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Volume Cp, Issue 7
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Friday, Scptombcr 25, 1C31
Chapel Hiil, North Carolina
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The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Ronald
Reagan called Thursday night for $13 bil- ,
lion in spending cuts and $3 billion in what
aides termed "loophole closing" tax mea
sures in an attempt to hold down the 1982
deficit and put the budget on a path to
balance in three years.
We are just starting down a road that
I believe will lead us out of the economic
swamp we've been in for so long," the
president told the nation in a 9 p.m. EDT
address from the Oval Office. "The im
portant thing now is to hold to a firm,
Reagan said his plan would hold the
deficit to $43.1 billion in fiscal 1982, which
begins Oct. 1. He said he would cut the
federal workforce, except the Pentagon,
by 75,000 workers, and request Congress
to abolish the Departments of Energy and
Education, fulfilling a campaign promise:
He called for a 12 percent across-the-board
cut in domestic programs, other
than those entitlement benefits to individ
uals, such as pensions, prescribed by law.
Exemptions also were granted to certain
veterans, immigration and law-enforcement
Reagan also reversed course Thursday
night on restoring the minimum Social
Security benefit for the poor and called
for mingling the system's three trust funds
as a stopgap to keep its retirement reserve
from running dry next year.
The president called upon House Speaker
Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. and Senate Major
ity Leader Howard Baker to join him in
appointing a 15-member panel to seek a
permanent solution to Social Security's
Reagan defended his May 12 proposal
to slash early retirement, disability and
other benefits and delay the July 1982
cost-of-living increase for three months.
But he did not urge Congress to adopt any
elements of that plan.
"Our feet were never embedded in con
crete on that proposal," he said. "We
hoped it could be a starting point for a bi
partisan solution to the problem."
But since O'Neill and other Democrats
have refused to cooperate, Reagan said,
'I therefore am asking ... for restoration
of the minimum benefit and for interfund
borrowing as a temporary measure to give
us time to seek a permanent solution."
Reagan said that "to remove Social Se
curity once and for all from politics," he
wanted the White House, O'Neill and
Baker to each appoint five members to a
task force. That panel, Reagan said,
should produce a plan that "assures the
fiscal integrity of Social Security and that
Social Security recipients will continue to
receive their full benefits.""
The president did not spell out how
poor a person would have to be to keep
the $122-a-month minimum benefit.
But a senior aide, who declined to be
identified, said the White House envisioned
an income ceiling of $7,500 for a couple,
which would cost the Treasury $300 million
in 1982 and $500 million in 1983.
Congress has been moving toward do
ing what Reagan proposed, restoring the
minimum and allowing the financially
strapped old age fund to borrow from the
healthier disability and hospital insurance
Reagan added, "There has been a great
deal of misinformation, and for that mat
ter, pure demagoguery, on the subject of
Social Security. For many years we've
known that an actuarial imbalance existed
and that the program faced an unfunded
liability of several trillion dollars."
Reagan said the old age fund was pay
ing out billions of dollars more than it
takes in. "It could run out of money be
fore the end of 1982 unless something is
"Some of our critics claim hew figures
reveal a cushion of several billions of dol
lars which will carry the program beyond
1982," Reagan said. "I'm sure it's only
coincidence that 1982 is an election year."
Reagan said the only cushion was inter
. fund borrowing, which might still be in
sufficient to keep paying all benefits
throughout the 1980s..
QPA scheduled for increase
Rhoda Ostemeck (right) and her mother stand in front of their Tar Heel shaped pool
Ramses, one of the fan's favorite, items in their UNC collection, poses with the pair
By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
GBternecks are true blue supporters for Tar Heel teams
By ROSE WAGNER
DTH Staff Writer
A foot-shaped swimming pool with a black Tar Heel painted'
on the bottom? No.
Yes. Rhoda and Bob Ostemeck of Durham have a Tar Heel
shaped swimming pool and enough other original paraphernalia
to be named one of the six "All American Football Fans" by
The Osternecks have memorabilia in every corner of their
Carolina blue and white house. They have every kind of ram that
was ever made. They have a blue and white Chrysler New Yorker
and a "Carolina Van," both of which have horns that play
"Hark the Sounds."
"Many of these things are custom-made for us," Mrs. Oster
neck said. "It is not meant to be that way. It's just that friends
would make them for us so I got what I wanted. I buy eveirything
I can find in Carolina blue. Sometimes it's difficult."
She apologized for not wearing her ram jewelry, but she said
she liked to save that for the games.
Neither of the Osternecks attended UNC, but Mr. Ostemeck
became a big Carolina fan in 1966.
"I wanted to get an ACC tournament ticket that year so I
joined (the Ram's Club) and donated $500 and got four tickets,"
he said. "I was so far up I couldn't even see the players. But I
got gung ho' on the people in the athletic apartment. They were
my kind of people so I became a fan."
The Osternecks were married eight years ago and moved from
Lumberton to their home in Durham.
"Our wedding was Carolina blue, purple and lavender," Mrs.
Ostemeck said. .
Before they married, Mrs. Ostemeck was a Penn State gradu
ate and fan. After their marriage she said he got rid of all her red
. clothes and she had not worn red since.
"It didn't take long to convert me. I really like Carolina peo
ple. They are the classiest people I have ever met," she said.
Mrs. Osterneck's mother and "Ramses" live with the Oster
necks. "Ramses" is a stuffed, ram which is about four feet long
and for the past two years has sat on the front row in Carmichael
Auditorium at all the basketball games.
"This is Ramses' room," Mrs. Ostemeck said as she showed
off her Carolina blue living room. He was sitting in a plush living
room chair. Guess what color it was.
Mrs. Ostemeck said that when Esquire magazine did a story
on them, it involved bringing a crane into their back yard so the
photographer could shoot an overhead picture of the pool.
Ramses got in the picture because he was sitting one one of the
"Ramses was having the best time," Mrs. Ostemeck said.
"But after the magazine people left they called back to ask what
Mrs. Ostemeck doesn't have any natural children.
"I have plenty of children," she said. "I have the basketball
players, the wrestlers, the swimmers, the football players.... We
are like parents to all the kids. We try to take special care of the
kids who are the farthest away from home."
Mrs. Ostemeck said two of her favorite athletes were Al Wood
and Donnell Thomson who were professionals now. She said Al
even used to call her "Mom."
She also said Mr. Ostemeck coached Thompson when he was
just a kid in Lumberton. Since" he was a coach in Lumberton "he
knows many scouts and area coaches. Mrs. Ostemeck said her
husband had helped Carolina a great deal in recruiting. .
The Osternecks said they really loved every one of their
athletes and enjoy having them all visit their home. Just recently
they had the swim team over and Mrs. Ostemeck kept talking
about what wonderful kinds they all were;
The Osternecks have traveled all over to watch their Carolina
teams play. Among other places they have been to Texas, Hawaii,
"It's really special when you actually know the kids," Mrs.
Ostemeck said. ,
Neither of the Osternecks have a favorite sport. "When a
sport is played I am a friend of everyone," Mr. Ostemeck said.
A large increase in the number of students taking economics
and industrial relations courses may prevent some students from
graduating on time, John Akin, associate professor of
economics said Thursday. t . .
"Students who can't meet the new business school entrance
requirements are moving over to our classes," Akin said. "I feel
that our teaching effectiveness, the faculty and our student are
The UNC business school recently raised its grade point re
quirements; students now need a 2.5 grade point average for ac
ceptance. This requirement is scheduled to go up to 2.75 in the
fall of 1983.
"The business school has basically told me that they are going
to keep raising standards until they have lowered the number of
students entering," Akins said.
The same problem now facing economics and industrial rela
tions courses overcrowded classes prompted the increase.
; For the last six years, the number of students entering the
business school has been rising, said Douglas Elvers, director of
undergraduate admissions for the business school.
"Steps had to be made to handle the number of students and
still upgrade the quality of the business program, Elvers said.
"The resources weren't allocated to keep up with the rise, and
the result has been overcrowded business classes."
Elvers said that he realized some students would have to
change their majors. When we did the planning,, we realized
there would be a flow of students to economics and industrial
relations, he said.
To solve the problems caused by the student shift, a commit
tee has been set up by Samuel Williamson, dean of the school of
arts and sciences. ."Av yvW4..-.. .
1 'The committee will look at the allocation of faculty and
resources to the affected classes," Williamson said. "They're
going to look at the overall impact of the shift.
"It's obviously causing some discomfort in the area," lie said.
Williamson said he was concerned with what would have hap
pened in the business school if the requirements had not been
"The business school would have kept getting bigger," he
said. "Without them (the higher requirements), the whole
school would have suffered."
Akin said he thought something would be done. "I think
Dean Williamson realizes there is a problem," he said. "UNC
isn't growing, and it's hard to move faculty from one area to
another without hurting some people."
The question of overcrowding, rising grade requirements and
faculty allocations is being examined by the Academic Pro
cedures Committee of Student Government.
"We are concerned that the business school has raised its re
quirements twice in the last two years," committee chairman
Robby Hassell, said.
Hassell said that diversity was needed when students decide
on majors. "A lot of students come here planning on business,
and when they don't make it, they're lost," he said.
When students concentrate in only a few areas, it causes a
strain in resources. For example, the higher business school re
quirements help cut down on students concentrating in that one
area, he said. . ; "
P6 C oimoFvS co nffirim a t iq ml sp arks
By CLIFTON METCALF
Special to the DTH
' When Sandra O'Connor is sworn in as an
associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
today in Washington, she will become the
first woman to sit on the high court.
But the only woman to serve on the
North Carolina Supreme Court believes
that O'Connor's biggest impact on the
court is yet to come.
"I think her impact will be more as a
justice than as a women," said former
North Carolina Chief Justice Susie Sharp.
. ..;!.' '
By JAMEE OSCORN
DTH Staff Writer
A bill that would eliminate court-ordered busing to
achieve desegregation is expected to be voted on next
month by the Senate. However, several school ad
ministrators do not think the legislation will have
much effect on North Carolina schools.
The bill, sponsored by Sen. Bennett Johnston,
D-La., would prohibit courts from ordering any stu
dent bused more than five miles or 15 minutes from
home. A provision of the bill, sponsored by Sen.
Jesse Helms, R-N.C, would prohibit the Justice
Department from spending money to order that stu
dents be bused. -
Sen. John East, R-N.C, has introduced a bill that
would prohibit the federal courts from requiring stu
dents to be bused to achieve desegregation,
"We are trying to get back to a 'color-blind ad
ministration of justice," said Jim Sullivan, an aide
for Sen. East. Sullivan is working for East's subcom
mittee on separation of powers. "We want to get the
courts out of the business of discrimination to achieve
racial balance," he said.
"The bill states the courts cannot require transpor
tation for the purpose of altering the racial or ethnic
balance of schools," Sullivan said.
"Busing is an unworkable and counterproductive
way to deal with segregation," he said. "Ir nnny ur
ban areas, the whites leave the schools that are deseg
regated, and resegregation occurs."
Sullivan said school segregation could be dealt
with in a variety of ways. "A student can ask to be
transferred from a segregated school, and can ask the
court to provide free transportation. Also, a request
can be made for equal funding where schools are not
But Phil Berry, chairman of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg
School Board, said busing had worked well
in Charlotte. "Since we started busing 11 years ago,
achievement scores have increased and discipline pro
blems have decreased," he said. "Once we were able
to gather stability in the schools, the quality of edu
cation has been made the same for all."
Berry said if the legislation was passed he did not
think it would have much effect on the Charlotte
Mecklenburg system. "When busing began, it was
revealed that there were many gaps between black
and white students," he said. "This gap has been
narrowed, and not at the expense of those students at
the top of the scale."
Thomas Shanklin, president of the northern branch
of the NAACP in Orange County, said he did not
think the legislation would pass in the Senate. "If it
does pass, it will set us back into the 1960s," he said.
"Before busing started, black schools had second
hand equipment and did not get any of the things the
white schools did."
Jerome Melton, deputy state superintendant of
schools, said the senators were making "more noise
than sound" with the busing issue. "When you get
outside of the larger cities in North Carolina, busing
is not even an issue," he said. "In the rural areas, we
are probably busing fewer students than before inte
"I do not anticipate the legislation will have major
impact on the busing system we have now," he said.
"The local school boards devise a system to get the
children to school, and I don't anticipate any changes
in. those systems." '
Melton said busing in North Carolina had been
successful in some areas. "The children have had ac
cess to broader programs, but parent and community
involvement in the schools has diminished since
busing began," he said. "When a child lives in
southern Raleigh, and goes to school in northern
Raleigh, parents are much less likely to get involved
in that child's school.
"Personally, I think there are places where it
(busing) has been overdone," he said. "Busing has
not had a tremendous effect one way or the other
when you get out of a few school systems."
Melton said Charlotte-Mecklenburg was a good
example of a system where busing had worked well.
"Busing has worked best in places where both blacks
and whites are bused," he said.
Bobby Doctor, regional director for the U.S.
Commission on Civil Rights in Atlanta, said passing
the legislation would be a tremendous mistake. "If
such a policy is implemented, it will really set us
back," he said.
"North Carolina is very well defined with its
housing patterns. There is a lot of discrimination in
housing," he said. "Without busing, blacks would
go to black schools and whites would go to white
schools. The process of desegregation would be set
back because the neighborhoods are so segregated.
See BUSING on page 4
"It won't have much to do with her sex."
Sharp, a graduate of the UNC School of
Law, was an associate justice on the North
Carolina Supreme .Court 1962-1975. She
was elected chief justice in 1975 and held
that position until retirement in 1979. She
is the only woman to have served on the
North Carolina court as either a justice or
Alicia Swaringen, chairperson of UNC's
Association for Women Students, agreed
in part with Sharp.
"I think O'Connor's impact at first will
be as a woman. Later it will be more as a
justice. If it's not, there's something
.wrong," she said.
Sharp said, "She'll be just another jus
tice and will have one vote just like the rest :
of them. I do hope that if some of them
don't understand something from a wo
man's point of view, she can fill them in."
While it is important that O'Connor is a
woman, Sharp said she thought the press
had made too large an issue of it.
Swaringen, however, said the press had
not concentrated too much on
"We've had this country for over 200
years, but there hasn't been a woman
Supreme Court justice up to now," she
Swaringen said O'Connor's selection
had increased the chances that other
women might be appointed to high offices. ,
"Just her being on the court is the first
step in gaining women more respect and
authority in politics," Swaringen said.
Both women said O'Connor's qualifica
tions were important. '