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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
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Monday, April 6, 1901 Chcpcl UYA. North Ccrch'na
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Editor's note: This is the first of a three-part series
examining the honor system of The University of
North Carolina. Today, The Dally Tar Heel looks at
the evolution of the system; Tuesday, the system as it
stands.today; and Wednesday, honor systems at other
universities around the nation.
By DILL STUDENC
Staff Writer ,
In recognition of and in the spirit of the honor
code, J certify that I have neither given nor received
eld on this examination and that I will report all
Honor Code violations observed by me The Uni
versity of North Carolina Official Examination Book.
The honor system of The University of North
Carolina is perhaps the most highly respected
Carolina tradition. The system today consists of a
Code of Student Conduct and a student-run judi
cial system. The Code of Student Conduct is di
vided into the Honor Code, dealing with academic
misconduct, and a Campus Code, which covers all
other offenses. The judicial system enforces the
In contrast, when the University first opened in
1795, the faculty was in complete control of the
governance of the students. According to a report
by James Exum Jr., a member of the 1956 court
system, the faculty could suspend a student for
"general worthlessness, without mentioning a
Among offenses outlawed in the early years of
Carolina were fishing, hunting, disrespect to a
faculty member and walking out of sight of South
Five months after the opening of the University,
two student literary societies the Dialectic Senate
and the Philanthropic Society formed and be
gan to assume control of the conduct of their
members. They developed resolutions concerning
conduct and established a Censor Morum to en
force the regulations and bring impeachment
charges against a violator. The entire society would
then try the accused student.
in 1805, an ordinance passed by the Board of
Trustees tried to return governing power to the
faculty by creating a faculty monitor who would
enforce all regulations of conduct at all times. The
ordinance, met by strong student opposition, re
sulted in 45 student leaders leaving the University.
In actuality, before the Civil War, very little
attention was focused on regulations concerning
dishonesty in work. According to Exum's report,
"It was considered a battle of wits between student
and instructor, and the student felt a sense of pride
when he got away with dishonest action."
The only attempted regulation against cheating
prior to the Civil War was a defeated motion in
the Philanthropic Society which would have charged
a fine of 75 cents for plagiarism.
When the University reopened its doors after
the Civil War in 1875, President Kemp Battle
adopted an honor system on examinations which
required students to sign a pledge that they had
neither given nor received help on the exam.
Violators of the system were tried before their
respective class and, if convicted, were asked by
the class to leave the University. The students were
now in charge of conduct within the classroom,
while the faculty still controlled conduct outside
In 1884 the faculty required that all students
belong to one of the two societies, which were held
responsible for the students conduct. This measure
was reversed a few years later, reflecting the les-
By GEOFFREY MOCK
Assistant Sports Editor
It came not with a bang, but with the
quiet rolling of a ball. Seventeen years
of Maryland's domination over the North
Carolina lacrosse program came to an
end Saturday as Doug Hall's leaping
shot in the second overtime slowly moved
across the goalline to give Carolina a
13-12 victory. It was the Tar Heels' first
win ever over the Terps in lacrosse.
Hall's score came after a tightly played
regulation game in which the score was
tied 10 times and a scoreless overtime,
.and neither the second-ranked Tar -Heels...
nor the fifth-ranked Terrapins could
jump out to more than a two-goal lead.
After Carolina's defense stopped a
chance for the Terps to score, Hall took
the ball behind the Maryland goal with
just more than a minute gone in the
overtime. He moved to the front of the
goal and let loose a shot that was de
flected to the ground by a Terrapin de
fensiveman and dribbled into the goal.
"That ball was moving ever so slowly,"
UNC coach Willie Scroggs said. "It
was just out of the reach of the Mary
land players. It had just barely made it
to the goal when a defensiveman stop
ped it, but the referee had already sig
naled a goal."
Hall was just one of the Heels' of
fensive heroes. Monty Hill scored a
game high four goals while Hall, Michael
Burnett and Jeff Homire scored twice.
f.'.ks Curnstt (3) shoots cs Doug Hall (0) watches
... Hall's overtime goal gave UNC a 13-12 win
John Basil, Dave Wingate and Kevin
Griswold each scored once, Burnett
Ron Martinello, Pete WorsteU and
Jimmy Wilkerson scored three goals ,
each for the Terps.
The Tar Heels won without the ser
vices of their starting goalie, Tommy
Sears, who was out with an ankle injury.
He was replaced by Gary Waters, who
made 16 saves in his first extended ap
pearance as a goalie in a college game.
Waters was moved from midfielder .to
goalie at the beginning of the year.
"We're very proud of Gary," Scroggs
said. "We had a lot of confidence in his
ability to do the job."
The game was tied 5-5 at halftime.
Both teams had leads late in the game
but neither found the momentum to
pull away. "Steve Stenerson did a good
job of controlling the face-offs," Scroggs
said. "That was a key. He never let
Maryland get a chance to come down
right after a score and get another one."
The Terps had a two-goal lead in the
fourth period, but two Homire scores
tied it up. The Tar Heels went ahead
later in the game and seemed to have a
lock on the game when Wilkerson scored'
for Maryland on a penalty play with 14
seconds left to tie the game and to send ,
it into overtime.
"We knew in overtime that it was going
to be our game," Hall said. "Wilkerson's
score hurt us a bit, but we came out fired
up. We were in slightly better physical
shape than they were. Both teams were
in good shape, but it was a hot day that
took a lot out of us."
Carolina is now 4-0, 2-0 in the Atlantic
Coast Conference. Maryland drops to 5-1.
The win puts the Heels in excellent
shape for a run at their first ACC title
ever. If the Heels beat Duke this Sunday,
they will clinch a tie for the conference
sening influence of the literary societies.
An article in The Daily Tar Heel on February
28, 1895, pointed out the problems of control by
the societies, stating there was no way to investigate
cases of cheating and other acts of academic dis
honesty when they were committed by students
not belonging to a society.
During the late 1890s there was much discussion
of the formation of a University Senate, to be
comprised of four seniors, three juniors, two
sophomores and one freshman, to act in conjunc
ture with the faculty to govern the University. As
part of their duties, the Senate would prevent
cheating and administer the proper punishment
when cases came up. .
In 1904 a proposal made by President Francis
P. Venable resulted in the formation of the first
student governing organization. Called the Univer
sity Council, the body was composed of the presi
dents of the three upper classes, a second-year
student from each of the three professional schools
and a chairman chosen by the other six members.
The University Council became the heart of the
honor system. A student found guilty of cheating or
other academic misconduct was demanded by the
Council to leave the University, according to Bat
tle's History of The University of North Carolina.
In 1 92 1 the University Council became known as
the Student Council and the president of the student
body became the chairman of the council.
The codes began to form in the late 1920s, with
the first definite mention of an honor code appear
ing in the 1929-30 issue of the Carolina Handbook.
By 1 933 the codes had been formed, with a clear
difference existing between the Honor Code and
the Campus Code.
Student Body President Haywood Weeks, in
1932, said, "Breaches of honor are in a far differ
ent category from breaches of conduct and should
be judged differently. To confuse the Honor System
is to destroy it."
Evidence is first seen for a division between the
administrative branch of Student Government and
the judicial branch in the 1935-36 Carolina Hand
book. Before the 1930s, the honor system and Stu
dent Government were one and the same, according
to Exum's report.
See HONOR on page 2
773 H (fJTITj
"1 O 71
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The Associated Press
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia Soviet President Leonid I.
Brezhnev's arrival here Sunday to attend a Communist Party
meeting gave rise to speculation that he would preside at a summit
of Warsaw Pack leaders to decide whether to send troops into
Meanwhile, fresh Warsaw Pact units were reported being
rushed to maneuvers along Poland's borders.
'In the concentration and jump-off points, army members
were' informed politically and militarily of the upcoming com
bat mission," the East German news agency ADN said in re
porting the new call-up Sunday. It did not elaborate on the
. The agency said that during meetings with their Soviet coun
terparts, Warsaw Pact troops expressed their determination to
use all means "to protect the Socialist community and the peace
ful life of all citizens against the attacks of imperialism," an
often-repeated Soviet assessment of the situation in Poland.
ApN said the Warsaw Pact nations sent fresh troops from
"deep inside their own territory" to the nearly two-week-old
Soyuz 81 maneuvers in and near Poland. It said the new units
included tank, rocket, artillery, reconnaissance and communi
cations forces, which arrived by rail and truck under the cover
of jet fighters.
"The commander-in-chief and commanders organized the
rapid movement of new forces with their staffs," ADN said.
Communist Party and Western diplomatic sources suggested
that the leaders of other Warsaw Pact nations might arrive in
Prague later in the day, but there were rumors in Prague that
Polish Communist Party boss Stanislaw Kania had not been
invited to attend the 16th Czechoslovak Communist Party
Congress, which began today.
A Romanian delegation arrived late Saturday - without party
chief Nicolae Ceausescu. Ceausecu, a maverick in the commu
nist camp, has said Poland should be allowed to solve its prob
lems without external interference.
Romanian leaders also did not attend the six-nation Warsaw
Pact summit meeting in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, three weeks
before the Soviet invasion there.
As Brezhnev left Moscow, the Soviet Communist Party
newspaper Pravda said that a "direct struggle was being waged
against socialism in Poland and that "outside reactionary forces"
were behind it. The language was almost identical to that used to
explain the 1968 Soviet military intervention in Czechoslovakia.
Asked about the new troop movements and their implications,
Washington spokesmen for the State Department and Pentagon
had identical comments: "I have nothing on it."
In London, Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger said Brezh
nev's appearance at the Prague Congress showed the seriousness
of the situation in Poland. But he said it was good that the
Soviet Union was consulting with other Warsaw Pact nations.
Vice President George Bush briefed
hospitalized President Ronaid Regan on
the world situation. Bush told reporters
outside George Washington University
Hospital that Reagan "is fully on top of
the situation. That's the main point I
want to make. It's not useful to go into
any more detail."- '
U.S. Secretary of State Alexander M.
f w Haig Jr. was reported to have told his
I lit j hosts in Cairo that the fast-changing
s ronsn situation could force him to cut
Brezhnev short his Mideast tour.
The State Department press office was staffed Sunday, but
spokeswoman Sandra McCarty said that was normal when the
secretary of state was abroad.
"When you have a major problem like Poland in the world,
we're always watching that and are very cognizant of it," she said.
Haig went from Cairo to Jerusalem Sunday and is scheduled to
leave for Aman, Jordan, today. He is due back in Washington
Saturday after stops in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Rome, Madrid,
London, Paris and Bonn.
Weinberger will attend a meeting of NATO's Nuclear Planning
Group in Bonn on Tuesday and Wednesday.
Senate Minority Leader Robert C. Byrd said he thought the
United States "has ruled out any military options" in the event of
an invasion of Poland.
Byrd, on CBS's "Face the Nation," also said it was "bad judg
ment for Haig and Weinberger to be out of the country while
Reagan is convalescing.
-.:77 77 77
eyes woum require rejeremmum
U 1 M- mu CovK
Junlta ICrcps dines with Pcnhcllanic delegates
... spoke to 600 women at conference Saturday
ss w nL w
Ljr llj iy ljj sj u w
By LOUISE GUN'TFJl
Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce
Juar.ita M. Krcps told more than SCO
wemrn Saturday that they should not
expect too much of themselves.
"I urge you not to Co everything you are
expected to do," Krcps said. "Reins able
.to hie a career and a family doc not
endow you wi:h super-human s:rcrt.?.th.,..
Yours women cie disenchanted with the
myth that they can do cNcrytS inj."
Krers ipokc cm "Farewell to Surer
woman" to the delegates cf the annual
Cn n P" i " fAn f ' f
src.nscreJ by The Ur.ivmity of North
Care hr-a rhcHemc Council.
Kreps served as secretary of commerce
frn:n J2.nu.1ry JV?7 to December V)Ti
cf::rl -'-jt..:iv .r; 1 1 f D U
U ',. : ';y IV73. 4 ' e l.rt
V v .K ' J I ' I C. I lv) t 7 C
ihu woman ought to try to do every
thing and do it perfectly," Krcps said.
"Realistically, we must accept that we
can have a dose of every thing, and that
will have to suffice.
"The harder we're wilhng to work,
the better we'll da. But in our effort to
do everything perfectly, we'll not enjoy
our life as much as we could."
; Women should not be intimidated by
what they sec others tbin?, the said. "We
da net all have to arrive at a fuU-t'own ca
reer c:i any particular saheda'.e, and c'ar.g
the way wc will survive by com prom i.e."
Krcpi ufed the delegates to be senii
ttve to the demands made cf them. She
a! - t.r. J them to t'c;lap a strcnj;
e f pii'-areas cf fcm!y,
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By ELAINE McCLATCHEY
Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs Donald A. Boulton
said Sunday that any mandatory student fee to pay for
food services renovations would have to be proposed as
a student referendum before being instituted.
The mandatory student fee under consideration would
charge all University students a set amount between $1
and $10 to pay for renovations in Lenoir Hall and Chase
The mandatory student fee is one of two options being
considered by the Food Services Advisory Committee that
Boulton has been reluctant to support. Boulton said at a
Campus Governing Council meeting March 20 that the
mandatory meal plan for freshmen, another option,
would not be considered by the administration.
Boulton said he would not support a mandatory stu
dent fee unless the renovation planned was for a multi
purpose facility that could be ucd by the student body
as a nightspot and for meetings and banquets.
1 f the proposal is set as a food sen ice renovation only,
the students who use the facility should have to help pay
for it, Boulton said, adding that a customer in a restau
rant pays for the meal as well as the building and the labor.
Boulton said he did not support the mandatory meal
plan for freshmen because there were other alternatives
that were more feasible.
"There are better ways of making the food plan
work than requiring it," he said.
He contrasted mandatory general college require
ments to mandatory requirements for food service. He
said he supported mandatory action for bettering the
academic side of the University but that mandatory
action for food services was not justified. "When it
comes to eating, there are a few things I like to do my
Boulton said the plan would also be very difficult to put
into action. "Even if we required all freshmen (to be on a
mandatory meal plan), we couldn't feed them anyway."
Setting a lower price for rent for students who buy a
room-and-board package is one option Boulton said he
would like to see considered.
The package could be offered at a lower price
because students who bought a meal plan would not be
cooking in their rooms and, therefore, would not be
using as much electricity, Boulton said.
FSAC Chairman Douglas Fivers said a lower price
for a room-and-board package had not been discussed.
Another option being considered is to have certain resi
dence halls have mandatory meal requirements, he said.
Student Body President Scott Norberg eaid he was
pleased that Boulton did not support the mandatory
actions being considered.
"Compared to other campuses, there arc so many al
ternatives to food service," Norberg said. "We can cat
in our rooms, downtown.... 20 percent (of the
students) are members of fraternities and sororities....
CO percent of the students live off campus.
" So before you start considering any sort of manda
tory fee for food service on this campus, you have to
remember that no matter what we do, there arc going to
be a great number of people who don't use the food
service just became there are so many alternatives.
"Before we start pouring money and adding improvements-
to the facility, its crucial that we show that an
improvement will mean a substantially greater number
of students will go," he said.
then laid that none of the options for financing the
food service renovations had teen eliminated.
"We don't have any option on the financing side ready
to fa with at present," he said. "We've been discuvJng
Americans are facing the prca:eit assault on their civ J
liberties in 30 years, both from the conservative Moral
Majority and from political leaders who sympathize with
ihcir v iew s, Ira GlasH-r, executive d.ectcr of the American
Cisi! Liberties Union, said FriJ-iy,
Gh-cr spcte on "The Threat to Civil Liberties from
the Moral Majority" in the Howell Hall auditorium.
The speech w as co-i periled by the Charxl I Q-CanbofO
A CI U and the UNC-Chapd 1 P Chapter cf Americans
11.:.. t !p .-..!:, G": .r,
j';i:)S,:.vu' j;,'.. -.v, .:;a:lv..l!i!;p...';';
if t:':l Itfb '. Mm '; jl .III e ?! 'J
groups m its utilization of subtle and sophisticated tac
tics, Ghisscr said. For example, the Moral Majority h
using its opposition to busing as a way to maintain seg
regation instead of directly opposing integration.
The Moral Majority success in banning boolsfrom
public school libraries can also be attributed in part to
that subtle kind of influence. Chafer said. Since school
I Irarirs can carry cr! a certain rmr -r cf h - U.
suhr- !i ccr.'l:x the corUv.l cf V. t wh.-n J .i b
ir v.h'.ch t -:1 ' to ch a.
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ri ,hts. If p,.'. .d. the I :i w 1 1 isi:v. .:! r. pcsutle
ir cnf. rvc w.:h-v! i-l ; ffacy i m-.my r;d.
vidujiv, he said.
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