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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume t$, Issue 117
Wednesday, January 20, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina .
JKecemt fire draw aMemUom im apaHmemts
By DEAN FOUST
DTI I Slaff Writer
Investigations into the causes of a recent area
apartment fire and several reported wiring hazards
have raised questions concerning the safety of the
wiring used in the apartments.
On-campus housing accommodates about 8,000
UNC students, leaving the other 12,000 to search
for alternate housing, with the majority competing
for an apartment space in a less-than-1 percent
vacancy market. But recent problems with the
apartments, specifically in wiring systems, have led
officials to believe that the wiring used in the sys
tems may be unsafe.
A fire at the University Lake apartment complex
in Carrboro on Dec. 28 caused an estimated
$145,000 in structural and personal property
damages as the fire and consequential water
damage from melted pipes destroyed all 20 units in
The residents of all the units were immediately
relocated within the complex, University Lake
man&ger Brent Bobbitt said. Since then, recon
struction efforts have proceeded rapidly, he said.
"At the rate the workers are going, the apartments
should be repaired soon."
Dorothy Bernholz, director of UNC's Student
Legal Services, said she was conferring' with stu
dents who were pursuing claims against University
Lake apartments for damages lost in the fire.
The fire, which began in the wall space between
the kitchens of apartments E-8 and E-16, was be
lieved to have been started by a shortage in the wir
ing system, Carrboro Fire Chief Robert Swiger
A UNC student living in the Kingswood apart
ment complex in Chapel Hill recently encountered
several wiring problems in her apartment. The stu
dent, who requested to remain anonymous, said
the trouble began last Thursday morning when an
outlet began smoking. Maintenance personnel
promptly answered her call, took the outlet apart
and repaired the wiring, she said.
On Thursday evening, a different outlet in a
separate circuit became extremely hot, and several
lights began flickering on and off, she said. She
called for repairs, but was informed that weather
conditions were too severe to permit a service call
The student then called the fire department,
which sent over a representative soon after the call.
Examining the socket, the fireman discovered that
part of the wiring had melted. He felt the danger
warranted cutting off the circuits, and left the
tenants without electricity for the night.
The same maintenance worker came the next
morning to repair the outlet, she said, and berated
the student for calling the fire department, she
said. He said the call was silly and that the whole
situation was still safe.
Chapel Hill Fire Marshal J.H. Robertson paid a
follow-up call that same day to examine the two
troublesome outlets. He found that wires from one
of the outlets were burned and had evidently been
reattached rather than replaced by the mainte
nance worker. Robertson said then that the wiring
should have been replaced, the student said.
During Robertson's visit, the tenants mentioned
yet another outlet that had not worked for some
period of time. Robertson found melted wires in
These have not been the only fire-related inci
dents at Kingswood, as documented by Chapel
Hill official fire reports. Chapel Hill Fire Marshal
J.H. Robertson sent Bernholz (at her request) a list
of suspected electrical fires from that apartment
complex during the fiscal 1979-1980 year. During
that period, there were five reported fires occuring
in four separate units. Other tenants have reported
problems in their wiring also. In the letter,
Robertson stated his hands were "legally tied" and
that state law gave his department no jurisdiction
over the interior of buildings.
Town officials voiced their concern with an Oct.
2, 1980, letter to Triangle Communities written by
Carolyn White, Chapel Hill Housing Inspector:
"Upon investigation, inspectors found that vir
tually all recepticles and switches in apartments
checked- had loose connections. Some recepticles
and switches were burned. When aluminum wiring
is used, loose connections represent a very definite
fire hazard which creates a threat to the safety and
well-being of occupants of these dwellings."
White also stated in the letter that the housing
department considered these violations of the
minimum housing code.
In a letter of reply dated Oct. 30, 1980, Robert
Belo, legal representative for Triangle Communi
ties, stated the organizations' opposition to wiring
inspection by the Building Inspectors Office. The
"Kingswood Apartments contains 288 units. 1
do not think that it is within your authority to
order the opening of every switch and recepticle
within every apartment when you have no indica
tion of any trouble within those apartments. I con
sider it discriminatory that you should make such a
requirement of Kingswood."
The type of wiring used in the University Lake
apartments, aluminum wiring ranging between 12
to 20 amperes a very lightweight gauge for
electrical use - has been considered a fire hazard
unless properly maintained, according to the Con
sumer Product Safety Commission, a federal
agency which has conducted tests and filed a law
suit attempting to have the wiring declared illegal.
Original building permits do not require con
tractors to specify the type of electrical wiring in
the building; they only signified that the wiring
complied with the codes of the time. But officials
within the housing department verified that light
weight aluminum wiring was installed in several
area apartment complexes. '
See WIRING on page 3
On revised Audit Board
a m m m " "T" "
By JONATHAN SMYLIE
DTH Slaff Writer
After much confusion and discussion, the Campus
Governing Council passed a bill Tuesday to allow the
student body to vote Feb. 9 on whether to revise the
function of the Student Audit Board.
In a 13-2 vote trie council passed a bill proposed by
Student Body President Scott Norberg, that would re
quire the by-laws of the Audit Board to be established by
The Audit Board is responsible for overseeing the Stu
dent Activities Fund Office, which handles the accounts
of student organizations. Comprised of students and a
faculty adviser, the board checks all complaints organi
zations have about SAFO and conducts an annual audit .
Norberg said he proposed the bill because the board
had been dormant for most of this school year and had
been a "long source of unfortunate events."
'This ameadment strikes at thejieaitpf the respon-
sibility of students how we spend student money,"
The bill adds one more member to the board and
allows the student body president to have the final say-so
over applicants for the board.
One of Norberg's complaints was that the board had
taken the selection of new members into its own hands
and had wanted no Student Government involvement
He cited Ted Coplen as an example of a board mem
ber who had been appointed without the approval of the
student body president.
Confusion over the bill was evident throughout the
council's two-hour discussion of it. Two of three ad
mendments made to alter the wording of the proposed
bill were passed.
Much misunderstanding arose over exactly what
powers the board would have if the referendum passed.
"I don't know how to discuss it when I am still not
clear on some parts," said Chip Medlin, District 13, one
of the two dissenting voters. "I think we were very ill-informed."':'
Cheryl Bell, District 15, the other dissenting voter, ex
pressed similar feelings. I
"1 don't know enough to vote on it," Bell said. "I
think we needed time to take it to our constituents and
see what they Wanted."
"There are too many contradictory statements," said
Robert Bianchi, Residence Hall Association President.
Bianchi argued that the bill would allow the board to
open the books of any organization that kept records .
He suggested that the board should be required to
show just .pause before entering an organization's book.
"1 just think you are opening an avenue for abuse of
the policy," he said. Bianchi's comments sparked one of
the two amendments.
Even council members who voted for the bill com
plained of being ill-informed and that the legislation was
"I think the, "council agreed that there were definite
problems of the Audit Board that needed repairs," said
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Student Body President Scott Norberg argues for bill
tAiU voted tor it 13-2 aftergcmg discussion
. V KJ
Reagan says sanctions
ecting Polish crisis
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Ronald
Reagan said Tuesday that his economic
sanctions against the Soviet Union and
the military government of Poland have
had an effect, but that the Polish situa
tion was still deteriorating and "we're not
going to wait forever" before taking fur
He didn't say what they would be, nor
did he say what good the prior measures
had done. But he was not asked to ex
plain his comments on Poland at a White
House news conference.
A State Department official, who ask-.
ed not to be named, said that matters
could be much worse in Poland if the
United States and other Western nations
had not protested and imposed sanctions.
Reagan also defended anew his
economic program, saying it would bring
By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
Mark H. Canady, a junior business ad
ministration major from Lansing, Mich.,
announced his candidacy for student
body president Tuesday.
Canady said he felt his involvement
with campus organizations would be use
ful if he is elected president.
"For the last two years I've met with
Chancellor (Christopher C. Fordham III)
on a monthly basis," Canady said. "If
elected, I would be able to step into the
position already familiar with the ad
ministration and able to articulate the
needs and desires of students."
Canady said he wanted to look into the
possibility of renting out the Fast Break
in the Carolina Union to a fast-food
"I think we should consider renting it
(the Fast Break) out to either a
McDonald's or a Hardee's," Canady
said. "If s been done at the University of
Tennessee and at others."
Canady said he thought race relations
was a problem at UNC: "The great prob
lem we have here is that no one wants to
economic , recovery and ease unemploy
ment. He acknowledged confusion; in
handling of the administration decision to
permit tax exemptions to schools that
practice racial discrimination, saying it
was handled as a procedural matter, not a
civil rights question. Reagan said he ac
cepted the blame because "the buck stops
at my desk."
The president, who has asked Congress
to forbid the exemptions by law, said he
unalterably was opposed to discrimina
tion. Much of what he told the nationally
broadcast and televised news conference,
his seventh in a year in office, was simply
a repetition of what he and other ad
ministration officials have already said.
The prime exceptions were two ques
tions put in personal terms, i
iReagan was asked whether his opposi
tion to abortion would be altered should
Reagan receives mixed reviews
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lrilfii.il. f i - n inrn-rnif
talk about it."
Expanding the number of students tak
ing the new race relations course set up
this semester is one way to deal with the
problem, he said.
Canady also said he wanted to take a
marketing approach with Student
Government to increase student partici
pation, and planned to increase the num
ber of high-level Student Government
positions filled by applications, if elected.
"There are a lot of friendship appoint
ments," Canady said. "I want to get rid
of the buddy-buddy method of appointing
mainly people that you know."
Canady has been chairperson of the
Black Student Movement for two terms
and is a member of the Chancellor's
Committee for Award Scholarships and
Financial Aid. He is a member of Kappa
Alpha Psi fraternity.
one of his daughters, become pregnant as
a result of rape. He said he would not
answer the question in personal terms,
but that when he was governor of
California, such an exception in an anti
abortion law became "a gigantic
"I have been one who believes that
abortion is the taking of a human life,"
Reagan said. He said he would be "hesi
tant to approve abortion" in cases of
Later, Reagan was asked whether, in
view of his emphasis on voluntarism, he
intended to increase his own contribu
tions to charity. The president said not all
his contributions have shown up on the
income tax "returns he releases publicly.
He said he believed in contributing a
tenth of his income to charity.
Reagan said much of the money he has
given away goes to individuals, and is not
tax-deductible. He gave no specifics, and
said that he might 'henceforth alter that
so that his gifts would be known publicly.
"But my conscience is clear with regard
to what I have been giving," Reagan said.
His warning of possible future action
on Poland came near the start of the
35-minute news conference, but was not
pursued. Secretary of State Alexander M.
Haig Jr. had said much the same thing,
and the NATO allies last week agreed to
take further steps unless the Polish
government eases martial law and its
crackdown on the Solidarity free trade
union movement. Those steps were not"
specified, but they also would be
economic and diplomatic reprisals, r
Reagan imposed sanctions against
Poland on Dec. 23,' curtailing trade,
fishing and commercial aviation rights.
He also extended a ban on food
shipments to the government. On Dec.
29, he postponed grain sales negotiations
with the Soviet Union, suspended airline
landing rights and blocked export of high
technology materials there, all because of
the Polish situation. '
"I think they have had an effect,
although there's no question the situation
in Poland is still deteriorating," Reagan
said Tuesday. "They have tried to present
it as moderating; it isn't."
By KEN SIMAN
DTH Staff Writer
In evaluating President Ronald
Reagan's first year in office, political
observers interviewed recently by The
Daily Tar Heel give Reagan high marks
for his style and leadership and mixed
reviews for his handling of domestic and
Both Reagan's critics and supporters
have agreed that from the outset of his
term, Reagan has enjoyed personal
polularity as his charming demeanor has
served him well with the press, Congress
and public at large!
. "Reagan gets away with the most
. egregious things," said James Prothro,
chairman of the UNC political science
department. "The same kind of techni
ques that he used in love scenes with (ac
tress) Jane Wyman is what he's using now
with the voters, and they love it," he said.
More thsln 80 percent of American
voters say they like the president per
sonally, according to a recent
"He's probably thfe best at the televi
. sion approach and one-on-one approach
that we've had since Franklin
Roosevelt," said UNC lecturer and
former Congressman Richardson Preyer.
"Whether ox not you agree with his
,policies, you have to recognize the ma
jor changes that he accomplished through
While acknowledging Reagan's
political savvy, Preyer was critical of the
intent of the president's programs.
"Reagan's greatest failure during his first
year has been his inability to convince the
American people that his economic pro
gram is fair," Preyer said. "There's a
strong sense , of unfairness , in this
country." Preyer gave Reaganan A for
style his first year and a D for substance.
With rising unemployment, polls have
shown that many are becoming increas
ingly skeptical of Reagan's handling of
the economy. In the latest Harris poll, 59
'percent of the respondents give Reagan
negative ratings on his overall handling of
the economy. But proponents of
Reagan's econormc. policies say the im
pact of the program has yet to be felt.
"I suspect Reagan's greatest ac
complishment has been his tax
program," said Jerry Shinn, editorial
page editor for the Charlotte Observer.
Shirm said the tax cuts were necessary to
offset increasingly high tax rates of recent
years, and gave Reagan a grade of B(
for style and B for substance.
Some conservatives who played major
roles in Reagan's election said the presi
dent could have gone further in his spen
ding and tax reductions. "I think he's
done better than past presidents," said
Terry Dolan, chairman of the National
Conservative Political Action Commit
tee, "but he has not remained as true as
he could have (to the conservative
In addition to cutting government
spending and taxes further, Dolan said
Reagan should have implemented a more
conservative foreign policy. Reagan's
"general foreign policy is a continuation
of (former President Jimmy) Carter's,"
Dolan said. Despite the doubts, Dolan
.gave Reagan a B for both style and
Reagan's policies have been anathema
to many leading black leaders. "We have
been quite concerned about the ad
ministration's commitment to civil
rights," said Julius Chamber's a Charlotte
attorney and civil rights activist.
Chambers said Reagan's budget cuts
in social programs and opposition to af
firmative action 'and busing were ex
amples of the president's effort to
eliminate gains made by -blacks over the
years. Chambers gave Reagan an F for
his handling of civil rights issues.
Reagan's emphasis on domestic policy in
his first year has resulted in his foreign
policy not being as closely scrutinized,
many observers said.
James Leutze, chairman of the Univer
sity's peace, war and defense curriculum,
said Reagan deserved a grade of B-, C.
for his handling of foreign affairs. Leutze
said Reagan has "probably done better
than some of his critics thought."
Compared to Carter, Reagan's foreign
policy is "a bit more consistent. Both our
allies and those who don't wish us well
have clearer ideas of where Reagan stands
and may be a little more hesitant to try to
push Reagan around or to take advantage
of his position," he said.
While Reagan has yet to make a major
breakthrough in foreign affairs, he has
done nothing as rash as some of his critics
had expected, Leutze added.
By KATHERINE LONG
DTH Staff Writer
Scott Templeton, a junior business ma
jor from Boone, announced his can
didacy for president of the Residence
Hall Association Tuesday.
"My main objective is to continue the
positive growth RHA has seen in the past
two years and see that campus is a good
place to live," he said.
Templeton said he would try to educate
students about RHA as well as pledge to
improve the association during his cam
RHA includes the president, two ex
ecutives and all officers elected in the 10
residence hall areas. He said he would try
to increase enthusiasm for residence hall
activities and make the RHA's officer
training program stronger. "We can't
provide services unless there is strong
leadership all the way down the line,"
The RHA staff and the residence hall
officers meet each week to discuss
anything of concern to students who live
"on campus, such as housing policies,
Templeton said. He said he would ap
point an executive assistant to help run
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the association. "The problem is there is
no staff member who gets an entire over
view of RHA," he said.
He said he would attempt to improve
and strengthen all programs that the
RHA is involved in, such as academic and
cultural affairs programs. "There's a lot
of potential there," he said.
Templeton said relations with other
groups on campus should be improved.
"There's an awful lot of groups that pro
vide service, and in a lot of cases there's
duplication they're working on a com
mon goal," he said. He said he would like
to see campus leaders get together for
monthly meetings to foster stronger rela
tionships between campus organizations.
Templeton is governor of Henderson
Residence. College and was a member of
the Campus Governing Council last year.
"I've worked closely with the last two
RHA presidents," he said.