North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
Mostly cloudy, cold and wet
with occasional showers.
High of 70; low In mid-50s.
S3yro Gyra, while on tour
promoting its latest album,
Freetime, will stop in Chapel
Hill for a concert on Nov. 1.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume E Issue Cj
Tuesday, October 27, 1S31
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By KAREN HAYWOOD
DTH StaN Writer
Carrboro candidates for mayor and alderman discussed
taxes, economic development, financial management
and citizen representation at a forum that became hot at
times at the Carrboro town hall Monday night.
About 80 people attended the forum which was spon
sored by WCHL radio.
The first part of the debate included aldermen candi
dates Hilliard Caldwell, Braxton Foushee, Joyce Gar
rett, Doug Sharer, Jim White and Nancy White.
Caldwell said there was always a possibility of a tax in
crease, but "the present board has gone too far too
Caldwell said he would ask each department head to
look at ways to cut expenses without cutting services.
Incumbent Sharer said the town had worked success
fully to broaden its tax base, during his four-year term.
The present board has approved development totaling
Garrett said several problems in Carrboro resulted
from a "narrow-base town government."
He said that incumbent alderman candidates Sharer,
Nancy White, Braxton Foushee and Mayor Bob Drake
ford, all of whom are members of the board and the
Carrboro Community Coalition, attended Coalition
meetings where decisions were made relative to public
Foushee said Carrboro was trying to attract industry
to town and had had many inquiries from "the type of
businesses we would like to see locate in Carrboro."
Joyce Garrett (left) and Doug Sharer discuss issues at Carrboro forum Monday
... both are candidates for Board of Aldermen seats in Nov. 3 election
Foushee said buses were a high priority and he would
like to maintain bus service at its present level.
The main issue in the election is open government,
candidate Jim White said.
"The problems we have are all magnified because the
incumbents have not been open and sensitive to citizens."
He said he would call for more task forces to study Carr
Candidate Nancy White said low- and medium-cost
housing was Carrboro's most pressing need.
She said the town should also "encourage business to
locate in what is essentially a one-business town."
Joyce Garrett charged that the town spent tax money
illegally to promote bond issues in 1978. Public funds
may not be used to advocate passage of proposed bonds,
Nancy White said that some of the board members
had spent their own money to advocate the bond issue.
. "The town didn't spend a penny," she said.
In response to a question of whether students would
continue to be driven out of Carrboro because of increas
ing rents on apartments, Caldwell said they would, and
that rents would continue to go up.
Sharer said he did not believe students were being driv
en out of town because of high taxes, contending Carr
boro does have a problem with high rents but that is
something the town does not directly affect.
Jim White said the only ways to lower taxes were to
cut services and make town government more efficient.
Mayoral candidates Robert Drakeford, Roger Messer
and Bill Pressley spoke during the second half of the
Pressley said he was running because "my taxes went
up 41 percent this year." .
See FORUM on page 4
By LEISHA PHILLIPS
DTH Staff Writer
Although most of the money invested
in the new tax-exempt All Savers certifi
cates in North Carolina has come from
account transfers, local financial Officials
said last week the certificate was accom
plishing what it was designed to do.
"They (the certificates) were in 'Rea
omi:S' t6 give a tax break to the gene
tuuuc ana generate money back mto
the housing market," said Brad Bradford,
assistant vice president of Northwestern
Bank in Chapel Hill. "And the certificates
have generated new money from those
not having the $10,000 minimum for
money market certificates. A lot of peo
ple are digging up their (money) jars in
their backyards and bringing it in."
Since Oct. 1, when the certificates were
first offered at a 12.61 percent interest
rate with a $500 minimum, Bradford said
roughly 50 percent of the new accounts at
his bank were from new money, or
money transferred from outside the bank.
"We were tickled with the response
Friday (Oct. 2) was a zoo," he said, citing
a total of approximately $600,000 in cer
since the first of the
At Security Federal Savings and Loan
Association in Chapel Hill, branch mana
ger Jim Long reported a total of some 500
new accounts, with 35 percent being out
side money. "We had two fantastic days
on Thursday and Friday (Oct. 1 and 2),
he said, "but Friday was the best day
when the question was if the rate would
go up or down."
Home Savings & Loan spokeswoman
Diane Lloyd said the majority of their
customers in Chapel Hill also bought cer
tificates before the rates went down on
Oct. 5. New accounts there have averaged
around $7,500, according to vice presi
dent Toby Grady, although they ranged
from the $500 minimum to the maximum
deposit eligible for tax-free interest.
Other area banks and savings and loans
agreed that most certificate customers
took advantage of the higher interest
rate, before it dropped to the current
Becky Bradshaw, a spokeswoman for
the North Carolina Savings and Loan
League in Raleigh, said a survey of 152
out of the state's 183 associations showed
28,450 All Savers accounts were opened
Oct. 1-3, with total deposits exceeding
Of that amount, approximately 18.5
percent was new money. Most of it trans
: ferred fromsix-mOnth money market cer
tificates. Bradshaw said the league would con
duct another survey at the first of next
year to determine further customer in
terest in the 12-month certificates.
Both financial institutions and the cus
tomers benefit from the All Savers plan,
according to Grady. "It helps the savings
and loans (and banks) shift from high- to
lower-paying certificates and for the con
sumers it can be a higher net return than
the money market," he said.
Bradford said financial institutions
could save as much as 3 percent on cost
of funds as customers transfer from the
high rate certificates. But, he added, the
All Savers plan offered 12 percent interest
or more to those with less than $10,000 to
invest who previously had been limited to
5 or 6 percent interest of the passbook
The All Savers rates, pegged at 70 per
cent of the interest rate on one-year U.S.
Treasury Bill, will change every four
weeks based on monthly auctions of the
bilIsuMost financial institutions should
know the new rate by Oct. 30, but ac
cording to Lloyd it will not go into effect
until Nov. 9.
Most of the certificates have a $500
minimum investment and mature in one
year. They are sold in denominations of
$500. For individuals, the first $1,000 is
tax free and for couples filing joint tax
returns, the first $2,000 interest is tax
According to Grady, at the current
12.14 percent interest, an individual can
deposit $8,237 in an All Savers to earn the
maximum tax-exempt $1,000 interest and
couples on a joint return can buy $16,474
to earn the $2,000 tax-exempt interest.
"It's a good deal," said Long. "Be
sides, where else can you get that kind of
rate on $500?"
Local bars attract electronic game enthusiasts
By STEVE GRIFFIN
DTH Staff Writer
In a year that has seen a number of Franklin. Street
businesses close their doors, one type of establishment,
the video game parlor, has prospered appearing from
one end of downtown Chapel Hill to the other.
The trend can be traced back to the opening of Silver
Odyssey on West Franklin Street about a year ago. The
actual boom did not begin until the past six months,
Pump House Entertainment, Inc., located across
from University Square, opened last May, as did the
Henderson Street Bar, one of the two video parlors
which serve alcoholic beverages.
Star Trax, in the old Jasper's location, opened in
August and began selling beer last month. Two Bits,
located near Puxdy's, opened in September and is the
newest of the video game parlors.
None of the spokesmen for the various businesses be
lieved that the area has yet become totally saturated.
Each seemed to believe that the different places attract a
different type of crowd and that each has its own "regu
lars." Paul Stephenson, an employee of Pump House Enter
tainment, commented on that opinion.
"We've got our own clientele, and I guess everybody
does. I've seen nearly everyone in here once or twice
before. A lot has to do with location."
Stephenson said that most of Pump House Entertain
ment's business consisted of high school students, Gran
ville Towers residents and customers of the He's Not
Here bar. He believed that the newer places had not hurt
Pump House's profits.
"Everyone's trying to get their piece of the pie, but
our piece has not gone down," he said.
John Brugos, an employee of Two Bits, agreed that
there remains a market to be tapped.
"We haven't even advertised since we opened and
we've had pretty steady business. There has definitely
been a steady increase in business," he said.
The estimates on how much people actually spend on
the games varied slightly from place to place, but $5-$10
a visit was not an uncommon estimate.
Stephenson reported that occasionally people do spend
"I've seen people spend up to $18 at one time," he
said. "One time I even saw one guy spend $28 on a De
fender machine. It's ridiculous."
Most of the businesses contacted declined to release any
figures related to the financial aspects of their operations.
The general method by which most video parlors work
is that the individual businesses allow a large distributor
to place its machines in the parlors, and then the receipts
are split evenly.
Stephenson estimated that either one of the two most
popular machines, Pac Man or Defender, could take in
See VIDEO on page 3
Meat tcdfco) tests
The Associated Press
BRUSSELS, Belgium A senior U.S.
official said after consultations with
NATO allies here Monday that huge anti-,
nuclear demonstrations oyer the weekend ;
had not altered the alliance's plans for
deploying medium-range nuclear missiles
in Western Europe. ,
The official, who asked not to be nam
ed, spoke after a special NATO panel was
briefed on the Reagan administration
position in the . upcoming U.S.-Soviet
talks on restraining nuclear weapons in
"We take the demonstrations seriously
as ... the opinion of a fairly substantial
number of Europeans," the official said,
adding the protests were not brought up
at the panel's meeting.
The official said the peaceful protests,
which drew a total of 600,000 people to
rallies in London, Paris, Brussels and
Rome, would force "no change of atti
tude" by NATO members about deploy
ing a new generation of nuclear missiles in
British and U.S. diplomats in London,
speaking privately Monday, took note of
the demonstration and the Dutch Labor
Party's ' resolution opposing a NATO
ministers' statement affirming the
"If the Dutch do not finally accept the
missiles, we will obviously have to revise
the deployment," said a British source
who asked not to be identified.
Britain's Foreign Office, asked for
comment on the wave of protests in
European cities, referred to recent state
ments by Foreign Secretary Lord Car
rington expressing the "great concern
and anxiety" of Europeans about the
nuclear arms race.
The Dutch Labor Party, part of the
center-right coalition cabinet that resign
ed over a domestic dispute on economic
policies, unanimously endorsed a week
end resolution saying the Dutch govern
ment "canjake no responsibility for
thosesec6ns of the NATO communique '
that state the need for the modernization
and deployment of nuclear arms."
The Dutch Cabinet is staying on while
efforts to resolve the economic dispute
continue. The Netherlands and Belgium,
two of the countries that would get the
missiles, have not yet agreed to take the
warheads. U.S. officials have said a deci
sion rejecting them would force NATO to
reduce the number of missiles deployed
or to seek other bases for them.
The 13 NATO ministers last week reaf
firmed plans to begin deploying the new
U.S. missiles starting in 1983. It was not a
final vote on deployment, however, and
was made after U.S. Defense Secretary
Caspar Weinberger pledged U.S. negotia
tors would consider proposing to reduce,
rather than just restrain deployment of
missiles in Europe.
The U.S. official here said "differences
of opinion" between Washington and the
European NATO allies over what the
U.S. posture should be in the arms talks
starting Nov. 30 in Geneva, Switzerland,
"We have been able to reconcile these
differences fairly easily," the official said.
When asked what the differences were,
he declined to elaborate beyond "differ
ences in approach."
In Washington, deputy White House
press secretary Larry Speakes said, "...
The president has made it clear he favors
arms reduction, not just arms limitation."
NATO favors arms reductions to "the
lowest possible level ... which could in
clude the possibility of a 'zero outcome
under ideal circumstances and on a basis
of reciprocity," the U.S. official here said
.According to NATO figures, the Soviet
Union has to date deployed 750 SS-20
warheads. In 1979, NATO agreed to bal
ance this by deploying 572 ground
launched cruise and Pershing II missiles
in West Germany, Britain, Italy, the
Netherlands and Belgium. The "zero op
tion" calls for canceling deployment of
the additional missiles in return for a re
duction in the number of the Soviet war
htadsr" . '
BOG spot sought
By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
, ; A recommendation that a student rep
resentative be included on the UNC
Board of Governors will be presented to
President William C. Friday later this
week, Student Body President Scott Nor
berg said Monday.
"The Board of Governors is the su
preme governing body of the University
system, making decisions on items that
affect students everyday," Norberg said.
"We feel some type of student represen
tation and input is needed at that level.
"Students see this as an opportunity to
assist in the decision-making process," he
The proposal was agreed to at a meet
ing of The University of North Carolina
Association of Student Governments,
Norberg said. Norberg is president of the
association, which met this past weekend
at N.C. Central University in Durham.
Friday said he felt the proposal would
need to be considered.
"But, student representation on the
BOG is entirely different than representa
tion on a university board of trustees,"
Currently, student government
presidents hold a seat on the University
board of trustees, Norberg said.
"I'm on the board of trustees, and it is
a good way to provide advice, as well as
give and take, from the student point of
view," Norberg said.
The inclusion of a student on the BOG
would require a change in North Carolina
law, Norberg said. The change cannot be
considered until the next regular session
of the General Assembly in January 1983.
"There was a strong feeling (at the
UNCASG convention) that the BOG ex
ists by the fact that there are 120,000
students in the UNC system,", Norberg
"A student representative would be in
a strong position to help the BOG in
making decisions that affect students,"
Norberg said that he felt the president
of the UNCASG should be the student
who served on the board.
The time between making the actual
proposal (to Friday) ahd its possible im
plementation will be a good time to look
at the issue, Norberg said.
Even if a student is appointed to the
board, Norberg said he did not foresee
any major changes.
"I don't envision that we'll see all
kinds of radical moves," he said. "I feel
it is more of an opportunity to have ques
tions answered and advice gained for the
ocil Boet & xb e nemc e
By TERESA CURRY
DTH Staff Writer ;
Ever have trouble finding the right thing to
say? Monika Davis doesn't.
"All of my friends say I have an incredible
way of saying things and that I should write
them down," said Davis, a resident of Chapel
The problem is that she has what Ellen T.
Johnston-Hale, a poet and friend of hers, clas
sifies as "page fright," Davis said. Johnston
Hale wanted her to write down her own poetry,
but Davis was not able to.
However, Ellen captured my commentaries
on daily life and observations which she felt
were unique in the booklet, Monika Says by
listening to me and writing down what I said
- as I talked," Davis said. .
The booklet contains 32 poems all beginning
with "Monika says," Davis said. It was pub
lished by the Durham Morning Herald in
"The poems are about coping with daily
life," Davis said. "They show how to see the
funny side of things, no matter what. 1 feel
there is something comic in every incident.
" 'Singles Party is my favorite out of the
booklet," Davis said. "It has such universal
appeal to all my friends who are divorced or
single. The poem is about my one and only ex
perience with a solo club. I never joined one.",
The poem goes as follows:
that she attended, ' .
a singles party.
What she saw
was couples dancing,
What she saw
romancing, ' V .
. only misery, there, -dancing.
Before the publication of Monika Says, the
poems first appeared for about 14 months in
the Durham Morning Herald opposite the edi
torial page, Davis said. V.C. Rogers, a car
tonnist for the Durham Morning Herald, pro
vided illustrations for the booklet.
"This is the first time the Herald has ever
ventured into printing a book," Davis said. "It
was really exciting because there are dozens of
people dying to have the Herald print some
thing like this."
About 1,000 copies of Monika Says were
printed by the .Durham Morning Herald,
. Davis said. So far, sales of the booklet have
been best in small .gift shops.
"I'm taken back by the response to the
booklet thus far," Davis said.
"I had never had anything published in
America except ads," Davis said. "The publi
cation of the booklet was so exciting that it
made me feel like being in a labor room with
my labor pains two minutes apart."
Davis, who majored in journalism in col
lege, said, "I was always interested in fashions
and writing about them. I did advertising for
fashions and I did some buying for small bou
tiques." Originally from Berlin, Davis explained that
she and her husband moved to America in
1950. When her marriage ended in divorce,
she returned to Chapel Hill, where her hus
band had spent his residency earlier as a doc
tor, because she was familiar with the area.
After settling in Chapel Hill a second time,
Davis met Johnston-Hale.
"We were both recently divorced and both
depressed," Davis said. "Ellen called me up
one night after we had first met and asked me
to come down and have a depression party
with her and some friends.
"Ellen urged me to write," Davis said.
"She helped me overcome my page fright.'
"The Durham Morning Herald has about
40 more of my poems in its computer and is
still running them opposite the editorial
page," Davis said. "In addition, I have about
40 more at home besides those in the com
puter. "My great ambition is to have a short story
published by the New Yorker,' Davis said.