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day, room 222 Greenlaw.
RHA will sponsor another at
9:30, Spencer lounge.
Put them on cold
Cold and clearing today with
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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
tffi Issue 1
Tuesday, January 26, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
dDisiig office orders
d ofie FdDems to trip
Candidates for campus offices met at Joyner
Residence Hall Monday night to begin the first
of 13 forums scheduled to be held before the
Feb. 9 election.
Before more than 50 people, candidates for
student body president, Daily Tar Heel editor,
Carolina Athletic Association president and Re
sidence Hall Association president spoke at the
Student Body presidential candidates Mark
H. Canady, Summey Orr, Tim Smith and Mike
Vandenbergh explained how they would ap
proach the office if elected.
"I think accessibility is highly important,"
Canady said. "I want to open it (government)
up to more students. Student Government is not
really in tune with student opinions. I think the
Student Government liaison program needs to
more actively solicit those opinions."
Canady said that he was concerned with food
service options, with increasing the security of
the UNC campus and with the problem of race
Orr said that his experience as Executive
Assistant to Student Body President Scott .
Norberg would be helpful if he were elected.
"You've got to look in two directions: back
. to what has been done and forward to what Stu
dent Government can do," Orr said. "If I'm
elected, I can step in with the continuity neces
sary to build upon things that have been done
Orr said he would create an Academic Com
plaint Committee to which students could take
their academic concerns, and said he wanted to
look into ways of reducing book prices.
Smith said he was running for president be
cause he thought Student Government had
"It's grown stagnant and if it is to work pro
perly, it must regain the trust of students,"
Smith said. "Student Government needs some
fresh blood. Communication and the progres
sive attitude of government have broken down,
and that's stagnant."
Smith said he wanted to establish a Student
Fee Commission to study where student fees go,
i i x. ,i 'A , 4 w
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Tim Smith, Mike Vandenbergh, Summery Orr, Mark Canady
.. candidates answer students' questions during a Joyner lounge forum
and a Student Affairs Commission to help stu
dents with academic and social problems.
Vandenbergh said his experience in Student
Government would be an asset if he were
"Student Government needs both change and
continuity," he said. "I have an in-depth plat
form and my experience shows what I can do."
Vandenbergh proposed the creation of a Stu
dent Academic Affairs Committee for students, ,
reviving the Carolina Course Review and said he
would appoint an Executive Assistant to deal
with minority recruitment. "
Smith and Vandenbergh supported the pro
posed Student Activities fee increase, Orr was
opposed and Canady said a smaller increase
might be feasible.
DTH editorial candidates John Drescher and
Jonathan Rich outlined improvements they
would like to make in the paper.
Drescher said he would expand the news
paper's coverage of outside Chapel Hill events
by expanding the "News In Brief" and moving
it to the front page. He said he would add a
weekly column to the editorial page analyzing
the week's top news stories.
The newspaper's sports coverage would be in
creased by running three or four profiles and
Compiled by Katherine Long, Ken Mingis and
stories each week in Spotlight, the weekly fea
tures magazine, he. said. This would also allow
more coverage of non-revenue sports, he said.
Drescher said he would create a small staff of
investigative reporters "to get a little bit deeper
into the stories behind the stories."
Rich said he would publish a weekly two-page
''specialty section" devoted to one or two
topics, including sports. "I also think we should
expand our sports coverage, but keep it within
the broadsheet by using these specialty
sections," he said.
Coverage of the University also would be ex
panded to include more campus organizations,
Calling the newspaper's editorial section "dry
and predictable," Rich said he would appoint
an editor to solicit contributions from outside
the staff. "It's also a good chance to get a gOod
humor columnist, which we haven't had for a
while," he said.
The candidates cited their experience at the
newspaper; both served as associate editor,
overseeing the staff of the editorial page. Rich
previously wrote state and national news and
Drescher wrote sports and features and was
associate editor for the summer Tar Heel.
See FORUM on page 2
System def ectamses iiiiadle'toteial
The Associated Press
ONTARIO, N.Y. A tube ruptured in a
cooling system at the Ginna nuclear power plant
Monday, emitting radioactive steam into the at
mosphere and leaking thousands of gallons of
water into the reactor's containment sump be
fore the plant was stabilized, officials said.
The reactor of the plant, 18 miles northeast of
Rochester, N.Y., was shut down automatically
and was doused with water to keep it from over
heating, said Gary Sanborn, a spokesman for
the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He said
the plant appeared to be stable.
Utility spokesman John Oberlies said un
measurable traces of radioactivity continued to
be released into the atmosphere until about 5
p.m. He said the releases were part of the utility's
efforts to cool the reactor.
Nemen M. Terc, an NRC emergency pre
paredness analyst, said there was no damage to
the reactor core. The reactor's fuel elements
were never uncovered, said Ebe McCabe, NRC
regional reactor projects section chief.
Harold Denton, director of the NRC, said in
Washington that "it might be expensive for the
operator to clean up, but in terms of public
health consequences it wasn't very serious."
Officials said the reactor was being cooled
down well below operating temperature and the
cooling down process was expected to be com
pleted by Tuesday or Wednesday.
Richard de Young, director of the NRC's of
fice of enforcement, said it would be a number
of weeks before the plant was back to normal.
Denton identified the gases released as radio
active xenon and krypton.
The radiation release described by one of
ficial as no higher than what could be expected
in nature was emitted into the atmosphere in
5-second puffs, totaling three minutes, while the
wind was blowing from the northwest at 14 mph
and snow was falling over Rochester, officials
Officials said none of the workers at the plant
were exposed to radioactivity. Non-essential per
sonnel, most of Ginna's 250 workers, were
evacuated to an on-site training center, Oberlies
said. Local schools and a large Xerox plant near
the nuclear plant were notified of the emergen-j
cy, said Monroe County Public Relations of
ficer Clarence Bassett. .
About 45,000 people live within 10 miles of
the plant. Rochester has a population of
Officials declared a "site emergency," the se
cond most serious of four emergency classifica
tions, within 75 minutes of the tube rupture at
NRC officials said the incident marked the
first use of that emergency classification since
the March 28, 1979, accident at the Three Mile
Island plant near Harrisburg, Pa. TMI was the
nation's worst commercial nuclear accident.
The plant remains shut.
Richard Sullivan, another spokesman for the
plant owner and operator, Rochester Gas &
Electric Co., said earlier in the morning that
there was no danger to the public.
By midday, Bassett said the leak was "iso
lated and terminated."
According to Barbara Thomas-Noble of the
state Health Department, industry officials
measured the radiation at the plant's boundary
at 1.5 millirems. Officials estimate a lethal dose
of radiation at between 600 and 1 ,000 rems,
while a millirem is one-one thousandth of a rem,
"We're talking about a very minute release,"
she said. Radiation checks showed the dose
rates to be no higher than what could be ex
pected in nature, Sullivan said. "Surface con
tamination is not expected to occur," he said.
"We are told that all systems worked as they
were supposed to work," Bassett said. "The
company said all the bells went off when they
were supposed to and that the shutdown system
The plant, named for retired RG&E board
chairman Robert E. Ginna, has a history of
steam tube problems, according to NRC
records. The plant underwent an emergency
drill test last Thursday. Despite a communica
tions problem due to a computer, the exercise
went smoothly, said Terc, who directed the drill.
A new approach
Hydrotherapy probes unconscious
By CHERYL ANDERSON
DTH Staff Writer
Because the department of housing has decided to
increase the occupancy of 220 residence hall rooms,
residents of 18 dorms received a list late Sunday of
presently doubled rooms that are scheduled to be
tripled and tripled rooms scheduled to be quadrupled
beginning fall 1982.
The majority of the rooms listed will provide each
occupant with a 20 percent rent reduction.
University Housing decided to increase occupancy
in an attempt to decrease the number of undergradu
ates that are "thrown into off-campus housing" each
year, Phyllis Graham, associate director of housing
for contracts and assignments, said Monday.
Last year almost 1,200 students were closed out of
residence halls which house 6,608 people. Increased
occupancy would allow on-campus housing for 220
The decision is an effort to reduce the amount of
temporary tripling that occurs every fall, said Jody
Harpster, associate director for Residence Life.
Every fall freshmen are "forced" into temporary liv
ing situations and are told they will be placed into
permanent rooms as soon as possible, he said, adding
that by the time students are to be moved, they do
not want to leave.
Graham said the housing department decided to
increase occupancy by examining charts of square
footage for each room and taking window and closet
placement into consideration.
The Daily Tar Heel received a few complaints from
students Monday about the new policy. One student,
a junior who said he now lives in a fraternity house
because he did not get on-campus housing, said he
believed the University was trying to make more
money and that occupants would only get a 15 per
cent rent reduction because of the increase in room
rent next year.
He said he felt the University had accepted more
Food stamps program
By JIM WRINN
DTH Stan Writer
Department of. Agriculture, .figures showing 19
North Carolina counties with an "unacceptably
high" rate of food stamp payment errors indicate the
need for more case workers, a better sampling method
and a modern computer system, state and local wel
fare officials said recently.
The figures, based on samples taken from October
1980 to March 1981 , showed the state's average error
rate to be an all-time high of 15.2 percent, 2.6 percent
above the national average, said Chuck McLendon,
spokesman for the state Human Resources Depart
ment in Raleigh.
McLendon said the figures represented more than
$12 million in over-payments by the state. The Agri
culture Department had threatened to impose fines
of $3.5 million unless the discrepancies were cor
rected. Department of Human Resources Secretary Sarah
Morrow said this month the 19 counties must reduce
their error rates or the service would be contracted to
"That would only be an emergency measure,"
McLendon said Tuesday. "What the state really
needs , is a computer system we could use to cross
With a computer, McLendon said the state could
cross-check the names of food stamp applicants to
determine if they were receiving food stamps in
another county or other welfare benefits.
McLendon said another problem was that social
services offices were understaffed with case workers.
N. Paul Gregory Jr., director of the Perquimans
County Social Services Department, said Wednesday
his office had two case workers who administered
food stamps to 539 households. He added that the
number was higher than the recommended 250
households per worker.
people than they have room for next year. "It hap
pens every year, and it just creates more problems."
But housing of ficials said the increased occupancy
was not due to increased enrollment, but to an effort
to more comfortably accommodate students.
Robin Fullilove. a student who lives in Mclyer Re
sidence Hall, one of the halls which will have in
creased occupancy in 29 of about 50 rooms, said she
was upset that students had no voice in the decision.
She said she and other residents wanted to know why
they were not informed of the room changes sooner.
"Lottery payments are due Feb. 12 and that leaves us
very little time to think," she said.
Residence Hall Association President Robert Bian
chi said he knew the Housing Department was con
sidering a new policy but he was not informed of the
decision until Friday. "It sounds like a pretty much
quick decision," he said.
Donald Boulton, acting housing director, said in
creased occupancy in the rooms was strictly volun
tary. "We're not going to force anybody to do this,"
he said. "We want everyone to have a roof over their
heads at a price they can pay," he said.
He said volunteers would not have to go through
preliminary drawings unless too many people volun
1 teer for the same room. The idea is designed to ac
commodate upperclassmen, but if enough of them
do not volunteer, freshmen might be placed into the
rooms, Boulton said.
Students were also concerned about not having
enough space in the rooms for additional furniture.
Harpster said the Housing Department would proba
bly purchase beds with closet and dresser space at
tached to minimize the amount of floor space lost.
"The last thing I want is unhappy people in the
rooms," he said. "After this initial one year we're
going to see if it works." Harpster said right now in
creased occupancy was the only option for expanding.
Harpster said the department was careful not to
exceed the state plumbing code which requires that a
minimum of eight people be assigned to a shower,
sink and comode.
Perquimans County's error rate was 71.8 percent,
the highest in the state. ,
"I feel we've been treated unfairly," Gregory said.
"This is the first jime anyone here can remember
having a. rate that nigh, and I've been here almost
Gregory said three cases were picked for the sam
ple. He said the error rate was likely to fluctuate, de
pending on the cases sampled and said his office's er
ror rate for six months in 1981 was zero based on a
sample of four cases.
Bertie County recorded the second highest error
rate at 43.8 percent, and Hyde County was third at
Elizabeth Swindell, director of the Hyde County
Social Services office, said her three case workers had
been given no special training other than a four-hour
workshop conducted by a food stamp assistant from
Raleigh who checked for errors. No recent error
figures were available, she said.
Orange County posted one of the lowest error
rates in the state, 6.6 percent.
Thomas Ward, social services director for Orange
County, said his staff of six case workers was ade
quate for the number of households in the county
and that the workers had contributed to the below
average rate. "You really can't do your best when
you're under a burden of cases," he said.
Martin Whitt, a supervisor in the Orange County
Social Service office, said representative figures were
difficult to get from the small sample size the Agri
culture Department used.
Whitt said many counties were understaffed with
case workers because county commissioners would
not pay for the number of people necessary.
"Contrary to what many people have said, most
food stamp workers work hard and try to do a good
job," he said. '
During fiscal 1980-1981, more than 500,000 North
Carolinians received $240 million in food stamps.
By TERESA CURRY
DTH Staff Writer
Imagine eyelids growing heavy as a watch swings
slowly back and forth in front of a face. Or imagine
someone saying "look into my eyes."
"Whatever you imagined hypnosis to be is probably
not right," said Alan Konell, a local hypnotherapist,
who has a master's degree in Social Work. "Even if you
were right it was probably just a lucky guess." "
"Hypnosis is a process in which a person achieves an
altered state of mental awareness characterized by the
unconscious mind becoming increasingly receptive to
suggestion," Konell said.
"Communication is created between me and your
unconscious mind," Konell said. "Your unconscious
mind is full of resources that have been untapped."
Konell said that during the process of hypnosis poten
tial resources that have been locked in the unconscious
mind become available for use.
As the hypnotherapist communicates directly with
the unconscious mind, the client is able to resolve.pro
blems that heshe has not been able to resolve previous
ly, Konell said.
He said that in most instances he simply talks some
one into a state of hypnosis, but occasionly he does use
"There are no rules about hypnosis," Konell said. "As
long as you relax, that is all you have to do. Whether
you pay attention consciously or not doesn't matter,
because your unconscious mind pays attention."
Konell, who received his master's degree in psycho
therapy from the University of Michigan, has been
working as a hypnotherapist in this area for the past
After seeing hypnotherapy demonstrated in work
shops, Konell said he turned to it because it allowed
him to communicate more directly with the human
Konell, who has a private practive in Chapel Hill
along with hypnosis groups in Durham and Raleigh for
reducing weight, stopping cigarette smoking and reduc
ing stess, said he has helped his clients overcome a varie
ty of problems using hypnotherapy. '
"I use it to treat pretty much just about anything
Konell said. . '
He said he helped one woman stop pulling out her
. hair. He helped another person who had trouble getting
out of bed in the morning.
Some of the other conditions Konell said he has
helped his clients eliminate or relieve are: insomnia,
pain, stuttering, hypertension, fears, nail biting, poor
memory, depression, headaches and anxiety about
Another hypnotherapist in the area, Dusty Staub,
Who has a master's degree in social work, said he helps
his clients with many of the same problems that Konell
does. Both incorporate counseling and psychotherapy
with their hypnotherapy.
"The actual trance state is very temporary," Staub
said. "What the client learns is what is important."
See HYPNOSIS on page 3
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ypnosis found effective cure
for woman's smoking problem
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Alan Konell discusses hypnosis
...unique therapy helps solve problems
By TERESA CURRY
DTH Statf Writer
Alice Zollicoffer, a speech pathologist
who works with the language impaired
children in the Durham County Schools,
had been smoking for 17 years and nine
months when she decided she wanted to
In one session after seeing Alan Konell
at his home she was able to quit smoking.
"I smoked my last cigarette coming
down his driveway," said Zollicoffer,
who has not smoked a cigarette for nine
"Essentially when I walked into Alan's
office I wasn't sure that I would be. recep
tive to hypnosis," she said. "I have a pat
tern of being resistant."
"I was somewhat amazed that I started
feeling relaxed while sitting in Alan's of
fice as he talked with me."
"Konell was very observant of my be
havior," she said. "He noticed that I was
wearing contacts so he had me take them
out, because he realized I was not in a po
sition to be comfortable with them in.
"I then trusted him more," she said.
"I felt he was in charge and knew what he
"Undergoing hypnosis was a paradoxi
cal experience," Zollicoffer said. "I was
expciicuiuig uuicicni sensation at ine
same time, but they weren't disturbing.
"I remember having tension in my
throat," she said. "I remember thinking
if he sees the swallowing I will be embar
rassed. Yet he made the swallowing feel
like part of the trance."
At this point the images became un
clear in Zollicoffer's mind. All she can
recall is seeing indistinct images consisting
of light and color. -
"I then became aware ' that I was
awake," she said. "My head felt real
heavy. I wasn't real aware of the rest of
"I felt very relaxed. I didn't want to
move. I felt tremendously good."
Zollicoffer had gone to see Konell for
For one reason she said she had tried to
quit smoking on her own and had failed
miserably. Another reason is that one of
her cousins had gone to see a hypnothera
pist and had successfully stopped smok
ing. Zollicoffer feels going to see a hypno
therapist was almost like cheating. She
had never been able to quit smoking be
fore. "I quit smoking as soon as I went in his
office," she said. "I didn't go through
withdrawal, because seeing a hypnothera
pist is not stopping cold."