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Serving the students and the University community since. 1893
Volume 90 Issue
Wednesday, February 24, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
01 it IP
O V V
By DEAN FOUST
Student Body President-elect Mike Vandenbergh
was formally inaugurated Tuesday night, becoming
the 61st holder of the office in campus history.
Carolina Athletic Association President-elect Perry
Morrison and Residence Hall Association President
elect Scott Templeton also were inducted in the Great
Vandenbergh said his administration would at
tempt to foresee instead of react to the needs of
I think that, overall, this will be an administra
tion that will anticipate problems, and propose alter
natives to them that will work," he said.
"I've seen a trend at this University to make a
decision, then to respond to the student's reactions."
He named the construction of the Student Ac
tivities Center and the tripling in North campus
dorms as examples where students have expressed a
lack of input.
Vandenbergh quoted an official endorsesment that
was printed by a campus publication two weeks ago.
"There's a 'who cares?' attitude that grips this cam
pus. How can the administration truly respect a Stu
dent Government that does not itself have the respect
of the student body?"
"I respect that at this University most students
aren't in a position to make decisions," he said. "But
they are in a position to give input to Student
"I hope that as we sit here next year, the new presi
dent can say that 10,000 not 7,000 students voted
in that election because there was more interest in
Student Government from this administration."
Former Student Body President Scott Norberg
said he had wondered about the success of his own
"When I'd go to bed at night I'd keep asking
myself, 'What did we do last year?'," he said.
" What were the accomplishments of the last 365
Norberg listed the new race relations course, the
student liaison program and the upcoming Chapel
Thrill concert as examples of last year's
Former RHA President Robert Bianchi said his
administration had been successful in actively pro
moting awareness of the RHA program. He named
the $1,000 raised for United Way, the continuing
fight against the proposed Southern Bell Telephone
Mike Vandenbergh, student body president-elect speaks at his inauguration Tuesday night
...he became the 61st holder of the office in UNC-CR history
Co. phone rates increase as examples.
Templeton said his administration would first lay
out extensive goals and direction for the coming year.
He said his office would be dedicated to hard work.
"If trying hard isn't good enough, then I've got
one choice, and that's to try harder," he said.
The electees were sworn in by Student Supreme
Court Chief Justice Roy Cooper, the third annual in
auguration he has presided over. 1
Earlier in the day, Vandenbergh announced the
appointment of Dennis Whittle, a freshman from
Greensboro, as head of the Academic Procedures
Budget alternative proposed
WASHINGTON (AP) The Republican chairman of the Senate Budget Com
mittee said Tuesday that President Reagan's big-deficit budget "threatens to crush
any hope of economic recovery" and proposed an alternative that would trim Pen
tagon outlays and boost taxes. -
In the sharpest defection from Reagan to date by a GOP leader, Sen. Pete V.
Domenici also raised the possibility of delaying completion of the president's basic,
three-year income tax cuts, and suggested the elimination of a year's cost-of-living
increases for benefit programs, including Social Security.
Domenici unveiled his counter-proposals after he and other senior Republicans
met with Reagan at the White House. He said the chief executive had shown no in
terest, however, in scaling back or delaying the three-year, 25-percent reduction in
income taxes. "
Williams proclaims innocence
ATLANTA (AP) Wayne B. Williams turned back repeated attempts by prose
cutors to shake his story Tuesday, lashing out at his accusers and declaring: "I'm,
innocent and that's all there is to it."
The 23-year-old murder defendant testified in his second dayon the stand that
police officers threatened him, that eyewitnesses made up stories and that he feared
for his life after being questioned last spring in the slayings of 28 young blacks.
"I haven't done anything, I'm innocent, and that's all there is to it," he told pros
ecutors as they cross-examined him following four hours of direct testimony over
N.C. jobless highest since 1975
RALEIGH (AP) The unemployment rate in North Carolina has reached its
highest point since April 1975, topping 9 percent in January, the Employment
Security Commission said Tuesday.
The 9.1 percent jobless rate for January represents 263,000 unemployed workers.
The unemployment rate for April 1975 was 9.6 percent, ESC officials said.
In December, the rate was 6.8 percent and in January 1981, the rate was 7.3 per
cent. About 9,800 jobs were lost in textile mills between January 1981 and January
1982, a drop of 4.1 percent, the commission said. Meanwhile, construction was
down 8,800 jobs, a drop of 8.1 percent.
"Our rate is still below the national unadjusted rate,", said Floyd Outland of
ESCK's Labor Market Information Division.
The national unadjusted unemployment rate in January was 9.4 percent, up from
8.3 percent in December.
Local businesses need attention
Editor's note: This is the third in a five
part series concerning future growth in
By CHIP WILSON
- Chapel Hill's status as a one-industry
town that industry of the University of
North Carolina leads to the general
assumption that Chapel Hill is also a
Still, the University does not provide
the sold base of economic support for
Chapel Hill. Some businessmen have con
tended that citizens should look
more to private enterprise to boost
'The Junds that are going into
the Umversity are riot always going
to be guaranteed," said Bill Hearn,
executive director of the Greater
Chapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of
Commerce. "If (the University's
financial base) is guaranteed, that's fine
because the salaries are going to be spent
in this area."
But recent signs indicate that salaries
are not being spent the way Chapel Hill
The final totals for 1981 show a 5 per
cent gain in retail sales for the entire year,
while sales dropped for January, May
and June. Such a drop is unusual because
substantial gains for any month are the
normal, Hearn said.
Another indicator real estate
sales gives limited encouragement.
Despite an interest rate which varies from
16 to 18.5 percent, Chapel Hill realtor
Mel Rashkis said sales reports - for
January and February indicated an up
turn in the housing fharket. That does not
bolster industry officials' optimism, but
Rashkis said it was better than the
market's collapse of late 1981.
Only in the low unemployment rate
(2.1 percent in January 1981) does the
Chapel Hill Carrboro area evade pro
spects of recession. But Hearn agreed
that proposed cuts to programs at UNC
and the Research Triangle Park could
Hearn proposed only one remedy to his
dismal prognosis: more growth. But he
conceded such a prescription was a tough
swallow for some.
Citing high taxes, unneeded occupa
tional regulations and zoning restrictions
as reasons, Hearn said Chapel Hill's
growth "hasn't risen by a rate we can be
But he disagreed with the suggestion
that Chapel Hill fosters an anti-business
"I wouldn't discount that idea,"
Hearn said. "It is clear that there are
some who would take a dim view of non
industrial development. They don't
realize that they depend on economic
Chapel Hill Town Council member
Bev Kawalec said, "that (anti-business at
titude) certainly hasn't been my . ex
perience with the council." "But the
council is very much aware of our town's
beautiful atmosphere and that we need to
do all we can to preserve it. I'm sure
many businessmen would agree."
While agreement may exist on the need
for a "beautiful atmosphere," Hearn
disagreed with the use of the town's new
zoning ordinance to achieve it.
"The zoning ordinance makes it very
expensive to develop in this area," Hearn
said. "It is the biggest deterrent to
business growth in Chapel Hill." He cited
the requirement for a special-use permit.
to build in residentially zoned areas as an
"If we had to go to the Town Council
for a special-use permit, I doubt we
would have been allowed to build the of
fice building we are sitting in now," he
said. Hearns office is located on Estes
Drive, adjacent to a residential area.
Kawalec disagreed with Hearn' s
perception, saying the special-use permit
could allow for more development.
"The special-use permit rule allows for
more flexibility in development," she
said. "With" approval from the
council, a business could expand
into a traditionally" residential
1 Another provision of the newly
revised zoning ordinance also ex
tends the areas in which multi
family housing can exist. In an in-j
terview last year, Chapel Hill Plan
ning Director. Mike Jennings said such
relaxed restrictions would lead to a boom
in construction of apartments and con
dominiums. "I don't think that will happen,"
Hearn said. "Contractors still face high
interest rates, so it will, be difficult for
them to afford to buUd those multi
Mortage interest rates are fast becom
ing a normal part of life to consumers.
Rashkis said he and other Chapel Hill real
estate agents hoped to soften this situa
tion through marketing techniques.
"The public is beginning to accept the
reality of high interest rates," Rashkis
said. "We're now offering the use of
methods Hke short-term financing as
ways of making housing available to
more people." -
Sea GROWTH on page 2
By DAVID McHUGH
Hie White House announced Tuesday
that President Ronald Reagan signed into
law a bill appropriating funds keeping
North Carolina's 85 Employment Secu
rity Commission offices open.
The offices, which administer unem
ployment insurance and try to match job
seekers with prospective employers, will
be kept open under an emergency state
appropriations measure that expires
The bill faced little opposition, passing
the House 398-3 and the Senate 95-0. The
measure restores a 12 percent cut passed
under a budget resolution enacted last
December. ESC funding had already
been cut 17 percent last summer. '
The 1982 budget cuts , reduced ESC
staffs from 31,500 to 13,000 nationwide.
The present bill will raise the staff level
back to 24,800.
Gov. James B. Hunt Jr. and other state
officials lobbied heavily for the bill's
passage, citing the need for ESC's ser
vices in'a period of worsening unemploy
ment. Hunt had said that if Congress did
not restore the funds lost under the con
tinuing resolution, more than half the
state's offices would have to close.
Pat Shore, director of the state's
Washington, D.C., lobbying office, said
the bill's quick and easy passage was the
result of Congress' realization of the ef
fect of the cuts. "The cutbacks passed
under the continuing resolution last
December contained a lot of last-minute
changes," she said. "Not everyone was
aware of the impact these cuts would
have on the states."
Shore said added difficulty arose when
Congress made the December cuts retro
active to Oct. 1. "That leaves you with
some pretty drastic steps to take, and
even the best administrator would have
trouble. Once the word got out, Congress
moved quickly to remedy the situation."
Getting the word out involved "a
groundswell of opinion from all over,"
said state ESC spokesman Richard John
son. "Response came from government
leaders, private industry, everywhere. It
ran the full gamut, from Tip O'Neill on
down," he said, noting the House
speaker's conspicuous attendance at the
subcommittee hearings held on the bill.
"That carried a great deal of weight. We
even heard from a grade school class.
"Congress just all of a sudden realized
that you don't deny people services dur
ing a time of rising unemployment,"
The measure provides $210 million to
keep unemployment offices open nation
wide as' part of a $2.3 billion package
designed to handle the nation's growing
unemployment rate. The package also in
cludes $1.5 billion in advances to the
Unemployment Trust Fund for states
with depleted unemployment funds and
$500 million for extended unemployment
Johnson said North Carolina would re
ceive about $5 million under the measure,
retroactive to Oct. 1, 1981 and lasting
through Sept. 30, 1982, the end of the
See ESC on page 2
Job has highest injury rate v
.FneigIiteF receive few rewairc
By JOHN CONWAY
It's 3 a.m. on a cold winter night. Carrboro volunteer
firefighter Linwood Futrelle crawls from his bed, paged
by his beeper. Futrelle doesn't know what lies ahead. It
may turn out to be a routine call, or it may be a
dangerous structure fire. Regardless, Futrelle puts on his
gear and heads for the fire scene. He is on call 24 hours a
day, 365 days a year without compensation. Linwood
Futrelle is one of many such men in the state who risk
their lives for strangers and ask for nothing in return.
Ken Farmer, director of the North Carolina Fire Com
mission, estimates that 90 percent of all firemen in the
state are volunteers. Of the 1,283 fire departments in
North Carolina, 1,250 are fully manned by volunteers.
However, the U.S. Fire , Administration reports that
the incidents of injuries incurred by firefighters per year
outranks all other occupations, making it the most
hazardous line of employment. What is it, then, that at
tracts men to this dangerous occupation?
"I enjoy getting out and trying to help people," Carr
boro volunteer John Hurst says. Hurst says that it is his
desire to improve community relations that prompted
him to enter the field. ,'
The work of a volunteer firefighter is anything but
glamorous, requiring deep dedication to responsibility.
"You just get up and go. That's all it is. You are there
for that service," Hurst says. At 3 p.m. or 3 a.m., the
volunteer will enter a burning structure with the .same
"It's gotta be done by someone," Hurst says. "I've
been trained for it. You should know how and when to
go in." .
Whenever it is necessary to enter a burning structure,
volunteers use a buddy system. Under the system, if a
firefighter is in danger, he expects someone in his com
pany to save him. This basic trust is the root of the close
relationship among volunteer firemen.
"Fire departments are a close-knit group. They de
pend on each other most definitely," said Carrboro Fire
Department Chief Robert Swiger.
There is no department without cooperation, he says.
Men who spend 50 or more hours a week together in po
tentially life threatening situations must develop strong
faith in their department or learn to accept fear.
Volunteers say they derive personal satisfaction from
their accomplishments. ,
Joel Cheek, a Carrboro volunteer, said he loses time
with his family and job, but added, "If you can save one
life in two or three years it's worth it."
Randy Whittington, a senior business administration
major at UNC, recalls his most unforgettable experience
as a volunteer: Whittington arrived on the scene of a
house fire in his hometown of North Wilkesboro.
He found the structure completely burned to the
ground. All articles were scorched and a pungent odor
hung in the air. "An odor that you'll never forget,"
The smell was of burned flesh, a scent that every
fireman hopes he will never have to encounter, he said.
Later firemen discovered that the pungent odor was
from a dog trapped in the house. There were no casual
ties. "That's something I'll never forget," Whittington
Said. :. "',..;:
Futrelle is a volunteer in the Carrboro Fire Depart
ment and works at the UNC computer center. When he
gets up in the middle of the night to answer a call only to
find a false alarm, he wonders if it is all worth it. Futrelle
said he believes the personal satisfaction fulfills a fire
man's need for adventure and excitement.
Futrelle, who has two young children, said being a
- volunteer is a time commitment. "Sometimes I'd really
' -rather- be home witivmy air-conditioning drinking some
iced tea," Futrelle said. "But when you call ajireman
you can guarantee he's going to' come." '"
Volunteer firemen have the same amount of training
that full-time firemen receive. The Carrboro Fire
Department trains firemen to a level above the national,
standard. On the average, Carrboro firefighters train 100
hours per year 64 hours above the national require
ments. . ""
Carrboro volunteer firemen receive $5 per call to cover
transportation costs and other expenses incurred in
answering calls. v . ' .
"1 don't know why a man would want to risk his life
for $5 a call," Swiger said. "But I'm sure glad they do.'.'
I- J-,tv ' 1 V . - H
FlrcJ'hlcr receives assistance during a recent house fire
...90 percent of all firefighters in the state are volunteers