North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
Breezy come, breezy go
Partly cloudy, breezy and
warm today with a high in
the mid 70s.
The film Education and the
Mexican American will be
shown today at noon and 1
p.m. in 226 Union as part of
the 1982 Carolina Sym
posium. 1 1A
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1982 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 90, Issue 2f JsQ
Friday, April 2, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
rofessiomai programs hard on
111. T i
Editor's note: This is the second of a two-part
series on student mental health.
By NANCY RUCKER
Law, medical and dental students are determin
ed to withstand intensive professional programs
lasting a minimum of three years beyond
undergraduate study. The rewards for such careers
include financial security and prestige.
But the rigorous curriculum, with added stress
and pressure, often takes its toll on students.
"The pressure more or less stays with you the
whole year, and gets almost unbearable at exam
times," said a second-year UNC law student who
asked to remain anonymous. Since exams are
given only at the end of each semester, students
have no regular feedback on their comprehension
of the material they study. "It takes about a week
after exams to become human again," he said.
Tom Trujillo, assistant dean of the UNC School
of Law, said the law school image was somewhat
exaggerated. "Some of the stress is caused by a
student's own expectations . . . that it has to be
very hard and a grind," he said.
Most first-year law students were used to being
at the top of their classes as undergraduates, but,
now are receiving their first C's, he said. "Not
everyone can be at the top of their law school class,
and that causes stress."
First-year student Kim Fox, 24, agreed. "We all
come into law school thinking we're pretty smart,
and everyone else is at least as smart as you are,"
A student adviser program was initiated two
years ago for upper classmen to help first year
students, Trujillo said. Dr. Myron Liptzin, direc
tor ot Mental Health Service, trained the advisers
to recognize stressed students, those who are feel-
ing isolated or alienated or a little out of it," Tru
It seems that formal stress-reducing programs
are seldom used by students. In 1978-1979, only
2.4 precent of all law students visited Mental
"It may be they're so stressed they don't have
time to go to a stress-diminishing program," Tru
But a second-year student said that part of going
to law school was dealing with pressure, and to
talk with professional counselors "may be admit
While law school lasts three years, medical
school requires four years of formal training
followed by several years of internships and
The first two years, which cover basic sciences
and review of systems (physiology, pathology,
etc.), "is still like undergraduate work: you learn
new material and perform well on exams," said
second-year medical student Joel Lilly, 24. f
Yet fourth-year medical student Stan Wilkins,
28, said that trying to learn the sheer volume of
new material in the first two years "is like trying to
get a drink of water from a fire hydrant. Chances
are you'll never learn it all."
Third-year medical student David Sultzer, 27,
said the stress he and his colleagues experienced
changed from "competitive-paranoid-guilt,
(stress) to overworked-loss of normal life-guilt
(stress)." He said the guilt came from "not doing
what you're supposed to be doing."
"The third year is the worst because you start
working in the hospital. You have so many dif
ferent things to do that you haven't done before,"
said fourth-year student Fred Wilson, 27. The
third-year student is responsible to patients and the
attending physician, "not to mention yourself who
always takes last priority," he said.
The author of a recent New England Journal of
Medicine article on effects of stress on physicians,
Jack D. McCue, chief of the Internal Medicine
Teaching Program at Moses H. Cone Memorial
Hospital in Greensboro and associate professor at
UNC School of Medicine, said that medical train
ing had very little to do with what students en
countered in practice.
McCue said the "ivory tower existence" at
many university medical centers meant the
students focused on patients with "complex
medical problems requiring high-tech care," while
in reality the private physician spent his time in an
office dealing with patients with minor problems
who expected an emotional response, from their
See HEALTH on page 5
y 1 ' -
a.. ar-,Vk-. -v.-v.v. . ?. v -- v .
v.. ':-.. -v - -.s.
j yyy.f.:' v.-.-
4f ' 'I
' r '
Michael Kimerling and friend Curtis from Murdoch Center
...here they learn that kite-flying is harder than it looks
Murdock Center relies
on volunteer assistance
By SUSAN HUDSON
College is not the only place where
students can learn. About 35
volunteers from UNC-Chapel Hill
spend two hours a week teaching and
learning from the moderately to pro
foundly retarded residents of the Mur
doch Regional Retardation Center in
Although there are 1,500 employees
at the center to provide supervision
and care, it relies on volunteers for
special one-to-one attentin for the
residents, which number nearly 1,000.
On the UNC campus, volunteers are
organized by a special committee of
the Campus YMCA, co-chaired by
David Morris and Mike Kimerling.
Both Morris and Kimerling were
volunteers at Murdoch Center last
year and each spoke eagerly of his ex
"It's not like a prison," Kimerling
said. "There are special facilities for
the blind and multi-handicapped."
"There is an emphasis on therapy,"
Morris said, citing examples of
speech, physical and occupational
There are many different jobs for
volunteers at Murdoch Center. Some
of the residents need a companion, so
meone to write letters for them or just
to talk with. Kimerling told a story
about a new volunteer who
underestimated the understanding
capabilities of a Murdock resident.
"He kept asking him, 'How are you
feeling? How do you like the
weather?' and getting no response.
Finally the guy pointed to these words
on his word board: 'Don't ask me any
more stupid questions.' "
The volunteers may also help the
residents develop their motor skills.
"You can be really creative," Kimerl
ing said. He designed an obstacle
course for the residents to help build
coordination and confidence. "I also
liked to fly kites with them," Kimerl
ing said. "Of course, I spent half my
time untangling them."-
The behavior modification that
volunteers and professionals practice
with the residents culminates in
"mod" points. These points are
awarded to residents for social
behavior such as cleaning their rooms
or keeping their clothes neat. The
residents accumulate points and ex
change them for second-hand records,
posters and other items at the "mod
"More moderately retarded people
learn skills better in group homes,"
Kimerling said. But for several reasons
the moderately to profoundly retarded
residents of Murdoch Center have
come to Butner from 16 North
"They've outlived their own
families or the families can't afford to
keep them, "Kimerling said.
"Sometimes there's a conflict within
the family or the families can afford to
keep them but choose not to."
Volunteers also come from all over
North Carolina to Murdoch Center.
Many are students from UNC, Duke,
N.C. Central or N.C. State Univer
sities. Terry White, a volunteer at
Murdoch, said she got interested in
the Center through a Psychology 80
class about behavior disorders.
"It's fantastic," she said. "Just see
ing the smiles and knowing you might
be doing something for them."
Larry Kinkaid, Director of
Volunteer Services at Murdoch
Center, addressed potential volunteers
at a recent meeting. Kinkaid em
phasized the benefits to be gained by
both residents and volunteers. "It's
not just what you can do for them, it's
what they can do for you." he said.
"Most , people are apprehensive
about working with the mentally re
tarded," Rita Blanton, i Murdock
volunteer, said. "I expected the worst
and was pleasantly surprised," she
See MURDOCH on page 5
may make more bndlget cuts
By ALISON DAVIS
The Campus Governing Council
Finance Committee may have to make
additional cuts in funding requests after
the budget hearings and April 13, Finance
Committee Chairperson Charlie Madison
(District 23) said Thursday.
"Every year the Finance Committee
has to go back and whittle down some
more because we've never done it (the
budget process) before and we like to be
generous," he said.
"At the beginning we don't make too
many cuts. It may be that we're top heavy
(allotting too much)."
The Finance Committee cut a total of
$23,739 from the budgets of the 13
groups it reviewed in its first five
meetings. The groups' requests totaled
$152,981 and allocations recommended
by the Finance Committee added up to
Budget requests from all 33 organiza
tions being considered for CGC funding
totaled $310,134. Madison said he did not"
know exactly how much would be
available for CGC allocation.
"We're estimating," Madison said.
"We know we have $208,000 from fees
(Student Activities Fees) and at least
$10,000 from the general reserve. But we
don't know how much money we're go
ing to have for the summer (student
Of the 13 budget requests reviewed so
far, only two have received no cuts. These
were the Judicial Branch's requests for
$3,050 and Phi Eta Sigma's request for
$838 for publication of its course review.
Groups receiving the largest funding
cuts so far were the Student Consumer
Action Union and The Phoenix. SCAU
requested $23,994, but the Finance Com
mittee recommended it receive
$16,788 a reduction of $7,206. The
allocation recommended was $3,262 less
than SCAU received last year.
The Phoenix, which requested $21,900,
was recommended to receive
$13,156 $1,390 less than it received last
The Cellar Door budget also under
went substantial cuts. Although the
magazine requested $3,906, the Finance
Committee recommended allocating only
$2,032 to the literary publication, cutting
its requests by $1,874.
Several campus organizations were
recommended for allocations substantial
ly larger than those they received for
1981-82 year: the Fine Arts Festival,
Campus Governing Council, Student
Government Judicial Branch, Student
Government Executive Branch and the
Sex Education Counseling Service.
The Finance Committee recommended
that the CGC be alloted $1,400, almost,
twice as much as it received last year. The
recommended allotment was $100 larger
than CGC request.
Rape Assault Prevention Escort was
also recommended for an allotment $100
larger than it requested, RAPE asked the
CGC for $990; the Finance Committee
recommedned it receive $1,090.
Two of the Executive Branch's three
programs the Carolina Course Review
and Project Uplift received low priority
ratings in the CGC qualitative reports.
But the Finance Committee recommend
ed that the CGC allot $49,120 to the Ex
ecutive Branch, about $8,000 more than
the group received last year. The commit
tee cut the requests $1,095.
SECS, which received $2,571 for
1981-1982, was recommended to receive
The Finance Committee will hear the
budget requests of 20 more campus
organizations before the hearings con
clude April 13. The full CGC will meet
Saturday, April 17, to vote on the alloca
tions. v - . .-"f-
King active in campus groups
Rhodes scholar to study abroad
By TERESA COLBERT
Brewing beer, making bread and taking long bicycle
trips are only a few of the activities of Caleb King, a
UNC senior who recently became the 25th UNC recipi
ent of the prestigious Rhodes scholarship.
King is a chemistry major and is attending the Univer
sity as a Morehead scholar. He is active in many campus
organizations, including the Campus Y, the North
Carolina Fellows Program, the Sports Club Develop
ment Council and Chi Psi fraternity.
King is a member of several academic honorary
groups, including Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Eta Sigma and
the .Order ftf the Grail.
As chairman of the Sports Club Development Coun
cil, King over sees the appropriation of funds "to new
(sports) clubs trying to build up and older ones trying to
King said he was interested in the Campus Y since he
came to UNC. Y. He, has worked as the head of dinner
discussions and worked with the Human Relations Com
mittee. He said his main interest in Campus Y was its Big
King said he pledged Chi Psi fraternity because its
members were talki.ig about things that he was interested
"n and were doing exciting things.'
King is also a member of the Crew Club, which will be
racing in Washington this weekend. The club will travel
to West Virginia and Tennessee in the future.
King cited two major advantages in being a Morehead
scholar. "One thing is that I was lucky I didn't have to
spend as much time working for money," he said. That
left him with more time for extracurricular activities.
The scholarship also changed his summers, King said.
In the past, he has summer jobs at places like the Menlo
Park, Ca., police dept., "instead of mowing lawns."
The Rhodes scholarship qualifies King for two years
of study at Oxford University in England. "It will give
me a chance to study at an 800-year-old university," he
said, as well as the opportunity to "see the tradition
there and learn something about the people."
King said he planned to attend Harvard Medical
School after his study in England. "They have a par
ticularly good program (that) combines medicine with
King is planning a career in medical policy. Potential
jobs are in medical policy and include academic jobs,
government: jobs and jobs with foundations such as the
World Health Organization, King said.
See PROFILE on page 5
Caleb King, scholarship recipient
... the UNC senior plans a medical career
Treatment of herpes
possiole in certain
victims 9 outbreaks
. By LYNN EARLEY
Assistant Managing Editor
A drug being marketed next month for
the treatment of genital herpes will help
only some people affected by the disease,
said Harold Jaffe of the Center for
Disease Control in Atlanta.
People contracting herpes can be divid
ed into two groups, said Jaffe, a elinipal
research investigator in the Venereal
Disease Control division of the centec.
Half of those infected will suffer only a
initial infection, he said. But the other 50
percent will suffer recurrences. The drug,
called acyclovir, will be useful only in the
first ourbreaks of the disease.
Acyclovir, developed by Burroughs
Wellcome Co. of Research Triangle Park
and approved Tuesday by the U.S. Food
and Drug Administration, will shorten
the healing time for the initial infections,
A person is contagious as long as the
virus is reproducing itself in sufficient
quantity to produce characteristic lesions.
This is known as viral shedding.
"The drug decreases the time that the
sores are present and it decreases the time
the virus is being shed by several days,"
Burroughs Wellcome spokesperson
Joan Guilkey said the company now was
conducting tests to determine the drug's
effectiveness in recurrent cases.
According to a news release from the
company, "Clinical investigations will
continue to study the drug's effectiveness
for recurrent infections. Though
acyclovir has not - yet demonstrated, a
clear-cut clincial benefit, it has been
shown to reduce viral shedding in recur
rent herpes sores."
Dr. Jim Peacock, of the Division of In
fectious Disease at North Carolina
Memorial Hospital, said genital herpes
virus was a parasitic disease. "It can't live
and replicate outside other living cells,"
The Burroughs Wellcome Co. press
release stated, "the host cell becomes, in
essence, a viral replicating factory."
Peacock said acyclovir interrupted this
process in the initial infections.
See HERPES on page 6
Hospital tests report Reagan OK
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Ronald Reagan underwent hospital tests Thurs
day for a previous inflammation of the urinary tract but told reporters afterwards
"Everything is perfectly normal."
"I feel great," Reagan said upon his arrival back at the White House after
undergoing about 90 minutes of tests at the National Naval Medical Center in subur
ban Bethesda, Md. -
Speaking ty reporters on the south lawn of the White House, Reagan said no
medication was prescribed for him and that he did not expect to have to return to the
Report cites Social Security woes
WASHINGTON (AP) - Social Security's trustees today warned Congress that
unless it acts soon the system will be unable to pay benefits on time to retirees and sur
vivors beginning in July 1983.
The trustees, three members of President Ronald Reagan's Cabinet, said in their
annual report to Congress that the recession and high unemployment had made the
short-term outlook for Social Security significantly worse than was estimated last
Spring snowstorms blanket West
(AP) A chain of spring storms piling snow to the eaves of mountain chalets and
killing three people in an avalanche unloaded another blockbuster Thursday, booking
highways and causing accidents from California to Idaho.
Hundreds of people were trapped in mountain cabins, some running low on food,
waiting for snowplows that were fighting a losing battle with wind whipping snow
already 16 feet deep in places.