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Partly cloudy and windy to
day. High in the low 40s; low
in the mid-20s.
Former U.S. Sen. Gaylord
Nelson will discuss environ
mental interest groups at 10
a.m. in 226 Union.
Serving the students and (he University community since 1893
Volume 83, Issue 132
Wednesday, February 10, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewWS portsArts 962-0245
BusinessAdvertising 962 1163
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Unofficial vote shows
As of early Wednesday morning, un
certified results showed that Mike Van
denbergh was several votes away from
winning the student body presidential
race and John Drescher had won a deci
sive victory over Jonathan Rich in the
Daily Tar Heel editor's race.
At press time, the Elections Board was
inspecting ballots that were rejected by an
electronic vote counter. The rejected bal
lots included write-in candidiates, blank
ballots and voided ballots. The board
voted to decide on the validity of each
ballot as the inspection progressed.
Elections Board Chairman Mark
Jacobson said the board could not certify
as fee falls
By KATHERINE LONG
DTH Staff Writer
A referendum to change Student
Government Audit Board bylaws passed
by,.a Jarge margin, and referendum to
increase the Student Activities Fee failed
in a closer vote in Tuesday's campus elec
tions. The Audit Board controls how Student
Activities Fees are spent after they are
allocated to campus organizations by the
Campus Governing Council. The unof
ficial vote was 3,581 to 892 in favor of the
The second referendum to charge an
extra $2.50 in Student Activities Fees fail
ed by a closer margin of 2,732 to 2,172.
CGC Finance Committee member
Jonathan Reckford, a proponent of the
referendum, said the council would have
to take money out of the General Surplus
to give to organizations that need more
money. "We're gonna need one (a fee in
crease) next year," he said.
Some polltenders reported that a few
voters did not vote for the referendums
because they did not see them printed on
the back of the ballot. More than 7,000
votes were in cast in the presidential elec
tion compared to only 4.900 total votes
cast for or against the referenda.
By former senator
the election until the rejected ballots had
been examined. Certification is expected
More than 7,000 people voted in the
Tuesday election, reaching totals of 500
more than last year and 1,500 more than
Unofficial results showed Drescher
with 4,006 votes at 58 percent over Rich
wiih 2,837 at 41 percent.
Vandenbergh led with 3,475 votes (49.9
percent), Mark Canady had 1,612 votes
(23.7 percent), Summey Orr gained 1,452
votes (20.9 percent) and Tim Smith re
ceived 358 votes (5.1 percent). There were
61 write-in votes. I .
Elections Board officials said early
Wednesday that between 8 to 10 voided
votes would give Vandenbergh the ma
jority he needed to win the presidency.
Canady said, however, that if Vanden
bergh was certified as winner of the presi
dential race he would ask for a vote re
count. "I'll ask for a recount,'' Canady said,
"but that is in no way a negative reflec
tion on Mike (Vandenbergh's) campaign.
He ran a good race."
"I don't think there'll be a run-off,'"
Vandenbergh said. "I've never seen such
"I congratulate the other candidates on
running clean campaigns," Vandenbergh
said. "I almost didn't run this year be
cause of the backbiting in last year's cam
. paign.":. ..t t : .. .. . .,
Drescher is scheduled to take over
editorship of the DTH Feb. 22. "I guess
I'll start right away talking about what
position will be filled by whom," he said.
Rich, who left the tabulation in Great
Hall after early returns showed him far
behind Drescher, said problems with or
ganization may had led to his loss, "I
would have chosen a few positions dif
ferently;' there were a few areas where I
waited too long to put the right people in.
"This is real politics here," Rich said.
"It's kind of an unusual phenomenon
you see on campus. I might have been a
bit naive about it."
Both were happy that the campaigning
was over. "I am not sure I'd thought
we'd ever get here," Drescher said. "I
don't think physically I could have gone
"I am glad it's over," Rich said. "It
was like the rest of my life had ceased to
exist. It's a lot of pressure, physically,
feeling like you're on stage all the time."
Each of the presidential candidates said
he felt the campaign had been clean and
tried to explain why the election went as it
See RESULTS on page 2
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John Drescher, top, celebrates with supporters
in Great Haii. Above, William S. Speer, of the Air
mac Technical Systems, and Sean Alvarez, ot
the Elections Board, operate ballot counting
machine, and Mike Vandenbergh, right, watches
as returns show him slightly ahead. Photos by
By JONATHAN SMYLIE
DTH Staff Writer
Despite a number of delays in the
counting process caused by a computer
malfunction, the use of an electronic
counting machine helped the Elections
Board run Tuesday's elections more
smoothly, Board Chairman Mark Jacob
. "It went a little slower than we thought
but otherwise very well," Jacobson said.
The counting machine saved many
hours of sorting and counting ballots, he
said. In past elections, the results of some
races were not known for two or three
This was the first time that a com
puterized machine had been used in UNC
elections. The board borrowed the com
puterized counter from American
Tabulating Systems on a trial basis to
determine if the board would want to buy
a counter for use in future elections.
Paper dust caught inside the counting
machine caused the longest slowdown in
the counting. Before the computer broke
down at 10:30 p.m., it had been counting
ballots at a rate of 200 per minute before
it had -to be stopped for cleaning, ATS
representative Bill Speer said.
Until the machine was fixed around
midnight a stand-by counter was used.
Because the substitute machine was not
equipped with an automatic feeder, Elec
tions Board members had to hand feed
the ballots into the machine while waiting
for the original counter to be fixed. Hand
feeding the ballots slowed the counting to
about 60 ballots per minute.
The only other delay was that the coun
ting started about an hour later than ex
pected because some of the ballot boxes
did not arrived on time.
Ballots were tabulated in a simple two
As the ballots were fed into the counter
a long white tickertape slip of paper came
rolling out the top of the machine.
The tape listed, codes of the race, can
didate and number of votes received at
each polling site.
Board members decoded the tapes and
projected the totals on the screen for the
close to 200 people watching the returns
in Great Hall.
See BOARD on page 2
Wait's policies attacked
By JIM WRINN
DTH Staff Writer
Former Sen. Gaylord Nelson, speaking at
UNC Tuesday, said Interior Secretary James
Watt's policy of developing "locked up" public
lands was designed to eliminate or compromise
The Wisconsin Democrat, addressing about
180 people in the Union, said, "Watt has created
a nationwide controversy with his repeated
assertions that vast resources of minerals, gas
and oil are 'locked up' on public lands because
of the influence of perverse environmentalists,
onerous rules and regulations, bad laws passed
by Congress and signed by Republican and
Democratic presidents and general bad manage
ment by his predecessors."
Nelson said oil, coal and timber companies
had endorsed Watt openly through "simplistic
and misleading" advertisements designed to
confuse the public's understanding of conserva
tion. "Simply and directly put, Watt and the
energy, timber and mining companies' claims of
a massive resource 'lock-up' on public lands is a
monumental misrepresentation," he said.
Natural resources exist on public lands, but
their use is restricted by laws or permitted only
under certain strict conditions and guidelines,
"Ninety-nine percent of what he (Watt) is say
ing is political flimflam," he said. "Many people
believe him, and many powerful interests are
behind his drive for uncontrolled exploitation of
the public lands."
Nelson said Watt and the industries he repre
emcU ai the Kocky Mountain Elates Legai
Foundation had opposed most previous major
"Watt's central premise ... is the claim that
there is a massive 'lock-up' of vital resources on
public lands," Nelson said. "It is around this
premise that he has developed the justification
for most of his proposals for a massive reversal
of previously established policies."
Nelson said that under Watt's policies, all ma
jor categories of public lands were available for
resource extraction without restrictions; but
Congress would not allow wilderness areas or
wildlife refuges to be degraded even though they
only represent 30 million of the 375 million acres
of public lands in the contiguous United States.
Nelson cited Watt's stand on Alaska, which
contains about half the federal public lands, as
part of his distortion tactics.
"The Alaska Lands Bill was- passed by the
Congress 10 months ago," he said. "Tens of
millions of acres were 'locked-up' pending a
Congressional decision on designation of these
lands for parks, forests and pending Alaska state
and native selection of the 145 million acres
they're entitled to under the law."
"The Alaska natives and the states have yet to
select about 90 million acres. That 90 million is
counted as part of Watt's 'lock-up. Yet when
the selection process is completed, this 'lock-up
will dissolve and disappear in thin air, and that
land will be available for economic development.
"What the administration is doing with this
policy is borrowing from, future generations to
pay our debts today," he said;
Nelson's speech was sponsored by the Carolina
Union, ECOS and the Institute for En
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Civil riglits groiips oppose
tate votiiig test
By TAMMY DAVIS
DTH Staff Writer
Former Sen. Gaylord Nelson
...speaking Tuesday night
Civil rights groups are disputing the legitimacy of a
voter registration residency test used recently at
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State
University, a predominantly black school in
George Simkins, director of . the Greensboro
chapter of the National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, will go before the Guilford
County Board of Elections Feb. 24 to protest the
questionnaire, which he says "prevents students of
their constitutional right to vote." ;
The protest is based on Guilford election records,
which show that of the 367 N.C. A&T students who
completed the questionnaire, 1 16 were not allowed to
register to vote.
"It is discriminatory," Simkins said this week. "If
the students fail just one of these questions, they can
Simkins said the 13-question residency test includ
ed questions about financial independence, church
affiliation and. basis for residency in Guilford Coun
ty. One question asks where the student plans to live
if he "flunks out" of N.C A&T. - .
"These tests aren't used in colleges at Chapel Hill,
Charlotte or Winston-Salem. I don't see why A&T
has to use them,." he said.
Simkins, who has submitted a formal protest to the
U.S. Department of Justice, said one A&T registrar
said he had never seen this type of questionnaire at
UNC-Greensboro, Greensboro College or Guilford
That Guilford County is still under the Voting
Rights Act of 1965 gives Simkins a chance as he goes
before the board, he said.
"If they continue to use this questionnaire, we're
going to take them to the federal courts to try and get
an injunction," Simkins said.
George Gardner, executive director of the North
Carolina American Civil Liberties Union in
Greensboro, said he heard the test for N.C. A&T was
more rigorous than those used at UNC-Greensboro
or Guilford College.
"The ironic thing is that the A&T test was done by
the most active member of the Greensboro
NAACP," he said.
Gardner said the only solution would be to make
the questionnaires the same for all schools in the
"There is no plot behind this ...perhaps just a
misinterpretation of the voting laws," Gardner said.
Alex Brock, State Board of Elections chairman,
said he thought the tests were not discriminatory.
"The-North Carolina Supreme Court has indicated
that such a questionnaire might be appropriate," he
Brock said that other complaints about registra
tion questionnaires had come from Appalachian
State University in Boone and Western Carolina
University in Cullowhee. No complaints have come
from Chapel Hill, he said.
Brock said the state's Constitution and Supreme
Court interpretations of it meant that "residency for
the purpose of voting shall be deemed to be at that
place at which that resident has domiciled." The
voter registration tests began after this 1972 decision,
"We were grateful when cases went to court,
because once the Supreme Court ruled, we quit get
ting complaints," he said.
See TEST on page 2