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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, October 29, 1981, Page 1, Image 1

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Forewarmed Mostly sunny and pleasant today with a high of 70; low of 45. The Dodgers are champs The Los Angeles Dodgers de feated the New York Yankees 9-2 Wednesday night in New York to take the World Series in six games. The Dodgers won four games to two. Serving the students and the University community since 1893 Thursday, October 29, 1931 Chapel Hill, North Carolina NewsSport sMrts 962-0245 BusinessAdvertising 862 1163 -Roagarai wiis E&ttl,.si seimaate- ay y tio 40 ijC Volume O, Issue AWACS The Associated Press WASH INGTON The Senate upheld President Ronald Reagan's record $8.5-billion AWACS sale to Saudi Arabia on a vote of 52 to 48 Wednesday, crowning an intensive lobbying effort that reversed long odds and delivered victory in his first major foreign policy test. At the White House, an exultant Reagan declared the decision meant "the cause of peace is on the march again in the Middle East." With its vote, the Senate rejected a veto resolu tion that would have scrapped the sale of the so phisticated radar planes and F-15 jetfighter wea ponry to the Arab kingdom. The president needed five votes, since a tie would have gone to him. The roll call was piped into the office of White House chief of staff James A. Baker III, where Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig Jr., national security adviser Richard V. Allen, and Deputy Chief of Staff Michael K. Deaver had gathered around a conference table. When the count got to Edward Zorinsky, a Ne . braska Democrat who had a meeting with Reagan earlier in the day, the senator voted with the presi dent. "That's it!" said Haig, slapping the table. Baker said later the Zorinsky vote was the one surprise. Another of the deciding votes was that of Sen. William Cohen, a Maine Republican and the son of a Jewish baker. He said he was not happy with the sale but that if it were rejected, Israel would become "scape goats" and give credence to those who say Ameri can foreign policy is shaped by the Israeli lobby in Washington. A third critical vote came from Sen. Russell B. Long, D-La., who had played his cards close to the vest to the very end. He said he was swayed by the thought that Congress should "support the presi dent in this most crucial foreign-policy and national-defense issue." The House had voted 301- U 1 against the pack age two weeks ago, and, as late as Tuesday, Senate opponents remained confident they had more than enough support to do the same. But Reagan's personal powers of persuasion Droduced a nail-biter that turned his way at the 5 p.m. EST showdown. Earlier, the president told the Senate in a letter that the sale was invaluable to U.S. security inter ests "by improving both our strategic posture and the prospects for peace in the Middle East." But opponents called it a threat to Israel, fuel for a Middle East arms race and a risk of losing secret AWACS and missile technology to the Soviets or radical Arab nations if the Saudi gov ernment is overthrown. "It's just about a perfect photo finish," said Sen. Charles H. Percy, R-Ill., Reagan's floor leader on the issue, as the climactic vote approached. Reagan called it a test of his command of Amef ican foreign policy. Opponents saw it as a threat to the security of Israel and to the sanctity of America's most advanced military technology. The $8.5-billion package involved not only sale of five Airborne Warning and Control Systems radar planes to Saudi Arabia, but also 1,177 Side winder missiles, 101 fuel pods and six flying tankers to stretch the range and firepower of F-15 jets already in the possession of the Arab king dom. The president devoted the day to lobbying sena tors, including two summoned for private persua sion in the intimacy of the small study in the White "House residence. His lobbying campaign on the first major foreign policy debate of his presidency rivaled the intensity of his successful effort to cut government spending and taxes. "He makes persuasive arguments based on the fact that we only have one president of the United States at a time," said Sen. Edward Zorinsky, a conservative Democrat from Nebraska after 40 minutes with Reagan. "He indicated that it is diffi cult for him to conduct foreign policy with a defeat of this nature." Hours before the vote, Reagan declared in a let ter to the Senate that the sale of AWACS radar planes and F-15 jet fighters would be no threat to Israel and that Americans would be involved in the Saudi operations well into the 1990s. Ia the House, Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill ex pressed amazement over how Reagan reversed the tide in the Senate from what once seemed sure rejection. "He is showing awesome power," O'Neill said. The senators debated the issue right. until the bells rang out summoning them to the vote. Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., said "I am ab solutely convinced the turning down of this sale could lead to war in the Middle East." But Sen. John C. Danforth, R-Mo., said "It is conceivable ... that the United States is in advertently laying the foundation for the next war in the Middle East." Four of the 24 AWACS aircraft within the U.S. inventory already are operating with American crews in Saudi Arabia to guard against possible air attack by Iran or other hostile powers. Under pro visions of the proposed sale, the Saudis would re ceive five AWACS in 1985, but they would be models without advanced features such as jam resistant communications devices. Reagan, seeking to allay fears that a Saudi Arabia See AWACS on page 3 Council targets cuts in services By JOHN CONWAY DTH SUTf Writer In a heated debate Wednesday evening, candidates for the Chapel Hill Town Council targeted possible, town services that could be cut in order to lower property taxes. In a candidate forum sponsored by the Chapel Hill Home owners, at Culbreth Junior High School, incumbent Bill Thorpe criticized the council for spending too much money on the resur facing of streets. By dropping plans to resurface more than 10 miles of Chapel Hill streets, the council could have saved $257,000 in 1981 expenditures, he said. Both candidate David Pasquini and incumbent Bev Kawalec called for close examination of the town budget and stressed ef ficient management of services. "Taxes have gone high enough," Kawalec said. "I will contin ue to justify every expenditure." But incumbent Marilyn Boulton said the streamlining of pub lic services also would be needed for future tax reductions. In creasing both the revenue and the tax base would also be neces sary, she said. Candidate Lightning Brown agreed. He said the council has in the past ignored the possibility of increasing the tax base by not stimulating housing development in the town. If more hous ing were built, not only would the housing crunch be alleviated, but the property value of residents would increase, he said. Candidate S. Douglas Ruff, a UNC student, suggested that Chapel Hill could cooperate with Carrboro officials on the pur chase of town commodities. For example, he said, if Carrboro and Chapel Hill town officials purchased police cars together they would save money. Another way to save money, candidate Winston Broadfoot said, would be to encourage the University to pay for some of the costs for the transit systems. Both Broadfoot and William Lindsay said the town council could cut some of the less produc tive services. By maintaining and supporting new programs, the council members have done an injustice to the residents of Chapel Hill who must suffer the higher taxes, Lindsay said. But incumbent Joe Herzenberg said the current level of ser vices was what made Chapel Hill a unique town. One area which could use the expansion of services, he said, would be the Public Library. In other discussion, the candidates argued over the benefits of the new zoning ordinance which was approved in May. Lindsay said the new ordinance, which calls for higher density housing in certain areas, would benefit one group of people at the expense of another. .. But Kawalec, Herzenberg, Ruff and Boulton agreed the ordi nance would restrict the urban sprawl and help control growth of the citv. r STATION NAME - SELF-SERVE . FULL-SERVE Reg Uald.ilnw.vPw.. Reg. , UW. Pre. Brinkley'i Gulf 126.0 137.0 139.0 136.0 141.0 144.0 Eastgate Shopping Center Eastgate Amoco 1.27.0 1.34.0 1.42.0 1.39.0 1.43.0 1.48.0 Eastgate Shopping Center Eastgate Exxon . 126.0 137.0 145.0 148.0 150.0 153.0 1701 E. Franklin Street Tar Heel 66 126.0 134.0 NA NA NA NA Raleigh Road Glen Lennox Gulf 125.0 133.0 140.0 141.0 146.0 150.0 Glen Lennox Shopping Center Happy Store 120.0 129.0 134.0 100 East Franklin Street East Franklin Union 125.0 136.0 144.0 125.0 147.0 152.0 1501 Franklin Street . McFarling's Exxon 126.(7 137.0' 145.0 141.0 145.0 149.0 126 W. Franklin Street Walker's Gulf .124.0 130.0 NA 1.45.0 151.0 154.0 1500 E. Franklin Street The Pantry 1.26.0 1.31.0 1.36.0 NA NA NA Jones Ferry Road Average 125.0 134.0 141.0 139.0 146.0 150.0 DTHScott Sharps Bev Kawalec, candidate for Chapel Hill Town Council at forum Boycott: ix states- for failure to ratify the ERA Market surplus Gas prices unchanged By JOHN CONWAY DTH StaH Writer Motorists pulling up to the gasoline pumps in October will be paying, on the average, the same amount for fuel as they did in August. "Prices will stay the same for the fore seeable future," said Quentin Anderson, public relations director of the Carolina Motor Club. Anderson said the steady gas prices are attributed to a current mar ket surplus. A Daily Tar Heel survey of local service stations confirmed the predicted stability of prices. In October, the average price of unleaded and premium gasoline remained constant. Regular fuel prices only fell an average of 2 cents at both the self-service and full-service pumps. An3erson said there was an "unnatural disparity between the cost of regular and unleaded." He said some stations, in an attempt, to attract customers, were lower ing -the price of regular gasoline. In Chapel Hill, the survey reflected a price difference of 9 cents between the average price of regular and unleaded fuel. The survey showed the Happy Store with the lowest prices regular at $1.20, unleaded at $1.29 and premium at $1.34 for self-service. Brinkley's Gulf had the lowest full service prices for regular, unleaded and premium. By SCOTT PHILLIPS DTH Staff Writer North Carolina is one of six states targeted for a major boy cott by film and television directors because of its failure to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment. The Directors Guild of America announced Oct. 22 that it was asking its members to refrain from filming in any of the 15 states which have not passed the ERA. All American directors are members of the guild. Because of their favorable filming conditions, North Carolina, along with Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Oklahoma and Missouri, are the primary targets of the effort. . "We're asking the directors to keep from spending any pro duction money in any of these states," guild spokesman Terry Pullan said. "It is in these states that we feel ERA has the best chance of passage." Pullan said this would cost the states the money usually spent on equipment and site rentals, hotels, restaurants and extras, as well as the personal money spent by the crews. Pullan said the guild issued a directive, not an order, "this is not mandatory," he said. "We cannot do anything to those who do not comply." Judy Murphy, press secretary for the National Organization for Women in Washington, D.C., said the boycott was a good way to get to the heart of ERA since they were both economic issues. . Murphy said more than 300 national organizations had pass ed resolutions not to hold national conventions in those states which had not ratified the amendment. She said, this had had a substantial financial impact on major convention sites such as Chicago, Miami and Atlanta. Sandy Mullins, director of the Committee to Ratify ERA, said the source of the boycott was an industry-wide action group composed mainly of actors. Within this group was a 12-member task force of directors, and it was this group which formulated the resolution passed by the guild. "We're talking about large amounts of money," Mullins said. "Georgia earned $102 million on film production last year. Al ready this year, Florida has lost four movies." Mullins said North Carolina had failed to take the ERA issue seriously enough. "You never approach the issue on its merits," she said. "You will be voting on an issue that affects every single person in this country." Mullins said Gov. Jim Hunt's pro-ERA position had not been as strong as it should be, and therefore would not hinder the boycott of the state. "The failure to ratify is the blame of the legislators and the in ability of Gov. Hunt to take a strong leadership position," Mullins said. "Good intentions just won't work any more. Hunt's lackadaisical position is going to.be held in account if he runs for the Senate in 1984. Like most politicians, he's a lot of talk. Stephanie Bass, Hunt's deputy press secretary, said the boycott had not affected the state yet, but that Hunt was con cerned. Bass said the film Brainstorm, now being filmed in North Carolina, , should bring $6 million into the state. She said the film had brought as many as 100 crew workers into the state at one time. "They're spending a lot of money here," Bass said. Don Orlando, a production accountant at Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer Studios, said no one in Hollywood was sure how sincere the directors were. He said the boycott would not seriously im pair the studios. If there is a disagreement between the studio and the director, the director can be fired and a foreign or free lance director hired. . "The whole thing is absurd," he said. "Do the directors think the production companies are going to go to the legislators and tell them how to vote? There is nothing they can do. , The deadline for ratification is June 30, 1982. Officials see future cuts to tobacco By J.B. HOWARD DTH StafT Writer Although an amendment to the Farm Bill to do away with the tobacco subsidy program was defeated in the House last week by a vote of 231-184, the program's future is uncertain, state officials and in dustry spokesmen said recently. "The strength of the support for the amendment shows the supporters of the program that some changes will have to be made if they wish to salvage it," said Eric Rozenman, press secretary for Robert Shamansky, D-Ohio, the amend ment's foremost advocate. Ann Browder of the Tobacco Institute in Washington, D.C., agreed. "We can't afford to sit back on our laurels," she said. "It is obvious that chances will have to occur for instance, in the allotment system. The only blessing is that Congress has given us (the tobacco industry) the chance to do it." The allotment system was the program feature that received the most criticism. Under this system, tobacco can be grown only on one of 550,000 allotments issued in 1933 when the program began. The al lotments have been handed down from father to son over the years, and in many cases tobacco farmers must lease allotted land from the heir. "The concept of an allotment system is vulnerable because some people feel that this amounts to a government franchise that some have and some don't," said Joseph Terrell, press secretary for the Senate Agriculture Committee chaired by Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C. Shamansky attacked the allotment sys tem last week, saying, "It doesn't benefit the tobacco farmer ... It's the people in our corporate board rooms who don't want Jo lose this bonanza." Rep. Charles Rose, D-N.C, the leading defender of the program in the House, told Shamansky after the vote that hearings to recommend modifications to the prograrn would be held, Rozenman said. "We hope Shamansky will be a witness at the hearings," Rozenman said. The hearings which have not yet been scheduled will be conducted by a subcommittee on tobacco and peanuts of the House Agriculture Committee. Rep resentatives Walter Jones and Charles Whitley of North Carolina are on the See TOBACCO on page 3 Student Spotlight C arjp nt er le a ds ho nor y t em (A 2 p.-raiofrooaoooaawa iti : Student Attorney General Mark Carpenter catches up on paperwork in his office a UNC senior math and political science major, he says anonymity is part of the job By JOHN DRESCHER Associate Editor Of all the high-ranking officials in Student Government, perhaps none op erates as anonymously as the student at torney general. While the Campus Gov erning Council speaker and student body president are easily recognized campus' figures, the attorney general traditionally has operated in the back ground, out of the public eye and often unappreciated. But that doesn't bother Student Attor ney, General Mark Carpenter. Carpen ter, a senior math and political science major from Charlotte, realizes relative anonymity is not only part of his job, but actually is essential to UNC's student-operated Honor System. Be cause the Honor System operates under the Educational Rights of Privacy Act, a student tried by the Honor Court re mains anonymous, and the attorney general is obligated to protect that stu dent's identity. Cases are not open to the public, and consequently, receive lit tle student attention. "No, the lack of recognition doesn't bother me personally," Carpenter said ' in his Suite C office. "It doesn't bother me because the act is a good one it guarantees the right of an accused stu dent. That right must be guaranteed." Carpenter's first contact with the At torney General's staff was as a freshman, when he applied to be a staff member. He was accepted, and a year later was chosen by then-Attorney General Louis Bledsoe to be one of four assistants. In February, he was ap pointed attorney general by Student Body President Scott Norberg. . Carpenter and his staff are responsi ble for both prosecuting and defending all students accused of violating UNC's Honor Code. Carpenter, who manages a staff of 34, shuns the idea that he and his staffers are acting the role of high- powered lawyers out to "get" students. "As someone once said, it's not a bunch of Perry Masons and Warren Burgers," he said. "It's a cliche, but the goal of , the . system is the pursuit of justice." Carpenter is quick to point out that the Honor System is non-adversary. The main job of his staff is to in vestigate each case thoroughly and pre sent that information before the Honor Court, Carpenter said. Both the defense and the prosecutor, who is primarily an investigator, share the information they gather. "A lot of people once had the percep tion that it was not credible. 1 think a lot of people look at the system the way they look at police. They see us as somebody you have to look out for, in stead of somebody that's out to protect your interests. If that can be changed, the battle will be won." Finding the time to work a 30-hour See PROFILE on paqe 2 i j

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