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To Constitutional amendment
A bortio n iss ue emphasis, shifts
By KATHERINE LONG
DTH Staff Writer.
The abortion issue limelight will shift
this fall from a bill defining life to a Con
stitutional amendment banning abortions,
groups on both sides of the issue said
But any legislation to ban abortions is
at least a year away, they said.
Earlier this summer, Sen. John East,
R-N.C, headed a Senate subcommittee
that passed the Human Life Bill. The bill,
written by Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C, de
fines life as beginning at conception and
defines conception as fertilization.
But passage of the bill by the subcom
mittee is only the beginning of a long pro
cess to send the bill through the House
and Senate for a vote that may not take
place until next year, said East's press sec
retary, Jerry Woodruff.
A number of pro-choice groups agreed
that the bill would not be passed soon, and
said recently that East's eight-day hearings
From staff reports
Someone in North Carolina is going
to have to stamp out a lot of license
plates in the next few years. All 1975
North Carolina license plates are in the
process of being replaced by the N.C.
Department of Transportation's Divi
sion of Motor Vehicles.
Since August 1, the Department has
been replacing license plates in the series
numbering AAA-101 through JAY-999. .
"We are replacing these 1975 license
plates because these are the oldest plates
and many are faded and illegible," said
Motor Vehicles Commissioner Elbert L.
Peters Jr. The replacement process will
take one year, he said.
Drivers receiving new plates will re
ceive ones similar to those they currently
have. A new license plate commemora
ting the Wright brothers 1903 flight will
probably be issued by January, said
Gonzalie Rivers, Director of the Vehicles
Service Section. .'.'
UNC students who need to renew
their licenses should go to the License
Plate Agency in Carrboro, located on
There have been a flurry of problems
getting this year's batch of plates out to
the public, and in recent weeks, a num
ber of headaches have developed for
First it was noticed that in the special
edition plates featuring the Wright bro
thers airplane gliding gracefully over a
duneline, several parts of the airplane
were not consistant with the original
1903 Wright Flyer. Indeed, it was not
quite the same plane, and DOT officials,
after having been notified of the error,
said they would make the appropriate
A far more widespread, if minor, pro
blem crept up last week when it was dis
covered that because some of the em
bossed letters and plates had been moved
on the plate's surface, it was impossible
to properly fit the validation sticker onto
its proper space without overlapping
around the edges. DOT officials said the
problem was insignificant, and said the
plates would be sufficient to do the job.
March ot Dimes
"This is not a legal but a religious ques
tion," said UNC professor of obstetrics
and gynecology Dr. J. F. Hulka. "I per
sonally found it inappropriate, as did a
lot of medical constituents."
Hulka said the question of when life
begins was a question of "when does the
soul enter the body," and that every faith
had a different opinion.
'The sperm is human and alive; the egg
is human and alive," he said. "One-third
of the eggs never make it to being born.
"They're missing the point," he said.
"I think the whole issue was improper."
Hulka said that raising the abortion
question in a subcommittee was a clever
way of keeping the issue off the floor of
UNC student health doctor Mary Jane
Gray, president of the North Carolina
Chapter of the National Abortion Rights
Action League, agreed that the subcom
mittee effectively tabled the question for
a while. But she said the anti-abortion
drive remained a "continuing threat."
"Overall, things haven't changed over the
summer," she said.
This fall, the Constitutional Subcom
mittee led by an abortion opponent, Re
publican Sen.. Orrin Hatch of Utah, will
hold hearings on five or six proposed
amendments to the Constitution that
would make abortions illegal. The sub
committee then will make a recommenda
That recommendation, along with the
Human Life Bill, . will be debated in the
Judiciary Committee this spring, and a
recommendation will be sent to the Senate
floor. If approved, legislation will go
through the same process in the House.
If the Human Life Bill becomes law, it
will give states alone the power to answer
the abortion question.
"It would probably ban most abor
tions," Woodruff said, adding that he
thought most states would vote to ban
abortions. But he said a statute would not
require states to pass any laws for or
Although some proposed bills also
would make certain forms of birth control
Monday, August 24, 1981 The Daily Tar Heel 11 A
leci group produces
current legal joiima
illegal, Woodruff said the Human Life BUI
would leave that question to the states.
Woodruff said East preferred a statute to
a law because it was a "less dramatic"
Gray said that if the question came
down to the N.C. legislature, abortions
would continue in the state.
"The legislature here has consistently
by small but steady margins favored
bills to continue abortion funding," she
By LAURIE BRADSHER
DTH Staff Writer
While most students were settling into
dorms and readjusting to life "on the
hill," some students were already hard at
work. One such group was the staff of
The Law Review.
The Law Review is a legal journal pro
duced by a select group of students and
an adviser in the law school. The paper
back book, produced six times a year,
contains articles pertaining to current law
Being on The Law Review staff is a
recognition of grades and writing ability.
Most members are chosen based on first
year grades. The top 10 percent of the ris
ing second-year class is asked to join. Ris
ing third-year students in the upper 10
percent of their class also may serve.
"Being on the law review is something
people are always working toward," said
Hank Ralston, a newcomer to The Law
Oversupply of gas lowers some prices
indents pay less for
By DEBORAH GOODSON .
DTH Staff Writer
Even though the General Assembly approved a
3-cent gasoline tax increase this summer, in some
instances, students actually are paying less for gas. .
"We have an over-abundance of gasoline, and the
price is dropping," said Quentin Anderson, public
relations director for the Carolina Motor Club
American Automobile Association.
According to Paul Jackson, manager of West
Franklin Street Gulf, every tank of his gas came
down after the increase, some as much as 2 cents a
Billy Watkins, a spokesman for M.M. Fowler, Inc.,
which distributes to area Gulf stations, also attributed
prices to an oversupply.
"Basically, prices have stayed level even though
the state tax went up," he said. "The major oil com
panies went down on prices about the same time the
.gasoline tax was enacted. Therefore, people haven't
really felt the increase of the hike. And they're buy
ing as much gas as ever."
The gasoline tax, which marked the first general
state tax increase of any kind in a decade, raised the
tax from 9.25 to 12.25 cents. It became effective July 1 .
Orange County legislators Joe Hackney, Patricia
Hunt and Charles Vickery supported the increase.
According to Doris Gupton, spokesperson for the
state's Department of Transportation, Gov. Jim Hunt
proposed the increase after reviewing recommenda
tions from the blue-ribbon study commission headed
py f orrner Gov Dan K. Mobre?, , V: ;; :'
"In the last 30 years, we've raised the gasoline tax
one time and that was in 1969," she said. "Everything
is going up. Gasoline prices have more than tripled in
the last decade. The cost of maintaining our highways
has increased 200 percent in the last 10 years, but our
revenues, from gasoline have not increased propor
tionally." Gupton also noted that while people were taking
. more trips than ever, they were not buying as much
gas due to more fuel-efficient cars.
North Carolina was one of 17 states that had to in
crease gas taxes this year. Several states did not suc
ceed in ratifying their proposals.
"North Carolina has a special commitment to
good roads, because we have a reputation for having
them," said Gupton. "But people have to realize rev
enues will be used for maintenance primarily and not
for new construction."
North . Carolina, with 75,000 miles of highways,
has the largest state-maintained highway system in
The gasoline tax, part of Hunt's "Good Roads"
package, also included a rebate which was defeated.
: As originally proposed, the rebate would have been
equal to the additional costs of the tax for necessary
The "Good Roads" package also raised the cost of
a driver's license from $4 to $10.
Gov. Hunt defended his action by associating good
roads with increased economic development in the
state and by noting that North Carolina is basically a
rural state with many small cithes and spread-out
communities, dependent on a good transportation
Hunt's spokesmen also declined to comment on the
possibility of an additional gas tax increase in 1983.
In other legislative actioi which happened over the
summer, a proposal to increase the cigarette tax was
defeated. North Carolina, with 148,000 citizens em
ployed in tobacco farming and tobacco-related in-
L, 1 1 """
mti wcitf3s tax
cfc . o
Due to abundance, prices are down
dustries, currently has the lowest tobacco tax in the
A state system was established to manage hazard
ous wastes, and $24.4 million was appropriated for a
microelectronics center in the Research Triangle Park
to attract microelectronics industries to the state.
Other action included making bid-rigging a felony
crime, banning drug paraphernalia, increasing state
aid to private colleges and reducing the number of
state jobs. .
The General Assembly, which will reconvene in
October, will wrap-up the $11.7 billion budget for
1981-1983. , ?
Other issues hkely to come up are the severance tax,
pay raises for state employees and teachers and a 50
percent increase in the state tax on beer, wine and
"The Review is the most prestigious
award, next to the Order of the Coif,
awarded to the top 10 percent of the
senior class," Editor Kent Auberry said.
A few writers are also selected through
a writing competition held in the spring
and are judged by the editorial board,
which consists of the senior members,
over the summer months. The competi-.
tion is stiff and the standards are rigid for
this group. This year's winners of the
writing competition were chosen last
Students on the staff must research and
submit two articles. One article, a note, is
an analysis of a particular case or statute;
the second article is a survey; a shorter
note, which deals with a broader issue of
the law. The journal's final issue contains
surveys which sum up all the important
North Carolina cases of that year.
Though students receive no credit
hours for their work, time spent on the
Review helps prepare them for future
jobs. "You learn a lot about research that
will help in your practice, even if the ma
terial isn't directly related to classes,"
The staff of The Law Review worked
through a backlog of work last week and
is now right on schedule. This staff will
"match with the calendar year," as it is
the first to produce an issue on time in
several years, Auberry said. The first is
sue is scheduled to be published in Oc
tober. Articles for the Review are submitted
by practicing attorneys, professors, staff
members and other law students. Space
limitations often dictate whether or not
many of these articles will be printed.
Most law schools have a publication
similar to the Review. The journal is,
found in all law libraries and is used es
pecially for research. Attorneys will often
cite material from such publications for
reference, and judges sometimes refer to
these journals when making decisions.
Only area grocery
store with both
VISA and MASTER
: Locally Owned
APO sells tests
Tired of those seemingly unending lines at
the bookstore? Unhappy with paying more than
$25 for one book? Looking for a better way?
The Alpha Phi Omega book co-op may pro
vide -an answer to these commonly shared prob
lems. Students are able to buy and sell used
books at reduced prices at the co-op. Lillie
Eyrich, book co-op chairman, said, "APO
sponsors the semiannual book co-op to provide
students with an alternative to the Student
Stores. The students set their Own prices, of
which 15 percent goes to the Bernard Grail
Scholarship Fund. Last year we were able to
donate $9,000 to the fund."
The last day for collecting books is today.
Sales begin today and extend through Thurs
day in 202-204 of the Carolina Union. Students
will be able to collect money and unsold .books
during cash-back days, which are scheduled
for Friday and Sept. 1 in the same rooms.
Books unclaimed during regular cash-bask
days will be held in the APO complex in the
basement of the Carolina Union until Sept. 15,
Eyrick said. Books or cash unclaimed by then
will become the property of APO and will be
donated to the Scholarship Fund.
Car A f Qif t Sk op
CHAPEL HILL'S FINEST ASSORTMENT
UNC T-Shirts, Mugs, & Gift Items
School Supplies Memo Boards
Chapel Hill's Largest Selection Of
Greeting Cards By
Hallmark, Boynton, & Ziggy
122 E. Franklin . NexttoRevco 942-2516
Tuesday, September Q
at 0:88 p.m.
i AdniGclon Firco
A Presentation of the
Carolina Union Forum Committee
iiiiHG WOD GG
Sm CEnaroG! EMU
LD.;b3tiind. mm Mm -T-shirts!
f Mew thg&suxuLS
carries magazines, study aids,
and 34,000 good books!
"The best little bookstore south of
the Mason-Dixon line."
vhen purchases as a set!
Sale price of $22.00
Open 8 am-9 p.m. M-F, 10-5 Sat:
At back of Student Stores sales floor
UNC Student Stores
. r -r
' - -
Ul f If
Y7' i yfichi
good through August