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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volumo ci, Issue df
Wednesday, November 11, 1931
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
ff ft fy
DTII Staff Writer
Talking of love, literature and history, author
Maya Angelou treated an almost-full Memorial
Hall last night to a combination of songs, poems
Angelou, who is currently a professor at
Wake Forest University, urged students to read
everything they can and to use this knowledge to
love each other.
"All knowledge is spendable currency, de
pending on the market," she said, "if you re
fuse to avail yourself of it, you will one day be
forced to admit you were a fool."
Angelou, author of I Know Why the Caged
Bird Sings, and more recently, The Heart of a
Woman, told of her life and her experiences as,
she urged students to overcome the obstacles
"Coping (with obstacles) with some grace
makes one extremely beautiful," she said.
"When the crunch comes, (ask yourself) will I
still have a bit of humor, will I still have a lot of
love?" she said.
Stressing her black roots, Angelou said that
to cope, to learn and to grow, a person must
first have courage.
"Courage is the most important of the vir
tues; Without it, you can practice none of the
others consistently," she said.
During the speech, Angelou often read poetry
and sang songs, as she focused on black litera
ture and black culture.
"I use the word literature as an umbrella
word," Angelou said. "I use it to describe any
information handed down from generation to
generation that helps the younger ones
Most of the time however, students, both
black and white, are not exposed to black litera
ture, she said.
"It is sad to note that in the United States, we
can boast of the highest level of literacy and yet
the most incredible level of ignorance," she
Quoting black writers frequently, Angelou
spoke of both self-love and a love for other peo-
t: ' A Is
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te stick to hwd.
Author, and singer Maya Angelou
... gave talk in Memorial Hall
pie, and stressed the importance of a person's
love for himself.
Angelou spoke of her own feelings and used
them as examples for the audience to go by in
accepting their own h u marines s.
"lama human being and therefore, nothing
human can be alien to me," she said.
Angelou urged people to use love to accept
one another. It is the young generation who
have to do the work of learning to love one
janpther, she said. - - -"trt"-
"It is up to you to make this country what it
to dicu fall '82
By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
A proposal to begin the fall 1982 semester a week later
than this year's calendar will be discussed at a meeting of the
UNC Calendar Committee today at 10:30 a.m., committee
member Ray Strong said Tuesday.
The proposed change would shorten next year's Christmas
break by one week, extend the fall exam period to Dec. 23
and mean that fall break would take place the same weekend
as a home football game against N.C. State, Strong said.
The calendar change was recommended to the calendar
committee by the Committee on Instructional Personnel,
Strong said, and any final proposal must be approved by
UNC Chancellor Christopher C. Fordham III, Strong said.
Strong said that one of the reasons for the change was that
starting class on a Monday meant the opening day for classes
in August was constantly pushed back.
."Because we have a policy of starting classes on a Mon
day, we have to move everything forward every five or six
years," he said. "If we didn't we would eventually be
starting classes on Aug. 1." -
Another reason for moving the 1982-1983 academic calen
dar up a week is to put it more in line with the schedules at
Duke University and N.C. State University, Strong said.
"This year, Duke started two weeks after we did, and
State started a week later (than UNC did)," Strong said.
"We have students here who take courses at both of those
schools, and it causes problems for them."
Student Body President Scott Norberg said he was
opposed to any major changes in the calendar.
"I strongly disagree with a proposal that takes a week off
of the Christmas break, but even more importantly, I am
concerned about the changes in he exam period that would
be necessary," he said.
If the change is approved, the date to which exams would
be extended, Dec. 23, is a state holiday, Norberg said.
"That means that to finish final exams in time, they will
either have 'to shorten the exam period from nine days to
eight, or get rid of the reading day," Norberg said.
"To bunch up exams any more or do away with the reading
day would be detrimental to students' academic health," he
"I see the concern for synchroruzing the calendar, but I
think it's much more important to preserve the length of the
Christmas break, the reading day and have fall break over a
weekend with an away game," he said.
Strong pointed out that starting the school year a week late
. would give students more time in August.
"A lot of students need that extra week in August, because
they have jobs," Strong said.
Strong said he felt the reading day should be cut, and the
exam period left alone.
"Personally, I don't think we should shorten the exam
time," he said. "In my judgment we should leave everything
alone, except the reading day, which would be cut just for
The reading day could be brought back in the fall 1983
schedule, Strong said, because an extra day would have been
"Cutting out the reading day would only affect the 1982
semester," he said. "Students would still have the weekend
to study before exams began."
should be in these yet-to-be United States," she
said. "I am not pleased to say the work is in
your lap. I wish I had done more. I wish my
generation had done more," she said.
Angelou said her son was the major influence
in her life, and that her love for him gave her the
will to learn.
"I wanted to educate myself so I could help
my son help himself learn," she said. "My son
is my monument."
In the eridjshe returned to her theme, urging
her audience to learn, and to read.
The Associated Press -
WASHINGTON President Ronald Reagan said
Tuesday the Republic faces "hard times for the next
few months" but vowed to stand fast on his econo
mic program and veto any bill that exceeded his
Reagan, assailed by Senate Democrats as a presi
dent promoting the "Hoover nonsense that prosperity
is just around the corner," said recovery would come
by spring or summer. And he shrugged off those cri
tics as politicians trying to blame him for the mess
The president, in his fifth nationally broadcast
news conference, conceded it was unlikely that he
could meet his goal of balancing the budget by 1984,
He said he was determined to keep the government
headed toward the elimination of deficit spending,
saying it "must stiffen its spine and not thrown in the
On that score, he complained that federal spending
was still rising far too rapidly, despite the $35 billion
in budget cuts approved earlier this year by Congress.
And he promised to veto any bill that exceeded his
spending targets and "abuses the limited resources of
On the foreign policy front, Reagan repeated an
earlier comment that stirred an uproar, in Europe,
saying he still believes it is possible that there might
be a battlefield exchange of nuclear weapons without
triggering global war.
And he insisted that despite reports of disarray and
discord among his top foreign and defense advisers
"there is no bickering or backstabbing going on ...
We are a very happy group." .
Reagan said he would delay until January the $3
billion in tax increases and $2 billion in benefit cuts
that he had sought this year, but he would ask Con
gress to make them effective in late 1982. Reagan
added he still wanted Congress to pass this year the
12 percent cuts in non-defense spending that he
proposed in September.
Noting that his economic program has been in
effect for 40 days, Reagan said, "You can't cure 40
years of problems in that short time." But he con
tended he had set the foundation for recovery in
Though some of Reagan's advisers have urged him
to raise taxes to make up at least.spme of the deficit,
the president said he would not decide that issue until
More females head families
Study reports women's status
By AMY EDWARDS
DTH Staff Writer
Although women in North Carolina are
increasingly becoming family breadwinners,
many are still doing menial jobs for low
wages, a recent study reports.
The study, a four-year progress report by
the North Carolina Council on the Status of
Women, found that at least one family in
eight is headed by a woman. ,
Of the state's working women, 80 percent
are employed in lower-paying manufacturing
and clerical jobs, while only 40 percent of the
men hold such jobs. In 1978, the study re
ported, these women earned a median salary
of $7,900 compared to a median salary of
$11,000 for men.
"It's a tremendous difference," said
Carol Holcolmb, special projects director for
the council. "More women are single house
hold heads. They're trying to support their
families with less money," she said.
Holcolmb attributed some of the wage dif
ference to the fact that traditional women's
jobs paid less than traditional men's jobs.
"Delivery men make more than nurses," she
Holcolmb also cited a more subtle form of
discrimination against Vomen. "A woman
can do the same thing as a man, and be given
a different job title. Then (her employers)
say they do different jobs and pay them dif
ferently." she said. "You know the old say
ing about women having to work twice as
hard as men? It's true," she said.
She said a 1980 report by the National Ad
visory Council on Economic Opportunity
found a trend toward the feminization of
poverty. One in three female household
heads is poor, the study said, compared to
one in 18 male household heads. If the
trends of high divorce rates, low wages, and
poor advancement opportunities for women
continue, 100 percent of the nation's poor
will be women by the year 2000, she said,
citing the study.
Women at UNC also tend to be employed
in lower paying jobs. "If you look at the
staff, the majority of women are employed
in secretarial types of positions rather than
management types of positions," said Gillian
Cell, affirmative action officer for the
"It's certainly, true that, the majority of
female faculty members are in the lower
ranks," Cell said. "The largest pool of
women available (for faculty positions) are
recent Ph.D.'s. They come in at the assistant
professor level," she said. She cited a na
tional study which found that women in aca
demics were paid less than their male counter
parts. However, Cell sees some progress for
women faculty members. "In the last four
years, more women have been able to move
up the tenure ladder,", she said.
Holcolmb has seen little progress in the last
four years for North Carolina women.
"Women earn 59, cents compared to every
dollar men earn. When you look at the
statistics, it's hard to see progress," she said.
However, she said individual women were
moving up the corporate ladder.
"Women don't have a lot of role models.
There is not an established 'old girls' net
work like there is an 'old boys' network,"
she said of the business connections which
often aid in advancement.
See REPORT on page 4.
Cumpus history -
Buildings' names preserve memories of prominent alumni
The president also signale4 there might be some
changes ahead in the Medicaid program, contending
that levying a charge on those who use the program
might discourage "overuse."
Health and Human Services Secretary Richard S.
Schweiker, under orders from Budget Director David
Stockman to cut $9 billion from his 1983 budget, has
suggested to the White House cuts of $2.9 billion in
Medicare and $600 million in Medicaid. .
Reagan said Jhey were options that he would con
sider, but he pledged to make sure they would not
"hurt people we don't want to hurt."
See REAGAN on page 4 '
Court rules on
state party funds
The Associated Press
RALEIGH North Carolina's Republican Party
praised a Tuesday U.S. Supreme Court ruling that
state political parties could transfer some of their
fund-raising and spending power to the national
GOP leaders said the ruling would make candi
dates more responsive to their parties.
However, the state Democratic Party called the
ruling "potentially disastrous," saying it would take
the competitive openness out of the free election sys
tem and concede it to the party with the most money.
By a 9-0 vote, the high court reversed a ruling that
the transfer of such authority to the national parties
is barred under federal campaign financing laws.
North Carolina was one of the states listed as benefit
ting from that practice.
The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 es
tablished separate spending authorities for national
and state political organizations.
For example, each organization is allowed to
spend at least $200,000 in a Senate race, with maxi
mum allowable amounts based on the size of state
Tuesday's ruling means that state party organiza
tions, which frequently are unable to raise as much'
money as they are legally entitled to spend, can
"assign" their spending authority to the national or
Dave Flaherty, state GOP chairman, said the
ruling means that candidates would be able to get the
funding.they needed to get their political views to the
"We're very elated because I think the court ruled
unanimously and basically said what the'Republicans
were doing was right and the Democrats were
wrong," he said.
He said the ruling would make candidates more re
sponsive and loyal to the party.
, He said the party would continue to operate as it
had in the past, now that it had Supreme Court
Janice Faulkner, executive director of the state
Democratic' Party, said the ruling meant that state
parties that could not raise money for themselves or
campaigns that could not be funded locally "can be
bought up by centralized funding."
"The ruling means the Republican Party as a po
litical party would have far more money than it
would if it was forced to compete with the Congres
sional Club for campaign financing," she said.
"If the state party can't get you elected and you
sell yourself to the national party, where is the re
sponsibility?" she asked. "Do you want your candi
date responsive to Washington or to Beargrass,
She said the decision "won't leave the state Demo
cratic Party standing with a tin cup."
"It will give us initiative to get our house in order,
to concentrate on more systematic fund-raising," she
By TERESA CURRY
DTH Staff Writer '
With over 125 permanently structured
buildings on campus it is doubtful that
very many students, as they rush from
one place to the next during the course of
a day, "have ever really wondered about
the origin of a building's name.
"In the recent past (here at the Univer
sity) the unit that occupies the building is
usually the one concerned with naming it,"
said William Huffines, a professor and
associate dean of pathology who is cur
rently the chairman of the buildings and
grounds committee. ,
"A letter of request is then sent out
from the department head," Huffines
said. "The letter then goes through admi
nistrative channels, whatever they may
be, to the chancellor's office."
The request is then channeled to the
buildings and ground committee, which is
a long-standing advisory committee to
the chancellor, Huffines said. If the com
mittee approves the request then it is sent
to the chancellor.
"If the chancellor accepts the request
then it is forwarded to the board of trus
tees, who have the final say as to whether
the name will be used or not," Huffines
However this is not the only route that
can be taken in naming a building, Huf
"Anybody who wants to recommend
a name is free to do so," said William
Powell, professor of history and member
of the buildings and ground committee.
"It is always the trustees (however) who
will have the final say." -
Most of the past histories of campus
buildings involved prominent people.
The William Hayes Ackland Memorial
Art Center, completed in 1958, is the
home of the Ackland Museum and the
University department of art.
The University acquired the building
by winning a contested will battle in court
which lasted' for nine years!. At that time
Ackland, a Washington, D.C. lawyer and
recluse, was unknown to the Unversity. -
Ackland had stipulated in his will that
his $11.5 million estate should establish
an art center somewhere in the south.
Duke, UNC and Rollins were all named as
possible choices for the sight of the muse
um. There was a stipulation in his will,
though, that the building had to house his
Duke, which had been the first choice,
was unwilling to honor the stipulation so
the case went into court with UNC, Rol
lins, and several of Rollins' neices and
nephews contesting for estate.
Davie Hall, constructed in 1908, -was
named after William Richardson Davie,
the "Father of the University." Davie
was a North Carolina legislator and gover
nor. While serving on the legislature he v
was responsioie ior sponsoring me diu 10
charter the University.
The building originally housed the de
partments of biology and botany. Today it
holds the department of psychology.
Hill Hall was originally a 200,000-vol-ume
capacity library. Once it was replac
ed by the Louis Round Wilson Library,
John Sprunt Hill from the class of 1889
donated money to renovate the building
into an auditorium.
Hill also donated a four-manual Reuter
organ. All that he requested of the
University in return was that it hold
weekly evening concerts in the building.
Phillips Hall, completed in 1918, was
named after three UNC faculty members
all from the Phillips family whose com
bined years of teaching spanned over 60
James Phillips was a professor of math
and natural philosophy. James' son,
Charles Phillips, was a tutor of mathema
tics, professor of engineering and profes
sor of mathematics. James' other son,
William Battle Phillips was a professor of
agricultural chemistry and mining.
See NAMES on page 4
Pettigrew Hall, constructed in 1912
... today houses administration offices