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the night. High near 60; low
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Job market tight
Seniors beware the job
' market is tougher than ever,
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Copyright 1982 The Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 90, Issue 2
Thursday, April 8, 1932
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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students with underpriveledged children from the community. .
By DEAN FOUST
Assurances by the UNC administrations that the Food Service
Advisory Committee's report was "not set in concrete' may be
realized with the efforts of the administration and student
leaders to modify the report before it goes before the Board of
Student Body President Mike Vandenbergh said he was pleas
ed that the administration seemed "willing to meet some con
cerns" of Student Government and the Residence Hall Associa
tion. The two organizations have expressed opposition to the
FSAC report, which advocates major changes in the present
UNC food service. X
John Temple, vice chancellor for business and finance, and
Donald Boulton, vice chancellor of v student affairs, met
Wednesday with Vandenbergh and .RHA president Scott
Templeton to discuss amending the FSAC report. The meeting
was held after Student Government's unsuccessful efforts Mon
day to incorporate its proposals into the FSAC report.
Two modifications of the FSAC report were offered in
Wednesday's meeting:. '
Retaining the cafeteria and food service renovations pro
posed by the FSAC, but keeping the Fast Break in the Carolina
Union.. Student Government has maintained that the Fast
Break's location has drawn students to the Union.
The plan also calls for a mandatory student food service fee
set at $10 per semester, along with reductions in the proposed
room and board plan below the earlier estimate of 2,000
Still maintaining the renovations, but eliminating the room
and board plan. A slightly higher student fee, set tentatively at
$12.50 or possible $15 per semester, would make up for the dif
ference. The Fast Break also would remain in the Union.
Graduate students investigate alcohol use
Regardless of which modification is employed, the Fast Break
will undergo changes if it remains in the Union, Templeton said.
Converting to a "butcher block" sandwich and salad bar set up
would eliminate the longtime safety hazard of cooking with
grease, he said.
The group will meet again today to make a decision concern-.
ing the modifications, Temple said.
"We asked them to take these proposals back and discuss
them with their groups."
The modifications were attempts by the administration to in
corporate the most accessible alternatives of those groups into
the FSAC plan, he said. "We would not put anything on the .
table that we did not consider to be feasible."
. Which of the modifications will be incorporated into the
FSAC report is largely contingent on the decisions Vandenbergh
and Templeton arrive at, Temple said.
Templeton said Student Government and RHA opposed the
FSAC plan for a mandatory room and board plan. "What we
may come up with is an interesting variation of the second pro
posal," he said.
The organizations plan to propose that on-campus students,
who have easier access to the food service, pay $15 in food ser
vice fees, while off-campous student pay only $10, he said.
Vandenbergh said that Student Government proposals con
cerning the renovation of Chase Cafeteria "still has problems"
as far as being incorporated into the FSAC plan.
"The motion as stated (in a FSAC meeting Monday) about
Lenoir Hall was that the Student Government plan did not cor
respond to their proposal was unacceptable," he said. "To deny
See REACTION on page 4
By NANCY RUCKER
. "Chapel Hill: Beer drinking capital of the
world," touts the Carolina blue and white bumper
sticker. Regardless of whether of not UNC
students pride themselves on this reputation, no
doubt everyone has witnessed the consequences of
drinking, perhaps most recently during the recent
NCAA championship celebration.
In "Alcohol Use on Campus: A Preliminary In
vestigation," graduate students in a health ad
ministration class, "Policy for Alcohol and Other"
Drugs," presented preliminary findings of an in
vestigation conducted last semester of alcohol use
The meeting, held at the UNC School of Public
Health, was attended by Health Administration
faculty and students, UNC Office of Student Life
administrators, representatives from the UNC
Panhellenic Council and the Chapel Hill Mayor's
office. Local beer distributors also attended.
"Our concern here is primarily public health,"
said Professor Dan Beauchamp, who led the class
study." Lives are saved or lost; disease is caused or
prevented because of the way we price, sell and
advertise alcoholic beverages."
He said that because of Prohibition, people per
suaded themselves that alcohol problems arose
because some did not know how to drinlCBut he
"said that was not really the case. :
Beauchamp said that what seemed like a
boisterous, rowdy noisy crowd with minor injuries
resulting "may also have more ominous implica
tions: it may be more serious than a community
deciding just whether it wants to put up with one
more trashing of Franklin Street..."
A UNC student alcohol survey conducted in
1978 showed that 14 percent of 465 students
surveyed were non-drinkers (no drinks in month
prior to survey), 38 percent were moderate
drinkers (1 1-55 drinks per month) and 26.8 percent
were heavy drinkers (over 56 drinks per month).
Graduate student David Jolly said his class
studied The Daily Tar Heel because it "reinforces
and molds student opinion." an issue-by-issue
review of 1980-1981 showed that the DTH was
"much more likely to promote alcohol use and ig
nore problems of its consumption."
He said articles appeared which "reinforced
UNC's reputation as a hard-drinking, hard
partying school and that challenged students to
confirm that reputation with wilder and drunker
ritain concerned over Falkland
By SUZETTE ROACH
The resolution of the Falkland Islands crisis will determine the
future of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's govern
ment, Richard Soloway, UNC professor of British history, said
in an interview Tuesday.
Argentine troops seized the Falkland Islands, a British pos
session 500 miles off the coast of Argentina, in a military opera
tion last Friday. A British armada has set sail for the islands.
People on both sides hope a diplomatic agreement can be reach
ed in the two weeks before the armada reaches the islands,
"If the British can obtain a satisfactory negotiated settlement
or a military victory, the government will weather this storm,"
Soloway said. "But if they are forced to accept this act as a fait
accompli, or if there is a military disaster as in the Suez crisis,
Thatcher's government will be. in real trouble."
The British public is outraged at the thought of deserting the
1,800 British subjects on the islands to the Argentines, Soloway
said. "The prospect of leaving these British people in the hands
of a military dictatorship is very repugnant," he said.
The vast majority of Britons would be willing to accept a
negotiated settlement, he said.
"The British are pragmatically accommodating themselves to
geopolitical reality," he said. "Unless they want to station a
sizable fleet in the area, which is more than 8,000 miles from
Britain, there will be an ongoing problem."
A realistic settlement acceptable to both Britain and Argen
tina must address the nationalist aspirations of Argentina and
the interests of British citizens on the islands, Soloway said. The
potential economic value of the area also complicates the issue.
Natural gas and oil on the continental shelf around the islands
and pure mineral nodules that could be easily mined might be
the source of great wealth in the future.
The Argentines' long-standing desire for sovereignty over the
islands motivated the takeover, said Joseph Tulchin, a UNC his
tory professor who specializes in inter-American relations. He
emphasized that nationalism was a very strong force in Argen
tina. "The Argentines consider the islands their territory and the
manner by which the British took control unfair," he said. The
British occupied the Falklands, which the Argentines call the
Malvinas, in the 1830s. The Argentines say Spain had ceded
them the territory.
Argentina has been trying to negotiate a transfer of the islands
for seven years, Tulchin said. "They feel that they have been
bargaining in good faith and the British have not," he said.
"They got tired of talking and decided to do it in their own
"There are lots of good reasons why the British should give
up the islands," Tulchin said. They are not strategically impor
tant, they are no longer needed as a stopover for whalers or a re
fueling station for coal-burning ships, and they are economically
The seizure also could have been motivated by the military
government's desire to draw attention away from severe poli
tical and economic problems in Argentina, he said.
"The junta has been subject to increasing domestic
criticism," Tulchin said. "The invasion has quieted all public
The takeover has generated tremendous public support far
the government, which would make it difficult for the Argen
tines to back off, Tulchin said.
The Argentines might withdraw, however, if a negotiated
solution can be reached through which sovereignty and admini
strative control would be turned over to them at a predeter
mined time, Tulchin said. He compared this solution to the
American withdrawal from Panama.
"This is a rational scenario, however, and the issue may not
be decided in cold, clear, rational logic," he said. "We have to
take into account the power of whipped-up national feelings."
Any negotiated solution wpuld be a victory for the Argen
tines, Tulchin said. "They sure weren't getting anywhere with
negotiations before." -
A review of advertising in the DTH revealed that
over 15 percent of total revenues were from beer
ads. Of all national advertising sold, beer com
panies accounted for 87 percent. Special promo
tions have featured the Schlitz-Michelob "Brew
Review" and Busch beer as the "official beer of
the Charlie Daniels Band."
Graduate student Mark Murphy said the class's
study suffered from inadequate record-keeping of
various campus agencies about alcohol-related
.. But Mental Health Service counselors at Student
Health Service has reported an increase in alcohol
related visits, Murphy said. A Student Legal ser
vices spokeswoman said the majority of its cases
are alcohol-related, and few students were aware
of the possible $1,000 legal fees when charged with
The degree of alcohol availability affects the
amount consumed and the number of problems,
Murphy said. In an average week, local retail
outlets sell about 3,100 cases of beer and 1 12 kegs,
which is equivalent to about 75,000 12-ounce con
tainers, Murphy said. Fowler's Food Store
averages $32,000 in beer and wine sales weekly.
Beer distributors work through student
representatives (who are hired by national com
panies) to sell beer to campus organizations. Dis
counts are given in the form of free kegs, after pur
chasing a set amount,Murphy. said. .
Jolly said strategies to reduce public health
alcohol problems are either educational and en
forcement techniques (of a "non-intrusive"
nature) or control policies to reduce availability,
See ALCOHOL on page 4
Falkland war zone declared
LONDON (AP) Defense Secretary John Nott said Wednesday night that Bri
tain has declared a 200-mile war zone around the Falkland Islands, effective next
He told the House of Commons that from 4 a.m. London time (1 1 p.m. Sunday
EST) any Argentine ships within the zone "will be treated as hostile and are liable to
be attacked by British forces."
Britain's new foreign secretary, Francis Pym, told the House of Commons that
"Britain does not appease dictators" and will do everything in its power to regain
the Falkland Islands from Argentina.
As the British navy readied more warships to join an armada heading for the
islands 250 miles off southern Argentina, Pym said the fleet "should show the
Argentine regime we mean business."
In Washington D.C., Secretary of State Alexander M, Haig Jr. was ordered by
President Ronald Reagan to travel to London and Buenos Aires to consult over the
Falkland Islands crisis. One administration official declared, "We're going to be
the honest broker" of the dispute.
R leaves for Caribbean trip
WASHINGTON (AP) President Ronald Reagan departed on Wednesday for
Jamaica on a, trip intended to demonstrate his commitment to Caribbean neighbors
long neglected by U.S. foreign policy. .
The president was scheduled to arrive in Kingston at midafternoon, then spend
the remainder of the day, including a state dinner, with Prime Minister Edward
Seaga. , "
Administration officials said the key topic on Reagan's agenda was his $350
million Caribbean Basin initiative, intended to provide social and economic aid to
the island states and the politically troubled nations of Central America. But deputy
White House press secretary Larry Speakes said the dispute between Britain and
Argentina over the Falkland Islands may also be raised.
Nurse off like Yeajr9 ffMiias title
By MARY McKEEL
Pam Joyner wants to see the nursing
profession shape the direction of changes
in the health fields. Joyner, a junior nurs
ing major from Raleigh, was recently
chosen as the 1982 Student Nurse of the
year by the Student Nurses Association.
The student nurse of the year must ex
cel in academics, extracurricular activities
and leadership. Joyner competed for the
award with seven other applicants at the
state convention of the Student Nurses
Association in Fayetteville. She serves as
president of the Student Nurses Associa
tion. Joyner is putting in a busy schedule in
order to achieve her goals. Being a nurs
ing student is "like putting five or sue
hours a day in the library," she said. "It
really takes a dedicated student."
in duiimon to net cidibcs, juyner
works 10 hours a week at Lenox-Baker
Children's Hospital, a cerebral palsy
hospital in Durham. All nursing students
must put in the same amount of time in
clinical work. Pam says she spends one
day each week to prepare for patients at
the children's hospital.
"We give medication, observe patients,
give them whatever care they need," she
As president of SNA Joyner has work
ed on getting speakers for the organiza
tion. She informs SNA about job oppor
tunities and issues in nursing. Canned
food drives, a nutrition program for the
elderly and the Red Cross bloodmobiles
are some of the activities SNA supports.
Nursing students have also made Easter
baskets for the children at Lenox-Baker.
Outside of classes and SNA, Joyner en
joys singing as a member of the United
Christian Fellowship Choir. "I like
reading. I like to write poetry and to write
out my thoughts so I can understand
myself better." . - - .
Joyner was a zoology major when she
first came to Carolina. "I examined
myself and my personality. I like to care
for people (instead)."
She does not view nurses as second to
doctors. "I like the way the nursing field
is branching out," she said. "There is a
lot of diversity in nursing because you can
become very efficient in specific areas."
These are areas such as obstetrics.
Joyner plans to work one year in a
hospital. From there she plans to go back
to school and get her master's degree in
"If nurse's pay is increased more,
nurses will stay in the field," she said in
See PROFILE on page 4
i . At
f I -
DTHSuan.w. " ,
Nursing majo. Pam Joyner develops her skills
.she was selected nurse of the year by the SNA
right to fees
By DAVID LAMBERTH
Funding of The Daily Tar Heel, with
mandatory student activity fees was
upheld recently for the second time in
eight years when U.S. District Court
Judge Eugene A. Gordon granted sum
mary judgment to the defendants in a suit
brought agains the University by Richard
Kama, a third year UNC law student.
The suit, filed four years ago, was iden
tical in all material respects to a 1974 suit
which UNC also won. "Nothing prevents
federal court from re-trying an issue in
light of new constitutional
developments,' Kania said.
"I'm obviously not satisfied with the
decision," he said. "I will decide in the.
next week whether to file for an appeal."
But Susan Ehringhaus, assistant to
Chancellor Christopher C. Fordham III,
fvnrfH different vifw tthnut the racp
"We are very gratified at the court's deci
sion," she said. "We believe the law has
not changed in such a way as to warrant a
different decision (from that of the 1974
"The judge didn't decide on the
grounds of the earlier case," Kania said.
"He decided on the affidavits (submitted
by both parties), which I thought hr ap
. In the. suit, according to the judge's
memorandum, the plaintiffs sought aji
accounting and refund of their student
activity fees allotted to the DTH as well as
a court order prohibiting further
disbursement of mandatory student ac
tivity fees to the DTH. Finally, they
sought declaratory relief in a finding that
the use of mandatory fees for the support
of a student newspaper is in violation of
the First Amendment.
According to Judge Gordon's discus
sion concerning summary judgment,
"The court has been presented expert
testimony by UNC as to the use of the
DTH as a learning tool. Plaintiffs have
presented no evidence to the contrary.
The court is not prepared to hold that the
decision of the administration of UNC to
use mandatory fees to fund the DTH is
arbitrary or capricious."
"The three plaintiffs in this case seek
to disrupt the educational processes at
See SUIT on page 4