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Volume 3, Issue 9
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Michael Howard, British
scholar and historian to
speak on "Arms Races and
the Causes of War at 4 p.m.
today in Person Hall. For
more about Howard, see
Tuesday, September 15, 1831
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Buslrttss Advertising 962-1163
By JONATHAN TALCOTT
DTH Stan Writer
The Association for Women Students is reorganizing its scope
and image from an activist to an educational organization,
Chairperson Alicia Swaringen said this week.
"We have been traditionally viewed as a militant feminist
political organization and we are now trying to change our main
emphasis to teaching women about what their options are and
what they should know about society,' Swaringer, a junior
from Huntersville, said.
"Past members have used AWS to educate the campus about
a specific political issue. We hope, instead, to use AWS as a
forum for debate and means of educating women about a wide
variety of social, legal and political issues," she added.
"This year we hope to help people by providing information
about career and family planning, abortion, health, women's
athletics, music and legal rights," she said.
"We plan on working with the Panhellenic Council in spon
soring a program about career options and women's health,"
Abigail Saltonstall, head of the committee for women and
"By serving as an informational center and not taking stands
on controversial political issues we hope to better serve the needs
of the University," Swaringen said.
The AWS will educate women by inviting speakers to campusj
having seminars, providing literature, and offering political and
legal information, Saltonstall, a junior from Manchester, Mass.
said. "The Head of Women's studies at Brown University, Joan
Elliott, will come to speak in October."
"We receive literature from all over the country about issues
that are important to women," Swaringen said.
Panhellenic Council President Betsy Brady said, "We look
forward to working more closely with AWS. We think the
seminars that we are planning on career management will benefit
all of the girls on campus."
The change in AWS has taken place slowly and gradually.
"Up until just a few years ago, AWS was very politically active
and expressed strong opinions on such issues as the Equal Rights
Amendment and abortion. The group invariably supported
ERA and a women's right to make her own decision about
abortion. More recently, the members have come to realize that
they can serve a larger portion of the campus by not taking so
many political stands," Swaringen said.
"We are still a feminist group but by that I mean an organi
zation interested in preserving and assuring that omeir have
political and economic equality," she said. .- """'T v-
, "Everyone is affected by women's issues and we want to edu
cate everyone we can," Swaringen added.
if 4K tVv
Installation of signs at the crosswalk in front of the NCNB plaza on Franklin Street yester
day marked the beginning of improvements at the crossing, and the creation of another
. crosswalk down Franklin Street in front of the Morehead Planetarium. An outcry for im-
followed at least one instance of a pedestrian being hit by a car in the spring of 1980.
The Associated Press
SHANNON, Ireland Secretary of
State Alexander M. Haig Jr. said Monday
that if Congress blocked the sale of
AWACS planes to, Saudi Arabia there
would be "serious consequences on our
policies and objectives in the Middle
East." . : :
Haig told reporters in a wide-ranging
discussion on his Washington-bound
flight from West Germany that admini
stration officials "intend to have this
thing go through" and suggested U.S.
policy toward Israel, which is vehemently
against the sale, would be altered if Con
gress prohibited it.
Haig also said he was encouraged by
the response to his speech in Berlin on
Sunday and was satisfied from, two days
of talks in Bonn that Chancellor Helmut
Schmidt's commitment to NATO was
"firm and unshakeable."
In the Berlin speech, Haig asserted '
U.S. officials had physical evidence to be
made public later showing germ warfare
was being used in Southeast Asia. By
citing previously raised concerns, the ac
cusation was directed at the Soviets.
Haig also complained in Berlin of a
growing "double standard" in which
many Westerners did not judge totali
tarian states as harshly as they did their
While Haig said he was reassured on
European defense issues after his talks
with West Germans, the secretary ex
pressed major concern about the effect a
cancellation of the AWACS sale would
Asked if there could be an anti-Israel
backlash in, the United States if the sale
was blocked, Haig said:
"I've said that the impact of the failure
of this to go through will have serious
consequences on our policies and objec
tives in the Middle East and I'll just leave
...J. He .refused to elaborate ; and; said,
- "I'm not going to address worst-case si
tuations because we intend to have this
thing go through."
He said the entire American strategy
for defending the Middle East against
outside aggression rested in part on sup
plying the Saudis with the radar surveil
lance planes. Failure to do so would be
"a major setback to what we are trying to
achieve," he said, , adding that he em
phasized that point to Israeli Prime
Minister Menachern Begin in Washington
Haig met Saudi Crown Prince Fahd for
three hours Saturday in a stopover in
Spain to explain a proposed U.S.-Israeli
strategic cooperation pact which would
include stationing U.S. military equip
ment at Israeli bases. State Department
spokesman Dean Fischer said Fahd had
not objected, but the official Saudi news
agency disputed the Fischer report Mon
day. Haig told reporters aboard his aircraft
Fahd may not visit the United States later
this year as previously planned, although
he stressed Fahd did not tell him the trip
would be canceled if the AWACS deal fell
through. . . ::
The Kremlin, through its official news
agency, Tass, denounced Haig's accusa
tions on chemical warfare as slander and,
citing U.S. use of chemical agents during
the Vietnam war, said Monday "no
country in the history of international
relations has used chemical weapons as
extensively as the United States."
United Nations spokesman Rudolf Sta
jduhar said a panel set up by a Soviet
opposed resolution to investigate alleged
use of chemical weapons soon would
complete its work.
Haig said the emerging anti-nuclear
sentiment in western Europe was partly
the result of Soviet efforts to exploit.
U.S.rEuropean controversy, but "we
would delude ourselves if we thought it
was exclusively a result of that."
The opposition "demonstrates a re
quirement for Western leaders to be more
aggressive in laying out the reasons why
yj&ink it is essential to maintain appro
priate military balances, especially in the
nuclear area ..." he said.
Failure to register
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON Having already
scaled down his planned Increases for
defense, President Ronald Reagan eyed
further cuts in domestic spending Monday
on grounds that "we face the choice of
taking drastic action or inviting economic
Even so, he said, the reductions could
be achieved "without any damage to any
of government's vital services."
The president's deputy press secretary,
Larry Speakes, declined to rule out Social
Security as one of the areas where addi
tional cuts would be made. He said the total
reductions, in the upcoming fiscal 1932
budget would be less than $18 billion.
From a meeting with conservative con
gressional Democrats to a lunch with
House Speaker Thomas F. O'Neill and the
House Republican leader, the president
concentrated on budgetary matters, even
as he presided at a ceremony officially pro
claiming the bicentennial celebration of the
revolutionary victory at Yorktown.
"At home, our enemy is no longer red
coats but red ink," Reagan said.
"After 19 deficits in the last 20 years and
a national debt of nearly a trillion dollars,
we face the choice of taking drastic action
or inviting economic calamity," Reagan
said. "Our administration and I think what
we know must be done. Make no mistake.
' "I believe the spirit of Yorktown and
the spirit of our revolution is still alive and
well in America. Fm confident that if we
work together and reason together and
stick together, then just like our fore
' fathers, we'll be all right," he said. .
House Speaker O'Neill said he did not
think it would be difficult to accomplish
the defense cuts the president requested.
O'Neill said Monday members of the
House Appropriations Committee had told
him six to eight weeks ago that the admin
istration's original defense requests for
1932 included "at least $5 billion to $7 bil
lion" that couldn't be spent even if the ad
ministration wanted to do so.
Asked about the prospects for a new
fight with the administration over budget
matters, O'Neill said "The Republicans
are fighting Wall Street and among them
selves, so I'll sit on the sidelines a while."
The president received assurances from
nearly half the members of the House
Conservative Democratic Forum that they
would stand by him as he seeks to retreat
' further from planned spending increases.
DTH file photo
1SS0 draft protesters march In Washington, D.C.
... prosecution for men who failed to register begins soon.
By JANE TOY
V . DTH Staff Writer
Although draft registration was first
introduced during the Carter administra
tion, it is expected to be several months
before anyone who did not register for
the draft is prosecuted, a Justice Depart
ment spokesman said recently.
Procedures for prosecuting 132 men
around the country who failed to register
have been sent to U.S. attorneys, said
Justice Department spokesman Tom '
Stewart Monday. -
Stewart refused to reveal any specific
guidelines of the procedure process. The
cases; he said, will be prosecuted on an
individual basis. "It would be foolish to
try to test the system," he said. "There
: will be prosecutions." .
Stewart estimated as many as 20 per
cent of those presently required by law to
register failed, to comply with the order.
He said friends and neighbors of the of
fenders were the most common sources
the Justice Department used to find those
who did not register after their 18th birth
day. Aside from cases where the registration
process was simply ignored by young
men, most officials said significant or
ganized protest against the recent registra
tion process seemed to be gone. Accor
ding to Selective Service spokesmen
around the state, the days of protest
never really existed.
. "There was a whole lot of screaming
and yelling done by three or four
people," said William H. McCachren,
state director for the Selective Service,
which oversees the draft registration pro-
gram for the federal government.
McCachren said little protest existed in
North Carolina, and most of the protest
that did occur concerned the fact that
women were not included in the draft
instead of opposing the registration pro
cess in general.
Orange County officials said there had
been no protests recently concerning the
draft or registration.
Registration forms are available at any
post office. Postal officials send the com
pleted forms to the Selective Service for
processing. Failure to register can result
in a maximum penalty of five years in jail
and a fine of $10,000. However, young
men who fail to register will receive a
second warning before facing prosecu
tion, a Justice Department spokesman
said last week.
Draft registration is required of all men
who reach the age of 18, beginning with
men born in 1960. The act, was instituted
by Jimmy Carter last year in an effort to
bolster the country's ready supply of
eligible draftees in die event of war.
Protest in Chapel Hill ranged from
picketing to vandalism last July, when
registration began for area teenagers.
Vigils protesting registration were kept at
the Franklin Street post office and else
where around the country, but as regis
tration became a standard part of a
young man's 18th birthday, the protests
Peoples Produce on shaky ground
By CHIP WILSON
DTH Staff Writer
Simca Weinstein is typical of many
small businessmen. He struggles against
currently shaky economic conditions,
with hopes of reaping a substantial pro
But Weinstein says he wants the fruits
of his labor at People's Produce market
-Jto yield more than financial gain.
"We're trying to present an alterna
tive in shopping," Weinstein said. "I see
a real need for good food that can be
bought at reasonable prices."
What Weinstein said is good food is
grown organically "unsprayed with
any pesticide and grown with a natural
At present, however, Weinstein main
ly stocks commercially-grown produce,
bought from farmers markets in Ra
leigh and Winston-Salem.
The food we buy from the markets
is excellent but we are trying to buy as
much loccHy-grown produce as we can."
Weinstein also stocks a number of
health food products, including yogurt,
kieffer and natural fruit juices.
Weinstein could not estimate the
number of his customers who are UNC
students. "Because I opened in May of
this year, I missed most of the student
. traffic. I have seen a few new faces here
since school started back."
The demand is not high for organic
or health food, according to the owner
of another Chapel Hill store. . '
"Students don't make up a " very
large portion of our customers who
buy food here," said Tom Dean,
owner of Harmony Natural Foods on
Franklin Street. "Some of them do buy
our snack products our nut mixtures
and herb teas are popular - but they
usually don't buy enough to make a
complete meal." ,
Despite what is said to be a lack of
interest in buying natural food, Weins
tein said his business was surviving.
"We aren't making a fortune yet,
but we're keeping our head above
' ' '
Simca Weinstein, evner of Peoples' Produce cccs nzz6 for coed feed, reascntbfa prices
... business surviving, but lack of interest in natural foods hurts profit