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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1832
Volume $6, Issue 53
Monday, September 13, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
The mucleaw question
Disarmament: issue with N.C movement
By LYNN EARLEY
Supporters of the nuclear freeze campaign in
some of North Carolina's larger cities have seen suc
cess recently in their efforts to voice their opposition
to nuclear arms through local government
Spokespersons for disarmament groups in
Raleigh and Charlotte last week in telephone inter
views said their groups played a direct role in local
governments' decisions to ask President Reagan to
adopt a nuclear weapons freeze with the Soviet
Charlotte SANE chairperson Jean Wood said the
organization sent literature to the city council and
showed them a film detailing medical consequences
of nuclear war.
"I think if it hadn't been for the active lobbying
of the various groups in town; the city council
wouldn't have even thought of it," Wood said.
The Charlotte Gty Council initially would not
listen to SANE's requests, Wood said.
"We started work last fall on the freeze and
nobody I mean the elected officials even
wanted to talk about it," Wood said.
Raleigh organizations, including Raleigh Peace
Initiative, circulated petitions through the area and
ultimately got 18,000 people to sign a petition en
dorsing a nuclear arms freeze. Coordinator Dale
Evarts estimated 14,500 of the signatures were those
of voters registered in Raleigh.
Raleigh Mayor G. Smedes York said the Raleigh
initiative and referendum law allows a citizen to
propose any ordinance. If at least 10 percent of the.
registered voters in Raleigh sign the proposal, the
city council must either adopt the ordinance or
allow Raleigh voters to decide the issue in referen
dum. "We can either adopt the ordinance," York said.
"Or it can be put on the ballot. We cannot just table
Mayor Pro-Tern Edward A. Walters said the 6 to
2 vote favoring the ordinance failed to show the true
nature of the vote.
"Our structure is that a quiet vote is a yes vote,"
said Walters, who voted no. "We cannot have
abstention. There were two who just did not say
anything." If the vote had gone the other way, and
the signatures on the petition had been verified as
those of registered voters, the citizens of Raleigh
would have decided the issue.
Sallie Clotfelter, convenor of the Coalition to
Reverse the Arms Race in Greensboro, questioned
whether the group had directly influenced the
Greensboro City Council.
Greensboro Mayor John W. Forbis said the
organization influenced him to a point. After two
members of the group approached him on a Thurs
day night, he drafted a resolution and sent it to the
legal department. With various modifications, on
the following night the city council passed the
"It did not accomplish exactly what they
wanted," Forbis said, "they wanted us to come out
in favor of a freeze and we did provided that it
did not endanger the security of our nation.".
The Durham Freeze also brought a petition
before the city council, said spokesman Charles
"The city council passed the resolution favoring
the freeze proposal by a vote of nine to four and to
my knowledge they were the first city council to en
dorse the freeze campaign," he said.
Other groups have seen less results from their ef
forts. In Winston-Salem, Freeze Campaign hopes to
be on the Board of Aldermen agenda in October,
coordinator Bill Barlow said.
"Right now the attitude that's been expressed
strongly is that it's out of their jurisdiction," Barlow
Similarly, Forbis and York said discussion at
Raleigh and Greensboro city council meetings
centered around the appropriateness of city govern
ment involvement in international issues.
Although the Greensboro City Council passed
the resolution, Forbis said the councilmen ques
tioned their move.
"They felt that we were moving into ah area that
we had no business getting involved with. As a local
government, they felt that we should just be in
volved with local business," he said.
See SANE on page 4
Chapel Hill groups lobbying
for end to nuclear buildup
By BOB KIMPLETON
While several nuclear freeze movements are just
surfacing throughout the state, Chapel Hill has
been a center of opposition to nuclear weapons for
There are at least six local organizations cur
rently advocating nuclear disarmament, and last
May the Chapel Hill Coalition for a Nuclear Arms
Freeze, as well as the town council, sent their case
to Washington in the form of a 7,300-signature
The catalog-sized petition, presented to the
council by coalition head Gordon Dragt, was for
warded by Chapel Hill Mayor Joseph Nassif to po
litical leaders in Washington, D.C. Among those
receiving the petition were North Carolina Repub
lican senators Jesse Helms and John East, Sen.
Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., and former Secretary
of State Alexander Haig.
The petition specifically called for the United
States and Soviet Union to mutually freeze the
testing, production and deployment of nuclear
weapons, as well as aircraft primarily designed to
deliver nuclear weapons. Eight of nine Town
Council members signed the petition, including the
In separate replies, senators Jesse Helms and
John East said that a premature nuclear freeze
would lock the United States into a position of
military inferiority with the Soviet Union.
East said also, that a freeze agreement would pre
sent "insurmountable problems of verification
of confirming that the Soviets really were abiding
by the freeze."
Dragt said the nuclear arms issue must be a part
of the political arena.
"The issue of war and the related issue of the
nuclear arms race are the issues facing people to
day," he said.-
Dragt said that with students returning to
Chapel Hill and elections approaching, the coali
tion is planning to step up public education in
cluding information booths, public speakers and
Though the nuclear weapons issue is a hot
political item, it has drawn interest from non
political groups as well.
The Rev. Bob Phillips, coordinator of the Fel
lowship to Reverse the Arms Race, said the current
trend toward increased military spending has
See FREEZE on page 4
By ALAN MARKS
The recent crackdown by the Chapel
Hill Police Department to ensure that
pedestrians obey traffic laws when cross
ing streets has prompted many complaints
from students and local residents, but
town officials argue that it is for the
pedestrians' own protection and is needed
to help maintain a smooth traffic flow in
Police Chief Herman Stone began as
signing policemen Aug. 29 to observe the
crosswalks on Franklin Street to make
sure pedestrians comply with traffic laws
when crossing the street. The assignment
was included as part of the patrolmen's
regular duties; no jaywalking citations
were to be issued.
"What I've tried to do is get the vio
lators to comply with the (traffic) lights
and the law," Stone said. "I'm experi
menting with it now."
Policemen were placed at the crosswalk
in front of the NCNB Plaza because that
has been one of the trouble spots in the
past, Stone said.
Placing a patrolman at the crosswalk is
not costing the town any extra money, he
said. The department has a certain
amount of flexible manpower that can be
used anywhere it is needed.
Each patrolman also has to spend one-to-two
hours on foot each shift, anyway,
he said. "It's just a concentrated spot he
has to direct his activity to.
"We don't want anybody to get hit,"
he said. "That's what we're trying to
. The decision to place a patrolman at
the crosswalk came at the request of the
town council during the council's Aug. 23
Council members R.D. Smith and Bev
Kawalec raised concerns at the meeting
about the number of pedestrian traffic
violations they had noticed recently while
driving around town.
"It seemed to me that people were just
crossing anywhere and not using the
crosswalks," Smith said. "I was really
concerned about someone getting hurt. I
would hate for a student to come to
Chapel Hill and get hurt or killed as soon
as he got here."
Smith said he was not trying to harass
students, but to make them aware of the
dangers of not using the crosswalks.
"The human body is no competition for
"My concern was not necessarily to
put a policeman there at all, but to make
students aware of the dangers of not using
the crosswalks," he said. "It's dangerous
to cross Franklin Street at any time of the
day. I think students need to be aware of
Kawalec said she became concerned
about pedestrians obeying traffic laws
after walking and driving around town
the first few weeks after students came
back to town.
See WALKS on page 3
tKfC " ' , " - I
v i r4 - - V - J
? t i V - -
Using his head
UNC Bucky Buckley (4), back in form after being sidelined last
year from knee injuries, attempts a shot on goal in UNC's home
game. The Heels won 3-0.
Wages fulfill needs, wants
'tadents with jobs don't sniffer
By CHARLES ELLMAKER
With the recession, increased tuition and living costs, as well as
financial aid cuts, there's been a lot of talk about the scarcity of
jobs available to students.
But what about the students with jobs? While most of us are
sitting around watching Genera! Hospital, trying to figure out
how to pinch pennies, laboring students juggle school work,
social life and extracurricular activites around their work
schedules so that they'll be able to spend those few extra bucks.
Kerri Craig is one of those jugglers. Not only does she work 15
hours a week at Harris-Teeter grocery store, but she also mans the
campus information booth near Hanes Hall five to six hours a
And on home football Saturdays, she'll spend about six early
hours helping to park cars. "If I didn't work those Saturday
morings, I'd just be sleeping, so it's better to get up and get
going," she said.
An industrial relations major from Fayetteville, Craig found
she didn't have enough time for her classes with all her extracur
ricular activities, so she dropped three of her 16 hours.
"I dropped a class when I should have just quit working so
much," she said. "But I like working because it's something dif
ferent to do, I don't let myself waste any time, and it's nice to
have a little extra money."
Craig, who receives Social Security education benefits, said she
was somewhat disturbed over Social Security cuts to college
students because many rely on Social Security as their main finan
cial support while in college.
"I don't get much money from Social Security benefits, but
some people are really being hurt by the budget cuts," she said.
Beginning this year, students receiving Social Security educa
tion benefits will receive 25 percent less each year for four years,
with funding being totally cut by 1986.
Craig said she planned to use some of the money she saves this
year to go to Europe next summer.
Another student who will be spending his summer in Europe is
Gianni Ponti, but he won't be visiting.
A junior international student from Rome, Italy, Ponti got his
job as assistant librarian at the Ackland Art Museum through the
' financial aid office's work-study program.
But Ponti said the ten hours a week that he puts into his job
were well spent.
As an archaeology and art history major, Ponti is in the unique
position of being able to combine his studies with his work.
"Besides, it's nice being around the grad students and pro
fessors all the time." "
" Another advantage to his job was that his employers were very
receptive to the needs and problems of work-study students. "My
work schedule is very flexible, so it doesn't cut into my study time
If, like most students, you like to eat junk food, then you've
probably seen Brenda Royster behind the candy counter at the
UNC Student Stores.
Royster, a sophomore public policy analysis major from Ox
ford, spends about 15 hours a week making fudge and serving
carob nut bars. But while many working students let work in
terfere with their studying, Royster takes any free time to read a
few extra pages, and you will always see an open book behind the
"I spend a lot of time here, but studying comes first," she said.
And like many working students, Royster said she enjoyed feel
ing somewhat independent from her parents. Helping out finan
cially gave her some of that sense of responsibility, she said.
Typical grad student
studies many hours
By MARK STLNNEFORD
Graduate student Bill Mawrey looked
up from his thick business text; raising his
head slowly as if the weight of the massive
text was pressing against the back of his
"Is grad school tough?" the first-year
business administration student asked wry
ly. "It's an intellectual boot camp."
Many of UNC's nearly 7,000 graduate
and professional students probably would
agree with Mawrey's assessment. Third
year medical student Denny Tate and first
year business student Janet Betts used
similar terms to describe the staggering
course load and deprived social life of a
"You get up in the dark and leave
school in the dark. There's no time for '
anything besides school," Tate said.
"The demands force you to forget
about the other things in your life for a
while," Betts said.
Grad students don't have the luxury of
being slack," according to Steve Creager,
who is seeking a doctorate in chemistry.
"In grad school, unless you really want a
degree, you won't get it," he said.
Along with the increased demands
comes ;a more-pressurized, migraine
inducing atmosphere, according to
second-year medical student Michael A.
"Certain instructors have excellent
methods of scaring you like making
joking threats of having you repeat the
year or assigning 20 chapters from material
you'll never see again," Smith said. "That
kind of thing gets to you after a while."
Finishing their programs "on time" is
an obsession of many graduates, said
fourth-year dental student Max Harris.
. "As an undergraduate, if you have to
stay an extra semeter, it's no big deal. But
in dental school, there are only so many
chairs, so many instructors and so much
equipment," he said.
Despite the workload and the pressure,
graduate school is extremely practical, said
second-year law student Julianne
"Graduates can see the light at the end
of the tunnel," she said. "They realize that
if they don't learn it now, they'll be in hot
water sometime during their career."
Harris and Tate agreed on the practicali
ty of graduate work. , . '
"Now that I'm in my last year of dental
school, I spend most of my time working
in the clinic, doing many of the things I'd
be responsible for in my own practice,"
"Ninety-percent of the things you learn
in med school come through practical ex
perience," said Tate, who had just com
pleted 12 weeks of assisting and observing
in surgery. "It beats sitting on your tail in
lecture all day."
Simply getting into most UNC graduate
schools is a rigorous experience. For the
fall semester, for example, the School of
Business Administration enrolled 170 of
1,411 applicants; the School of Law, 284
of 2,129; the School of Medicine, 162 or
1,827; and the School of Dentistry enrolled
82 of 507 applicants.
Despite the figures, most graduates re
ject talk of elitism.
"Everyone here is so good, you tend to
find youself buried in the middle," Betts
But the isolation of graduates in their
own "islands" of study can lead to false
images of. elitism and other traditional
stereotypes, third-year dental student
Prince Harrington said.
"Most graduates are so immersed in
their own schools that they develop a
severe case of tunnel vision," he said. "No
wonder we're stereotyped."
Grads often are mistakenly tagged as
"nerdy bookworms," second-year medical
student Terry Lamb said. "I study a lot by
necessity, but I don't think I fit that
"Undergraduates are often awed by
graduates' role as teaching assistants,"
said second-year business administration
graduate student Jim Stathis. "But we
don't gain any great new wealth of
knowledge upon becoming graduates.
"Graduates also contribute to the
stereotypes," he added. "Everybody
wants to think of himself as belonging to
the new wave of the best profession and
tends to put down the others."
Peter Mallinson, president of the
Graduate and Professional Student
Federation, said the nature of graduates in
general worked against his goal of more
fully integrating graduates into campus
"Graduates are much more associated
with their departments and have more out
side activities," he said. "Many are simply
tired of the same old undergraduate-type,
"Still, there is a great demand for many
to get together with other graduates, to
find out what's going on around campus,
and in general to find a unified
voice," Mallinson said. "That's what the
Greater interaction among graduates
would create an even better educational at
mosphere, said second-year medical stu
dent Bob Lineberger."
"Just being here increases
perspectives," he said. "We should take
full advantage of the diversity of the stu
And UNC administrators have attemp
ted to increase that diversity. From 1971 to
1982, the number of black students in
creased from 188 to 461 overall, and the
proportion of blacks in the graduate stu
dent body increased from 3.3 to 6.6, said
s Tim Smith, associate director of institu
tional research at UNC.
"Things have changed, but I'm not sure
blacks are fully accepted in grad school,"
said second-year medical student Keith
"It's never anything you can point a
finger at," he added. "But sometimes you
get the feeling that classmates don't believe
you know as much as you do."
During the same period, the number of
women students increased from 1,967 to
3,370 and from 33.1 to 48.4 percent of the
graduate student body.
"Doors are opening for women," said
second-year business administration stu
dent Elizabeth Bevan. "A lot of my
classmates are married women such as
myself who have reached a dead end in
their careers and are coming back to gain
new skills," she said.
"Employers realize we're serious;
they're looking out for us."