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Volume Issue (A
Friday, November 20, 1981 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Busi nessi Advertising 962-1163
f df Macs
-. 1 i
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON The Nuclear Reg
ulatory Commission suspended the oper
ating license of the Diablo Canyon atomic
power plant Thursday, saying it would re
quire verification of earthquake protec
tion equipment at the troubled California
The NCR decision came at a closed
meeting hours after a congressional sub
committee hearing at which new questions
were raised about the safety of nuclear
NRC Chairman Nunzio J. Palladino
said the vote was 4-1 to suspend the
license to test the first nuclear reactor at
the yet-to-be opened $2.3 billion plant.
Commission member Thomas Roberts,
the dissenter, said he planned to file a
"An order suspending the Diablo Can
yon license has been approved by the
. commission," Palladino said after the
two-hour meeting. "The commissioners
are unanimous in their view that fuel
loading should not take place until seis
mic verification can be completed."
Palladino said Roberts, who voted
against the suspension, also would file a
separate opinion on how the seismic veri
fication would be accomplished. That is a
key point because the utility that owns the
plant wants to use its own consultant, but
California Gov. Edmund G. Brown Jr. is
insisting on a study independent of the
An order, spelling out the NRC deci
sion in greater detail, will be sent to the
plant's owner, Pacific Gas & Electric
Co., NRC spokesman Joseph Fouchard
The seismic study would be "an inde
pendent audit proposed by "PG&E and
approved by the commission," he said.
Fouchard, asked what a suspended li
cense meant, said an order outlining spe
cific criteria that the plant's owners must
meet would be issued. Asked if susperi-
sion meant that an entire new set of pu-'
blic licensing hearings would have to be
held, he said, "No, it would not."
Tony Ledwell, a PG&E spokesman,
said the company was disappointed at the
license suspension but would continue to
cooperate with the NRC and was confi
dent "the plant can and will be operated
safely in the public interest."
Earlier, Palladino told a congressional
subcommittee that his confidence in the
nuclear establishment's "quality assu
rance" how it could guarantee atomic
power plants are built safely had been
clouded by his experience in 4V2 months
on the commission.
"After reviewing both industry and
NRC past performances in quality assu
rance," he said. ""I readily acknowledge
that neither have been as effective as they
should have been in view of the relatively
large number of construction related de
ficiencies that have come to light."
Palladino spoke at a hearing called to
focus on problems pointed up by the
Diablo Canyon power plant near San
Luis Obispo, Calif.
At the subcommittee meeting, Palla-.
dino said "a significant number" of
plants other than Diablo Canyon had
problems with quality assurance.
By MARK SCHOEN
DTH Staff Writer
The University .of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill has either met or surpassed
most of the minority recruitment goals set
by the consent decree between the UNC sys
tem and the federal government, according
to a report to be presented to the Faculty
Council this afternoon.
According to the report, 2,740 of the fall
1981 enrollees are in-state students. A total
of 1,929 enrollees are women. The admis
sions office processed 11,678 applications
for this fall's freshman class. Of that num
ber, 987 applicants were denied admission
for academic reasons; 5,167 qualified but
were turned away because of quota and
space limitations, and 399 applications
" j J Cw m mm -
In the Advisory Committee on Under- In other action, the Faculty Committee
graduate Admissions' annual report to the on Athletics is expected to report that 94.6
Chad Russell ponders question as Blair Haworth hits buzzer during final match
... 'Ozymandias' will now play an all-star team before regional competition begins
The to sup
Sophomores win College Bowl championship
council, the committee reports
that UNC-Chapel Hill has met
nine of 10 minority recruitment
goals and is taking steps to meet
the 10th producing and mail
ing brochures for prospective
black students. "
"The only new thing we are
doing is mailing out the minority
brochures," said Richard G.
Cashwell, director of the Under
graduate Admissions Office. "It
contains general information
percent of all athletes on
scholarship who complete four
years of eligibility or who re
main in the University for four
years graduate. The committee
found that 57.3 percent of all
athletes who initially received a
grant-in-aid graduate. . The
graduation rate for the entire
University is 68 percent.
According to the committee's
Cashwell report, 90 varsity athletes 47
about the men and 43 women averaged 3.0 or bet-
By LYNN WORTH
DTH Staff Writer
Lt. William Calley, geometric expansion, Pete Seger, Jupiter,
proteins and 3.259. For ten points, what do these terms have in
They are all correct answers given by "Ozymandias" in the
final round of College Bowl competition Wednesday night
answers that helped earn them the title of UNC College Bowl in
After almost a month of double-elimination competition, the
all-sophomore foursome placed first in a field of 48 teams,
defeating the "Truly Needy" 315-230 in the last match.
Boyd Faulkner, Blair Haworth, Seth Katz and Chad Russell
will now compete in scrimmage matches with an all-star team of
four players chosen from the other 47 teams. In February, four
flayers and one. alternate .will be selected jxom these eight, to -compete
in regional matches at Virginia Polytechnic Institute in
Wayne Plummer, chairman of the Carolina Union Recreation
Committee, said he expected the UNC team to do well in regional
play this year. "The only team we've had trouble with is David
son, and we've beaten them over the past couple of years," he
said. "If we don't win the regional, I'll be surprised."
UNC teams have participated in College Bowl competition
since it was revived on college campuses iri 1977, seven years
after the College Bowl television show went off the air. Last
year, the UNC team placed fifth in the regionals; in 1979, . a
UNC team won the regionals and tied for third place in national
In College Bowl matches, two teams of four players are pitted
against each other to answer questions on a variety of subjects
ranging from films to physics to mixed drinks. A game lasts 14
minutes with a short halftime interval.
The teams are asked tossup questions worth ten points each.
When a team correctly answers a tossup question, it is asked a
bonus question with a designated value. The team with the most
points when time runs out is the .winner
The College Bowl is sponsored by The Association of Unions
International. Questions are provided by College Bowl Interna
tional, a subsidiary of Reader's Digest, and answers are verified
: by Tune magazine, "
University, encouraging blacks to come to
The goals already met by the University
include recruiting at state high schools and
community colleges, contacting potential
black enrollees and minority community
college graduates and urging blacks who
have been accepted to enroll at the Univer-'
The council is scheduled to meet at 3
p.m. in the Faculty Lounge of Morehead
A goal of 10.6 percent black student en
rollment at traditionally white schools was
set in the decree, which was signed in July.
Of the 3,201 freshmen who enrolled in Au
gust, 460 were black a percentage of 14.4
.Our ,past jthfee freshmen classes have
exceeded the goals," Cashwell said Friday. .
"The primary responsibility we have now
is documenting for the courts that we have
made these actions."
ter during the 1980-81 academic year. The
men's cross country and swimming teams
and the women's field hockey team each
had eight athletes with an average of at
least 3.0. The men's and women's basket
ball teams had the fewest, with one each.
The Committee on Scholarships, Awards
and Student Aid is expected to report that
because of economic conditions, the Stu
dent Aid Office will, continue to concen
trate its funds on undergraduate students.
Most aid to graduate and professional stu
dents will be handled by the Graduate
School and some of the professional'
schools, according to the report.
The committee is also expected to report
that a special subcommittee has been esta
blished to study the feasibility of academic
progress standards that students must meet
to be eligible for continued financial aid.
That subcommittee is expected to report
later in the 1981-1982 academic year.
KepubMcans seelk to re : ste : e sp8 1&
The Associated Press .
WASHINGTON Senate Republican leaders
agreed Thursday to seek $3.6 billion in new cuts from
domestic programs but to spare defense in a bid to
avoid a veto of legislation needed to keep the govern
ment from running out of money at midnight.
Without the additional spending cuts an average
of 4 percent in hundreds of programs President
Ronald Reagan "would undoubtedly veto" the huge
emergency bill, Senate Republican Leader Howard
He said a veto, in turn, probably would force Con
gress into an around-the-clock weekend session to
produce a second measure that Reagan would ap
prove. But with the cuts, Baker added, Reagan would put
his signature on the measure needed to keep virtually
the entire federal government in business.
Baker predicted that the Senate would vote its ap
proval later in the day for the plan, which would ex
empt the Pentagon, foreign aid and benefit programs
such as food stamps and Medicare from the newest
round of spending reductions.
A final Senate vote of the $417.4 billion legislation
was expected either Thursday night or today. The bill
then would return to the House, which rejected a
similar plan for new cuts earlier this week.
With Baker maneuvering to pass the emergency
spending bill, the Senate Budget Committee sent an
overall budget plan to the floor that virtually ignored
changes in economic forecasts and deficit projections
over the last six months.
The plan, which passed without recommendation,
is practically a carbon copy of a budget outline ap
proved earlier this year. But at the suggestion of Sen.
Lawton Chiles, D-Fla., the panel included an esti
mate that, without further action to cut spending or
raise taxes, the deficit in 1984 could reach $165 bil
lion. For the current year, the estimate was $76 bil
lion to $92 billion.
The blueprint approved earlier envisioned a $37.6
billion deficit for 1982, with a balanced budget in
Baker announced plans to seek further cuts in
spending on domestic programs after what he was
was a "rather spirited" caucus of Senate Republi
cans. '' '
He declined to elaborate, but when asked about
defense, said, "Almost everybody agrees we don't
have any choice but to do what we can to make
America strong again."
Republican officials said Baker's proposal would
call for average reductions of 4 percent in domestic
programs. They said the president would be em
powered to reduce individual programs by between 2
percent and 5 percent.
According to Office of Management and Budget
estimates, the additional cut of $3.6 billion would
leave the measure $2.3 billion above Reagan's re
quest. But Baker said that would satisfy the president if
the Democratic-controlled House would go along.
"If we don't make these cuts or something very
close to these cuts," the president would cast the
first veto of his administration, he predicted.
The House rejected a cut of 5 percent across the
board in domestic programs when it approved its
own version of the stopgap spending bill Monday.
But House Republican leaders were expected to try
"I think there's a good chance ... we can get a bill
on the president's desk he will sign," Baker said.
Republicans and Democrats alike in both houses
said Reagan had enough support to sustain a veto.
Baker and House Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill,
D-Mass., said that if the veto was sustained, both
houses would remain in session to draft a new bill.
At issue was a bill to keep almost the entire govern
ment in business after existing legislation expires at
midnight. The bill is necessary because except for its
own operations, Congress has not yet approved any
of the regular money bills for the current fiscal year,
which began Oct. 1. " . .
Expedition for Monitor .possible
By JIM WRINN
DTH Staff Writer
The Civil War ironclad Monitor, resting on the Atlantic
Ocean floor just off Cape Hatteras where it sank 1 19 years ago,
may once again be the object of an underwater expedition, ac
cording to a forthcoming Department of Cultural Resources
Diana Lange of the Underwater Archaeology Division at Fort
Fisher said Thursday that a just completed management plan
would outline alternatives for the future of the vessel, which
would include leaving it untouched, staging further archaeologi
cal dives or possibly raising the ship intact.
The Union ship, famous for its stand-off battle with the Confe
derate ironclad Merrimack, sank on Dec. 31, 1862, while being
towed to Beaufort.
The wreck was discovered in August 1973 by Duke University
researchers while on an expedition sponsored by the National "
Geographic Society, the National Science Foundation and the
U.S. Army Reserve.
Since the initial expedition, there have been two other dives.
The first, in April 1974, was a comprehensive photographic
study of the wreck. The second, an August 1979 archaeological
dive, recovered 106 items from the vicinity of the captains cabin,
including champagne botpes, a ceramic soap dish and an.
unopened relish jar, Laofe said.
inc report, scheduled be released in January, will summarize
the 1979 expedition's finding and will base part of its recommen
dations on findings from that dive, she said.
. "There are still too many tests to be done at the site before
we'll know exactly what our future plans will be," she said.
Lange said a tentatively planned expedition to study sediment
patterns at the wreck site was scheduled for May. The knowledge
of such patterns will assist in making determinations about
future expeditions, she added. .
Research groups wishing to study the wreck will have to sub
mit proposals to the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Admin
istration, which oversees the site. Once proposals are submitted,
the Cultural Resources Department will assist with its approval
and serve as coordinator during an expedition, Lange said. The
Underwater Archaeology Division expects expeditions in 1983
and 1985. .
The Monitor can be raised intact with existing technology
despite its fragile condition, but the lack of money and the pro
blem of the preserving of the vessel once it is raised are limiting
concerns," she said.
Artifacts from the Monitor have been on display in the Naval
Museum in Washington, D.C., Lange said. Next spring, items
recovered in the 1979 dive will be featured at exhibits in Manteo,'
Fort Fisher, which is south of Wilmington, and Bogue, near
By JANE CALLOWAY
DTH Staff Writer
Students today may consider Wilson
Library to be in the center of campus, but
when William Powell was a student in
1938, it could have been called South
A history professor at the University,
Powell said: "In 1938, there was nothing
beyond the stadium. South Campus would
have been Wilson Library."
Powell said he had noticed not only
physical changes at the University jsince
his student days, but many others as well.
"Nearly all the students lived in dorms
.or in fraternity and sorority houses," the
Johnston County native said, adding that
not many sorority houses were needed be
cause few women were students.
The-women were not allowed to wear
sleeveless dresses, Powell said. The wo
men's dorms closed at 11 p.m. or mid
night, and all of the women had to be in
by then. For "coeds'' to leave for a week
end, they had to have written permission.
."There were almost no cars on cam
pus," he said. "Students didn't go off for
the weekends. Your parents brought you
down in September, and you might take
the train or bus home for Thanksgiving.
Then they would come to get you in
All members of fraternities and sorori
ties lived in their respective houses and
had frequent formal dances "more
formal entertaining." The big name
bands played, like that of Tommy and
" There would be a tea dance in the af
ternoon, or an evening dance," he said. .
"Students brought in 'imports (girls)."
Men wore tails and white tie, and the
women wore formal dresses.
"Once a student came to my 8 o'clock
class still wearing his tuxedo after a night
of partying," Powell said.
Attitudes about grades have also
changed. "When I was a student,' we
were delighted to get a C, but now every
one wants an A," he said. "A C was a
gentleman's grade." r
Students were more relaxed about col
lege because more jobs were available
then, he said. ,
Everyone knew what the "crip" courses
were in those days. "I can remember two
that I took, archaeology and a political
science course on the history of the law,"
he said. - 4 ;
"I could learn more if I was relaxed.
You knew you would get an A or B by
just going to class."
Students also went to see more movies
then. Classes were over at 2 p.m., and
"everyone went downtown to the movies
'Smith's 2 o'clock class.' " -
Powell described faculty-student rela
tionships then as "quite good." Classes
rarely had more than 20 people in them,
"Students used to be entertained in
faculty members homes," he said. The
faculty would announce that they would
be home, and students could drop by.
"I had one professor who required stu-
dents to go twice during the quarter,'
Powell said. These visits were a way for
the faculty to get to know students in
terests and hobbies and vice versa. For
those from small towns, it -was also a sort
of "formal training' in social graces.
Then, as now, football was a popular
sport. "Everybody went to the games,"
he said. "On football weekends, when
the train used to run behind Memorial
Hall, students would take it to the away
The feelings between Duke and Caro
lina were stronger then. "Duke was the
team to beat," he said. Earlier, Virginia
was the one to beat, and that game was
nearly always on i nanKsgiving uay.
Has anything stayed the same? Powell
quickly replied, "Students are still play
ing volleyball in the circle at Bynum