North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
T It II
Variable cloudiness with a 40
percent chance of rain. Highs
in the upper 60s. Lows in the
The Rev. Billy Graham visits
Chapel Hill next week to
begin a series of evangelistic
lectures. A story is in Accent,
on page 4.
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1832
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 0, Issue pV?
. t i s '
Wednesday, September 22, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
e arrests ud
irom last, year
By LYNDA THOMPSON
The number of drug-related arrests in
Chapel Hill already is higher for the first
nine months of 1982 than the number of
arrests for all of 1981, according to a
detective from the Chapel Hill Police
The number of area arrests for mari
juana increased from 56 last year to 60
during the first nine months of this year,
according to detective Don Truelove.
Also, cocaine arrests doubled from 11 to
22 and narcotics arrests increased from 10
in 1981 to 12 this year.
Drugs are more readily accepted by the
community than 10 years ago, when
anyone with an ounce of marijuana was
considered a "head." Today they would
not be considered a hard-core drug user,
Hashish, cocaine and speed also have
become socially acceptable, Carl Fox,
assistant district attorney, said.
"There is still a substantial undercurrent
of drug use," he said.
Barry T. Wilson, a local attorney, said
the situation has improved in some
"There is not as big a heroin problem,"
he said. "I guess people woke up to the
fact that it is so self-destructive."
Truelove said the use of drugs follows
trends. LSD has made a comeback, after
its loss of popularity during the early 70s
and marijuana is now accepted for recrea
"Marijuana has become the No. 2 cash
crop in North Carolina," he said.
Another problem, Truelove said, is the
increasing number of dangerous
counterfeit drugs being manufactured and ;
sold. Pills are made to look like quaaludes
and speed. The ingredients may include
valium and "who knows what," he said.
-"These counterfeit pills may be five
times stronger than what the user is used to
and he will O.D. (overdose)," Truelove
Larry Talbert, chief investigator for
Orange County, said a few people in
volved in drugs in the county were UNC
students. Wilson said drug arrests in
volved "mostly students," but it was not a
larger percentage than towns of equal stu
"Drugs are not the in thing anymore,"
Fox said. "People are more conservative
than they were in 1971 when I first came to
People are opting for beer according to
Fox, who said beer sales were up 65 per
cent. Dan Gilbert, supervising agent for the
Capital District of the State Bureau of In
vestigation, expressed the general attitude
among law officials and attorneys
where there are young people, there are
"People can expect a drug problem in
any area that has a high concentration of
college students and young adults," he
said. "Chapel Hill cannot be singled out as
having a drug problem. It is not the
foremost college with drug problems."
Truelove said the majority of people ar
rested were the dealers. Arrests included
students who sell drugs for extra money
and people who "prey upon students" to
sell drugs to them, he said.
According to Fox, judges punish drug
dealers more severely than people charged
with property crimes.
"Drugs perpetrate other crimes and the
judges recognize this," he said. ,
"The community should be aware that
Jht drug culture is a serious social prob
lem' Gilbert said.
UNC's Undergrad Court
upholds honor on campus
By CHARLES FT J MAKER
Although a hearing of the
Undergraduate Court does not resemble a
scene from Perry Mason, it is nevertheless
one of the most elaborately designed and
carefully executed systems of student
honor court in the nation, UNC
Undergraduate Court officials say.
The Court is run for and by students for
the enforcement of the Code of Student
Conduct, a code which every student
agrees to uphold upon entering the
"Students buy into, a tradition of honor
when they come to the University,"
Elizabeth Ennen, chairman of the
Undergraduate Court, said in an interview
after the 1982 judicial retreat at Camp
New Hope Sunday.
A case simulation, which capped a day
long seminar teaching new members of the
attorney general's staff and the
Undergraduate Court about the student,
judicial system, afforded a rare view of a
court hearing, since all student court hear
ings are closed and confidential, except
when otherwise requested by the defendant.
Yet what goes on behind the closed
doors is a procedure focused on the rights
of the defendant, as determined by The In
strument of Student Judicial Governance,
the document which "sets forth the Code
of Student Conduct and all structures and
procedures for the Code's implementation
"The Instrument provides more than
just due process it gives the defendant
every possible chance to defend his in
nocence," Bill Kimball, student attorney
general, said Tuesday.
After a charge is presented to the defen
dant, he issues a plea of "guilty" or "not'
guilty," or requests that the court drop
charges because of infringement of his
rights. This plea has no bearing on the
sanction of the Court if the defendant is
found guilty of the charges.
Material witnesses for both the in
vestigator and the defense counsel are then
introduced one at a time. Questions can be
asked by all present, including the defen
dant and the five court members, accord
ing to The Instrument. In addition, the
defendant is given the right to challenge
See HONOR on page 4
Students question process
i ' 1
l - '
:$ r- r
' ' , ' k '' ' '
i: wmmmmmm, -
i V, , " S
r " ' I y: ; ' ?
' " ' .'
Rev. Leon White speaks out against the dumping of toxic PCBs in Warren County
. .Tuesday's rally in the Pit was held to increase students' awareness of the residents' plight
rally in the Pit
By KELLY SIMMONS
"Thank God we're not going to take it anymore,"
were the words of the Rev. Leon White during a rally
in the Pit Tuesday against the dumping of toxic PCBs
in Warren County.
The rally, sponsored by the UNC chapter of the
Federation For Progress and endorsed by the UNC
Public Interest Research Group, was held to increase
student awareness and involvement in the plight of
Warren County residents, promoters said. Both
PIRG and the federation have been active in the fight
against the toxic waste dump site. "It's a cause that's
hard not to support," said Ted Johnson, speaker for
- Johnson opened the rally by telling the group of
about 200 students gathered at the Pit that they were
going to learn about the poor, the politically weak
the people of Warren County. He said because the
"county consisted of predominantly black and poor
people who have not been unified in the past, Gov.
Jim Hunt did not expect them to get together to fight
the dumping. However, the residents have joined
together and have declared a nonviolent war against
the state. "It's the first step towards stopping further
dumping," Johnson said.
Rev. Leon White of the United Church of Christ
Commission for Racial Justice in Warren County
also spoke at the rally. White stressed the fact that
the dumping was not a racial issue, but a "people
issue." . '
He said the politicians who said Warren County
was not chosen because it was a poor, black county
had perpetrated the biggest lies to the people of
North Carolina. "They didn't understand that poor
black people and white people could work together in
love," he said.
"Jim Hunt is a racist, a wolf in sheep's clothing,"
White said. "Hunt's a bigger racist than Helms."
White also criticized black political leadership in
the state. He said they know Hunt won't give them -money
to support their political campaigns if they
back Warren County residents.
He criticized the press for their coverage of the
protest saying that hardly any mention has been
made of his seven-day hunger strike. He has not
eaten anything since last Tuesday.
White urged the crowd to come to Warren County
Monday and participate in a nonviolent march. "If
we continue to struggle, we will shut that dump down
Monday," he said.
Blain Tharrington, a member of the Warren Coun
ty Citizens Concerned About PBCs, said a Princeton
University study has shown that four of five landfills
more tests, and the Warren County site was moved to
second on the list. The catch was that repeated tests
were not performed on any other site, he said. "It
definitely is a racial issue," he said.
Yonni Chapman, state coordinator for the Organi
zation of Progress, said it was an inspiration to see
people come together and stand firm in their beliefs.
Chapman was one of several Chapel Hill residents ar
rested in Warren County last week. He said students
are needed to get involved with the protest because
they are an important part of the struggle and could
make a difference. "You don't have to get arrested
to march," Chapman assured the crowd.
'Jim Hunt is a racist, a wolf in sheep's
clothing, (He) is a bigger racist than Helms
The Rev. Leon White,
Commission for Racial Justice
in Warren County
in the United States are leaking. New Jersey has
outlawed landfills and California is in the process of
outlawing them, he said. "It is our. constitutional
right to protect our persons and properties," Tharr
ington said. "Humans have a pretty bad track record
in protecting personal property."
Of the alternatives, landfills are the least desirable
method of toxic waste disposal, Tharrington said. In
cineration would be the safest although the most
expensive form of disposal, he said. And even
then it would be cheaper in the long run than the cost
of repairing peaking landfills.
Tharrington said that out of six sites studied by the
Environmental Protection Agency, Warren County
was the fifth most suitable location in regard to water
levels and soil criteria. However, the EPA performed
Doug Berger, who was arrested Monday, also
spoke at the rally. He called the situation one of peo
ple working together, putting aside differences.
"We've got to get down there and support them," he
After his speech in the Pit, White spoke to a
speech class in Bingham Hall. "When it comes to
organizing protests, there's nobody better than Leon
White," he said. White criticized an editorial in Tues
day's Daily Tar Heel that said the dispute in Warren
County should not be made into a racial issue. White
said that "the president of the University must have
called them (DTH editors) up and told them what to
write," and that the editorial "was a disgrace to the
mring pr lessors
By LIZ LUCAS
"I guess I know now why professors are called
'professors' in college rather than 'teachers,' " said
Kevin Payne, a freshman from Rocky Mount. "It's
because some of them really can't teach."
The ability to teach appears to be playing less of a
role in hiring new professors at UNC. Though
teaching ability is not overlooked by any means,
more emphasis may be being placed on research
ability and published work, with faculty and
students taking opposing views of the matter.
"You won't get to UNC to be hired unless you've
got the paper work and research behind you because
at a university like this, research is important," said
Gillian Cell, Affirmative Action officer for the
"Though the University tries to assure that new
professors can teach, the first cut (of applicants for
a teaching position) is made on the grounds of
scholarship due to necessity," Cell said. "There's
nothing else to judge them on at that point."
John Schopler, chairman of the psychology
department, agreed. "There's no way to evaluate
teaching ability or attitude from a distance other
than by paper work and published research, making
it an important factor in the initial choice of ap
plicants," he said.
But some University students disagree with the
emphasis placed on research.
"Teachers are in a position where they have to be
able to relate to teach what they know, (which
is) their research, to the students," "said Zeda Glass,
a senior Spanish major from Oxford, N.C. The im
portance of teaching should not be overlooked, she
"It's important to be able to get points across to
students. That's what teaching is," said Dan Riven
bark, a sophomore from Bolivia, N.C. "It's nice
for teachers to have done research, but what good is
it if they can't communicate it?"
Faculty members, on the other hand, do not view
hiring on the basis of published work and research
"Research and teaching go hand in hand," said
R. Don Higginbotham, chairman of the history
department. You often get a better teacher because
of their experience in writing, which enables them to
share their process of learning as well as the general
information they learned.
"UNC is an outstanding example of good
research and teaching combined," Higginbotham
said. More emphasis is now being placed on
teaching ability and peer judgment of professors
than in the past, he added.
David Pike, assistant professor in the German
department, agreed. New students may not realize
that the University is mainly an institution of
research, he said. ' -
Although students may feel slighted, it is the
University's national reputation that makes a degree
from UNC worth something, he said. "And where
does the University get its reputation? From faculty
members who publish their work and research na
tionally," Pike said.
"UNC is mainly a research institution," he said.
"That doesn't mean teaching is unimportant, but
research tends to be judged a notch or two above
"I doubt someone can be an outstanding teacher
at . the upper levels without having published ,
works," Pike said, adding that he saw no definite
correlation between research ability decreasing
teaching abilities or vice versa.
"It's rare enough to find someone who is a really
good teacher or a really good researcher alone," he
said. "If a teacher writes a lot, for instance, then
they have a desire to communicate their findings,
which is the same as communicating to students in
Despite trie controversy over the assets of
teaching and research, the University does not em
phasize just one particular aspect in hiring.
"The University has three main duties: teaching,
research, and public service," said Richard Cole,
dean of the UNC School of Journalism. "Emphasis
is not placed on one particular area, though."
' But in some departments, including the jour
nalism school, the emphasis on research may actual
ly hurt students, said Jim Hummel, former editor of
The Daily Tar Heel who graduated in May. The
journalism school is "split on" hiring professors
because of their practical experience or their
publications and research, he said.
"The school of journalism is probably leaning
towards hiring researchers as professors because
research brings in money through grants," Hummel
As it stands now, even the best teacher and
one with the most practical experience in the field
may not be hired as a professor by the journalism
school without a doctoral degree, he said. This may ,
shut out some of the most qualified teachers
because those without doctorates would probably
only be hired as lecturers, Hummel said.
See RESEARCH on page 4