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Local elections for Chapel
Hill Town Council, the Carr
boro Board of Aldermen and
Carrboro mayor are today.
For a list of polling sites,
see page 3.
Partly cloudy and cool today
with a high near 70; low to
night of 48.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
e Issue at
Tuesday, November 3, 1931
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Low scoring on
mis unde rstood
By PETER JUDGE
DTH Staff Writer
The decline in the passing rate on the state licensing exam for
nurses, like the recent drop in Scholastic Aptitude Test scores, is
baffling state and school officials.
"There is a rate of decline in the country (in general)," said
Dean Laurel Copp of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Nursing.
"If you asked Duke or Charlotte, there is a decline common to
schools of nursing all over the country.
"We don't know if the explanation is in the larger society or if
it is in our profession internally," Copp said.
Edward Crowe, assistant secretary of the University, said that
analyses conducted by the UNC system and nursing organiza
tions indicated the overall decline in licensing exam scores
seemed to be a national trend.
Crowe said professional organizations, like the National
League for Nursing, "don't have a real feel for what the pro
blem is. .
"The SATs have been declining from year to year," he said.
"I don't think anyone has been able to attribute that decline to
any definitive causes." . ;
Arthur Padilla, assistant vice president for Academic Affairs
at UNC, also said the drop in the scores was similar to the
decline in scores on the SAT and other standardized tests. "The
SAT problem is an issue nationally, statewide, within the UNC
system and on the Chapel Hill campus," he said.
"The reasons for that decline have been widely publicized,"
Padilla said. "But there is no single answer that anyone has
come up with."
He said the decline in SAT scores had been attributed to tele
vision, lack of concern by students, easier admission standards
for colleges, poor public education and generally bad student
Padilla said trying to state a cause for the fall of the nursing
grades would be as difficult as trying to pin down a cause for the
decline in the SAT scores.
According to the "Report on Nursing Education Programs,"
prepared for the UNC Board of Governors, all 69 graduates of
the Chapel Hill School of Nursing who took the R.N. licensing
exam in 1973 passed for a 100 percent passing rate. In 1981, 104
out of 125 passed the exam for a passing rate of 83.2 percent.
Copp said the statistics gave an unbalanced view because few
nursing students failed all five of the tests which constitute the
State Board Test Pool Examination. "Eighty-three percent pas
sed everything," Copp said, "but hardly anybody failed all of
them." . . .. . .- ..
"That is like saying someone is a little bit pregnant, ' said
Anna Kuba, executive director of the N.C. Board of Nursing.
'Either they pass the exam and are licensed or they do not pass
and are not licensed. There is no middle ground."
i Kuba said the new registered nurse licensing examination,
which will be used for the July 1982 test date, would be slightly
different. She said the five tests were being abolished in favor of
one longer test. To pass, a student will have to score 1 ,600 on the
entire test instead of 350 on five different tests. "Either you pass
the entire test or you fail it," she said.
Padilla said there was some question as to the relationship of
the exam to the curriculum being offered in the schools. '
But he said the substance of the test was not being changed
this year. "Questions on the new exam will be drawn from the
same pool of questions used previously.
"The new exam will put a bit more emphasis on questions
dealing with clinical situations, and less emphasis on theoretical
problems," Padilla said.
Copp said part of the decline in the passing rate of Chapel
Hill students was caused by the increase in enrollment in the
See SCORES on page 2
p TD Tj
ie i IteireinKEUTniinm
Mike Vandenbergh, CGC chairperson at meeting Monday night
..."he supported bill allowing students to vote on fee increase
By JONATHAN SMYLIE
DTH Staff Writer
The Campus Governing Council passed a bill Mon
day that will allow the students to decide whether
they want a $2.50 increase in the Student Activities
In a 16-5 vote, the council decided to put the ques
tion of increasing the Fee from $15.25 to $17.75 to
the students. The referendum, if passed, would in
crease the amount of money Student Government
would have to allocate by more than $52,000.
"We have had a considerable increase in inflation
over the past four years," said Student Body Presi
dent Scott Norberg, pointing out one of . the major
reasons for the bill.
Norberg said by putting the referendum to a vote
of the student body everyone would have a chance to
express their opinion.
The fee increase originally was introduced by The
Daily Tar Heel editor Jim Hummel. "There are a lot
of organizations that feel they need money," he said,
citing the problem of the high increase of printing
costs campus publications must face each year.
Despite the council's approval of a student refer
endum, there were questions concerning whether the
increase was needed at all.
"It just does not make sense when you consider
what is happening nationally," said Lori Dostal,
District 5. "Now is when we need to start curbing our
Dostal said she felt that if a student wanted to be in
an organization he should pay for it individually.
Anderson Harkov, District 1 , said there were other
reasons why he thought the fee should not be raised.
"Everyone is getting hit up for more money," he
said, listing student health and athletics as two areas
for which fee increases have been proposed.
Supporting the bill, Finance Committee Chairper
son Mike Vandenbergh stressed the idea that the in
crease would allow more students to participate in
campus programs and help preserve the organiza
"By increasing every one's fee by $2.50, we are
, acting responsibly to ensure that all students have ac
cess to the programs we are funding," Vandenbergh
"In the past years, allocation for each organiza
tion has decreased by inflation. Because of this, they
have been forced to increase individual charges for
these services. By this motion we are ensuring that all
students have access to these programs," he said.
In addressing the question of why not more of the
General Surplus should be used in the budgeting pro
cess as a solution to inflation, Jonathan Reckford,
District 14, pointed out the long-term usefulness of a
"In three or four years the General Surplus will
not be there if we spend it," Reckford said. "We
have to look at the fee as more than a one-year solu
tion." The student body is scheduled to vote on the in
crease in the February 1982 campus elections.
'The Andy Griffith Show'
Simplicity quality add to success
By KEN SIMAN
DTH Staff Writer
From Aunt Bee's cooking to Suzanne
Somers' cleavage whaf sJiappened to the,
innocence of television?
Thirteen years ago, 'The Andy . Griffith
Show," which aired from 1960-1968, was the
top-rated television show in the nation. Based
in the fantasy town of Mayberry where women
cooked and cleaned, men brought home the
paycheck and the town's greatest strife occur
red when little Opie wrote a gossip column in
his homemade newspaper, the show has re
mained one of the most popular shows in tele
vision history. Today, with a few exceptions,
many television critics say the innocence of
Mayberry has been replaced by shows where
emphasis is placed on chest r rather than
character development and instant enter
tainment is provided by the destruction of EI
Richard Kelly, an English professor at the
University of Tennessee and author of a
recently published book, The Andy Griffith
Show, attributed the decline in family shows in
the Andy Griffith mold to "network
"Around 1971, networks thought rural
shows were a disgrace to urban centers and
cancelled them even if they were top rated.
'Mayberry RFD (a spinoff of "Andy Grif
fith") was cancelled even though it was num
ber seven in the ratings," Kelly said recently.
Andy Griffith, who starred as Sheriff Andy
Taylor in the show, said in an interview last
week, "You don't set out to do a specific thing
in television it becomes that. The chemistry
of the group of people (in the show) made the
family-oriented comedy work." The old
fashioned morals of "The Andy Griffith
Show" offered a stark contrast to today's
shows, Griffith said.
"The language and subject matter of televi
sion shows are so different today," he said.
Commenting on a recent contemporary show
which was about sterility, Griffith said, "I
don't know how we would have dealt with
that subject matter..'.. I don't think we would
have had Aunt Bee jn that episode."
Mark Wolf, television critic for The
Charlotte Observer sajd it would be difficult
for rural family shows similar to "Andy Grif
fith" to become popular today.
University solicits students' requests
for proposed residence hall features
By LYNN EARLEY
DTH Staff Writer
An optional meal plan, comfortable lounges, well
equipped study rooms and airconditioning are some
of the features several students said they would like
to see included in the new residence hall to be built
near Kessing pool.
Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs Donald Boul
ton said that all these suggestions were reasonable
but he said he could not say which ideas were feasible
because the new dorm was not yet in the official
At a recent meeting of the Housing Advisory Board,
options for a possible meal plan were discussed. The
Advisory Board consists of students, faculty and ad-
ministrators who report to the vice chancellor.
Boulton said some form of meal plan was a possi
ble inclusion in the residence hall. But, he added,
"That's at the end of the laundry list. It may be that
when all the research and decisions are in, it will just
have nothing to do with this building."
One option mentioned at the Advisory Board
meeting was to set up a system similar t6 Granville
Towers in which room and board are included in one
Another option would be no meal plan at all, and
another would be an inclusion of Scott Residence
College in the plan.
Various residents said that they felt an optional
meal plan would be a good idea. Jean Marshall, a
junior music major from Mt. Airy who lives in Hin
ton James Residence Hall, said, "1 think an optional
meal plan would be great."
Elizabeth C, Jones, a senior history major from
Greensboro who has lived in Aycock for four years,
said, "I feel like an optional meal plan is better
anywhere on campus. I feel like you should have the
freedom to choose."
Structural considerations are the most important,
Boulton said "Configurations of rooms and lava
tory facilities and the living space that's what's
One priority mentioned was a structural system
which encouraged interaction among the residents.
The hall system currently on North Campus was con
sidered preferable to the suite system of South Cam-,
pus to encourage hall activities. :
Brenda Jewell, a junior elementary education ma
jor from Raleigh and a Resident Assistant in Alder
man said that she liked the hall system of North
Campus better than the suite system of South Cam
pus. "Through being an RA," Jewell said, "I know
its a lot easier to be an RA on a hall. In a way the
suites cause competition between the suites."
Marshall agreed but Warren Wise said he could see
advantages of both systems. Wise a senior recreation
administration major from Marshall and an RA in
Morrison said that he had lived in both situations and
Study areas were considered an essential element
for the new residence hall. Jones said, "Not everyone
can study in a library atmosphere and they need a
place Close to home with a study atmosphere."
Wise described an optimal study room as having
good lighting, comfortable furniture and possibly
Air conditioning has been mentioned by Boulton
as one of his goals, so that the facility could be used
during the summer months for conferences!
Other suggestions included music rooms, a lecture
room for visiting speakers, kitchen facilities, durable
and comfortable couches and chairs, overhead light
ing and enough ice machines. -
Because planning is now starting, Boulton said
that student input was encouraged.
"It is very helpful to get the feelings about this at
this time through practical experience," he said.
"Hopefully, in building a new building we can take
all these things into account and improve it."
"Most everything today is contemporary,"
Wolf said. "Somebody would have to break
the mold for rustic shows to become popular
again." v ,.'.. ... .
'Kelly,' Wolf 'and Griffith all agreed the suc
cess of "The Andy Griffith Show," which re
mains one of the most watched shows in syn
dication, could be attributed not only to its
simplicity, but its quality.
"What made 'Andy Griffith' unique in the
1960s and even today is that it didn't depend
on jokes for laughs," Kelly said. "Rather, it
had captive characters who cared about the
other characters there was a comedy of
Wolf agreed. '"Andy Griffith' was the
forerunner of shows like 'Taxi' and 'Mary
Tyler Moore' because of the emphasis on char
acters," he said.
"The Andy Griffith Show" is of particular
interest to North Carolina since Griffith is a
native of the state. Mayberry supposedly was
located in North Carolina, frequent references
were made in the show to Siler City, Mount
Pilot (Pilot Mountain) and Raleigh.
"Originally, the show was supposed to be
some place in the South. I slipped in Siler Ci-
, V X,
P i '
ty and Raleigh so it became North Carolina
during the first years," Griffith said.
Despite the references td North Carolina,
Mayberry was indicative of small town USA.
"It could have been Ohio or anywhere," Kelly
said.' The encompassing appeal of the show
was apparent as the series progressed, when
Griffith modified his-Southern drawl and the
other characters dropped their accents.
City, State Population Crimes Murder Rape Robbery Assault Burglary Larceny Auto Thefts
Auburn, Ala. 28,548 1,876 2 7 21 52 740 1,006 39
Blacksburg, Va. 30,726 919 0 7 5 34 210 611 52
Va. Polytechnical Inst.
Carbondale, 111. 26,142 1,777 0 13 35 75 332 742 48
Southern 111. Univ. . (
Chapel Hill, N.C. 30,684 2,117 2 8 24 98 496 1,427 64
Univ. of North Carolina
Kent, Ohio . . 26,142 1,148 1 10 22 - 33 255 742 85
Kent State.Univ. "
Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 23,660 1,235 . 0 3 2 6 .195 1,007 22
Central Michigan Univ.
Oxford, Ohio 17,669 859 , 0 0 7 55 109 658 30
Miami of Ohio Univ. .
Rutherford, N.J. 19,001 .747 .1 0 - 7 9 209 465 56 '
Fairleigh Dickinson Univ.
FBI feiire Ho w Midi town crime rate
By JOHN CONWAY
DTH Staff Writer .
A Daily Tar Heel study of FBI crime figures
shows Chapel Hill with the. highest crime total
in 1980 of eight university towns with compa
rable resident and student populations: The
makeup and location of the town were cited as
Statistics from the Federal Bureau of In
vestigation's 1980 Uniform Crime Report
showed Chapel Hill ahead of the seven other
university towns in the total number of crimes,
with a crime index of 2,117.
Chapel Hill led not only in total crime, but
also had the highest number of aggrivated as
saults and larcenies.
The town had a total of 132 violent crimes
and 1,987 non-violent crimes, again placing
above all other survey cities.
But Chapel Hill Police Department Ad
ministrative Assistant Ben Callahan said there
were a number of variables which distorted the
Callahan said there were two important fac
tors which affected a city's crime rate the
affluence of the community and its proximity
to larger cities. More affluent communities
generally have fewer violent crimes, but have
more burglaries and larcenies.
"We've always found our crime is greatly
affected by Durham," Callahan said. He said
Chapel Hill was surrounded by three larger
cities Durham, Raleigh, and Greensboro
and that may be leading to crime.
Auburn, Ala., the city with the second
highest crime index, is located within 40 miles
of Montgomery, Ala. and Columbus, Ga.
Lt. Al Baker of the Auburn Police Depart
ment said an undermanned police force also
contributed to that city's high crime rate.
While the workload has more than doubled in
the past ten years, Baker said there had been
no Wrings since 1974.
A survey town with one of the lowest crime
totals was Blacksburg, Va., the site of Virginia
Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Blacksburg had a crime index of 919, and its
only neighboring metropolitan area is
Blacksburg Police Chief Donald Cary said
his biggest problems were larcency and bur
glary, a consequence of Blacksburg being a
predominantly affluent community.
"The biggest advantage we have is that the
kids (students) are very well behaved," Cary
All police officers interviewed agreed that
the majority of the crimes in university towns
were committed by full-time residents, not