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Tc'cs tha ci-T.ny end run
Sunny today with highs in the
mid-70s. Lows tonight will be
in the upper 40s. No chance of
li Vu1 V illiiigc)
Cy KATHEHINE LONG
Donald McHenry, former U.S. ambas
sador to the United Nations, said Wed
nesday night that the effectiveness of the
organization would suffer in the future if
the attitudes of the United Nations and
the United States did not adapt to the
changing world situation.
"We are going to have to muster up
respect for views of other countries,"
McHenry said to about 250 people in
McHenry replaced former Ambassador
Andrew Young in the U.N. post after
Young left in 1979. He had been the U.S.
deputy representative to the U.N. Security
Council before President Jimmy Carter
picked him to represent the United States
in the organization, a post he kept until
the end of Carter's administration.
In his speech, McHenry said both the
United States and the United Nations
would have to recognize long-term pro
blems in the world instead of coming up
with short-term solutions.
Citing EI Salvador as an example of a
troubled country, McHenry said the coun
try was going through necessary reforms
and was in a position to be easily ex
ploited by other countries. "There would
be turmoil in El Salvador even if (Cuban
leader) Fidel Castro had never been
born," McHenry said. "It has nothing to
do with the presence of any other political
McHenry said the United Nations
would have to change its attitudes as well.
"We must recognize we cannot live on the
ideals of 1945 (when the United Nations
was created)," McHenry said. "To grow
and prosper, some other improvements
will have to be made."
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Donald McHenry speaks to crowd in Memorial Ha!l DTH Ma" Ct"
... calls for change in attitude of United States
McHenry said the attitudes of other
countries would have to change to make
the organization successful. "Some of
that suspicion of our (United States')
motives needs to change," he said.
McHenry also said representatives -to
the United Nations should be chosen
more carefully: "Some of my colleagues
who were sent there because their presi
dents didn't want them in their hair
should be sent home." He said some
American representatives should have
been sent home, as well.
"The United States plays a particularly
important role in the United Nations,"
McHenry said, adding that the United
States sometimes acts "in a way that is as
immature as those we criticize."
McHenry said the United States must
confront and make decisions that it might
not like. Presently, the United States is .
avoiding the problems of poverty and po
litical differences that plague nations such
as fran and El Salvador. He said the po
licy only dealt with the symptoms ofV
those problems. This attitude would ,
"doom the organization to failure," he
McHenry said the greatest accomplish
ment of the organization was to supervise
the independence of many undeveloped
"In a relatively short time, I believe the
organization has made substantial "pro
gress," McHenry said.
The Associated Press.
- WASHINGTON Despite pain and fatigue, a high-spirited
President Ronald Reagan got out of bed and set to work in his
hospital suite Wednesday, signing an executive order, conferring
with staff members and planning a major trip to the West Coast
in just three weeks.
White House physician Daniel Ruge said late in the day that
Reagan "continues to make excellent progress toward full re
covery" from the gunshot wound to his left lung suffered in
Monday's assassination attempt.
White House counselor Edwin Meese HI said the president
would begin receiving his daily national security briefing Wed
nesday at George Washington University Hospital. He met
with his top aides Tuesday.
At the White House, it was business as usual.
"The government did not skip a beat," deputy press secre
tary Larry Speakes said Tuesday.
''It's just as if the president were here in the Oval Office the
way the White House is running," added Michael K. Deaver,
the White House deputy chief of staff.
- " v.
Meese said doctors were "astounded" at Reagan's progress.
Dr. Dennis O'Leary, dean for clinical affairs at the hospital,
said the president could be walking in the next couple of days,
out of the hospital in a week or two and on a horse his favorite
pastime in a couple of months.
While initial reports of the president's first 24 hours in the
hospital portrayed him as often in a joking mood and the White
House sought to portray a "business as usual" picture, cracks
began to appear in that image. -
Speakes said "I can assure you from rhy personal knowledge
there hasn't been any attempt to paint a rosier picture. The
reports from the hospital have been as accurate as we can make
them." . .
But The New York Times reported the president had trouble
breathing, chest pain, falling blood pressure and was spitting
up blood when he walked into the hospital after being shot.
. "He definitely was in a life-threatening situation," the news
paper quoted Dr. William O'Neill as saying. "But he was very
rapidly stabilized." PP". x p'-;"!'- v-:;iPPP
Meanwhile, White House press secretary James S. Brady,
once given little chance of surviving a bullet wound to the brain
he suffered in Monday's attack, can speak and sec and may be
able to sit up in bed within a few days, doctors said Wednesday.
A morning report on his condition said the 40-year-old Brady
could now move all four limbs and "continues to improve,"
but he remained in critical condition.
Physicians said Brady might recover without severe perma
nent mental or physical impairment.
Brady, who on Tuesday could move his right arm and leg,
during the night did the same with his left leg and arm when a
doctor asked him to do so.
The accussed assailant, John Warnock Hinckley Jr. was
scheduled to undergo a psychiatric examination Wednesday to
determine whether he is competent to understand the proceed
ings against him. P
Ifew MFlbaiii dlesigiiatioEi nmay provide ffiim'dls
Ey MICHELLE CIIRISTENCURY
Chapel Hill and Carrboro officials are considering a
proposal that would allow the creation of a new urbanized
area designation to include Carrboro, Chapel Hill and
Although the designation is used primarily for statis
tical purposes, it may have a positive effect on federal
funding for those municipalities, officials said.
"The proposal would put Chapel Hill in a different
category of funding, with the major effect occuring in
the area of transportation," Liz Rooks, a Chapel Hill
Town Planner, said.
"If the proposal was approved, the town would be
eligible for Section 5 transit funds, which are available
to larger, urbanized cities as opposed to Section 18 funds,
which are available to smaller cities," she said.
"Section 18 funds are targeted to be ended after the
next fiscal year (1982), .while Section 5 funds will be
phased out more gradually over a five-year period,"
"Therefore, under the new proposal funds would be
available longer," she said. "Furthermore, the town
would receive funds available for highway planning not
Rooks also said the new proposal would not affect
the town's eligibility for community development
funds nor for public housing funds. The town also
would not be affected by Environmental Protection
Agency regulations concerning air pollution, since the
area would not have a population greater than 200,000.
When the U.S. Census Bureau was revising local
1980 census counts in September, both Chapel Hill and
Carrboro were hoping that the combined population
for the area would reach the 50,000 mark so they could
form their own urbanized area. Federal programs and
grants use the 50,000 mark as a cutoff point.
Rooks said the new proposal actually appears to be a
better deal. "From what we have heard about Reagan's
proposed budget cuts, new urbanized areas would not
be able to receive Section 5 funds. It is better for us to
be considered as an expansion to an already existing
urbanized area (Durham) so we can receive these funds."
In September 1980, the Town of Carrboro filed a suit
against the census bureau on the grounds that the cen
sus was taken during April and May, when the popula
tion fluctuated as students moved out of Carrboro for
Town of Carrboro Attorney Michael Brough said
that suits were filed by two small North Carolina towns
Carrboro and Zebulon.
FTTT1 71 f? j
Legislation submitted to 'Senate heightens possibility
Dy MONICA MALPAS3
A reinstatement of the draft is possible
if recently introduced legisbtion receives
congressional approval, and sources say
its chances of passing are good because
of the new Reagan administration.
Sen. Ernest I Idlings, D-S.C, introduced
b-islation last week to reinstate the mili
tary draft, saying that the all-vcluntecr
approach has failed to draw adequate
personnel and discriminates against the
poor and minorities.
1 Idlings bill would establish a craft
with specific deferment and exemptions.
Men Etd 18 to 22 would be required to
srrve nine months in active duty for ba.ic
training, pebbly followed by reserve duty.
Deferments and exemptions would be
limited to those on active duty in the re
serves or in advanced ROTC study, sur
viving sons or brothers cf men killed in
war or misiing in action, conscientious
cbjcctcrs and ministers, doctors and
other vital health professionals, and
jud.es of courts of record and elected
Limited deferments wou!J include
ituJents as well. Thee in 1.::'j school
ceylJ be deferred until they fraiusted,
up until the k of 20. College students
v,cPl 1 !? to ccmrt; the? current
::r.t.!:r, cr if in Hie senior year, the
cn:',re ;! I )vr.
said the NCCLU opposed the draft and
always had. "However, we insist that if
there is registration and a draft, that
women also be used," he said.
President Ronald Reagan and Defense
Secretary Caspar Weinberger have said
they preferred all-volunteer armed forces,
but Weinberger has said a draft would be
considered if increased pay and other
inducements did not produce enough
Gardner commented on the federal
government's stance concerning the draft.
"It certainly appears that Reagan is
beating the war drum," Gardner said.
"However, I think it is interesting that
he (Reagan) opposed the draft when he
was a candidate in the wings.
"The way the. State Department is
posturing and the developing events in
El Salvador both point to reinstating the
draft," Gardner said.
Larry Spears, director of the Central
Committee for Conscientious Objectors,
a national organization io counsel young
Americans facing military service, said
Reagan had been uncommitted concern
ing the draft since he took office. Reagan
may support a draft, however, if his joint
chiefs of staff advise the move, he added.
Hollings said that under the present
system, the armed services lack techni
cians to fight any real war of length. Armed
forces recruiting fell short of requircm
by about 23,000 in 1979, he said.
Seo DRAFT on page 2
Chuck Hodson, an electrician working on tho addition to tha Carolina
Union, prepares a wiring schedule with his typewriter perched atop a
Five BiiiblicaZionG to
new vmou mvive- giDhlcs
Hy JOHN H1NTON
If - iJJ I.e cbene to ex
it H.C-.M te aacn the
J in the
With President Ronald Rca?.aa's decision to send U.S. mili
tary advisors into EI Salvador, the questions of whether to
renew the draft program and whether women should be
included in it have risen.
In informal interviews conducted recently on the UNCcam
pus, respondents generally were against renewing conscription
due to the situation in CI Salvador, but most of them favored
the induction of women as well as men if there were a draft.
Freshman political science major Angela Wilder e.:J the
United States had no business in 11 Salvador and thit she did
not support a draft. .
"I he U.S. hou!J Mop a,su;. :. that e he to re the
guard, an of the enure world," she s. " h ln-,teaJ cf solving
everhoJ)i r-rotlenu, the U.S. should .le u own."
Wilder saij women should be included m any draft became
y ucfe An:;-nean. "V.cmen are csHcns j r.i i.ke r.z";
Mike Sheffield, a senior cadet in Air Force ROTC, said the
United States should Have a draft, but not "because cf the
dilemma in El Salvador. He said he supported a draft because
. of the "need for a true representative society in the military.
"They way the military is set up row, more minorities will
be on the front lines; the draft would get all classes (cf people)
into the front lines." he said.
Sheffield &ho supported the induction of women, but only
-in non-combat roles. "They (women) should not be included
in combat because of moral reasons the fear of being raped
if they are captured," he said.
Sharon Price, a !9-ycar-cU sophomore, opposed the draft
and any kind of military aid for El Salvador. "The U.S.
should step going around helping these (Third World) countries
uho never did anthirg for m" Price said.
5.1 : i .id drafting women into the r..'.:ery was unnecessary.
"1: ;re are e:
h ir.cn h this c.. .try t f !.t a war," Price
. i. "I'm f.-r t..e l;u .1 R h:s Ar :r..l ' ;-f, I :.t thai doetn't
n I'm for women in the draft'
.ey should hare the same ptivile;-. ar:J duties.-
Julie Irotter, a freshman from Durham, rppo- td a p:ace
time draft but favcred the drafting cf women In rcn-ccrnhat
fH)sitiur,v, if thedral? were needed. "Pin just epp,- .ej to war
and the draft in teneral." she said.
J:-y Green, a r;
conceff.lrg the draft. ,Tf:ere she'd te a peacetime draft far
the simply fact cf being militarily prepared," the tald.
w.- -f jwiiS C.I
Cy ELAINK McCLATCHEY
ff W rifef
Student Body President Scott Norbcrg
assigned four offices in the new section
of the Carolina Union to five campus
publications Wednesday, beginning the
process of allocating space to campus
The Akhetr.bt, the campus science
maiine; Clack Ink, a campus new, paper
for black students; Cc'Lr Door, the cam
pus literary magazine; The Phoenix, a
new campus nes wetlly and She, a
tnaaeme for women, t l rteeueJ
e sraee in Room I0f in the new sec
tion of the Union, althou-H two of the
pu!li:a:ian.$ will te ihanr one office,
Norters said be was pleased to have
been ahle 13 allot ipacc fcr t- the cam
pus puthcaiWns that applied, ahhou;h
the ipaees left for enter student erpr.t
nations were severely limited, fifty stu-d.-r.i
cri-ia'i -s have spplleJ fc-f ap-rroxima-ljr
c a. i o cf ca". p-s i Sk a v e, t"-d
V."..li t e f . ' -.. se wf.v
f, ,'e i. -i H w-s c; .t c
set aside for publications that would
satisfy all campus publications."
The applications for the rest of the of
fice space are fcems reviewed, and deci
sions cn who will receive the space will
be made over the next few weeks, Norterg
said. He added that the criteria for get
ting space would include the service pro
vided to students, regularity cf office use
and consistency of the crjar;ia!ions
Trie office space rrovidrd for puhHea-.
tiens was ready to move into, wh;le ether
spaces would not be availal le for at least
N;.rrt rr salJ thaat c. -;. rr; ::.
that have space now were t e.r:t viewed
fihjf'l whh f!: rest cf tl e ( .
t i r .
"V.'e asked all fecple who r.cm have
tp t -i rc ; f .'cr: 'J i tiJ.".'.
t' .t i t w J I? r a'i . .. 1 ! t f t.
tej J f- 1 a- lc , .'f re.rr- '
It rl J t! -t ll ec s " . t A
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