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beginning at 11 p.m. today at
962-SPOT or 962-NEWS.
0m - "r
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 6, Issue p
Wednesday, February 3, 1982 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BusinessAdvertising 962-11 3
New law to aid tax collections
By ALEXANDRA McMILLAN
DTH Staff Writer
A new ordinance may make it easier for Carrboro to col
lect property taxes from its student residents in the future.
The Orange County Board of Commissioners will require
Carrboro apartment complex owners to submit lists of their
tenants by Jan. 15, 1983, Orange County Commissioner Don
Willhoit said Tuesday.
The county tax supervisor will be asked to check those lists
against the list of people who have filed a personal property
tax, he said.
Willhoit said a statute already in effect lets the tax super
visor request tenant lists from apartment owners, but that the
board passed the new ordinance as requested' by the town.
'Considering the high turnover rate of apartment dwellers
in Carrboro, the most efficient way to get the money due is
to make a good effort to collect the personal property tax on
cars," he said. "But we've asked the tax supervisor to notify
the town of Carrboro that we're making an effort to do what
Because the transient student population makes up a large
portion of Carrboro's apartment community, Willhoit said
he felt it would be easier to enforce tax payment through lists
of vehicles registered in Orange County.
Car owners must show proof of tax payment to get a
motor vehicle license in Orange County, Willhoit said. This
makes it easier to verify payment of personal property taxes
on automobiles, he said.
"For the small amount of money that the average student
would pay in personal property tax, it doesn't seem to make
much sense to use the method Carrboro proposes when it is
easier and will generate almost as much money to use auto
mobile taxes," he said, "But we are making an effort to
Carrboro officials could not be reached for comment.
Women voters decide important political issues
By SONYA WEAKLEY
DTH Staff Writer
The average active member is a she.
She has a 79 percent chance of being mar
ried with an average of 1.46 children. She
is well-educated with an 82 percent
chance of having graduated from college
and a 48 percent chance of having com'
pktsd graduate studies. -
She volunteers about 24.1 hours each
month. She has a 42 percent chance of
being active in a political party and a 65
percent chance of running for public of
fice. There are many political organizations
around. Most have pet projects and
causes, but few have consistently follow
ed current issues, studied them in depth
and re-evaluated political positions as
issues change. Even fewer groups have
provided voters with non-partisan infor
mation on political candidates.
But the League of Women Voters has
been meeting these requirements for 42
"When we believe in something, we
don't give up," said Diane Brown, presi
dent of the League of Women Voters of
"We keep working at it. If we get into
something, study it and see (that it)
changes, we adapt. We continually
modify and update."
The LWV looks at current issues and
decides through a network of com
munication from the local Leagues to the
national organization and back
again what issues to study. The agenda
of issues is set at state and national con
ventions held in alternating years. Once
the members have made their choices,
they go to work.
Work consists of lobbying legislatures,
talking with legislators, distributing infor-
mation about an issue and compiling
pamphlets explaining the League's posi
tion on this issue.
The LWV is looking at prospective
issues to address at its national conven
tion to be held in Houston this spring.
Local Leagues are sending out question
naires and information to other Leagues
to ask for support on certain issues. The
national and state organizations also send
out information to determine which
issues are on the minds of its members.
"It's very much a grass-roots organiza
tion," Brown said. "I couldn't see any
one of the three levels existing without the
The League emphasizes voter service
and citizen information. When it began in
1920, the LWV served to help women
sort out the issues and vote intelligently
with their newly-gained suffrage. Today
the LWV continues this function.
"We go out of our way to be fair to
candidates," Brown said. "We want to
emphasize that we are a non-partisan
The LWV never endorses political can
didates, even though many of its
members:lm for office -i.
In every local and state, election, the
LWVNC sends a questionnaire to each
candidate and then publishes the answers
in a voter's guide.
The LWVNC distributes pamphlets
about voting and registration and periodi
cally publishes a handbook on state
government operation. In the most recent
gubernatorial election it .sponsored de
bates between the candidates.
Though the national league takes a
stand on worldwide and national issues,
the state and local Leagues have their
own matters to handle.
"School bus safety has been a quiet
winner on the local level," said Gerry
Guess, president of the League of
Women Voters of Chapel Hill.
The LWVCH has been working with
the local school board to prevent school
bus accidents, Guess said.; It has worked
for better pay for drivers! and a reward
system for drivers with good records. The
organization has also tried to raise the
average age of school bus drivers. -
Although hazardous waste is also
studied at the national level, state and
local Leagues have taken a closer look at
North Carolina's hazardous waste pro
The LWVCH recently received a
$2,000 grant through the national League
from the Department of Energy. The
grant was used to finance forums about
uranium mining in North Carolina, said
LWVCH member Arlene Spilker, author
of the grant proposal. The forums
featured speakers from Duke Power Co.
and several university professors, Spilker
The LWVCH sets voter service and
citizen information as a priority. In Oc
tober 1981, the League conducted forums
to let citizens hear the candidates for
Town Council and other races. The
group has also published handbooks on
the workings of Chapel Hill government
and offered training in counting and cer
tifying ballots for election workers.
"I'd like to do something constructive,
and I like educational situations the
League is definitely educational," said
Guess, who has belonged to Leagues in
California and New Jersey,
"1 enjoy meeting people and have met
some fascinating citizens through the
League. It has made local politics come
alive for me," she said.
The LWVCH has 97 members, in
cluding two men, she said. .
Bev Kawalec, a former LWVCH presi
dent and a second-term Town Council
member, credits the LWV with helping
her get involved in local politics.
"I became interested in town govern
ment after working in the League to in
fluence it," she said. "I gained education
and inspiration there. It is excellent train-
' Kawalec said she got involved in the
League in 1967 with a study of land-use
planning. She was president from 1975 to
i 0, "f r
? v.v.,.VujO. : ----- - .viSkMor. .
- .-f '
The state League was formed in 1951
when delegates from seven local Leagues,
including Chapel Hill's, gathered for a
convention in Durham. It has a
15-member board of directors and a
statewide membership of about 1,400, in
cluding 35 men, Brown said. She en--courgaed
college-age and minority
women to join, calling the League a
m panels intern
debate nn redi4Fietaim
By PETER JUDGE
DTH Staff Writer
Though a legislative panel was unable to come up with a new
state House reapportionment plan in Tuesday's session, action -was
taken to split Guilford County into four districts as deli
beration over the state's legislative map continued.
The House Legislative Redistricting Committee voted Tuesday
to divide Guilford County into four separate districts with seven
representatives. Portions of Forsyth and Randolph counties are
to be included in the districts as well.
Today, a joint House and Senate committee will meet to con
sider a new congressional district proposal to move Durham
County from the 4th District to the 2nd District. Orange County
is in the 2nd District.
Committee members are meeting in Raleigh this week to draw
up a contingency map for congressional district lines should an
appeal to the U.S. Justice Department fail.
North Carolina's congressional redistricting plan was rejected
recently by the U.S. Justice Department, along with proposed
plans for the state House and Senate district lines.
"The first time we talked with the legislature, way back at the
start of all this, we told them we felt uncomfortable with the
House and Senate plans," James Wallace, special deputy state
Attorney General, said this week.
Wallace said the congressional plan, however, seemed reason
able. "We felt safe with the plan for redrawing the congressional
lines," he said. - 1
"We (the state attorney general's office) made a decision to
go forward and ask the Justice Department to review their deci
sion to reject North Carolina's redistricting plan," he said.
Wallace said if members of the General Assembly decided not
to appeal the decision, it was not too late to back off. "Let me
stress that we have not done it, yet," he said.
Rep. J.P. Huskins, D-Iredell, co-chairman of the joint com
mittee on congressional redistricting, said Tuesday plans were
being prepared to draw new lines in case the Justice Department
did not reverse its decision. "We decided to come up with an al
ternate plan while the case is pending," Huskins said.
"By asking the Justice Department to review their previous
decision, we start the clock running again," he said. The Justice
Department has 60 days in which to respond. "If they choose to
wait 60 days and then reject the plan, that would put us into the
first part of April without a suitable redistricting plan," he said.
Huskins said the General Assembly would be forced to call
another special session to propose a new map. "Don't forget we
have primaries coming up this spring," he added.
Gov. Jim Hunt is expected to call the General Assembly into a
special session beginning Feb. 9 to adopt new reapportionment
plans and to reschedule the state primaries from May 4 to June 1 .
Huskins said the Justice Department objected to the confi
guration of the 2nd Congressional District, saying it was
"The number of blacks in the 2nd District decreased from the
1971 plan," Huskins said. "This new plan, they (Justice De
partment) said, diluted the voting strength of blacks."
Attorneys for the state held several informal conferences with
members of the Justice Department, Huskins said. But federal
officials 'did not say whether they would uphold the ruling.
"They suggested that alternative plans would be beneficial," he
John Wilson, public affairs officer for the U.S. Justice De
partment, said: "If we were asked to reconsider it (the congres
sional plan) and if North Carolina were to present evidence
which we had not considered previously, sure we could reverse
"It would have to be pretty good evidence, though. Our deci
sion was based on careful study of the facts that had been pre
sented to us," he said. ,
"We have some darn good arguments in favor of our con
gressional redistricting plan," Wallace said. "Our attorneys are
prepared not to submit new information, but put some facts in a
different perspective." .
The new House and Senate plans, drafted in legislative com
mittees last week, were shown to officials of the' Justice De
partment on Friday.
"We made it clear when we presented the plans that they still
required some fine tuning," Wallace said. "They did make a
few suggestions for changes. All in all, it was a pretty beneficial
Wallace said he did not know if they would object to the re- -vised"
House and Senate plans. "It is hard to say when you are
dealing with' an agency that does not have to say 'No,
because...' but 'No,' and usually tends to do it that way."
The Justice Department is not bound to help the state or give
any explanation for its decisions, Wallace said. He said he did
not know whether the state would take the case to court if the
" Justice Department rejected the revised plans. "We (the state at
torney general's office) are lawyers; we do what we are told," he
said. "If the state wants us to take this to court, we will."
A public hearing on the congressional and legislative reappor
tionment plans will be held at 1:30 p.m. Thursday in the
legislative auditorium in Raleigh.
By DAVID ROME
DTH Starr Writer
"I'm a Tar Heel born! I'm a Tar
Heel bred! Angnhen 1 die, I'll be a
Tar Heel deadP'
in the Revolutionary War. British
troops under Gen. Cornwallis crossed
a river near Rocky Mount in which
the colonists supposedly had dumped
.turpentine to avoid their being
by the British.
Every student aiMJmows he is a
Tar Heel, but noboclyCs to know
exactly why. The nanV-suggests an '
historical event or situation, unlike
nicknames like Wolfpack or Blue
Most Tar Heels think they know
where the name comes from, but there
seem to be as many explanations as
there are Tar Heels. Consensus is lack
ing, even among historians about the
identity of the first Tar Heel and the
reason the term became associated
with the University and state of North
Historical materials focus on three
particular legends of the Tar Heel
name's origin. But nowhere is it sug
gested that a Tar Heel might be a
species of ram.
Louise Booker, in Historical and
Traditional 'Tar Heel' Stories, tells
the story about North Carolina troops
V rrm fi cm fH
ik to the bottom of the
river ana isiuck to tne teet ot tne
British soldiers. When the British sur
rendered at Yorktown, some of them
still had tar on their feet from their
march through North Carolina.
. The SCrffimagazine reported a se-
betore tee (LvQ) war, people who
ed near thVvgimshCarolina state
employed pahxlf to keep their
slaves from roaralQMhe countryside
for visiting, courting or running away.
"When a Carolina patrolman caught
a Virginia slave he would turn him
over to the Virginia patrolman and
vice versa. The patrolman would
return the errant slave' to his master
for punishment, the - penalty in
Virginia for violating the curfew was a
severe flogging; the penalty in North
Carolina was to tar the heels.
.T . 2u
"Hence, North Carolina slaves call
ed Virigians Sorebacks; Virginia slaves ,
called North Carolinians Tar Heels."
A third, ' and probably most
popular, explanation comes from the
Civil War. Booker wrote that during a .
crucial battle "a passing column of
troops from another state had been
driven from the field of battle, while
the North Carolina troops held fast."
"When the groups met again, the
deserters, who wished to minimize
their own action by an insulting
reference, to a distinctive t North
olina product, yelled 'Anymorear
in the Old North State, boys?'
Not a bit,' came the reply; 'Old
Jeffs bought it all up!'
'"Is that so? What's he going to do
n" 'He's going to put it on your
M4ls so that you'll sticftSerin your
SpxtJSght-" OQ JV
Te?79 North CarolinvWehil
saysXpbert E. Lee heard Tow
uicidenji said, "God bless theTar
Heel boys," and the name stuck.
EFC deliver camdlMate emdlFe2meint4
In forums Tuesday the Interfraternity Council endorse
Mike Vandenbergh for student body president and John
Drescher for Daily Tar Heel editor, and the Black Stu
dent Movement and Black Greek Council endorsed
Mark Canady for student body president and Jonathan
Rich for DTH editor.
The BSM endorsement came after a two-hour meeting
Tuesday afternoon that included questioning the candi
dates a second time. BSM members had earlier ques
tioned the candidates at a forum Monday night.
"We endorsed Mark Canady not because he was
black, not because he was the former BSM chairperson;
but because we feel he will not only be sensitive to the
needs of the student body but also has a rapport with the
general student body," BSM Chairperson Wende J.
Watson said the BSM endorsed Rich for DTH editor
because the editorship was a position of management,
not writing, and because Rich would be best for that job.
The BSM also supported Rich because he was commit
ted to University news, she said.
. Watson said after the meeting that she did not want to
name the two candidates, one for DTH editor and one
for student body president, who were accused at the
BSM forum Monday of making racial slurs during their
"I really wish people would not blow this out of pro
portion," Watson said. The 21 -member Central Com
mittee of the BSM, which voted to endorse the candi
dates, was not told which candidates had been accused
of making racial comments.
The BSM also endorsed John Rossitch and Joanna
Cruz for senior class president and vice president.
Rossitch and Cruz are write-in candidates who made
their first forum appearance before the BSM Monday.
The IFC endorsed Vandenbergh because of his views
on food service, IFC President Jim Maynard said after
the foruni Tuesday night. "His views were consistent
with ours 'his ideas about the managerial aspects for
"Drescher's ideas about gfving more coverage to or
ganizations and looking for more stories was the reason
we supported him," he said.
The IFC represents 27 fraternities; 21 were represented
at Tuesday's forum.
Canady, Vandenbergh, Summey. Orr and Tim Smith
spoke at the forum, each stressing what he would do if
Canady said he would use his marketing approach to
try to attract students to positions in Student Govern
ment. "Fraternities and sororities have different needs than
other students on campus," Canady said. "It's impor
tant for Student Government to be receptive to these dif
Orr said Student Government needed to be more service-oriented.
"If the Student Government doesn't have
services that students can see, it loses touch with the stu
dent body," Orr said.
Compiled by Katherine Long, Ken Mingis and Bill
Smith said he wanted student organizations to meet
every three weeks or once a month to discuss issues on
campus. "It's time Student Government stopped being
crisis-reactive and started planning ahead for problems
that come up."
Vandenbergh said he would have one person manage
the food service on campus. "There's too much compe
tition with Franklin Street, not within itself," he said.
In addition to their campaign platforms, DTH
editorial candidates Jonathan Rich and John Drescher
mentioned their ties to the Greek system.
"As far as coverage of Greek events," Rich said, "I
think the problem is we're not giving enough positive
coverage to events, everything from Derby Day to Mile
of Pennies to the Beat Dook parade. These are things
that contribute to the positive things on campus." The
addition of investigative writers and an editor in charge
of contributions to the back page would also help, he
"I think we agree that Greeks haven't got fair and
balanced coverage in the DTH as thev should.
Drescher said. "I am a Beta, and I think that gives me a
different perspective from some of the editors we've
had." Copies of Drescher's editorials on the Greek sys
tem were passed out during the forum.
Answering a question about a column he wrote about
fraternity hazing, Rich said that he had talked with
several fraternity members and said that he had used
John Drescher as an anonymous source.
After Rich finished talking, Drescher said that anony
mous sources were supposed to remain anontnoa.