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8The Daily Tar HeelThursday. February 25.
Shr Dailu aar Hrrl Will dispute end with decree?
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John Drencher. Editor
Ann Peters. Mmc lW
Rachel Perry. University Editor
Alan Chapple. 07 Editor
JiM WRINN. Swn-umJ National Editor
Linda Robertson, shw EJm
AL STEELE. Photography Editor
. Ken Mingis, tsMw EJmv
ELAINE MCCLATCHEY. Projects Editor
LYNN PEITHMAN, Nan Editor
SUSAN HUDSON, Features Editor
NlSSEN RlTTER. A rts Editor
Teresa Curry. SwW t''"r
In its proposal to merge the botanyartcj zoology departments later this
year, the administration has failed! to heid the advice of one of the de
partments involved and neglected toeonsult with students af fected by the
In January, a committee studying the proposed merger recommended
its approval to the administration. Two weeks later however, a delegation
of botany professors met with UNC Chancellor Christopher C. Fordham
III in an attempt to dissuade him from approving the merger. The depart
ment unanimously opposed the merger but was told that Fordham was
already involved in the decision process.
Botany students, especially those seeking a degree in botany, were left
uninformed of the impending change, and were completely left out of
discussions about the issue.
Many botany faculty members have voiced fears that the botany degree
program would be dropped after the merger. Though the committee
report does not explicitly call for the elimination of the botany and
zoology degree programs, it is likely that this would occur.
It is also possible that the botany department would be allowed to dis
solve as an identifiable area of study if combined into a large biology de
partment. The committee recognized this in its report, but made no pro
posals to prevent this from occurring.
Botany professor Max Hommersand, a member of the committee op
posed to the merger, compares this move to similar mergers at UCLA,
Yale and Stanford universities. In each case, the separate identity of the
botany department suffered.
Rather than spelling out, any specific curriculum changes, the report
left many questions to be settled by the new chairman. By doing so, it
avoids having to seek the Board of Governors' approval, but leaves stu
dents and faculty members wondering what specific changes will occur.
The manner in which the merger issue has been proposed is equally dis
turbing since scarcely two weeks elapsed from the time the report was
issued until Fordham gave it his approval. By moving so quickly, the
chancellor and other university officials have cut off necessary debate on
a sensitive subject. If the administration were to delay the merger for a
year, students and faculty members would be given the time needed to ex
press their views.
By KATHERINE LONG
Secretary of State Alexander Haig always has been a colorful public
speaker. After using words like "epistemologicallywise" and
"nuance-al," Haig left grammarians shaking their heads and other
A story leaked to The Washington Post shows that Haig is an equally
descriptive speaker in private. But while Haig's comments were often
humorous and incisive, the story leaves serious doubt as to the competen
cy of Haig's staff and Haig's control over it.
The report was given by an anonymous senior staff member and
describes Haig's regular morning meetings with his top officials. In one
meeting Haig called British Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington a
"duplicitous" bastard for his handling of a Middle East matter. Shortly
after the military takeover in Poland, Haig said, "Everybody got his
rocks off on Poland and demonstrated their masculinity in their recom
mendations to the president." Haig referred to previous news leaks as
"one big, fat pain in the ass."
Pain in the ass or not, Haig's comments were more than just a few em
barrassing obscenities. Some of his remarks could be serious enough to
disrupt American relationships with other nations. The notes show that
Haig is privately more pessimistic about some world problems than he is
publicly. He warned his staff in January that once Israel returns the Sinai
to Egypt under the terms of the Camp David agreement, "Egypt will go
back into (the) Arab world, with (the) U.S. isolated as Israel's sole
While honest and enlightening, it's disheartening to know that Haig
cannot either trust or control his staff. The senior staff meetings are at
tended by about a dozen of the top officials in the state department.
Every major decision-maker must have a staff in which he can confide by
evaluating situations and discussing new proposals. To violate this con
fidence when dealing with U.S. security is a violation of public trust. It
also deteriorates confidence other nations may have when dealing with
the state department.
The senior staff member who leaked the story was out to get Haig. But
the report was also verified by two other staff members. In June, Haig
told his staff to cut down on the amount of information given to the
press. "I want to show the great Washington press corps that we are
disciplined," he said. Haig's staff is neither disciplined nor trustworthy.
To have an effective state department, Haig should either find a new staff
or his staff should find a new secretary of state.
Twelve years ago , a group o f lawyers pointed to several
state university systems and accused them of racial dis
crimination. The National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People Legal Defense and Education
Fund claimed blacks were being shut out of higher edu
cation in 16 southern states, including North Carolina..
And for the following 11 years, NAACP lawyers,
UNC officials and the Department of Health, Education
and Welfare (now the Department of Education) tried to
iron out an agreement to desegregate the North Carolina
"The one great unknown is when is an institution de
segregated?" asked UNC President William C. Friday
It's a question no one seems to be able to answer, even
though UNC's case was settled officially in July 1981
when the Department of Education accepted a plan
known as the consent decree outlining the steps the
University system must take to try to attract more black
students to its 11 predominantly white campuses and
more white students to its five predominantly black cam
puses. Although it has been signed into effect the decree has
been challenged in court. Lawyers for the NAACP ap
pealed the decree to the U.S. Court of Appeals in Wash
ington, D.C. after U.S. District Court Judge John H.
Pratt refused to hear the appeal. Arguments were heard
in January and the three-judge bench is expected to hand
down its decision within the next six months.
Why is the NAACP unhappy with the decree?
Elliott Lichtman, a lawyer for the NAACP, said the
appeal was filed because the consent decree did not fol
low the criteria for desegregation issued by HEW in
"The Department of Education obviously ignored
them," Lichtman said. "There has never been a sugges
tion that the criteria were followed."
The HEW plan called for black student enrollment to
be proportional to white student enrollment, as well as
the abolishment of duplicate programs in the system,
But the consent decree mentions none of these things.
Instead it lists programs which the university system
must establish to attract minority students to each cam
pus. It includes items such as video cassettes for high
school recruitment use which "feature the multi-racial
character of the institutions," and brochures for pro
spective minority presence students. The decree also
mandates the establishment of 29 new graduate and un
dergraduate programs on the five black campuses.
The goal not a set quota of the consent decree is
increasing black enrollment at white campuses to 10.6
percent of all students by 1986-87 (now 8.4 percent) and
increasing white enrollment at black campuses to 15 per
cent (now 11.3 percent).
Lichtman said he hoped the decree would make a dif
ference in minority enrollment in the University system.
But he added, "I have very little confidence it would
make any difference. It repudiated the (HEW) criteria ...
it's-hard to have much confidence."
Most UNC officials are positive about the decree,
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John Jordan and William Friday discuss consent decree this summer
.the Board of Governors chairman and UNC president spoke In Chapel Hill
"I think we're on track," said Arthur Padilla, assis
tant vice president of academic affairs. "I think we'll
meet those enrollment goals. And there are other things
in there, like the academic programs.
"So far, I really don't know of any hitches."
The Department of Education didn't find any hitches,
either. The University submitted the first of its annual
reports in December 1981 listing the consent decree com
mitments, followed by the steps the University has taken
to follow them. A Department of Education official said
if the department did not answer the report, the Uni
versity's report was acceptable. The department did not
answer the report.
Harold G. Wallace, vice chancellor for university af
fairs at Chapel Hill, said the decree would have a posi
tive impact on UNC. "This campus has cooperated fully
with the terms. They have allowed us to coordinate our
activities better," Wallace said. "I think we have im
proved." The plan is working well "so far," Friday said cau
tiously. "But there are other factors looming large."
The factor that worries University officials is financial
aid cuts. On the UNC-CH campus, 87 percent of black
students received some form of financial assistance a
job, a scholarship, a grant or a loan in 1980. Only 64
percent of white students received financial help. The
cutbacks in financial aid proposed by President Ronald
Reagan's administration could hit black students much
harder than white students, making it impossible for the
University to fulfill the goals of the decree, UNC officials
"That's a circumstance that's got to be watched," Fri
"We've all thought of it," Padilla said. "If those cuts
come through, that's going to pose some real serious
Vice Chancellor Wallace said the University would'
"have to plan to work as closely as (it) can with
students" to find different kinds of financial aid. "We
have to stretch our aid dollars as far as we can."
Both Wallace and Friday said that one danger of the
Reagan aid cuts is that students discouraged by news of
aid shortages would not apply for financial aid.
"The important thing to stress is that these are pro
posals, not the law," Friday said. .
Katherine Long, a junior journalism major from
Winter Park, Ha., is assistant state and national editor
for The Daily Tar Heel.
Letters to the editor
Chapel Thrill , one more time
The Bottom Line
It seems that television viewers are
soon to find their local stations being
bombarded with yet another Variety
show this spring.
And it won't be Donny and Marie.
No, not Julie Andrews either. This
one will feature none other than your
favorite evangelist and mine the
Rev. Jerry Falwell.
Falwell, founder of the Moral Ma
jority and evangelist for the Sunday
morning "All-Time Gospel Hour",
is seeking to expand his mass media
exposure with a prime-time television .
The program, "God Bless
America Please" will include clips of
President Ronald Reagan, first lady
Nancy Reagan, former President
Gerald Ford and interviews with
Republician senators Jesse Helms
and Jeremiah Denton. The "Old
Time Gospel Hour" will spend about
$1 million to purchase air time on
The Old-Time Gospel Hour's last
production for prime time, a debate
on the creationism and evolution
issue will be telecast in 50 television
markets in March.
But, Falwell's expectations don't
stop there. He also plans to write a
syndicated daily newspaper column.
The column will be essentially the
same as Falwell's "Moral Majority
Report" radio commentary except it
will appear with the reverend's
byline. The column, like the radio
commentary, will appear five times a
It will be another medium in addi
tion to the Moral Majority newsletter
and the radio commentary, in which
to disseminate the conservative ideas
of the Moral Majority. Already
newspaper editors across the country
have been contacted i with offers to
run the column. Revenue from the
sales of the column wil go entirely to
the Moral Majority, Falwell said.
About 5,000 people gathered in
the Liberty Baptist College
auditorium Sunday night to watch
Falwell videotape a "moral state
state of the union" message to be
telecast during prime time in May.
It won't be long now. I know you
Falwell fans can hardly wait. So keep
your television sets tuned. And that's
the bottom line.
To the editor:
I would like to address Scott Wells' (et
al) attack on "the qualityquantity of
musical acts being presented on this cam
pus ..." (DTH, Feb. 22). Booking a ma
jor concert is a complex process foreign
to most students. It is not a matter of
waving tens of thousands of dollars in the
air, snapping one's fingers, and voila,
Bruce Springsteen descends from heaven.
In order for top acts to be booked, two
conditions must be met. First, performers
must be on tour in the area. Rarely does a
'band fly in from New York or Los
Angeles for one show. Unfortunately,
1981-1982 has been a particularly slow
year for tours in this area. Bands like the
Stones or the Police, when Carmichael
Auditorium is in competition with larger
halls like the Greensboro Coliseum, are
just not realistic.
Secondly, the acts must be financially
affordable. Carolina Union concerts risk
money that not only comes from student
fees but also jeopardizes the financial re
sources used for the nearly two hundred
events the Union programs throughout
each year. Sure, James Taylor would be
great in Memorial Hall; he would be bet
ter still in your living room. But consider
that by combining a 1 ,500 seating capacity
for Memorial Hall and a high priced per
former like James Taylor, the minimum
ticket price would have to be in excess of
$25. While certain individuals might pay
such an exorbitant price for a three-hour
concert, the question is will 1,500 people
do the same at a substantial liability to the
The Union maintains a full-time Con
cert Advisory Group which researches the
popularity and financial feasibility of
available performers. Further, Linda
Wright, assistant director of the Carolina
Union, is a seasoned professional in the
concert business and conducts all nego
tiations with agents and promoters. Her
gut reaction as to whether a band will go
or not is worth its weight in platinum.
The Union will continue to seek out talent
for performers on this campus where in
formed, professional judgments indicate
enough popularity to sell tickets on a
The Carolina Union is only associated
with Chapel Thrill in an advisory capaci
ty. Yet many of the same constraints ap
ply for Student Government's Chapel
Thrill Committee. Bands become avail
able and unavailable on a day-to-day
basis. The Chapel Thrill Committee was
in constant contact with professionals as
to band availability and appeal to a cross
section of the student body. In light of
the inherent difficulties in the concert in
dustry, their work should be commended.
Before sardonic criticism is lodged at
the quantityquality of concerts at UNC,
be it Chapel Thrill or those sponsored by
the Union, people should be aware of the
complexity of the booking process; better
yet, they should become actively involved
in the organizations that sponsor the con
certs rather than assailing them from the
Chairman, Carolina Union
Concert Advisory Group
To the editor;
Proposals to raise the drinking age to
21 years of age have caused severe con
sternation among a number of us at the
law school. If these proposals are
adopted, bars will be desolate and our
social lives will suffer. We would be de
prived of our principal opportunity to
mingle with the undergraduate communi
ty. Most important, older men will be un
duly burdened and unjustifiably incon
venienced in their pursuit of lovely coeds.
Furthermore, raising the drinking age
would alter irreconcilably the character of
the State of North Carolina. The Tar
Heel state could go down the same path
as California, where the drinking age is
21. The possibility is too frightening to
Bus driver uniforms
To the editor
I would like to take this opportunity to
point out that not all Chapel Hill bus
drivers are opposed to the purchase of
uniforms, as implied in your editorial of
Feb. 18, 1982. In fact, I would say that
the majority of the drivers really have no
strong feelings either one way or the other
on this issue, and that there is a sizable
number of drivers who would actually
like to be provided with uniforms. -
Were a person to but think logically for
a moment about this, it would be obvious
that the nature of a bus driver's job causes
unusual wear on clothing, and that the
personal expense of buying and main
taining proper clothing is a burden on
workers who are already grossly under
paid in relation to their peer group and
responsibility, and that many drivers
would welcome such an additional bene
fit from their employer.
I myself do not really understand why
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such a controversy rages over such a
mundane issue. Many people in our soci
ety today wear uniforms as a normal part
of their work environment should we
also ban uniforms for fast-food restau
rant employees, sanitation workers,
public safety officers and even nurses and
doctors? Uniforms not only serve a prac
tical purpose in every case, but they have
also been shown to have a beneficial psy
chological effect on the attitudes of peo
ple toward their jobs.
I think the fact that more than 7,000
people have signed a petition opposing
uniform purchases only proves that peo
ple will put their name to anything, even
though they may be totally ignorant of
facts concerning the question at hand. I
feel that people who believe this is an un
necessary expenditure would do better to
question such policies of the Transporta
tion Department as the constant over
hiring of drivers who are then paid to sit
around all day doing nothing, or the costs
to the taxpayer of the Department's fai
lure to properly maintain and provide a
preventive maintenance program for its
vehicles. These practices cost the tax
payers more than the measly $11,000 al
located for uniforms, and also deprive
drivers of possible funds for fairer com
pensation in salary and benefits.
I do not believe that "Uniforms Create
Barriers," I think that what creates bar
riers are people who speak before they
think and who nose into everyone else's
business but their own. Perhaps a better
slogan would be "Buttons Create Bar
riers," or even better: "Editorials Create
Thank you for this forum.
CHT bus driver
To the editpr:
In reference fo the letters printed in the
Feb. 22 edition of The Daily Tar Heel, I
would like to express my concern over the
rude reactions in response to the choice of
bands at Chapel Thrill.
If these people disagree with the enter
tainment at Chapel Thrill, they should at
least use some tact in expressing their opi
nions. By degrading Chapel Thrill in such
a way as to embarrass those who worked
so hard, they are merely reflecting their
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