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Ground Fog Day
Early morning fog, with rain
today. High, mid 40s, low
The Residence Hall Associa
tion's forum is at 7 p.m. in
Granville Towers, and the
Inter-Fraternity Council's is
at 8 p.m. in 124 Phillips Hall.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 8, (ssue
Tuesday, February 2, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By MICHELLE CHRISTENBURY
DTH Staff Writer
Two apartment complexes have been converted
to condominiums in Chapel Hill while Town
Council members consider various solutions to the
growing scarcity of available rental housing in the
The phenomenon of 'condomania has been a
hotly debated issue among apartment dwellers,
council members and area realtors since early
September. Tenants of two apartment complexes
were notified then that their apartments would be
converted into condominiums soon.
Because of the relatively low rent charges,.
Brookside and University Gardens apartments
were popular with students.
Until recently, the council's policy has been to
allow condominium conversion after a realtor
secures proper modification of the special-use-permit.
But John Cates of Chapel Hill Realty Co. ig
nored the council's policy and proceeded to con
vert Brookside and University Gardens apartments
into condominiums. .
Consequently, the town brought suit against
Cates for not following prescribed procedures. In
.December, the .courts agreed with Cates that the
town did not have the authority to control owner
ship of his property.
All living units at University Gardens already
have been sold as condominiums while about half
of the units at Brookside have been sold as condos.
Because most of the apartments were purchased
by investors, few tenants were displaced by the
change in ownership. But most rents were raised so
that new owners could cover the costs of financ
"Although I currently have no actual com
plaints about the differences in ownership now and
a year ago, I believe the uncertainty of not know
ing who owns your apartment or what their inten
tions are will prove to be non-beneficial to tenants
in the future," said Dave Farrell, a two-year resi
dent of University Gardens. .
Victoria Deaton, a UNC student and tenant at
University Gardens, said she was unable to contact
the owner of her apartment to obtain permission
to keep a cat.
"They (Chapel Hill Realty) wouldn't tell us who
was our real owner," Deaton said. "They said it
was a matter of public record if we wanted to find
out. Because I didn't have time to go through
public records, I decided to give the cat away."
Although Chapel Hill Realty no longer owns all
of the units, the firm still manages the property for
the new owners.
One of the major drawbacks of the conversion is
the lack of consistency between one apartment and
the next, Farrell said.
"My rent is $35 higher than the rent of one of
my neighbors, and minor repairs have been made
to some units and not to others," he said. Repairs
are made according to the discretion of individual
But Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Lucas bought their
apartment, and consider it a good investment.
- "Rates have gone up out of sight everywhere so
that we couldn't afford to buy a house," she said.
"Now, we can make payments within our means,
and this is a place for us to be safe."
Cates said earlier that condominium conversion
was just a better method by which to sell because
of the declining economy.
Cates said there were definite advantages to
owning a condominium rather than renting. All
expenses are tax deductable in a home (that is
privately owned), but there are no deductions for
rental housing, he said.
But Farrell criticized Chapel Hill Realty for sell
ing the apartments. .
He said that Cates seemed to be getting more
money in rents through 'financing than he did
before, that Cates no longer had to pay the cost of
maintenence of taxes and that he got a fee -for
managing the property.
Last week, town attorneys presented two pro
posed ordinances for regulating condominium
conversion that would be defensible before the
General Assembly and the courts. ,
Deputy Town Attorney Grainger Barrett said
the proposals were not a focused plan, and the
council would consider the provisions jn both or
dinances when making any final decisions.
By JAMEE OSBORN
DTH Staff "Writer
In an unexpected move, President
Ronald Reagan recently announced he
would continue draft registration, and in
doing so, . renewed questions about . the
strength of the all-volunteer force. '
The draft, registration law requires all
men to register for the draft as soon as
they reach their 18th birthday. Betty
Alexander, a public affairs officer for the
Selective Service, saidcompliance with
the law had been good. "For men born in
1960, 1961 and 1962, we have had a com
pliance rate of more than 90 percent,"
she said. "However, with men born in
1963, the rate is only 77 percent. I think
the explanation for this is that these men
were not sure about the requirements."
Alexander said Reagan decided to con
tinue draft registration at the recommen
dation of a task force headed by
Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.
"The task force found manpower pro
blems in the all-volunteer force, and
decided the draft .registration program
was worthwhile," she said.
Alexander said the quality of the all
volunteer force had improved. "The
volunteer force is retaining people better,
and the recruits have higher education
levels," she said. "The force is looking
Capt. Alfred koster, chairman of the
UNC naval science department, said
Reagan realized there would be great time
delays in mobilizing the all-volunteer
force. "Although we are not anticipating
having to use our forces, it would take
months," he said. "It is a question of
whether we would be able to recover
from another Pearl Harbor."
Koster said he had personal misgivings
about the force. "The all-volunteer force
is not in the best interest of the country or
its young people," he said. "Registering
for the draft is no more punitive than
"I have spent a great deal of time
overseas, and there is no place I'd rather
be than right here," he said. "Our coun
try is worth every effort and obligation to
maintain. Our way of life far surpasses
that of other countries."
Koster also said the draft would be
more feasible economically than the all
volunteer force. "Drafting is a relatively
inexpensive function," he said. "The all
volunteer force is costing the country a
great deal of money."
Economic penalties should be imposed
on those who fail to register, Koster said.
"Some people only respond to economic
sanctions," he said. "You can't threaten
court action against those who feel they
don't have to live by the law." Koster
said registration files should be matched
up with income tax returns, and those
who were not registered should not
receive refunds and should be charged an
James Leutze, chairman of the UNC
curriculum in peace, war and defense,
said the country would have to turn to a
draft system eventually. "The quality of
the all-volunteer force is not what it
should be to handle the new machinery
and modern technology," he said.
"The all-volunteer system has proven
to be badly flawed."
Leutze said he could understand the
reluctance of young men to register. "I
have a son who will soon be 18, and I
would expect him to register," he said. "I
assume he will because that is his obliga
tion. But I can understand the reluctance,
because there have been no attempts to
punish those who have not registered.
"The politicians have been very wishy
washy about the issue of enforcement,"
he said. "It has been badly handled."
Alexander said those who have not
registered would be given a grace period
until the end of February, when they can
register with no questions asked. "After
the grace period is over, we will begin our
compliance program," she said. "Those
who do not register will be facing a
$10,000 fine andor five years in jail. Ac
tion will be taken through the court
system to identify those who failed to
i if ?l
, 5 V? 1 -4-
The architect's drawing of the original building in 1850
.lt now houses Playmaker's Repertory Theater
Playmakers9 history retold
By RANDY WALKER
DTH Staff Writer
Theater patrons going to see the
Playmakers Repertory Company's
Angel Street here at UNC might not
know it but the play is being produced
in a stable. '
At least that's one of the functions
the building known as Playmakers
Theater once had. The theater has
been a bath house and a library too.
But the place was originally built for
yet another purpose..
There was no Purdy's in 1849.
Students had been complaining for
years that they had nowhere to dance.
Agitation for a ballroom, plus a need
for more library space, led to the con
struction in 1850 of the University
The first Commencement Ball was
held in 1852. It is not known whether
the orchestra played beach music. Stu
dents had to bring outside dates be
cause there were no women students
here at the time.
Two years later the building was re
named Smith Hall after Gen. Benja
min Smith, one-time governor of
North Carolina. Some years before,
Smith had donated money to the Uni
versity and made the Trustees promise
to name a building after him. Never
theless, students continued to call
Smith Hall the "Ballroom" for years.
Nobody danced during the Civil
War. Authorities frowned upon dan
cing as frivolous and disrespectful to
the seriousness of the war effort. Ac
cording to legend, the 9th Michigan
Calvary stabled its horses in Smith
Hall during the occupation. Since
then, former Chancellor Robert
House has said Michigan horses have
been known for their wits and Caro
lina students for their horse sense.
By 1885, Smith became the Univer
sity bath house; the Law School took
over the building in 1908. On Nov.
23, 1925, the debt to Gen. Smith re
paid, the building was renovated and
rechristened the Playmakers Theater.
The occasion was the opening night
of "Out of the Past," a Civil War
In 1938 a faulty switchboard spark
ed a fire; that destroyed the stage,
scenery, dressing rooms and all the
electrical equipment. The University
remodeled the building for $50,000
and re-opened it in January 1939.
See THEATER on page 2
Additional $2.50 a semester
By CHERYL ANDERSON
DTH Staff Writer
Student Body President Scott Norberg
said Monday he was opposed to a recent
proposal to increase student fees next
year by $2.50 per semester.
"We simply don't need the money,"
Norberg said. By the beginning of next
year a $167,000 minimum will be in the
General Surplus, he said. "And that's
Norberg said students must realize that
the General Surplus is too large and must
be spent. "If we have another fee in
crease, I guarantee it (the surplus) will
grow .to $200,000 within a year or two,"
General Surplus money can be used to
increase Student Government funded
organizational budgets by more than 10
percent and leave $120,000 in the surplus
without increasing student- fees, Norberg
"By taking $42,000 out of the surplus
and giving it to organizations, that would
represent over a 10 percent increase in ,
what was allocated lst year," he said.
The remaining $120,000 "which is about
as much as was spent this year on Chapel
Thrill," would allow students in the
future to plan for a Chapel Thrill, he
Norberg said several student organiza:
tions had surpluses of $15,000 and the
Carolina Union has a surplus of more
than $100,000. "Why should students
pay more money when there is already,
more than enough money in the Student
Government accounts at this point?"
Norberg said he had studied all the
figures involved in a possible increase in
deciding his position. "We have pockets
of excess money all over the place that we
can use up before asking students for
more," he said; He added that the in
crease would cost the entire student body
, Also, an increase in fees would cost the
financial aid department more money for
each of the students who received aid.
"And close to 50 percent of the student
body does (receive aid)," he said.
Finally, Norberg posed a question:
"How does it look for student represen
. tatives to urge the administration to
spend different student fees as effectively
as possible when the same isn't true for
Norberg said last year that he and
' students on the Student Health Advisory
Board recommended Student Health Ser
vices limit the increase in Student Health
Fees to $8 per year rather than raise them
to $16 per year. The proposal was effec
tive this year.
"We did that by agreeing to spend a lot
of the money that was in the Student
Health Sevice general surplus," Norberg
' said. He said the two situations were
"almost exactly the same."
Or a I contraceptive use indicates
jewer risns oj cancer o
By VIRGINIA TRULL
DTH Staff Writer
Oral contracepti"es containing both progestin and estrogen
hormones ef fectively can reduce the risk of cancer of the uterus
lining, said UNC scientists in a recent report to the American
"Women who are using the oral contraceptives most com
monly used today have some reduction in the risk of endometrial
cancer," said Dr. Barbara S. Hulka, professor of epidemiology
at the UNC School of Public Health.
Hulka, one of five UNC scientists making the report, said the
contraceptives used in the studies were combination products,
containing both progestin and estrogen.
These contraceptives do have varying amounts of progestin
and estrogen," she said, "but we are concerned with those that
are predominantly progestin."
The study, done over a period of seven years, compared 79
patients who had had endometrial cancer with 203 women who
had not. Of this group, 15.3 percent had used oral contracep
tives containing progestin for at least six months; only 6.3 per
cent of- the cancer patients had used similar products for the
same time period.
The findings indicate there is some correlation between the
level of progestin and the rate of endometrial cancer, Hulka said.
Brands used several years ago were predominantly. estrogen,
and they were removed from the market because of an increase
in endometrial cancer, she said.
"Estrogen causes a more rapid cell reproduction rate," Hulka
said. Cancer development usually follows an abnormal tissue
"Progestin, however, causes the cells to stop dividing," she
said. "The two hormones have opposing effects on the cells lin
ing the uterus."
"By adding progestin to the end of the estrogen cycle, a
woman may be protecting the uterus from endometrial cancer,"
Hulka said. "It will lessen the risk."
However, Hulka said the findings do not imply that all
women should begin using oral contraceptives. "These findings
only apply to women using oral contraceptives in older age
groups," she said.
"Endometrial cancer is primarily a disease of older women,"
Hulka said. "Its peak frequency of occurrence is in the 60s."
"It has an occurrence rate of only one per 1,000 per year,"
she said, "with a 99 percent five-year survival rate."
"Estrogen is used to relieve the menopausal and post
menopausal symptoms women experience such as hot flashes
and depression," she said.
"If has been shown to cause real increases in endometrial
cancer," Hulka said. "The common fear (of women) is that any
kind of hormone may cause cancer. This study shows that not
all hormones are harmful," she said.
Authors of the report, published in the current issue of the
Journal of the American Medical Association, were Drs. Hulka,
Lloyd S. Chambless and Bernard G. Greenberg of the UNC
School of Public Health and Drs. David G. Kaufman and
Wesley C. Fowler of the School of Medicine.
A emclre candidates after fforamm
The governing board of the Residence Hall
Association endorsed Summey Orr for student
body president, John Drescher fox Daily Tar
Heel editor and Scott Templeton for RHA pre
sident after hearing candidates for office speak
at an RHA forum Monday. .
Later Monday, the chairperson of the Black
Student Movement said before its forum that at
least one candidate was accused of using racial
slurs during door-to-dodr campaigns.
"They think they do not need the BSM en
dorsement to win," said chairperson Wende J.
Watson. "But we plan to do as much as we can
to get as many Black Student Movement and
black students to vote."
Watson declined to identify a candidate or
political race involved, until after the BSM's
Central Committee meets today to decide en
dorsements for president, editor, Carolina
Athletic Association president and RHA presi
dent. . -
The RHA board endorsed Templeton for
RHA president because the board thought he
would be able to carry on the activities and pro
gress of this year, and because of his experience,
RHA President Robert Bianchi said.
Templeton said he wanted to see the RHA
president and the housing director meet on a
weekly basis. "WitTi us cooperating with them,
and them with us, we all work better," he said.
- "Our decision for Summey (Orr) was based
on his proposal to direct the Housing Commit
tee of Student Government more toward off
campus students," Bianchi said.
His experience as the head of the Rape, As
sault and Prevention Escort service and execu
tive assistant to Student Body President Scott
Norberg and his ideas on policy and service were
important in the decision, Bianchi said.
"For Drescher, we felt his experience was a
key factor" Bianchi said. "His concern with
RHA news and his ideas on investigative re
. porting were also important."
The board did not vote on whether to endorse
the CAA candidate.
At a forum before the vote, student body
presidential candidates Orr, Mark Canady, Tim
Smith and Mike Vandenbergh discussed what
they would do if elected.
"This year in Student Government, I have
seen a lot of duplication go on between the
Housing Committee, and the RHA," Orr said.
"If elected, the Housing Committee will con
centrate on off-campus students. There's no
need to have another RHA in my cabinet."
Vandenbergh said that if elected, he would
encourage students in his administration to
work on independent projects studying housing
issues that concerned students, such as higher
housing costs. -
Canady discussed his plan to expand the Olde
Campus security program to other areas of the
campus, saying it would cost about $5,000 to
$7,000 from the General Reserve.
Smith said he favored spreading the tutorial
service campuswide, the creation of a Student
Fees Commission, and said that Student
Government was not meeting the needs of
DTH editor candidates Drescher and
Compiled by Katherine Long, Ken Mingis and
Jonathan Rich also spoke at the forum. 1
Both Rich and Drescher said they would con
tinue to assign a reporter to cover RHA.
"I think having writers on the beat is good,"
Rich said. "Also, I would start a contributions
editor. If you wanted to write a column about
some area of housing, you could."
"Given the proximity of the RHA and Daily
Tar Heel offices, there's no reason you can't
have someone there every day," Drescher said.
At the BSM forum candidates for the office
of student body president spoke about the du
plication of student service programs on cam
pus, and revision of the executive liaison pro
gram, which all the candidates agreed did not
work well this year.
Canady said he would like to have campus or
ganizations coordinate cultural festivals and see
"interaction and information sharing" among
groups such as the BSM. Canady said he would
like to make a marketing survey to "identify the
needs of students, and see how they communi
cate with Student Government."
Orr said the executive liaison program needed
a better sense of direction and leadership. He
said it should also serve as a labor pool to ac
complish other services for students such as re
cording books for the blind.
Smith said he would establish a committee to
listen to complaints about academic and social
problems, and represent students if they have
complaints to make about a professor in a de
partment. Vandenbergh said the executive liaison pro
gram was not immediately responsive to student
See FORUM on page 2
John Drescher speaks at RHA forum Monday
...he is a candidate for 'DTH' editor