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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume EJ, Issue SjT
Thursday, November 12, 1981
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
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By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
The UNC Calendar Committee recommended Wednesday
that the fall 1982 school term begin one week later than this
year's semester, a move that would cut one week from Christ
mas vacation and force students to go to school on Labor Day,
said Lillian Lehman, Calendar Committee chairperson.
The proposed changes will be sent to UNC Provost Charles
Morrow for approval before they are passed on to Chancellor
Christopher C. Fordham HI for a final decision, she said.
The move also would push fall break forward so that it would
begin on the Wednesday after the home football game against
N.C. State, Lehman said.
"After a lot of discussion, we decided it would be better for
students to have to go to school on Labor Day than to have to
give up the reading day immediately before final exams," she
Moving the calendar foward would extend final exams to
Dec. 23, a state holiday, and would have moved fall break to the
same weekend as the State game.
The committee discussed several solutions to the exam period
problem, such as eliminating reading day or shortening the exam
schedule, before it decided to hold classes on Labor Day,
"It's more important for the exam schedule to be left intact
than the holiday," she said. "As it is now, we go to school for
five days, then take a break for Labor Day."
The calendar committee had first proposed that next year's
calendar be left unchanged for one more year, but the Commit
tee of Instructional Pesonnel, chaired by Morrow, rejected that
idea, Lehman said.
"We were expecting to wait until 1983 before making any
changes in the calendar," Lehman said. "The Committee of In
structional Personnel sent it back to us and told us they wanted
to start the year a week later.
"We pointed out that this would leave only eight days for the
exam period (one day short), and they said, 'You can just put
one in somewhere,' " she said.
"The Calendar Committee's original proposal makes sense,"
Student Body President Scott Norberg said. "The Calendar
Committee was presented with no rationale (for making
.the move this year).
"Supposedly, there are concerns for leaving more time be
tween summer school and the fall semester and for sychronizing
our schedule with other schools. , ; .
"I find those arguments irisignificant,'.' hesajyL",XJuke Joas
not even settled on their schedule yet." . .
Norberg said many universities go to an earlier school year in
order to save money on energy costs in the winter.
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Student Activities Center, shown in model, will seat 22,000 spectators
... facility will be third-largest college arena in the nation
New financing plan approved
for Student Activities Center
By NORMAN CANNADA
Assistant Sports Editor
The University educational foundation has agreed
to help with a new finance plan for the new Student
Activities Center, for which construction is set to be
gin in late March.
"We are in the homestretch," fund drive Chair
man Hargrove "Skipper" Bowles said Wednesday.
"The train is about to leave the station, and if any
one wants a seat, he should make his pledge now."
Bowles said the fund-raising committee, composed
more than 500 volunteers, had raised $17.7 million of
the $30 million that will be needed to build the center.
The educational foundation has agreed to pledge
available funds from its endowment fund to repay a
loan if the committee can raise another $5 million.
"We are working at getting a half a dozen or so in
dividuals who have the resources to put us over the
top to donate," Bowles said. "If that doesn't work
put, we have made arrangements to borrow the
money that we need. In that case, the educational
foundation would lejtiBsystse incomejfrpm their en
dowment fund to repay the loan." " T
Bowles said he had beert pleased with the response
he had gotten so far in his fund-raising drive.
"We have been in high gear for a little less than a
year," he said. "It's remarkable how good the re
sponse has been.'!
The center, when finished, will be the third largest
on-campus basketball facility in the country, seating
an estimated 22,000 for UNC home games. Only
Syracuse's Carrier Dome and Brigham Young's Mar
riott Center will have larger capacities.
In addition to serving as a home for UNC basket
ball, the center could also be used for cultural events,
concerts, political conventions and other large meet
ings. "It's so exciting to think about the possibilities for
the center," Bowles said. "It is definitely something
that would be a big benefit for this University."
Bowles added the project is running close to its ori
"We're pretty much right on schedule," he said.
"I don't think there'll be any problem getting started
by thread of JMarch V'-vi. v ; ; '
UNC Athletic Director John Swof ford said the
new financing plan would help keep the project on
The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. The
space shuttle Columbia suffered techno
logical growing pains on the eve of its
scheduled return to space, and its launch
target was put back until mid-morning to
day, by an errant data relay system. After
the ship underwent a series of launch pad
repairs Wednesday night, officials de
cided against a sunrise liftoff.
The new target is for 10 a.m. EST, said
L. Michael Weeks of the National Aero
nautics and Space Administration.
NASA officials still hope for a launch
today, but it must come before 12:10
p.m. the final moment in Columbia's
Columbia's crew was ready, but at
dusk a NASA official said that the pro
blems were not resolved and that there
was still no. go-ahead for overnight
There was a strong possibility of a
second scrubbed launch in as many weeks.
As dark enveloped the shuttle, space cen
ter spokesman Hugh Harris said testing
was continuing On the pad
Astronauts Joe Engle and Richard
Truly stayed up a little past their. 5 p.m.
bedtime to monitor the problem and went
to bed not knowing whether they would
fly as scheduled. "They roll with the
punch pretty good," said their spokes
man, Bill Jones. "They're waiting and
ready it's not their decision."
NASA was flying in two replacement
parts for a malfunctioning electronic
component, but the parts were not due at
Kennedy Space Center until late Wednes
day. "They have a number of decisions they
have to make, and they have not made
them," said NASA's Dick Young. One
possibility was to put a space part aboard
Columbia for the astronauts to swap in
flight if necessary.
Trouble started Tuesday night when
monitors detected something amiss with a
device used to translate data on the health
of Columbia's systems into meaningful
information for relay to experts on the
A replacement for the instrument, a
Pulse Code Modulator, was flown in
from the Johnson Space Center in Hous
ton. It too failed.
Engineers traced the problem to
another electronic unit a "multiplexer
demultiplexer" in the system and re
placed it. But that replacement did not re
spond fully to commands, and two more
of the units were flown here Wednesday
night. They were taken from Challenger,
Columbia's sister ship, now being built in
The other problem had an easier solu
During the morning, helium pressure
began dropping at a faster than normal
rate in the hydrogen compartment of the
shuttle's monstrous external fuel tank, in
dicating a leak somewhere. This caused
considerable worry, but the problem was
soon resolved by opening and closing a
vent valve, "recycling" it several times.
NASA officials are hoping that last
day glitches or poor weather conditions
force no further launch delays. Last
Wednesday, the first attempt to launch
Columbia's return to space was post
poned after a gummed up hydraulic sys
tem created unacceptably high pressure.
That scrub cost eight days and $1.5 mil
lion to $2 million.
Astronauts Engle and Truly, who have
waited a combined 31 years as astronauts
to take a ship into space, spent two hours
practicing landings on the space center's
runway, their destination if things should
go awry early in the flight.
For Thily, a Navy captain, the liftoff
would be a memorable 44th birthday cele
bration. For Engle, a 49-year-old Air Force col
onel, it will add to the honors he received
as a test pilot who flew the X-15 rocket
plane 16 times, exceeding an altitude of
50 miles three times. Columbia is to orbit
.- at an altitude of approximately 157 miles.
During their 5-day, 4-hour, 10-minute
flight, they will practice photography.
By DAVE KRINSKY
DTH Staff Writer
In an effort to improve communication
among UNC organizations, Student
Body President Scott Norberg has estab
lished an informal Campus Cabinet,
which will meet for the first time today.
The meeting, which will be co-sponsored
by the Campus Y and the Student Gov
ernment, is open to all students. But
Norberg is asking organizations with
more than 100 members and that receive
each year more than $1,000 of the Stu
dent Activities Fee to attend the first
"This is going to involve 16 organiza
tions," Norberg said. "I want the group
to decide if it (tfte meetings) could benefit
the groups in campus activities."
Norberg will co-chair the first meeting
and said he would suggest that the chair
manship be rotated at every meeting.
"I'm going to suggest that we talk
about an inter-organizational newsletter
at the meeting ... as a way of keeping up
on the different programs and projects
that the organizations are working on.
"By being more aware we would be in
a better position to make each of our own
programs more effective," Norberg said.
Mary Henderson, co-president of the
Campus Y and one of the organizers of
the cabinet, said she became involved in
the project because she wanted to see
campus organizations work more closely
"I thought that it would be a good idea
to pull campus leaders together, not in a
sense to pull leaders together, but to pull
organizations together," Henderson said.
She said she saw shared information
and more co-sponsorship of events as two
goals of the cabinet.
"I think the main idea is to pull the or
ganizations together and, hopefully,
reach the campus more effectively," she
Norberg said that he would suggest
that the group meet every three or four
weeks, but stressed that this, along with
the other issues, would be decided at the
meeting by the group.
The cabinet will discuss what each
group perceives as its responsibility to the
University community and why organiza
tion members do what they do.
Another area of discussion will be the
concerns of individual organizations and
how the groups can better complement
each others' efforts.
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Obler, Leutze debate
Views on arms race presented
Professors James Leutze, left, and Jeffrey Obler debate arms issue
... both called limited nuclear war a frightening' prospect
By SHERRI BOLES
. DTH Staff Writer
Different views on the escalating arms race and on nuclear
war were presented Wednesday in a debate between Jeffrey
Obler, professor of political science, and James Leutze, chair
man of the peace, war and defense curriculum.
Although the speakers agreed that discussion of limited nu
clear war was frightening, Leutze said he believed the United
States should continue improving its weaponry to match arms
with the Soviet Union. Obler, on the other hand, said it was time
to stop the arms race and talk seriously with the Soviets about
trying to end technological advancement in this area.
"We are going to have to spend a significant portion of our
national resources on armaments," Leutze said. "I wish it were
"I'm a little bit disturbed at the extent to which the debate has
become emotional and directed toward goals which are unob
tainable. I'm referring to the idea of a totally-disarmed world. I
wish that this hypothesis were possible, but I do not believe that
it is." he said.
Obler said the Reagan administration was increasing military
capability on the grounds that the Soviet Union was planning to
engage in a nuclear race that would allow it to win a nuclear war.
"It is not realistic to base our nuclear plans on the assumption
that the Soviet Union is planning to launch a nuclear war,"
Obler said. "I think the scenario is absurd and the United States
is not in a vulnerable position and the Soviet Union is not in a
position to begin a nuclear war."
Leutze said he did not believe the Reagan administration was
directing its efforts toward trying to achieve nuclear or strategic
"It seems to me that the Reagan administration is trying to
ensure against the possibility of an attack and is trying to find a
way to make our land-based missUes less vulnerable," Leutze
"I don't believe that with the improvements in Soviet missiles
we can simply sit tight and say, 'Well, we built this missile back
in the '60s and it was meant to be an adequate deterrent against
Soviet missiles at that time.'
"The Soviets are technically increasing their weapons, and we
can't simply stand pat and rely on the weapon system we had at
that time. I think something must be done to keep pace techno
logically," he said.
Obler said, "The window of vulnerability is a facade behind
which the Reagan administration wants to improve America's
In employing the MX missile, the United States is not improv
ing its invulnerability as much as it is improving its capability of
destroying Soviet land-based missiles, he said.
"I believe the Soviet Union builds its missiles in order to try to
provide better security from a possible American first strike,"
But Leutze cautioned: "I don't believe the Reagan ad
ministration is seriously trying to attain nuclear superiority, and
I certainly don't believe they are aiming at first-strike
"But the Soviets will see our MX missiles as a first-strike
measure," Obler said, adding that the only plausible motivation
. the Soviet Union would have to launch an attack would be it ex
pected an iminent first-strike from the United States.
The Gurolima Poll
Student-conducted survey gauges state residents9 views
By KELLY SIMMONS
DTH Staff Writer
A series of polls released recently by The Universi
ty of North Carolina has provided state residents
with information on how they think and feel about a
variety of current issues and events.
Few people, however, realize that the statewide
Carolina Poll is conducted by journalism students as
part of a classroom course.
According to the most recent polls conducted by
the UNC School of Journalism, North Carolinians
prefer Democratic Gov. Jim Hunt over Republican
Sen. Jesse Helms in a potential 1984 U.S. Senate
Hunt was shown to be leading Helms by a margin
of 46 percent to 38 percent, while 17 percent did not
state a preference.
Hunt was the strongest choice among blacks,
women, people with low income and low education
and young people. A total of 71 percent of the black
respondents said they would vote for Hunt, while
only 11 percent favored Helms.
Despite being favored in the poll, Hunt's press
secretary, Brent Hackney, said the governor was not
yet looking toward a 1984 race for the seat, now held
by Helms. Helms' office did not express any concern
about the poll results.
In another Carolina Poll released Nov. 5, North
Carolinians were divided evenly on whether or not
the proposed Nixon library should be built at Duke
Thirty-eight percent of those polled favored con
struction of the library; 38 percent opposed it, and 24
percent gave no opinion or said they did not know.
As in other polls, differences within the groups'
polled were apparent. Whites were more in favor of
the library than blacks, and men favored it more than
women. Only 36 percent of people in higher income
brackets were against the library.
Spokesmen at Duke said they expected public opi
nion to play a part in the decision.
For both polls, 592 people were pollel in a tele
phone survey between Oct. 5 and Oct. 12.
Both polls were the results of two classes in survey
research at the UNC School of Journalism. The poll,
which has been conducted since 1975, is done each
semester by different students and uses different
Introduction to mass communication and advanced
reporting classes conduct the Carolina Poll, which
helps students understand research journalism and
introduces them to computer analysis, said Professor
Philip Meyer. The results also are released to the
public through the press on issues relevant to North
Carolina at the time.
Knight Publishing Co. supplies the Carolina Poll
with a random list of telephone numbers that repre
sent each county in North Carolina. The amount of
numbers selected from each county is proportional to
the population of the county, and each county has
Students are required to spend two nights inter
viewing. Each is given sheets of telephone numbers
and is required to complete at last one or two calls
from every sheet. Each interview last about 10
Survey questions are chosen mainly on the basis of
newsworthiness. Subjects of interest to the students
are discussed within the classes, some questions are
market questions for the UNC Center for Public
Television, and some are research interests of the
faculty. During election years, the surveys focus on
While some question the reliability of the poll, the
sample error is only 4 percent. "The survey provides
an estimate of public opinion on a given issue at a
given moment," Meyer said.
In the Hunt-Helms survey, a prediction of the
winner was not the result. "It certainly didn't prove
who would win, but who had the chance in terms of
public support," Meyer said.
Survey research is becoming increasingly impor
tant in research journalism, Meyer said.
Robert Stevenson, a journalism professor who
also teaches the poll, said: "Anybody in the graduate
program should be familiar with research. It's how
the knowledge is created that eventually ends up in
Mark DiMartini, a first-year graduate student in
Stevenson's class, said learning how to use the com
puter and trying to learn data analysis was a big ad
vantage of the course. "It got to be repetitious, but it
showed what you have to go through to form a
poll," he said.
John Goodwin, one of Meyer's students, also said
the polling had helped him. "It teaches us how to
translate the information to people," he said.
"That's a great asset. It'll give us an edge once we get
on the job."
The Charlotte News and Charlotte Observer pro
vided the sample poll for the classes to follow. The
UNC Center for Public Television contributed to the
polling by paying the telephone bill.