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10The Daily Tar HeelfTrtursday, September 10, 1981
Jim Hummel. Eiwr
SUSAN MAUNEY, Managing Editor'
MARK MURRELL, Associate Editor
Jonathan Rich, Associate Editor
EDWINA RALSTON. University Editor
JOHN ROYSTER, Gty Editor
CHARLES HERNDON, State and National Editor
BETH BURRELl. News Editor
CLIFTON BARNES. Sports Editor
Tom Moore. Arts Editor
KEITH KING. Features Editor
SCOTT SHARPE, Photography Editor
Ann Peters, Spotlight Editor
Chuck James, Ombudsman '
With only 10 months left before the June 30, 1982, deadline for passage
of the Equal Rights Amendment, supporters have pledged a final cam
paign to push the amendment through the N.C. General Assembly. Al
though many view the amendment as a dead issue, the General Assembly
and public should take a final objective look at the ERA before banishing
it for posterity.
North Carolina is one of 15 states that has not ratified the ERA and
one of only five or six that national women's rights leaders feel might do
so. As only three more states are needed to ratify the amendment, North
Carolina has become a battleground for proponents and opponents of the
Much of the controversy surrounding the legislation in North Carolina
has not centered on the bill itself but the slick maneuvering of state politi
cians. The ERA was first placed in check by a legislative maneuver that
sought to kill the bill in the Senate's anti-ERA Judiciary Committee. Last
spring, Senate leaders signed an agreement not to discuss, debate or vote
on the issue throughout the remainder of the 1981-1982 session of the
General Assembly, a move designed to put ERA to rest as painlessly as
Rather than seeking means to escape responsibility for a controversial
issue, politicians as well as citizens should be willing to debate and judge
the ERA on the basis of its own merits. Contrary to what several state
representatives believe, ERA will not signal the end of girls' athletics or
the girl scouts.
The Equal Rights Amendment simply ensures equality of rights under
the law to members of both sexes. While there have been federal and state
laws banning discriminatory practices based on sex, this has not and will
not guarantee against discrimination. A constitutional amendment with
the authority to override any discriminatory laws or practices is the only
way to ensure equality.
The ERA will benefit men as well as women. Just as women have been
the victims of discriminatory hiring practices and property laws, men
have been at a disadvantage in insurance practices and divorce proceed
ings. An August Gallup poll found that 63 percent of the nation favors
the ERA. It would be a shame if political games and the acquiesence of
the public allow a misinformed minority to defeat an amendment that will
guarantee the basic right of equality.
Since it was started in February 1980, the Rape Assault and Prevention
Escort service has provided protection for hundreds of women who have
had to walk across campus after dark.
The founders of RAPE established the program after many people ex
pressed concern over the increasing number of sexual assaults in the area,
some of which involved UNC students.
Over the last 18 months, the escort service has expanded, now using 300
volunteers from the seven Olde Campus men's dorms and providing an
escort for anyone who requests protection.
Although the program has been successful, there are still many women
who do not know about the service or who hesitate to use it. This year's
director, Steve White, said many women were reluctant to request an es
cort because they thought it would inconvenience the men on call.
It is important for UNC students to be aware of the escort service and
not be afraid to use it. The RAPE office is in Mangum Residence Hall
and operates from 7 p.m.-l a.m. Sunday through Thursday, 7-11 p.m.
Fridays and 7-9 p.m. on Saturday.
Escorts have to'go through a three-stage screening process to be chosen
as participants and work on one-hour shifts.
The service is a welcome relief to many women who have to walk long
distances to get back to their dorms at night. The Orange County Rape
Crisis Center had recorded more than 40 reported rapes so far this year,
compared to 37 for 1980. And while many of the assaults involved some
one the woman knew, the cases of attacks in the Arboretum and other
poorly-lit places on campus are increasing;
It is unfortunate that Chapel Hill is no longer immune from violent
crimes, but programs like the escort service are helping to prevent sexual
assaults. Only by recognizing the value of such a program and not being
hesitant to use it will UNC students be able to combat a problem that
can no longer be ignored.
The Bottom Line
A jolted Jackie Onassis took off
her dark sunglasses and did a double
take last week after she found out that
a New York City sanitation worker
had carted 17 of her apartment's
priceless paintings off to the dump.
: A porter saw some cardboard boxes
outside Jackie O's apartment and as
sumed he was just doing his job when
he started to bury them under tons of
refuse from other Fifth Avenue apart
Luckily, the paintings were one of
the last things the truck had collected
and they had not yet been subjected
to a trash compactor when Mrs. O's
frantic maid alerted the Sanitation
So now the paintings which were
bought in India during the presidency
of JFK are framed and hanging in the
Beautiful Bouvier's boudoir high
above Manhattan. Proving, once
again, that time-tried adage, "even
into a life filled with cucumber sand
wiches, limousines and yachts, some
rain must fall."
The opening of the Fetzer Gymna
sium in August was met with cheers
from many sports-minded Tar Heels
year of editorial freedom
anxious to use the new facilities. But
the new gym has added more than
just new athletic facilities. The open
ing of the new gym means there now
is a new addition to the standard cam
pus wardrobe, which includes, of
course, gray gym sweatshirts.
For years it's been stylish to wear a
"WG" sweatshirt from Woollen Gym
over a knit shirt. Worn by preppies
with the Izod shirt hanging out the
back or worn by punkies with the
shirt collar turned up, "WG" shirts
have been the rage of the, campus.
But it looks as if the "WG" shirts
may have met their match. Slowly but
surely, a few "FG" shirts from Fetzer
are making their appearance on the
most chic students on campus. De
signers in New York and Paris are
praising the new sweatshirts, calling
them a welcome addition to the prep
and punk wardrobe. The sweatshirts
are even scheduled to appear in the
October issue of GQ the men's fash
ion magazine, a sure sign that the
sweatshirts have hit the big-time.
But don't fret if you're worried ;
that your old "WG" sweatshirt is
outdated. As your mom would tell
you, you can still wear it anyway.
And remember, styles change. In 20
years, "WG" shirts may again be the
craze. What the heck, they sure didn't
And that's the bottom line.
By JONATHAN RICH
During the past several decades this
country has undergone enormous changes
in many of its basic values and goals. The
Civil Rights movement, the counter cul
ture generation and the women's libera
tion movement all have torn at society's
fabric, replacing traditional customs with
often radically different attitudes and life
styles. Of these, the women's movement
and the subsequent revolution in traditional
sex roles and attitudes have been the most
far-reaching and influential factors shaping
While intense" scrutiny and publicity
have been accorded to women's changing
roles, the condition of men has been gen
erally neglected. Much is known about
women's efforts toward fitting themselves
into more career-oriented lives in a male-
dominated world. But what of men's de
sires to fit marriage and parenthood into
their work, to intrude into the traditionally
feminine side of society?
In an attempt to address these and other
related questions, UNC History Professor
Peter Filene has recently published a book
titled Men in the Middle. An expert on
women's history and the development of
sex roles, Filene believes that men as well
as women have changed considerably in
their view of themselves, work and family.
Filene said that most middle class men
had a different history than lower class
men, who are more tied to traditional
values of work and masculine indepen
dence. He divided the middle class into
two general age sectors: those above and
those below age 30.
"Men above the age of 30 tend to be
struggling to escape old roles of mascu
linity and the masculine mystique," Filene
said. "They know they should be willing
Letters to the editor
L oc ml. gro
To the editor:
Despite the opposition of students,
alumni, faculty and board members,
Duke's president and those trustees who
remain have seen fit to continue negotia
tions for the Nixon archives. This is less
than surprising, in light of current political
directions. However, I would like to sug
gest a constructive project which might
provide a focus for the energy, money and
expertise of those so endowed and so in
clined. The Nixon years, 1969-1974, as well as
the years immediately preceding and fol
lowing, were a period in which the politi
cal views and personal values of large seg
ments of the population differed drama
tically from the policies of the administra
tion. Many of us still hold those views and
values, which we considered verified by
"the events which led to Nixon's resigna
tion. We would like to see a more objec
tive treatment of those years than is likely
to be presented by the Nixon archives.
Perhaps there exists in the Durham
Chapel Hill community sufficient profes
sional expertise, interest, and financial
capacity to establish a non-profit research
organization dedicated to the objective
presentation of the events of the Nixon
years. This would provide visitors to our
community with another view of that tur
bulent and problematic period, the accu
rate and unbiased understanding of which
seems particularly vital at the present time.
To the editor: '
I am a Carolina graduate and like Steve
Streater, I am the victim of a spinal injury,
Will the m
By CINDY CRANFORD
Carolina. UNC-CH. Home of the 1981
ACC champs. Home of the Marching Tar
Heels. That grand, old University, actually
the first state university, situated in the
beer-drinking capital of the world.
' Everyone knows about Carolina, Dean
Smith, Amos Lawrence and all the others.
At least, I once thought everyone knew
During the summer, I slaved away in a
Winston-Salem tobacco factory and the
Editor's note: This advice is prepared by
Student Legal Services which maintains
an office in Suite A of the Carolina
Union. UNC students have prepaid for
this service and may obtain advice at no
No matter how high the costs of college
or how tempting the goods, a "five-finger
discount is no bargain. Under North
Carolina Statutes, shoplifting is a misde
meanor, punishable upon conviction by a .
fine of not more than $100 and or by im
prisonment for not more than six months.
To be convicted under the statute it
only has to be proven that you concealed
goods that you had not purchased while
still in the store. It doesn't matter if you
were only ' putting groceries into your
backpack until you got to the checkout
to ask directions when they are lost, but
they still won't do it. His mastery threat
ened, a middle class man is threatened by
feelings of weakness and insecurity that
he doesn't know how to share, especially
with other men."
The younger generation, however, does
t not have this problem, Filene said. "Is it
because these students are too young and
naive, or more likely, that they are in fact
more open to a variety of roles and more
expressive of their feelings? Younger men
are not so consumed with personal suc
cess; they are more accepting of genuine
Filene claimed that younger men have
clearly set different priorities than their
fathers and grandfathers. "There is not
the old drive they want other things,
such as being happy. To a lot more young
men, having children is quite important,
almost more so than to women. They are
. engaging in the other side of life.
"It now seems questionable that work
is still a primary force. Young workers are
not going to fulfill the old expectations of
; putting everything second to a job they
are not so willing to make the sacrifice."
The past decade has witnessed a re
evaluation of men's roles, with the emer
gence of greater equality in male-female
relationships, Filene said? "First names
aire used now rather than pet names, like
honey and darling there is greater rer
spect and love. Women can no longer be :
the emotional crutch they used to be; they
will no longer mother men on all their
fears and inadequacies. More people are
up ho uld
being paralyzed at the shoulders. New
medical evidence indicates that there might
be a chance for paralytics to walk again if
medical research is stepped up in the next
year or so.
Several million dollars is needed to con
tinue this research. So, if you would like
to help Steve and me and the thousands
of others in wheelchairs by engaging in a
letter writing campaign to persuade poli
regular employees made it clear that Chapel
Hill is by no means the center of everyone's
"Where are you going to school?", a
little old man asked, pausing between his
words as he enjoyed his chewing tobacco.
"Carolina," I answered.
A glint of recognition flickered in his
eyes. "Oh, you mean East Carolina. Yeh,
my nephew's been there a while."
After a discussion about his nephew's
career as an ECU student, I went back to
my job, dazed by the man's mistake.
"And where are you starting school
at?" a mechanic asked.
counter; the crime occurs at the moment
of concealment, not when you walk out
with the goods.
In addition, if you're tempted to lift
something from the Student Stores, be
forewarned that stealing from the
University is a Campus Code violation.
Campus Code violations are tried before
the Undergraduate Court, and if found
guilty, you could face suspension.
Advice for the day:"(l) Never conceal
anything while in a store. (2) Food in the
stomach is concealed - don't eat your
way through the grocery store. (3) Re
member that the majority of local mer
chants hire police officers or use two-way
mirrors to aid them in prosecuting offen
ders. (4) If arrested, remember you have
the right to remain silent. Seek legal ad
vjce as soon as possible.
! I ir
practicing a 50-50 emotional distribution
in their relationship."
But this new equality has also produced
some new problems with which married
couples must cope. Who is earning more
money is not the problem, Filene said.
"It's more basic: who is going somewhere
in their career? There is a problem if one
is stagnating, especially if it is the man.
She always has the out of being a mother,
but the man doesn't have that excuse. Ex
pressing a desire to be a housewife would .
open him to ridicule. But, the whole point
of the sex-roles revolution is to allow peo
Filene pointed to the emergence of a
men's movement, much more subtle and
ill-defined than its female counterpart, to
combat men's continuing victimization by
old masculine stereotypes and to define
"I think there is a men's movement.
research MM n ye a rs
WHY ARE YOU
TH.YIKG OUT FO ft.
TWE TE. AK
AMY WAY , WlM?-$'
ticians and big business to raise the medi
cal funds, please write me: Steve, Lail,
Spinal Cord Research, 192 25th St., NW,
Hickory, North Carolina 28601.
We can turn this, the International Year
of Disabled, into a near-future Interna
tional Year of the Cure for Spinal Cord
Injuries. This effort will cost you no
UNC Class of 1967
I ignored his assumption that I was a
freshman and answered, "Carolina."
MOh, my daughter's in nursing at .at
place. Do you like Greensboro?"
We discussed the merits of Greensboro,
although I only knew where the coliseum
was, and he left, handing me his daughter's
phone number in case I got lonely during
my first few months away from home.
In the rest 'room, the lady wearing an
"Elvis the King" T-shirt approached me.
"Honey, where do you go to school?" .
"Chapel Hill," I replied.
She nodded. "Is that anywhere near
Boone? My son goes to school there in
the mountains. Chapel Hill sounds like
it's in the mountains. Are you sure you
don't know him?"
She showed me the pictures of Stan in
his childhood baseball uniforms and
ended with his prom picture. "Oh, he
doesn't date her anymore, and he's look
ing for a nice girl." After ignoring several
hints at a match between Stan and me, I
headed back to my job, wondering why
no one knew where the real Carolina was.
My supervisor stopped by to chat, and
I was sure he'd know the Carolina. "So
you go to Carolina. That's the little place
down the road from Duke, isn't it?" ,
As I cringed behind my machine, he
gave me the merits of Gene Banks and
Kenny Dennard. I began to look forward
to heading home where my Dad cheers
Carolina to victory in front of the TV,
where my nieces and nephews sport UNC
jerseys and where my sister displays her
UNC diploma. At least my circle of friends
and family knew the Carolina.
As I sat in the dentist's chair with my
mouth propped open, the dental hygienist
checked my records. At the top of the
: 7t .v. ".::
But around here (UNC) there is very little
sense of a men's or women's movement.
In other campuses and places, there are
more newsletters and men's groups, other
than homosexual ones.
"One thing I would ask readers to think
about is if there is an unsaid need among
them to express similar concerns. Women
have self-help groups. But unless one is
gay, someone in real trouble tries to resolve
it himself or seek professional help. Men
often feel it's their fault," Filene said.
"Women are so much more adept at
getting comfort and understanding from
each other. I'm really envious of women
- we men have never learned this."
Jonathan Rich, a junior history and poli
tical science major from Quogue, N. Y., is
associate editor for The Daily Tar Heel.
HECK, X'D DO
To the editor:
I would like to point out that my priori
ties as a desk attendant rest upon my re
sponsibilities to the dorm Joyner. This
does not specifically include watching guys
walk back and forth as Friday's article
"Blackout" (DTH, Sept. 4), seemed to
sheet, my vital statistics are recorded, and
UNC-CH Student is emblazoned in the
"So, you go to UNC at Charlotte," she .
exclaimed, and I noticed the Central Pied
mont pin on her uniform.
"I went to Central Piedmont in Char
lotte. I just love Charlotte, don't you?"
she asked as she put mint-flavored fluoride
on my teeth,
I was disheartened. I thought everyone
knew about Carolina. Sure, there are other
schools, and good schools, too, masquer
ading under a Carolina title, but there's
only one true Carolina. Hadn't they ever
heard of Carolina Fever or seen all those
thousands of light-blue and white stickers
on car bumpers?
. In the mall at the jewelry boutique, my
faith in mankind was restored. A young
guy standing at the counter making time
with the sales clerk remarked about my
class ring. "Is that a college ring?"
"Yes, from The University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill," I replied.
He grinned. "That's great. Carolina's
great." He turned so I could see his UNC
Tar Heels T-shirt. "What year are you?"
"A senior. Are you at Carolina?"
He blushed. "No, I'm still in high
school, but I plan on going there." He
stared at me a while. "A senior. You don't
look like one."
I thanked him and as I began to leave,
he turned back to the sales clerk. "Gee, I
hope I look that good when I'm that old."
Well, at least he knew about Carolina.
Gndy Cranford, a serjor journalism major
from Winston-Salem, is issistant managing
editor for The Daily Tar Heel.