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Sunny today, with light
winds. High in the 70s, low in
the low 50s. .
In anticipation of weekend
activities, an article on hang
over cures is on page 6.
Serving the students and "the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1982
Volume t Issue
Friday, September 24, 1932
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
l 1 'V
i 1 I in i A
Jumping for money
joe Thompson jumps during the Sigma Chi Fall-Spring Tramp-oline-a-thon,
which is kicking off Derby WeekThis year, ail pro
ceeds will go to the Hemophilia Foundation. Photo by Tom Carr,
By TAMMY DAVIS
Southern Bell Telephone Company recently proposed a plan
that will offer customers an option to the flat monthly rate they
are paving how. George Mullen, manager of the Southern Bell of
fice in Chapel Hill, said the proposed local measured service
'would allow customers to be charged based on the number of
local calls they make.
"If a customer uses the phone little for outgoing calls, it could
reduce his local service bill by $4.50 per month," Mullen said. The
rate for a low-usage home would be $6.70 per month compared to
the current flat rate of $11.65.
Mullen said that, under the proposed system, low-rate homes
are given a $2 allowance for local calls. The first minute over the
limit, customes will be charged 8 cents. Every minute after that is
"This figure ($11.65) is based strictly on out-going calls,"
Mullen said. "This is an option for the customers and there will
be no increase in local service charges."
Mullen said more than 50 percent of Southern Bell's customers
fall into the category that would benefit from local measured ser
vice. "There will be students at UNC who will also take advantage
of this option," Mullen added.
Mullen said the new service, if approved, could become effec
tive by Oct. 20. "We'd be in position to implement within ten
days," he said.
Joe Reinckens, member of Raleigh-based Carolina Action, an
advocacy group for low- and middle-income people, said the
group was against the proposal.
"It was defeated two years ago and we think the proposal is
just a lot of gimmicks," he said.
Reinckens said Southern Bell was trying to entice people by of
fering cheap rates. "Once they get a foot in the door, they'll pro
bably up the rates," he said.
" Reinckens said he'asked a ''Southern Bell-official' if he could
guarantee the $6.70 rate would be effective in ten years. "I
thought he'd laugh right in my face," Reinckens said.
"There's no guarantee that you will be able to call across town
and not be charged more than you should," he said.
Gene Clemmons, director of communications with the Utilities
Commission's Public Staff, said about two years ago, a similar
program proposed by Southern Bell was rejected.
"At that time, our position was that the optional plan was not
necessary because the flat rate was lower," Clemmons said. "We
did not approve of the proposal, but we didn't shut the door on
However, Clemmons said, circumstances have changed in the
two-year period. Flat rates are higher now and there is some con
cern over the impact of higher rates on charges at the federal level,
he said. '
"We have not taken pro or con on this proposal because it is
the first large-scale proposal in North Carolina and the public
should be given a chance to give some input," he said.
Clemmons said the Public Staff will recommend that public
hearings be held, possibly within a week, in larger metropolitan
areas. "The reason for the designated areas is because the service
is only available where all-electronic equipment is used," he said.
Lee Wing,' executive director of the state Agency for Public
Telecommunications, said his organization is conducting tests to
study the impact of changes in the telephone industry. Wing said
the agency is concentrating on three areas. First, it is considering
the wants and needs of the consumers, as represented by the
Utilities Commission, she, said.
"Second, we study the changes that have taken place with the
regulators. What regulators can do as compared to what they
have done and are doing."
"Finally, we take a look at the changes in the telephone in
dustry to try to give the state some direction as to how the in
dustry is functioning," she said.
"All 30 telephone companies in North Carolina are con
tributing extremely detailed equipment and data to the study and
it is being collected right now," she said.
Wing also said the study had been prompted by the National
Telecommunications and Information Association because they
could see the need for a study at the national level. "The change
in government from Democrat to Republican does hot change the
need for this study," she said. - ,
Wing said there have been studies in several states, but none
have had the specificity that North Carolina's has. "We're the on
ly state to undertake the studies to define its concerns." .
See BELL on page 6
Town has share of pom
d to others
By JOHN CONWAY
- Pornography has found a niche in
Chapel Hill, nestled among the magazine
racks of local pharmacies, grocery and
convenience stores. And for people with
more active physical interests, three
massage parlors in the area are able to pro
vide any service a customer desires short
of sexual intercourse.
But, comparatively, Chapel Hill does
not match up to other university cities such
as Raleigh and Durham or military towns
like Fayetteville, where both pornography
and prostitution are readily available. The
moral character of Chapel Hill residents
has checked the growth of pornography
and prevented X-rated movie theaters,
drive-ins, and topless bars from entering
"I haven't seen a porno case since I've
been working here," assistant District At
torney Carl Fox said. "It just doesn't ap
peal in this area." Because Chapel Hill is a
liberal community, people are more aware
of pornography and don't have the
curiosity of conservative residents, Fox
Like most North Carolina towns,
Chapel Hill has no local pornography or
dinances or zoning restrictions aimed at
sex shops or theaters. Dana Staats of the
Chapel Hill planning department said
adult book shops or X-rated theaters desir
ing to locate in town would have to meet
the requirements of any other general
West, on U.S. Highway 15-501 at the
Chatham and Orange county lines, was
converted into a massage parlor, a few
months ago. Also, University Massage on
Franklin Street provides an array of
"There may be some prostitution going
on in a place like that (massage parlor),
but I'm not aware of it at this time," Fox
'We are so liberal, so lenient. I can't imagine us (the
town council) regulating what people see or read.'
Legislation passed by the N.C. General
Assembly during the past five years has
reversed the trend toward the spread of '
pornography. North Carolina General
Statute 14-202.11, passed in 1977, restricts
any adult establishment from offering any
other kind of adult objects or services.
Because of the statute, Boulevard Massage
in Chapel Hill was forced to close an adult
book store adjacent to their parlor.
Besides Boulevard Massage, there cur
rently are two other massage parlors in
Orange County. A topless bar called Keg
The only state statute which regulates
what transpires within a massage parlor is
the general statute on prostitution (GS
14-203). Prostitution is defined by law as
"the offering or receiving of the body for
sexual intercourse for hire." Therefore
most any sexual act, performed in a
massage parlor, excluding intercourse and
oral sex, is legal.
University Massage offers its customers
See PORNO on page 6
UNC researchers' funds hit hard by federal budget cutbacks
By NANCY RUCKER
Second of a two-part series.
Even though large amounts of money are poured
into UNC's research programs, federal budget cuts
have made funding increasingly difficult, a Uni
versity administrator said this week.
"I think it started before (President Ronald
Reagan took office) because the country's been
growing conservative, but naturally, because of
budget cuts, this administration did the most of
it," said Worth Fulk, administrator for the UNC
Office of Contracts and Grants. , 1 f
This decrease in federal funding has hit social
: .t ' ,
sciences research especially hard, Fulk said. There
has been a corresponding increase in private sector
foundation awards for the humanities, he added.
"Foundations do have a public interest; if the
'feds' slide off, they pick up (the difference)."
The origin of UNC research funds during the
past few years illustrates this corresponding in
terest, according to statistics from the office of
contracts and grants. In fiscal years 1980 and 1981,
80 percent of the funds received came from federal
sources, and 5 percent from state funds. In fiscal
year 1982, the federal government funded only 78
percent and the state funded 3 percent.
. However, the percentage funded by private
research awards has almost doubled since 1980:
from 6 percent that year, to 8 percent in fiscal year
1981 and to 11 percent in 1982.
Some 50 private agencies contributed to UNC
research funds during fiscal 1982, according to a
report on program awards recently released by the
University's office of research administration.
Contributing agencies listed included the American
Cancer Society, the World Health organization,
the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust and the
Rockefeller Foundation. r
A brief look at the basic types of research
awards illustrates how the federal government is
tightening its research funds' purse strings.
A grant provides unrestricted funds to "do your
own thing," Fulk explained. Progress reports are
required, and researchers still have to operate
within the policies of the granting agency, he said.
- In a cooperative agreement, the agency has a lot
of input for directing research, he said. A contract
is the strictest type, Fulk said. "There are specific
objectives, and you're instructed to (proceed) their
With federal agencies under pressure from the
federal General Accounting Office to increase ac
countability of their expenditures, the trend in
Washington "is not as cooperative as it used to be
it's practically adversarial," Fulk said.
"They've added so many more regulations, re
quirements (such as more progress reports) ...
before, a lot of principal investigators thought the
end justified the means, and didn't follow the pro
posal," he said.
But the current "GAO crackdown ... has
amounted to over-reaction on the government's
part," he added. "They're penalizing a majority
of (researchers) who did things correctly, for sins
of the few." : (
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine are
also aware of the resulting competition for funds.
"Getting federal research grants is more competi
tive than it used to be," said David Ontjes, chair
man of the department of internal medicine.
At the National Institute of Health, the largest
single funding source for UNC research ($27
million in 1982), research proposals are rated by
committees of scientists, Ontjes said. A lower
score indicates a higher rating.
See RESEARCH on page 6