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10The Daily Tar HeelWednesday. October n. togi
Jim Hummel. iiwr
Susan Mauney. Umaxm ej
Jonathan Rich, a. Editor
JOHN DROGHER, Associate Editor
Edwin a Ralston, vmmiiy Edit
JOHN ROYSTER. City Editor
CHARLES HERNDON, State and National Editor
BETH BURRELL. Nat Editor
Clifton Barnes, spom ejh
Tom Moore, Am Editor
Keith King. Featum Editor
SCOTT SHARPE. Photography Editor
Ann Peters, spotUgiu Editor
Chuck James, ombudsman
89th year of editorial freedom
Residents of Granville Towers are rich preppies, students living on
North Campus are traditional Joe Collegiates and South Campus resi
dents are fast-living, free-spirited souls. Stereotypes? Sure. But those are
the types of reputations many students tag on to all students who live in
While it is good that the University provides alternative on-campus
housing, there are also a number of problems that come with vast num
bers of students living geographically apart and in different environments.
Stereotypes have formed, and for years there has been little interaction
between dormitories from different parts of campus.
To compound the problem, the vast majority of blacks choose to live
on South Campus, thus essentially giving UNC a segregated housing sys
tem. So it comes as good news that recent reports say dormitories have
begun to interact socially and in projects for charity, and plan to do more
in the future.
Under the direction of Residence Hall Association President Robert
Bianchi, the 10 RHA governors have tried to increase interaction between
North Campus, South Campus and Granville Towers. Recently Granville
Towers and Morrison and Hinton James Residence Halls held a dance
and on a smaller scale numerous dorms increasingly have been crossing
the traditional campus geographical lines to mix with other dorms.
For the first time, dorm officers from one area of campus will meet
with dorm officers from another area to exchange ideas. This type of in
teraction will go a long way to breaking the stereotypes of the different
areas of campus and should improve overall campus relations.
The increased interaction of different areas of campus is a healthy sign.
The RHA governors have done the campus a service by encouraging in
teraction but their enthusiasm can only go so far. Now it is up to dorm
leaders and residents to follow their lead.
Try, try again
It is a unique quirk of the American political system that citizens allow
state legislators to draw their own districts. Given this responsibility, some
legislators have successfully passed their map-drawing tests, but the only
grade the N.C. General Assembly could receive for reapportionment is a
failing one. . -
For the sake of protecting incumbents, North Carolina legislators drew
state Senate and House districts that no federal court would uphold. Le
gislators ignored this as long as they could, but a suit filed by the NAACP
and other groups forced the legislators to accept the inevitable and to
schedule another expensive special session Oct. 29 for the purpose of re
vising the reapportionment plans.
What should have given the legislators a clue that the redistricting plans
were untenable was the high percentage of deviation. Ideally, each district
should have the same number of residents. A certain amount of leeway is
allowed, and federal courts have accepted deviations from this ideal
population as great as 16.5 percent. Knowing that this was the limit with
which they could work, North Carolina legislators went ahead and drew
up a Senate plan with a 23.7 percent deviation and a House plan with a
23.6 percent deviation.,
The high percentage of deviation stems from the fact that the legisla
tors ignored population shifts within the state and barely redrew the dis
trict boundaries at all. Few politicians are willing to part with the popula
tion that has sent them to the General Assembly for the past 10 years.
Thus the result of the redistricting plans is to make as many incumbents'
seats safe as possible. i '
This is fine for the legislators, but it robs areas that have experienced
the greatest growth over the past decade of adequate representation. This,
in particular, will hurt minority groups, and the decision to revise the
plans gives tacit support to the NAACP's contention that the plans
diluted black voting strength.
Legislators were restricted in reapportionment by a 13-year-old provi
sion ir the state constitution preventing the splitting of counties. The
U.S. Justice Department is now reviewing that provision and should
clarify whether it is in violation of the Voting Rights Act.
In the absence of a Justice Department review of the amendment, legis
lators should proceed as if counties could be split. North Carolina might
get an equitable reapportionment plan out of this session yet. Maybe the
next time reapportionment comes around in 1991, the legislature will get
, it right on the first try.
The Daily Tar Heel
Assistant Managing Editors: Mark Ancona, Cindy Cranford, Rachel Perry
' f Editorial Writers: Kerry DeRochi, Geoffrey Mock, Beverly Shepard
, Assistant News Editor: David Jarrett
News Desk: Melodi Adams, Cheryl Anderson, Paul Boyce, Stacia Clawson, Keith Cooke, Lisa
Evans, Martie Hayworth, Reniece Henry, Ivy Hilliard, David McHugh, Melissa Moore, Sharon
Moylan, Lynn Peithman, Michele Pelkey, Laura Pfeiffer, Yvette Ruffin, Laura Seifert, Jan
Sharpe, Kelly Simmons, Louise Spieler, Steven Stock, Darryl Williams and Chip Wilson.
News: Ted Avery, Greg Batten, Scott Bolejack, Sherri Boles,. Laurie Bradsher, Alan Chappie, '
Michelle Christenbury, John Conway, David Curran, Nancy Davi s, Tamara Davis, Pam Dun
can, Lynn Earley, Richard Flynn, Tracy Ford, Jane Foy, Deborah Goodson, Steve Griffin,
Louise Gunter, Karen Haywood, J.B. Howard, Lou Ann Jones, Peter Judge, Frank Kennedy,
Dave Krinsky, Catherine Long, Dean Lowman, Elizabeth Lucas, Diane Lupton, Kyle Marshall,
Elaine McClatchey, David McHugh, Alexandra McMillan, Ken Mingis, Robert Montgomery,
Ann Murphy, Eddie Nickens, Jamee Osborn, Lynn Peithman, Leisha Phillips, Scott Phillips,
Jeannie Reynolds, Suzette Roach, Nancy Rucker, Mark School, Laura Seifert, Ken Siman, Kelly
. Simmons, Jonathan Smylie, Bill Studenc, Jonathan Takott, Anna Tate, Lynne Thomson, Arcane
Vendetta, Lynn Worth, Tammy Wright, Jim Wrinn and Kevin Kirk, wire alitor.
Sports: Norman Cannada, Linda Robertson, assistant sports editors; Kim Adams, Tom Berry,
Jackie Elackburn, R.L. Bynum, Stephanie Graham, Morris Haywood, Adam KandelL Sharon
Kester, Dragan Mihailovich, Scott Price, Lee Sullivan, and Tracy Young.
Features: Jill Anderson, Ramona Brown, Shelley Block, Jane Calloway, Teresa Curry, Lorrie "
Douglas, Valeria Du Sold, Amy Edwards, Cindy Haga, Susan Hudson, Chip Karnes, Lisbeth
Levir.e, Lucy McCauley, Mary McKenna, Steve Moore, Mitzi Morris, David Rome, Sandy
Stcacy, Vince Steele, Lawrence Turner, Rosemary Wagner, Randy Walker, Cathy Warren and
Chip Wilson, assistant SpotSsht editor. ' v
Arts: Marc Routh and Leah Talley, assistant arts editors; Peter Cashwell, Jesse Farrell, Den
nis Goss, Vick Griffin, Julian Karchmer, Ed Leitch, Christine Manuel, Dawn McDonald, Tim
Mooncy, David Nelson, Nissen Ritter, Karen Rosen, Bob Royalty, Cathy Schulze, Guha
Shankar and Charles Updhurch.
Graphic Arts: Matt Cooper, Danny Harrell, Dane Huffman, Janice Murphy and Tom Westarp,
artists; Suzanne Conversano, Matt Cooper, Jay Hyman, Faith Quintavell and AI Steele,
Business: Rejeanne V. Caron, business manager; Linda A. Cooper, secretaryreceptionist;
Brooks Wicker, bookkeeper; Dawn Welch, circulationdistribution manager; Julie Jones,
and Angie Wolfe, classifieds.
Advertising: Paula Brewer, advertising manager; Mike Tabor, advertising coordinator; Jeff
Glance, Julie Granberry, Julia Kim, Keith Lee, Robin Matthews, Jeff McEIhaney, Karen
Newell and Betsy Swartzbaugh, ad representatives.
Composition: Frank Porter Graham Composition Division, UNC-CH Printing Department.
PrijUJnj: Hinton Press, Inc., of Mebane.
Attitude, not legislation, is key to desegregation
By BEVERLY SHEPARD
In a 1954 decision Brown v. Board of Education
Topeka, Kan. the U.S. Supreme Court declared
"separate but equal" schools unconstitutional and
ordered that they be desegregated "with all deliberate
Nearly 20 years later, however, the court decided
that the integration process had occurred too slowly.
Thus, court-ordered busing was proposed as the
The America of 10 years ago at least professed
concern for minority rights. In America today, that
sentiment has been replaced with conservatism and a
lack of commitment from the federal government
a government which claims busing has been overused
as a mechanism to achieve racial desegregation.
A bill proposed by Sen. Bennett Johnston, D-La.,
and supported by North Carolina senators Jesse
Helms and John East would prohibit courts from
ordering students bused more than five miles or 15
minutes from home. An additional attachment to the
bill, proposed by East and endorsed by all three,
would prevent the Justice Department from using
funds to investigate cases that could result in court
The passage of such a bill would set the stage for a
return to the neighborhood school and a subsequent
reversal of the school desegregation process itself.
These senators seem preoccupied in the semantics
of terms five miles and 15 minutes. But proposing
arbitrary limitations like these de-emphasizes the real
issue at hand - that it's neither the time nonthe dis
tance but the quality of the education that awaits
the child at the end of the bus route that is of ultimate .
Since its implementation 10 years ago, arguments
have been, forwarded both for and against busing.
Much of the controversy centers on the traditional,
conceptions of schools that of a neighborhood
school, which in many cases, does not include having
a racially, culturally and socially diversified system.
One of the prevalent attitudes is expressed by
David S. Tatel, former director of the Department of
Health, Education and Welfare's Office of Civil
"For many, busing has become a code word for
desegregation," Tatel said.
Bobby Doctor, southern regional director for the
U.S. Civil Rights Commission in Atlanta, also ack
nowledged this incorrect analogy. However, the
. commission, a non-enforcement agency, is con
cerned with the desegregation of schools first and the
means of implementation second, Doctor said.
If the desegregation of the schools is to take place,
then busing will have to be looked at as a serious
mechanism," Doctor said. "It's not a question of
whether or not we bus, but if we will have desegre
gated schools. (If we are), then one of the most viable
mechanisms is busing." ' -
Along with equating busing and desegregation,
busing opponents have also minimized the other fac
tors surrounding busing's history and practice. Al
though 50 percent of the nation's school children are
transported by bus, only about 4 percent are so
transported to aid in school desegregation.
"I prefer to talk about school transportation than
busing," said Jerome Melton, N.C. deputy state
superintendent of schools. "It has been with us since
automation. We look upon school transportation as
a necessary part of our delivery. With a semi-rural
state, there's no way we could have schools in
"There's nothing unusual in the South about
school busing techniques," Doctor said in agreement.
"It was maintained (in the past) to establish a segre
gated system. Black kids were bused right by the
white schools (to all-black ones)."
With this in mind, it is ironic that either East or
Helms should choose to refute years of history,
particularly because white children, as well as mino
rities, are being bused.
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Additional attitudes include those held by people
who were never willing to give busing a chance. A
Helms legal assistant, Clifford Kiracofe Jr., said
busing was a 10-year mistake based on certain ques
tionable assumptions, which included having minori
ty education improved.
"The common-sense American would have said
these (assumptions) were wrong a decade ago,"
Kiracofe said., "It would take about 10 years of ex
perience (to reveal) what most Americans knew were
wrong in the first place."
Statements like those imply that at least some anti
busing proponents also favor neighborhood, i.e.,
relatively segregated schools. Kiracofe said that
busing's primary results had been increased gasoline
costs, increased school bus accidents and no educa
tional gains for blacks at all.
In addition, Kiracofe charged that busing inflicted
human costs on children who were separated from
their neighborhood friends.
"You have the mental anguish of the parents and
the kids," Kiracofe said. "There are a heck of a lot
of human costs." .
Human costs do exist, but certainly not to the
extent professed by East and Helms, who would have
the world believe that no good could ever come of
Making busing work
But there are definite cases, in the Charlotte
Mecklenburg school system for example, that could
prove them wrong. Here, in the state's largest school
system, the 11-year-old busing program has been
"Our test scores have gone up in the last five .
years," said Phillip Berry, chairman of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg
Board of Education. "Our drop
out rates and expulsion rates have gone down."
Busing is never an absolute good or evil. Certain
variables the extent to which schools should be
diversified and what mechanism, if any, should-replace
busing contribute to the complexities of the
In the meantime though, applying a litmus-test
restriction like five miles and 15 minutes, only serves
to distort busings past and purpose and to add fuel to
the rising fire of resistance. The success or failure of
busing, in part, depends on the presence of certain
"(Busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg has) not
worked without problems and some painstaking ex
periences, but (citizens there) have made the decision
that they want it to work and in a lot of communities,
they have not decided that they want it to work,"
In cities such as Atlanta and Boston where court
ordered busing has been a failure, busing opponents
have emphasized these failures instead of looking
into busing's successes and attempting to apply the
same attitudes that made them work.
In Atlanta, the schools are 95 percent black and
will soon become 100 percent black, Doctor said.
Similiarly in Boston, whites have fled from the cities
to the suburbs, leaving the inner-city schools almost
entirely black and Hispanic, said Jacob Schlitt, New
England's U.S. Civil Rights Commission director.
Yet, there are attitudes which contributed to these
failures, said William Chafe, a Duke University his
tory professor and author of Gvilities and Gvil
Rights, a study of desegregation in Greensboro.
"In Boston in the 1950s and '60s, they could have
done a lot, but the school board was so reactionary
they refused to take any action," Chafe said. "Both
sides, particularly the whites, dug in their heels the
only option left was to engage in busing."
Attitude is.a key
The attitude that busing is a last alternative often is
coupled with other defeatist attitudes. Attitudes that
busing is a design to force white children to leave
their neighborhoods, that the ultimate results are in
creased costs and busing accidents and that, in es
sence, it is a complete waste of time, all contribute
to the defeat of racially desegregated school systems
before they are given a fair chance to prove them
selves. And because such attitudes of racism andor in
tolerance are likely to persist, it is necessary that thet
U.S. Justice Department not be excluded, as East
proposes, from acting as an intermediary between
educational systems and politicians. These politicians .
meanwhile mask the real intent and disguise the
eventual results of their actions, i.e. the elimination
of desegregated schools and their positive effects.
- "(Busing) gives blacks and white kids a chance to
know each other so that down the line, we learn what
the other group is about and get a sense of confi
dence and trust in each other," Doctor said.
Until a mechanism other than busing is proposed,
senators should abandon the. arbitrary restrictions,
stop criticizing busing for what it is not and recognize
the benefits busing does achieve. With more receptive
minds, they would see that it is the children, not their
pet political peeves; which are ultimately more im
portant. . : -
"(Busing) is not always good," Chafe said. "(But)
you would measure its values in terms of the quality
of better education made as a result.
"I don't think anybody would say that busing is a
cure for anything, but it's a step toward a goal."
Beverly Shepard, a senior journalism major from
Jacksonville, a an editorial writer for The Daily Tar
Letters to the editor
Students meed to stop
g und g
To the editor:
Possibly the old adage that, in some
cases, females mature faster than males
has some merit. In the age where students
protest for this or that, demand all the
privileges of society (mcluding society's
protection), it is interesting, but some
what disturbing, to read some of the let
ters in The Daily Tar Heel;
Several weeks ago a letter appeared
from a male dormitory resident who dis
liked the recent painting of the campus
water tower and he was upset that the
graffiti was covered over. He obviously
felt it was a shame tb have a respectable
looking campus at this great University.
In the Oct. 6 issue of ths DTH, we find
another letter by an individual who sug-.
gests filling empty beer cans and bottles
with water and parading around town to
taunt the law enforcement officers who
are charged with upholding the laws put
forth by the community. t '
Attitudes such as displayed by these
students make it difficult to appreciate
their maturity. In a very short time, these
very same students will be out in the main
stream of the very same society they are
now mocking. They will still be demand
ing their rights and will most likely be the
first ones to cry if their personal property
is vandalized or if an inebriated group
harasses their community. It seems that
some "growing up" is in order.
Dr. L.G. Jewson
School of Dentistry
. Health service
To the editor:
I was very pleased to see the column
"Health Questions Answered" in Friday's
DTH. It's about time this kind of infor
mation was offered in this manner. Now
even the shy, yet curious, student can ac
quire this practical, relevant knowledge.
0 - W
Ideally, our college experiences help
give us the essentials we need to lead ef
fective, productive lives. There's a lot
more to that than learning only the infor
mation given in the classrooms.
Along these lines, I'd like to take the
opportunity to draw attention to a rela
tively under-appreciated organization on
campus: the Human Sexuality Informa
tion and Counseling Service. We operate
a 24-hour phone service and also have
walk-in hours. HSICS is a totally peer
operated organization and is geared to
ward answering factual questions as well
as discussing a variety of issues including
birth control, sexually transmitted dis
eases, homosexuality and relationships in
general. We also offer Outreaches, on re
quest, to any group who may be interest
ed in exploring their sexual values or hav
ing a contraception workshop come to
them (and these are only to mention a
As was stated in the. Student Health
Services column, the best birth control is
one that suits you. No answers or solu-'
tions can be given to individuals when it
comes to most issues concerning sex, the
responsibilities that go with it, or sexuality
and the attitudes held in respect to it. The
only specific answers lie within the indivi
dual's personal value structure. Dis
cussing such vital issues may bring reso
lutions to light. HSICS has helped many
talk through these issues and any possible
problems surrounding them. We want
you to know we are here too.
Human Sexuality Information and