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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, June 03, 1982, Page 15, Image 15

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COMMENTARY Disarmament movement has urgent message By TED JOHNSON The threat of nuclear war affects us all. Many people have been slow to admit fully the reality of this threat but a mass-movement has developed which is forcing every one to recognize the significance of the arms race and nuclear war. All over the world in the last year people have called for a reversal of the arms race. Hundreds of thousands have held mass pro-. tests in Japan. In Western Europe there have been similar activities and millions are ex pected to demonstrate in the cities President Reagan visits during his upcoming tour of the NATO countries. Arms freeze resolutions have been passed by the states of Connecticut Massachusetts, and Oregon and in hundreds of towns and cities across the country. Millions of Ameri cans have signed petitions calling for a freeze and reversal of the arms race and re cently 20,000 marched in support of this cause during a late winter blizzard in Chica-. go- This outpouring of world public opinion is having an effect. Global leaders have been pressured to convene at the United Nations for a special session to consider the prob . lems of militarism and disarmament A similar Special Session was held in 1978. However, very little was accomplished be cause of a lack of sincerity on the part of many world leaders. People throughout the world have since realized that disarmament is too important an issue to be left to polit'h cians and diplomats. Disarmament activists have thus called for a massive march and rally so that the people can become actively involved in flS issue. On june 12, five days after the open ing of the U.N. Special Session, a crowd of several hundred thousand to one million will converge on Central Park in New York City. Mainstream America and radical groups on the left will come together to make up one of the largest demonstrations in world history. The scope and power of the move ment will be further demonstrated by the ex pected 25,000 demonstrators from Central America, South America and Europe, and the 1,500, including survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, who will travel from Japan. This mass of people from all over the world will be united in a "call for a freeze and reduction of all nuclear weapons and a transfer of military budgets to human needs." The march and rally will also focus on challenging Reagan to begin representing the interests of the people and the U.S. to ini tiate disarmament and to stop its policy of third world intervention. The crowd will hear speeches by Coretta Scott King, Alan Alda, the Rev. Jesse Jack son, Dave Del linger, William Winpisinger, and many others, and will be entertained by musicians including James Taylor, Linda Ronstadt Jackson Browne, Pete Seeger, Hol ly Near and Third World. Many seeking even more active participa tion in the movement will stay in New York to participate in massive civil disobedience on Monday, June 14. The "War Resisters League" and other groups are sponsoring sit ins at the missions (similar to embassies) of the five nuclear powers (the U.S., the USSR, China, Great Britain, and France). Partici pants plan to block access peacefully to the missions and to demand adoption of propo sals in support of disarmament and noninter vention in the Third World on the part of the nuclear powers. Actions and marches in support of disar mament and the funding of human needs will not be confined to New York. The local promoter of the June 12 demonstration in New York, the Coalition for Disarmament is sponsoring a march and rally in Carrboro and Chapel Hill this Saturday. The march will begin at the Carrboro Town Hall at 11 a.m. and end in the grassy area on campus across from the Post Office. There will be a number of speakers repre senting various constituencies and music will be provided by Brother Yusef and others. The Coalition is seeking to build commu nity interaction and solidarity for future movements and to buildup for the New York demonstrations behind four slogans. CUT THE MILITARY BUDGET TO FUND HUMAN NEEDS-President Reagan has not made an attempt to balance the budget as hie promised while campaigning. Rather, he has shifted funds away from the people and into the military thus actually in creased the deficit unemployment and in terest rates. We call for the shifting of funds away from the military and to the people and object to attempts by certain politicians to co-opt the movement by bargaining cuts in social spending for cuts in the military budget U.S. INITIATIVE TO FREEZE AND RE VERSE THE ARMS RACE -It is time for one of the nuclear powers to initiate arms reduc tions. The U.S. is the first and only country to use nuclear weapons and can be the first to begin disarmament. Insincere proposals such as Reagan's START "initiative" merely lead to a permanent state-of competition and insecurity. We also object to any at tempts by politicians to co-opt the move ment by calling for cuts in nuclear weapons spending to fund conventional warfare spending. HALT U.S. POLICY OF INTERVENTION IN THE THIRD WORLD-Intervention runs counter to the democratic right of people to determine their own political system and merely exacerbates the potential for nuclear war. ABOLISH NUCLEAR WEAPONS-The people of the world will not be safe until all nuclear weapons are destroyed. Ted Johnson is a senior urban studies ma jor from Chapel Hill and is a member of The Coalition for Disarmament THE WEEK IN REVIEW By KEN SIMAN As hopes for a peaceful settlement dimmed, ground fighting in the Falkland Islands became more intense this week. British commandos captured Mount Kent and another key ridge overlooking Stanley, the Falklands capital, on Tuesday and are on the verge of what probably will be the deci sive battle for the Falkland Islands, British press reports said. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was hardly conciliatory. "We have now gone into the islands to do what the islanders wish to repossess them and restore British ad ministration." Even a papal visit did little to quell Thatcher's hard line stance. John Paul II, who arrived in Britain last Fri day on a six day visit to England the first ever by a pope, appealed to both Argentina and England to "put aside the weapons of death" and urged "all people of good will to join me in praying for a just and peaceful settlement" The Pope was received by crowds that while enthusiastic, were smaller than had been anticipated. He will visit Ar gentina on June 11 and 12 on the second leg of his quest for peace in the Falklands. In the United States, debate over the Falk lands was the cause of internal bickering within the Reagan administration, News week magazine reported. Newsweek quoted one government official as saying Secretary of State Alexander Haig described United Nations Ambassador' Jeanne Kirkpatrick as "mentally and emotionally incapable of thinking clearly on this (Falklands) issue be cause of her close links with Latins." Haig is reportedly attempting to force Kirkpatrick to resign, but apparently she is not intimidated. She said Haig's affinity for Britain made it difficult for him to appreciate United States interests in Latin affairs, and called Haig and his associates "amateurs. .. .totally insensi tive to Latin cultures. "Why not just disband the State Depart ment and have the British Foreign Office make our foreign policy," Newsweek quoted her as saying. Skepticism over the consequences of strong United States support for Britain was not limited to Kirkpatrick. - Sen. Sam Nunn, D-Ga., a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Sun day that a British victory in the Falklands, coupled with a long term commitment by Britain to maintain rule over the Falklands, would work to the detriment of NATO by draining Britain's resources. "A diplomatic victory would be in both Britain's and the United States' long term interest" Nunn said. "I think we are suffering in Latin Amer ica and Central America and I think that damage is becoming somewhat permanent in nature," he added. Indeed, America's strong support for Brit ain has strained relations with Latin Amer ica. The Organization of. American States voted unanimously (with five countries, in cluding the United States, abstaining) to ask. the United States to cease aid to Britain and lift sanctions against Argentina. ...The Honeymoon is Over After his impressive congressional victo ries on the se of AWACS planes to Saudi Arabia and' last year's budget it seemed President Reagan was invincible in his deal ings with Congress. He was heralded as being as persuasive a president as Lyndon Johnson was in his heyday. Recently, how ever, Reagan's clout with Congress has ebbed., This week. Congress handed him two major defeats. Last Wednesday the Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee, in what The Washington Post termed the Reagan administration's "biggest foreign aid defeat" unanimously voted to reduce Reagan's 1983 aid request for El Salvador by $100 million. The reduction in aid was attributed in large part to the Senate's disenchantment with the right-wing dominated government's . lack of commitment to initiating a compre hensive land reform policy. Reagan was also dealt another blow by Congress when the Michel-Latta budget res olution he endorsed was rejected by Con- mi . ITt l ' J " mwmmr i -i mm gress Friday, as were all other budget alter natives. ...Reagan in Versailles , . - Congressional failure to approve a budget may haunt Reagan in this week's seven na tion economic conference in Versailles, France. It will be the eighth year that leaders of the United States, Japan, West Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Canada have met to discuss economic issues. Reagan has nothing tangible to demon strate United States resolve to limit the large deficits that many of the nations attending the summit view as threatening to their own economic security. Reagan hopes to gain a formal endorse ment of a less expansive trade policy with the Soviet Union and its satellites, but as one administration official said, "It would have been very helpful to this country if the President could go to the summit with a budget compromise in hand... How do we have the strength to ask the Japanese for . more open markets or to ask the Europeans to reduce credits to the Soviets unless we can show we're doing something?" Reagan flew to Paris on Wednesday and will arrive in Versailles on Friday. ...Arms Talks Set In a Memorial Day speech, Reagan said the United States and the Soviet Union will begin strategic arms reduction talks in Gene va, Switzerland on June 29. Reagan added that the United States will "refrain from ac tions which undercut existing strategic arms if the Soviet Union does the same." rc Ken Siman, a junior political sciencehis tory rriajdr from Charlotte, is the associate ed itor of The Tar Heel. Thursday, June 3, 1982 The Tar Heel 15

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