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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1982
Busints Advertising 862-1163
Volume CO, Issue 45
Thursday, August 26, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By DEAN FOUST
Why does UNC not have a textbook
rental system? There are other schools
like Appalachian State and Western
Carolina where a rental system works.
Talk of textbook rentals continues each
semester as many students leave the Uni
versity book stores, feeling helpless at the
hands of inflation. That anger often is
fueled each February when Student
Government hopefuls politick with pro
mise of a textbook rental system.
Can a textbook rental system work at
UNC? Probably not, say students, faculty
and administration members involved in
textbook studies in recent years.
"It appears not to be as advantageous
to students as it would eem," said Bill
Burke, associate professor in education
and chairman of the Chancellor's Student
Store Advisory Committee. The SSAC has
been involved with Student Stores, Stu
dent Government and faculty committees
on the matter.
"In fact, if we can improve our present
system, students would fare as well. The
data we reviewed in 1980-81 showed that
we weren't going to save that much money
(over the present system.)
"From our studies, Student Stores has a
modified system with buy-backs and used
books," said Donald Beeson, Student
Government executive assistant and
former chairman of the Student Govern
ment University Services Committee,
which conducted its own study in 1980.
The report states that "for the number
of textbooks involved, it does not appear
feasible to have a full textbook rental
system at UNC," noting that none of the
nation's 64 largest universities employ a
rental system. The Student Stores tex
tbook department is the 14th largest
university bookstore nationally.
... The report concluded that only, hard
back texts, more durable than paperbacks
for repeated use, should be rented, with a
life-span of two years.
While the Student Stores 1980 report
suggested books be used for three years,
Rutledge Tufts, Student Stores assistant
manager, noted that determining a
guaranteed number of years for use is a
sensitive situation. "One thing we don't
want to do is tell the faculty what books to
use," he said. "That would hurt the stu
dent's academic freedom."
The Student Government report said
that checks revealed a hesitancy by several
departments, particularly those
technically-oriented, to commit themselves
to a textbook while more up-to-date books
were available in- the interim period.
The reports stated that Student Stores
which would have to shoulder the burden
of substantial initial costs; those funds
would have to be borrowed and would
take a long time to recover.
Beeson said that investment was a factor
separating UNC's plight from schools like
Appalachian State. ,
"They've had a rental system for the en
tire time since Appalachian was first
established," he said, comparing the dif-
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Tar on their heels
Two workers spread hot tar outside the yet-to-be-completed
Walter B. Davis Library. Construction is scheduled to be finished in
the spring of 1983.
concert to be
smaller in '83
By ALISON DAVIS
The 1983 Chapel Thrill concert will be smaller than
last year's because there will not be enough money
available to produce a large-scale concert, Student
Body President Mike Vandenbergh said Wednesday.
"Because of Campus Governing Council
(monetary) restrictions, I will consider developing a
concert on a smaller scale," he said.
"I think that our limit (on spending for the conceit)
would be somewhere around $80,000."
Chapel Thrill '82 received $142,256 from the CGC
last year. The CGC originally had allotted $120,000
for the concert, but later approved a subsequent
allocation of $17,256.
"With a smaller amount of money, we cannot at
tract big first-name bands," Vandenbergh said. He
said he would emphasize the band selection procedure
in order to get good bands and represent as many cam
pus groups as possible.
CGC Finance Committee Chairperson Charlie
Madison (District 23) said the difference in the amount
of money available was created by CGC allocations
during the spring.
" think that our limit (on
spending for the concert)
would be somewhere around
Plan ..for N. C. of f hore drilMiig craiikiiig lip
See TEXTS on page 6
By TAMMY DAVIS
A five-year lease plan approved last spring by U.S.
Secretary of the Interior James Watt will result in oil
and natural gas exploration off the North Carolina
coast within the next few months.
The plan, released in early March, replaced a leasing
schedule set up by Jimmy Carter's administration and
allows 40 separate lease sales on the East coast, in
cluding some sites in North Carolina waters.
Brent Hackney, press aide to Gov. Jim Hunt, said
the governor believes that, in order to have an ade
quate energy supply, off-shore welling and drilling are
"However, we draw the line if the drilling poses a
threat to the people and the environment," Hackney
Hackney said the governor objected to any leases
less than 25 miles from shore. "We sued (Secretary of
the Interior James) Watt last year but it resulted in no
suit because no one bid for those tracts. It's ridiculous
to drill that close to shore," he said.
Eric Vernon, staff .director of the Office of Marine
Affairs in Raleigh, said that only one site 35 miles east
of Oregon Inlet had received any bids. "Chevron has
already filed an exploration report," he said.
Vernon said Chevron's contract states that it will
drill within 12 months after the last drilling permit is
issued by the federal government.
"A couple of other companies have shown interest,
such as ARCO (Atlantic Richfield) and Gulf, but
they've only done preliminary tests for drilling," he
Vernon said the probability that oil or gas would be
found in the Inlet is between 2 percent and 5 percent.
"They have no idea what's out there," Vernon said.
"The main reason for support in this project is to
reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil and
gas," Vernon said.
Professor John Costlow of the Duke University
Marine Lab said public opinion was negative towards
drilling for oil because most people are worried about
the probability of a spill.
"However, the sites that are further off-shore are
far enough away so that the risk of damage to shores
and fisheries would be rninimal," Costlow said.
Costlow said the oil drilling process is completed in
two stages. "The first stage is exploratory drilling to
develop and maintain service from shore," he said.
"If oil or gas is found, then we move to phase two
which induces more drilling (and commercial produc
tion)." Costlow said the success of the project depends on
how the oil or gas is brought ashore and what is done
"The drilling would be a shot in the arm for the
economy in the area. It will bring people into the area
and generate money. That's a good thing," Costlow
Jim Smith, Coastal Energy Impact Program Coor
dinator with the Office of Marine Affairs, said the
five-year leasing plan gives a schedule and plans for
Smith said the Coastal Energy Impact Program was
funded by money provided by the U.S. Department of
"It is designed to study, plan for, and reduce the
impacts of new coastal resources on the
environment," Smith said. In North Carolina, this in
cludes off-shore drilling, peat mining, coal transporta
tion and refineries.
Mike Davis, spokesman at the Department of
Natural Resources, said that at the present time, all
financial assessments from the drilling go. to the
"However, there is a bill before Congress, submit
ted by 1st District Rep. Walter Jones, D-N.C, that
would fund coastal (study) programs and (economic)
development," Davis said.
Davis said Chevron plans to put a support base in
Morehead City where the extracted minerals could be
Orrin Pilkey, geology professor at Duke University,
said he thought the real problem was not drilling but
the associated facilities that come with the drilling.
"There is the danger of equipment blow-out, but
that's a risk that has to be taken on-shore as well as
off-shore," Pilkey said.
Student Body President
The CGC allotted $246,020 to campus organiza
tions during the 1982-83 budget session in April In ad
dition to the money given to the organizations, about
$15,000 will be set aside for subsequent allocations,
Madison said. The CGC also will keep $25,000 "as a
buffer zone to keep, us fluid in case there are some
overruns like what happened this year (the subsequent
allocation to Chapel Thrill)," Madison said.
"Last year's concert was a success within the
framework in which it was developed," Vandenbergh
said. Student Government made a profit from the
concert, which has been estimated to be about
$20,000. But Student Body Treasurer Brent Clark said
Tuesday the actual profit had not yet been figured by
the Student Activities Fund Office.
Vandenbergh said he wanted to use the profit to
start a scholarship service open to all students. About
$20,000 would be available for the scholarship, he
"It's extremely important to me that Student
Government not be in the business of making money
on a conceit," Vandenbergh said;
This year's Chapel Thrill concert will still be held
outdoors, Vandenbergh said. The smaller concert
might be more beneficial because it might be possible
to move the concert into Carmichael Auditorium in
the event of rain, he said.
Although Student Government did not receive any
complaints about injuries after last spring's concert,
the "rescue squad, security and physical plant are all
concerned about the continued success of the
concert," Vandenbergh said.
500,000 may catcM the iecmuraMe disease this year
By DAVID M. POOLE
"People think that herpes only happens to
others; not to nice people and certainly not to
anyone they know," said Ann (not her real
name), an attractive Chapel Hill woman in her
early 30s who has endured nearly 10 years of
recurrent outbreaks and the constant social
stigma of the contagious disease.
Ann is one of millions of Americans who
cope with genital herpes, an incurable venereal
disease that will afflict 500,000 more Ameri
cans in this year alone.
According to one local health official,
Chapel Hill enjoys no immunity to the herpes
Dr. Mary Gray, gynecologist at the Student
Health Service, said there has been a definite,
steady increase in the number of herpes cases
handled at SHS. "I'm seeing an average of
two cases a week," Gray said. "The nurse
practitioners are seeing cases, as well as
the general practitioners. I can't tell you the
exact number, but it is certainly greater than it
was only three years ago."
Although SHS has not kept records in the
past, the surge in cases has prompted SHS to
begin compiling statistics on the incidence of
herpes, Gray said.
The herpes virus is related to the viruses
which cause chicken pox, shingles, and mono-
"The worst thing about herpes is not that it is a bad disease. The thing
that is most harmful is the stigma It is problematic, mainly in th it dis
rupts your sex life."
nucleosis. There are two strands of herpes:
HSV-1, oral herpes; and HSV-2, herpes geni
talis. Oral herpes is characterized by cold sores
and fever blisters around the mouth and other
parts of the body; symptoms of genital herpes
are lesions on and around the genitals.
With both strands, sores appear for several
days and then disappear until the next seige. In
both cases, the initial infection is the most
painful and prolonged, lasting three to six
Although' the degree of pain and the dura
tion of the sores varies with each individual,
the psychological toll of herpes can be more
"The worst thing about herpes is not that it
is a bad disease," Ann said. "The thing that is
most harmful is the stigma. It is problematic,
mainly in that it disrupts your sex life."
Herpes victims, fearing rejection and aliena
tion, often withdraw socially, become asexual,
and throw guilt upon themselves. A help
group in Chapel Hill provides emotional sup
port for individuals with herpes, and also
keeps them abreast of medical developments.
Ann participates in the 20-member group.
"I'll guarantee that there're more than 20 peo
ple in Chapel Hill with herpes," she said.
If she feels an outbreak approaching, the
honesty becomes painful. ''What do you tell
the guy 'I'm interested but no sex now; next
week maybe' or 'I'm not ready for sexual in
volvement'?" Most men interpret this as an
outright rejection, she said
Gray said the risk of infection is low when
the sores are not present. '.' You have to realize
that it is your moral responsibility riot to have
sex when symptoms appear; or at least not sex
ual contact, in which your partner comes into
contact with the part of your body that is le
sioned." The stigma of having herpes often produces
a paranoia that leads some to go ahead with
sex rather than to face the embarrassment of
being open, Ann said.
Herpes is not a new disease, despite the fact
that the media has only recently begun to ad
dress the problem. The epidemic of herpes,
however, is a recent phenomenon. Gray
asserted that the pervasiveness of casual sex
has been one of the chief agents of the
Studies have shown that since the turn of
the century casual sex has been on the rise,
"A lot of people are having casual sex,"
agreed Ann. "The more casual the sex, the
greater the risk you run of diseases, murder, of
getting involved with a psychotic person, and
being hurt emotionally."
"The bottom line is to know who you're
sleeping with," she said. "If you know some
one well enough to talk about emotional, inti
mate things, then that person will be honest
enough to admit that they have a disease."
Herpes can be transmitted through means
other than sexual activity. Bill (not his real
name), a UNC student, got oral herpes during
a drinking game with his buddies. The friend
who infected Bill didn't know he had herpes
until a doctor confirmed Bill's case.
"People have the image that to get herpes
you have to sleep around," Ann said. "This is
not true, but sleeping around raises the risk."
Despite the fact that no cure for herpes is
known and there is no major breakthrough on
the horizon. Gray recommends Zovirax brand
acyclovir, marketed by Burroughs Welcome, a
pharmaceutical firm located in the Research
Triangle Park, for the relief of pain.
According to Mara Gabriel, a spokesman
for Burroughs-Welcome, Zovirax has been
certified by the Federal Drug Administration
to be most clinically effective during the initial
infection of genital herpes. Zovirax helps re
duce pain, speeds healing of lesions and re
duces the period of viral shedding, when the
live virus is excreted and when herpes is most
contagious, Gabriel said.
"The only benefit in recurrent cases is the
reduction of viral shedding," he said.
Herpes is centered in the central nervous
system, hence depression or stress often causes
an outbreak. Gray said that one's mood as
See HERPES on page 6