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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
A list of feature writers will
be posted at The Daily Tar
Heel office Wednesday after
noon. All those listed should
attend the features meeting
Thursday at 5:30 p.m. at The
DTH office in the Union.
Volume ffi, Issue
Wednesday, September 2, 1S81 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Scott Norberg and ElChino Martin discuss SLS $5 fee at Tuesday night's CGC meeting
... in other action the CGC approved Mark Jacobson as Election Board chairman
CGC stops Norberg
SLS fee to he studied reexamined
By JONATHAN SMYLIE
DTH Staff Writer
Student Body President Scott Norberg said Tuesday night he
would not issue an executive order for Student Legal Services to
begin charging a $5 fee for continued legal service, despite a
Monday statement that he would ask SLS to adopt the fee today.
Norberg's decision came after the Campus Governing Council
voted Tuesday night to send the bill back to the Finance Com
mittee for further study.
"I will not impose the order in light of the small amount of
.understanding and the unwillingness on the part of the council
to take the time tonight to examine the bill," Norberg said, add
ing he still supported the plan.
In other action, after heated debate, the council approved
Norberg's appointment of Mark Jacobson as Election Board
Some members of the council questioned the grounds for ap
pointing Jacobson... Council member- Kevin xYow, pointed out
that Jacobson, Norberg and Finance Committee Chairman Mike
Vandenbergh were members of the same fraternity.
Yow said possible association of several fraternity brothers in
Student Government could undermine the students' confidence
in the election process.
Norberg said Jacobson displayed the leadership and organi
zational qualities needed to do the job well.
"He has good organizational skills," he said. "Having been
on the other side lends a valuable perspective to the job," Nor
berg said, pointing to Jacobson's experience working on a Daily
Tar Heel editorial campaign in last spring's elections.
Concerning the SLS user fee, Norberg said he had wanted the
bill passed Tuesday night because the validity of the experiment
would be jeopardized if it began any later in the semester.
"The testing period won't be long enough to decide whether it
(the fee) will work,' Norberg said.
He added that the delay would push the needed time to con
duct the experiment one semester into the spring. Then
there would be little time to analyze the results if the information
was to be used during the budgeting process.
Norberg said the experiment would be useless if not completed
before the budget hearings.
SLS is allotted almost one-fourth the student fee allocations.
Norberg said the fee could increase the money available jto other
organizations without taking away from the funds needed by
Council members said they needed more time to study and
understand the possible effects of the fee proposal before voting.
The Associated Press
LOS ANGELES President Ronald
Reagan has ordered new cuts in an already
pared 1982 federal budget because high
interest rates are jeopardizing his goal of
holding the fiscal year's deficit to $42.5
billion, a White House spokesman said
Deputy White House press secretary
Larry Speakes indicated that even with a
new round of cuts, the president may be
forced to abandon his promise to hold
the 1982 deficit to the level projected
Speakes also said Reagan was prepared
to delete up to $30 billion from his 1983
and 1984 defense budgets and would be
given written recommendations today
from Defense Secretary Caspar Weinber
ger where to make the cuts.
White House Chief of Staff James A.
Baker III had told reporters in a series of
interviews Monday that Reagan would
make, defense cuts of $20-$30 billion
and possibly more in an effort to bal
ance the budget by 1984.
However, the administration also is
faced with a ballooning deficit for fiscal
1982, which begins Oct. 1 , mainly because
higher-than-anticipated interest rates are
driving up the government's borrowing
"Assuming everything else remains the
same we will be forced to increase the
1 982 deficit by virtue of the interest rates,"
Speakes said Tuesday at a briefing.
But he refused to say how much the
deficit may be increased and said Reagan
was prepared to "look for additional cuts
in the form of savings that will enable us
to come down to $42.5 billion."
"That is still our goal ... but we have to
face reality," said Speakes.
Some senior administration officials
said privately that without a new round
of budget cuts, the deficit could soar
above $60 billion.
Speakes said Reagan "is going to take
a sharp knife on these 1982 budgets in or
der to hold the line on the deficit. We rea
lize it's going to be a difficult job, but it's
still our goal to get $42.5 billion.".
He said the Office of Management and
Budget had not formally changed its pro
jections, but "certainly we recognize that
the assumptions that OMB made with re
gard to interest rates are underestimated
and that the interest is making it difficult
to meet that $42.5 billion goal.".
Ed Dale, an OMB spokesman, said in
Washington Reagan had ordered budget
director David A. Stockman to come up
with additional spending cuts for 1982 be
yond those already proposed by the presi
dent or approved by Congress.
In Milwaukee, Stockman said the ad
ministration would be unveiling its new
cutback proposals within a week. Among
the possibilities, he said, were the elimina
tions of some federal agencies and further
cuts in the federal work force.
Dale would not say how much the new
cuts would total, but he said every agency
was vulnerable. He stressed that the new
cuts are in addition to about $14 billion in
Social Security cuts and other program
reductions that Reagan proposed in
March but has been unable to get through
Congress thus far.
Even without the problem of higher-than-anticipated
interest rates, the pro
jected $42.5 billion deficit assumes Con
gress will go along with the $14 billion in
While the administration estimated an
interest rate of 13.6 percent this year, the
current interest on three-month Treasury
bills is 15.6 percent. For 1982, the Reagan
administration is predicting a 10.5 percent
rate on the three-month bills, but con
gressional experts estimate it will be closer
to 12.6 percent.
For every 1 percent increase in interest
rates, spending is estimated to increase by
$4 billion because of government pay
ments on its debts.
Beyond the 1982 cuts Reagan will seek,
the president also is looking for a total of
$75 billion in budget cuts in 1983 and
1984, Speakes said.
Jordan Meservoir unofficially opens
after, 18 years of controversy, delay
By DIANE LUPTON
DTH Slaff Wriier "
The motors whirred, the gates lowered and the beginning of
the B. Everett Jordan Lake became a reality.
It took six minutes Tuesday to end 1 8 years of controversy and
"I pushed a button which lowered the gates to a predetermined
opening," said Col. Robert Hughes, commander of the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers (Wilmington
district), which is responsible for the Jor
dan Reservoir project.
Approximately 100 state officials and
visitors stood on the observation deck
over the dam and watched the water flow
slowly through the gates.
. The lake, formed at the confluence of v,
the Haw and New Hope rivers, will take
about two months to fill, Hughes said,
although extreme rainfall or drought could
change that figure.
Although the lake could have been
opened earlier in the summer, Hughes said
wildlife and fisheries concerns had delayed
the opening until September. The official
opening ceremony is scheduled for April.
"There is less green vegetation (in the fall) to fill up the lake
and the odor from chlorophyll is lessened," said Samuel J.
Thomasson, deputy director of the Division of Parks and Recre
ation in the North Carolina Department of Natural Resources
and Community Development.
Food supply is also an important reason the lake could not be
formed until after the summer months, he said.
"With a slow fill, the animals can put (food) in (for winter),"
"The colonel said, 'I'm going to close these gates at 1 1 a.m.
sharp'," said Jim'Diggs, a postal .carrier and resident of the
former Farrington community, which the lake will cover. "He
said we had waited long enough."
Residents of the Farrington community and others had their
land purchased by the Corps as early as 1963, when the reservoir
site was approved for construction. Al
though there was bitterness at the time,
most of the people present at Tuesday's
gate closing seemed glad to have the lake.
"It's about time," "It's so beautiful,"
and "I can't believe it's finally here," were
some of their exclamations.
The purposes for the entire reservoir
are flood control, water supply, water
quality control and recreation, Hughes
said. " .
The lake will be filled to a level of 190
feet while Corps workers finish some con
struction. In January, it will be allowed to
reach its standard level of 216 feet, he said.
Water flows through the gates at a rate
of 100 cubic feet per second. Prior to the closing of the gates, the
flow was twice that.
"We'll be impounding anything above that (100 cubic feet)
rate which comes through," Hughes said.
See LAKE on page 2
By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
WANTED: Five or six brave, young ar
tists. Must be daring and unafraid of
heights. Report with paintbrushes in
hand to the Manning Drive water tower.
The South Campus water tower,
long the target of paint-wielding van
dals, received a new coat of paint this
summer, courtesy of the Orange Water
and Sewer Authority. Today it looms
clean and white next to Morrison
It is just asking for a graffiti attack.
For years, the tower has been a UNC
landmark, emblazoned with NFLO,
NROTC, apes and other graffiti. It is
now polished with a layer of antique
Some Morrison residents do not like
"I'm pissed," Roger Vredeveld, a
ninth floor resident said. "It was sort
of a trademark on campus for ninth
floor." (NFLO allegedly stands for
Ninth Floor Liberation Organization
a tradition around Morrison.)
"We don't have the water tower any
more to show the floor spirit," ninth
floor resident assistant Warren Wise
said. "I'd like to see NFLO back on it."
There is sentiment on the floor to
put it back, to sneak out one night and
paint NFLO back in its traditional place.
"There has been some talk about
how to do it," senior Jose deJesus said. .
"We've just got to figure out how. The
fence is electrified."
"The same guys who did it before
are the ones who are talking," deJesus
said. "I was with them the first time. I
was a freshman and didn't know what
the hell was going on. I waited on the
ground and watched for cops.
"Five or six of us climbed over the
fence and started working on it about
&30 a.m.," he said. "We didn't finish
until about dawn.
fc , ' if
It was damn cold that night, and it ,
took a lot of work," he said. "But we
were proud of it."
Doug Terry of OWASA said alarms
were being installed that would ring the
police if someone got close to the
tower. "We can't go that route (of little
protection) anymore; painting the tower
is too expensive," he said. "It cost
$73,000 to paint it this time." The
tower was painted both inside and out
to prevent rusting, Terry said.
"Painting the graffiti got to be a
rivalry,"' deJesus said. "We painted
NFLO up there. Then some people
from Craige dorm painted "apes" on
it. But they got caught."
"It (the graffiti) added some color,"
ninth floor resident Eric Harbinson, said.
"It's a trademark of South Campus."
Harbinson suggested that one solu
tion to the problem might be to allow a
group of students up on the tower under
supervision. "It could be a school land
mark, and it might stop them from
painting it in the middle of the night."
But, sophomore Ronald Dixon, who
also lives on ninth floor, disagreed. "I
think it's good that it was painted over;
it kind of symbolizes a new beginning
for the floor."
But, deJesus said the graffiti did little
harm. "It was nothing gross, or any
thing like that," he said.
"It definitely needs something,"
Harbinson said. "I don't like it plain."
A few. students have been caught in
past attempts to paint the 25-year-old
tower, Terry said. "The last ones we
caught had to pay for what they had
jPs tal offic mh go img uhemd wtih mme-(Mj SF
By JAMEE OSBORN
DTH Staff Writer
U.S. Postal Service officials are going ahead
with plans to fragment the Chapel Hill area to ac
commodate the new nine-digit ZIP Code system,
and at least one area business is worried the changes
will increase costs and create new problems in mail
Area businesses and some residents have been
notified of their new, longer code and have been
encouraged to start using it, said Nancy Wood,
manager of retail sales and service for the Postal
Service in Raleigh.
Wood said Tuesday the new code was sent to
Chapel Hill businesses and box holders on Aug.
10. The nine-digit ZIP, or "ZIP Plus 4," was im
plemented nationally in May 1980.
Structured on a voluntary basis, the program
will add an extra four digits to the five-digit num
ber now in use. The first two digits of the four-digit
addition indicate a certain city segment, called a
sector, and the last two digits indicate a specific
block or building within the sector.
The plan calls for dividing Chapel Hill into 48
sectors. The University would be chopped into
eight sectors, while rural routes outside the city
limits would have nine sectors.
Small businesses, residences, and dormitories
will be notified of their nine-digit codes in early
1982. The campus mail system, however, has been
notified of their codes already and has put them in
Michael Strong, administrative manager of the
campus mail, said he had been working with the
postal service on the new ZIP codes for about a
year. He also served on an executive committee re
searching the effects of the ZIP code changes in
the Triangle area.
Though the campus mail would be using the sys
tem, Strong said the new ZIP would hot affect de
livery of campus mail. "We sort mail by depart
ment, and the post office sorts it by building," he
said. "We will still have to sort it all by hand."
Strong said campus mail handled about 50,000
pieces of mail per day, and processed a letter in
four to six hours.
"The University buildings have a three-digit
building code," Strong said. "We will be using the
regular five-digit ZIP, a prefix indicating whether
the building is academic affairs or health affairs,
and then the three-digit university building code."
The prefix for academic buildings is sue, and the
number Jbr health affairs is seven.
Businesses have been unconvinced about the
system and are taking a wait-and-see attitude,
Strong said of the new code's effect on bulk
Business mail comprises 85 percent of all U.S.
mail. Banks and utilities, two major bulk users of
the mail system in the Chapel Hill area, would, be
profoundly affected by the change.
"The cost of converting the computer address file
for such businesses would be between $400,000
and $1 million, depending on the volume of mail
handled by the business," Strong said.
John Kincaid, district manager of Duke Power,
said, "Whether or not we use the nine-digit ZIP
depends on how much trouble is involved."
"The nine-digit ZIP will require significant
computer programming changes," he said. "This
will definitely.have some economic impact on us.
Whenever we have an increase in operation cost, it
ultimately shows in the customer's bill.
However, since residents will not receive their
new ZIP codes until next year, Kincaid said it was
really too early to tell how much of an economic
impact the program would have on Duke Power.
Wood said the nine-digit ZIP code had advan
tages because the Postal Service would be able' to
handle a larger volume of mail more efficiently.
"Eighty-five percent of postal expenses is labor,"
she said. "Right now, mail is sorted by Letter Sor
ting Machines (LSM). The machines can sort 1,800
pieces of mail per employee per hour."
However, LSMs can read only the five-digit ZIP
code, Wood said. "The nine-digit ZIP code is read
on a machine called an Optical Character Reader
(OCR). These machines can sort 10,000 pieces of
man per employee per nour. she saia.
Strong said it would take at least ten years to fully
implement the nine-digit ZIP code.
He said another potential problem of the new
plan would be that the system would be difficult to
use. The new nine-digit ZIP codes would not be
readily available to the public, he said.
"There is one directory thai lists all the ZIP
codes in the couniry," he said. "If you redid the
directory in include all the new nine-digit ZIP
codes, you would need 30 directories."