r Groyp
ponders i-J not incSade all the dcjf ri:
ries, fraterrutiet and sororitkt on campus.
Those involved wcrird ddlentfy and de
.rfV t '- f :-
Money rai.ed by the Iti,:i 11 th: H.'l
er.t to the : : W. J. M.-e 4 - ;re-
hrR.ivc ct?vrti,;e .'3 le: I i j t sc
luecev.fu! t-arn-t 1 1 f. t -
crca'iri aii to a w r.hy tfv - 't
would take a more responsible stance
concerning cam pus wide events.
To the editor:
Each year, as the weather warms find
spring fever becomes highly contagious, the
Physical Plant rcseeds Upper Quad In Olde
Campus. This year the tradition continues.
On the way to dais Tuesday morning,
many students found their play-pound
roped off into a ma?e offtakes and twine.
This effort by the Physical Plant is not
only annoying, but it is futile as well.
Upper Quad f acilitates the leisure activi
ties of the men and women of Crimes,
Manum, Manly and Ruffin. Where the
can these residents play football, frbbee,
w atch members of the opposite sc or tap
a keg without iwdglr.z down to the intra
mural fields or Franklin Street.
As In the patf, the work of the Physical
Plant has not provided the residents with
lupous turf. Jmtead, by Suns or July
Vppt Quad reverts back to a dutthowt.
Many students recent the inconvenience
bcca-j'.e they realize that by next f.ll
there w il not be any tan In Upper Quad.
Perhaps if the physical PUnt would
make a more concerned effort try tayins
down sod or r"Z:"i frau teedhrs,
water in j and memtr ftrilarfy, ihen the
ttudents of Urper Qaai wii gpprecure
and iruintefta;?, fu3 uve cftbe pmtuh
would t po-.ille. Untd then, the
haphazard fctfemft by the Phyvical
Pltnt win be regarded a another minor
rite of sprinj.
I ... t