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6H"he Daily Tar HeelMonday, January 18, 1982
Jim Hummel, Editor
SUSAN MAUNEY, Managing Editor
GEOFFREY MOCK, Associate Editor
BETH BURRELL, Associate Editor
EDWINA RALSTON, University Editor
Rachel Perry, ay Editor
CHARLES HERNDON; State and National Editor
Clifton Barnes, Sports Editor
LEAH TALLEY, Arts Editor
KEITH KING, Features Editor
SCOTT SHARPE, Photography Editor
Ann Peters, spotlight Editor
CHUCK JAMES. Ombudsman
89th year of editorial freedom
Aid to private
colleges is vital
Last week's compromise position by the Justice Department on the
Equal Rights Amendment promises to end the constitutional questions
about the issue and return the debate to the merits of the amendment
itself. The position should satisfy both sides of the question and keep,alive
the amendment's slim chances of ratification.
The Justice Department asked the Supreme Court to overturn the de
cision by Judge Marion J. Callister of the U.S. District Court in Idaho
ruling that states could reverse their ratification votes in favor of the.
amendment and that Congress could not extend the ratification deadline.
The department's decision did not challenge the validity of Callister's
ruling, but stated that it was premature because the amendment had not
been ratified. By refusing to question the substance of Callister's deci
sion, the department satisfies conservatives opposed to the confirmation
of ERA. However, by attempting to invalidate the results of the judge's
ruling, the department pleased ERA supporters who saw the ruling as a
major obstacle to the amendment's passage. The amendment has been
approved by 35 states, three short of the figure needed for ratification.
The action solves a tricky political problem for the Justice Department
while removing an unsound attack upon the constitution by Callister.
Preferably the department would have disputed the substance of Callister's
ruling, but the current political atmosphere hostile to the ERA made a
compromise position necessary. Callister's actions had constitutional im
plication beyond the ERA and by separating it from the amendment, the
department allowed for a future challenge against the ruling.
Furthermore, the department ensures the ERA will be decided not on
shaky constitutionagrounds, but on its merits. ERA opponents claim the
judge's ruling is not necessary for the defeat of the amendment. Now
that question has been taken out of the courtroom and put back in the
state legislatures where it belongs.
Therefore both ERA supporters and opponents can take comfort from
the Justice Department's actions. Both can now concentrate their efforts
debating the amendment rather than bogging themselves down in useless
courtroom diversions. The Constitution is simply too important to be de
cided in any other fashion.
To the editor:
I write to express regret over the UNC
Association of Student Governments'
resolution concerning student financial
assistance in North Carolina. It is evident
from the DTH story of Nov. 16 that the
Association completely misunderstands
the purpose of state aid to students atten
ding private colleges and universities.
State aid to private college students is
not intended to increase enrollment in
private institutions, as the Association
apparently was led to believe. Rather, it is
intended to provide North Carolina
students with the ability to attend the col
leges they choose by reducing the gap bet
ween public and private tuitions, and thus
to maintain a healthy dual system of
The largest single type of financial aid
in North Carolina is the state appropria
tion for public university students. In
1980-1981 this figure was nearly $4,000
per student, regardless of need. North
Carolina private college students, by con
trast, receive $600 regardless of need.
Even non-North Carolina students in
public universities are supported by
North Carolina taxpayers at a rate of
more than $2,000 each again without
regard to financial need.
At the same time, North Carolinians at
public universities pay less than $700 per
year in tuition and fees, while private col
lege tuition averages about $3,500. The
current state programs for private college
students attempt to alleviate these ine
quities to our citizens to some extent, and
have been generally successful. To
dismantle these programs, as the Associa
tion of Student Governments proposes,
would be disastrous for all of higher
As a former legislator, I should also ex
plain that funds now appropriated for
private college students would not other
wise be transferred to the public sector of
higher education. Likewise, the General
Assembly would nqt reduce the Universi
ty's budget in favor of highways or cor
rections. Each program is considered on
If the Association of Student Govern
ments has a serious proposal for financial
aid it should present the proposal on its
merits and leave the question of funding
it to the General Assembly.
A wise public policy will take into ac
count the need of the citizens of the state
for a broad range of higher educational
opportunity! In doing so, we will preserve
the dual system of higher education
which has served our state so well in the
past. As a graduate of UNC, I hope the
UNC Association of Student Govern
ments will attempt to work for the best
interests of the entire state, and not just
one group of institutions.
John T. Henley
President, North Carolina Association
of Independent Colleges and Universities
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Although it's been more than a year since Ronald Reagan was elected
president, memories of a seemingly endless campaign are still fresh in
he minds of those who had to endure a race that began months before
The memories are particularly vivid for Democratic Party officials
who watched Jimmy Carter and other Democrats ousted by a wave of
Republican challengers. In an effort to avoid a repeat performance in
1984, the Democratic Party has appointed a study commission to
recommend changes in its presidential nominating process.
The national commission, headed by Gov. Jim Hunt, released several
proposals last week that, if adopted, should bolster the party and pro
vide a healthier climate for choosing the party's presidential nominee.
The first, and most practical, suggestion is to shorten the primary
season by five weeks, with the first primary scheduled for New Hamr
shire seven days before, and Iowa caucuses scheduled for 15 days before,
the first Tuesday in March. This would be a welcome relief and might
help downplay (or at least delay) the media blitz that turned the Iowa
and New Hampshire decisions into circuses.
The other, and more important, proposal the commission made
would require that 14.2 percent of the delegates to the 1984 convention
be elected officeholders or state party officials. This is a needed shift
away from the reform of the early 1970s that reduced the role of ex
perienced politicians in choosing a presidential nominee. .
It is ironic that in trying to maintain a quota of blacks and women as
delegates the Democrats have actually lost their power to help those
groups as a result of a weakened party. Hunt had originally proposed
that 30 percent be officeholders or party officials be delegates, but
acknowledges that the current recommendation is a step in the right
Obviously, these changes by themselves will not solve the woes of the
, Democratic Party. But if adopted now, the commission's recommenda
tions should pave the way for a smoother selection process and lay the
groundwork for a stronger Democratic Party.
Giving hhojw eizabew taylor poll vasnt such a great idha-she vwp rr up and it left,
Romeo products invade the American, market
By RANDY WALKER
The annual capitalist festival is over for another year.
The trees have been thrown in the backyard, the blinking
plastic Santas stowed away in the basement, the gift
wrap stacked up in the closet.
My little brother received a digital wristwatch and a
Sanyo component system. I got a Ronco Glass Froster
and Food Dehydrator.
It's not that I mind getting Ronco products. After all,
Ronco is a great American institution. But why couldn't
I have gotten some more useful Ronco items? For exam
ple, these products are now on the market.
The Ronco Pocket Brain Surgery Kit. Why suffer
through agonizing and expensive years of med school
when you can get the Ronco Pocket Brain Surgery Kit?
With the EZ-Slice Scalpel and Hacksaw plus ordinary
kitchen utensils you perform complex and exciting
operations. Imagine the fun you'll have at parties doing
Frontal Lobotomies, Cerebral Bypasses and
Hemispheric Disconnections on your friends and
relatives Easy to follow instructions included). With the
Official Brain Surgeon ID card you can go into business
right away. Includes a soldering iron to cauterize those
incisions and stop that nasty bleeding. Only $9.98.
Order today and get the Ronco Open Heart Surgery
Kit absolutely free. Twice the fun. Many of today's
famous, rich and powerful Open Heart Surgeons started
out with the Ronco Open Heart Surgery Kit.
Orson Welles Sings Your Ail-Time Favorites. In
Cleveland, Orson Welles has sold more records than
Elvis, the Beatles and Slim Whitman combined. This
two-record treasury contains the classics you'll be sure to
cherish. For the kids, there is "Old MacDonald's Farm"
and " Who's Afraid of the Big, Bad Wolf?" Let Orson
liven up your party with "Disco Inferno" and "I'm
Your Boogie Man." Imagine curling up with that special
someone while Orson sings "I'm Just a Love Machine."
Then sing along with Orson on "Purple Haze"and
"Tomorrow Never Knows."
"I consider this album the culmination of all my
hopes and dreams," says Orson.
Act now, and get a special bonus album, Orson Welles
and Larry Holmes Together For the First Time. Orson
and Larry sing "Love Will Keep Us Together", "Stair
way to Heaven," "Three Times a Lady" and many
other top hits. Records, $9.98, tapes $11.98. Not sold in
. stores. Remember, act today!
Mr. Vibratory Have hours of fun with this battery
operated wonder. Relax those tired muscles using the
Adjust-O-Matic Speed Control. Get a separate Mr.
Vibrator for your dog. $7.99.
The Orson Welles Slim V Trim Exercise Record. Or
son took time off from his musical career to record this
album especially for Ronco. You follow the easy instruc
tions as Orson counts off the steps. Watch the pounds
and inches melt away as you spend just hours a day.
4 'Try my Slim V Trim Exercise Program in the privacy
of your own home," says Orson "If after 30 days you
are not on your way to a healthier,, leaner body, return
this record for your money back." $9.98.
The Ronco Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile. Your
neighbor's dog tearing up the garden? Let him know
who's boss with the Ronco ICBM. Imagine the feeling of
power as you call him up on your own personal "Hot
Line." He'll cower in fear as you order him to get his
good-for-nothing mutt out of your garden. If he refuses,
you blast him to oblivion. $999,999.98. Use your
Mastercard or Visa. ,
The Ronco Deluxe ICBM. Your neighbor already
have the Ronco ICBM? Restore the balance of power
and get a little edge with the Ronco Deluxe ICBM. With
instructions for easy launching. Don't be fooled by im
Act how and get the Ronco Neutron Bomb absolutely
free. This is exactly what you need if you want to wipe
our your neighbor but want to keep his house.
Randy Walker, a junior journalism major from Rich
mond, Va., has sold Ronco the rights to his
autobiography for $9.98.
Southern climate just fine until Yankees come to town
By GARY DAVIS
The Daily Tar Heel
News Editor: David Jarrett
Editorial Writers: Kerry DeRochi, Linda Robertson
Assistant Managing Editors: Lynn Earley, Karen Haywood, LynnFThomson
News Desk: Melodi Adams, Charyl Anderson, Paul Boyce, Stacia Clawson, Lisa Evans, Martie
Hayworth, Reniece Henry, Ivy Hilliard, David McHugh, Melissa Moore, Sharon Moylan, Laura
Pfieif fer, Laura Seifert, Jan Sharpe, Louise Spieler, Steven Stock, Darryl Williams and Chip Wil
son. Ann Murphy and Lynn Peithman, assistant news editors.
News: Greg Batten, Scott Bolejack, Sherri Boles, Laurie Bradsher, Alan dapple, Michelle Chris-
tenbury, John Conway, David Curran, Tamara Davis, Pam Duncan, Lynn Earley, Dean Foust,
Jane Foy, Deborah Goodson, Louise Gunter, Karen Haywood, Peter Judge, Frank Kennedy,
Dave Krinsky, Katherine Long, Dean Low-man, Elizabeth Lucas, Kyle Marshall, David McHugh,
Alexandra McMillan, Ken Mingis, Robert Montgomery, Jamee Osbom, Leisha Phillips, Scott
Phillips, Jeannie Reynolds, Suzette Roach, Nancy Rucker, Mark Schoen, Laura Seifert, Frances
Silva, Ken Siman, Kelly Simmons, Jonathan Smylie, Anna Tate, Sonya Weakley, Lynn Worth,
Jim Wrinn and Kevin Kirk, wire editor.
Sports: Norman Cannada and John Royster, assistant sports editors. Kim Adams, Tom Berry,
- Jackie Blackburn, R.L. Bynum, Stephanie Graham, Morris Haywood, Adam Kandell, Sharon
Kester, Draggan Mihailovich, Scott Price, Lee Sullivan, and Tracy Young.
Features: Jill Anderson, Ramona Brown, Shelley Block, Jane Calloway, Teresa Curry, Lorrie
Douglas, Valeria Du Sold, Cindy Haga, Susan Hudson, Chip Karnes, Lisbeth Levine, Lucy
McCauley, Steve Moore, Mitzi Morris, Lisa Pullen, David Rome, Vince Steele, Lawrence Turner,
Rosemary Wagner, Randy Walker, Cathy Warrenand Chip Wilson, assistant Spotlight editor.
Arts: Marc Routh assistant arts editor; Peter Cashwell, Dennis Goss, Vick Griffin, Julian
Karchmer, Ed Leitch, Christine Manuel, Dawn McDonald, Tirh Mooney, Tom Moore.-David
Nelson, Nissen Ritter, Karen Rosen, Bob Royalty, Guha Shankar, Charles Unchurch . and
Graphic Arts: Suzanne Conversano, Matt Cooper, Pan Corbett, Danny Harrell, Dane Huff
man, Janice Murphy, Vince Steele and Tom Westarp, artists; Jay Hyman, Faith Quintavell
and Al Steele, photographers.
Business: Rejeanne V. Caron, business manager; Linda A. Cooper, secretaryreceptionist;
Lisa Morrcll and Anne Sink, bookkeepers; Dawn Welch, circulationdistribution manager;
Julie Jones and Angie Wolfe, classifieds.
Advertising: Paula Brewer, advertising manager; Mike Tabor, advertising coordinator; Jeff
Glance, Julie Gran berry, Keith Lee, Robin Matthews, Jeff McElhaney, Karen Newell and Betsy
Swartzbaugh, ad representatives.
Composition: Frank Porter Graham Composition Division, UNC-CH Printing Department.
Printing: Hinton Press, Inc.', of Mebane.
" Birr. It's cold outside.
And Dr. Will U. Goosem knows who
Them damn Yankees.
Goosem, director of meteorology at a
fabled Southern university, has released a
3,000 page federally-funded study blam
ing the migratory patterns of vacationing
northern students returning to southern
schools for the extreme cold now ex
perienced in most of the South, including
To resolve what could become "the
most chilling chapter" in the South's
history, Goosem is calling upon southern
universities, including the University of
North Carolina, to mandate when
students return from winter vacation. He
also recommends that universities begin
decreasing the number of northern
students admitted until the "cold crisis"
is safely under control.
"People always joke about how nor
therners bring the cold back with them,"
said Goosem in a telephone interview
from Fort Lauderdale, Fia. "Little do
they know how serious this problem is
and how serious it could become in the
Goosem said a suction process called
the "Wooshing Effect" is what brings the
cold back with northern students driving
"As the car moves" said Goosem, "it
creates a vacum that sucks the cold air in
behind it. Students are usually unaware
that this is happening because they have
their car heaters on and can't feel the
cold. It's a quirk of Mother Nature."
The wooshing caused by individual
students would have a minimal effect on
the weather, Goosem said. But students
traveling back to school in packs, as they
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did Jan. 10, increases the "Wooshing Ef
fect" ten-fold, dragging temperatures of
zero degrees and wind chiH factors of
minus 60 degrees into the South.
Goosem said the problem became more
serious as more northerners began atten
ding southern schools. UNC raised the
admission of out-of-state students from
10 percent to 15 percent of the student
body in the 1950s, said Tony Strickland,
assistant director of undergraduate ad
missions. Strickland said most out-of-state
students were from Virginia and
Georgia, but said a "sizeable" amount
were from New York, New Jersey, Penn
sylvania and private New England
There was no mention of students from
Goosem said universities could do two
things to help ward off the increased ef
fects of wooshing.
First, they must admit fewer northern
students, who, lured like bees to honey by
low tuition rates and girls wearing halter
tops in late March, are increasing applica
tions to southern schools. The only ex
ception to this "admissions freeze"
would be basketball players from New
York City and Long Island.
Second, universities must mandate the
return of vacationing students. Goosem
recommends a staggered schedule based
upon who makes the National Football
Leaglue playoffs. For example, if
Philadelphia played the New York-New
Jersey Giants on Sunday, Pennsylvania
students would return Saturday and New
York-New Jersey students Monday. If
Cincinnati played Saturday, Ohio
students would return Sunday.
Some people are skeptical of Goosem's
findings. Among the skeptics is Brad
Goodman, a teaching assistant in the
UNC Philosophy Department and a
former resident of New Brunswick, N.J.
He criticized Goosem for thumbing his
nose at the effect migratory patterns of
vacationing southern students returning
to northern universities would have on
temperatures in the North. If
temperatures got colder in the South, why
didn't they warm up in the North,
"Just tell Goosem to remember," said
Goodman, "that hot air always rises."
Gary Davis, a graduate student in jour
nalism, is from Pougkeepsie, N. Y.