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10The Daily Tar HeelFriday, September 24, 1982
1 l" T PTlP
90th year of editorial freedom
JOHN DROGHER, Editor
ANN PETERS, Managing Editor
Kerry DeRochi, isod stow
Rachel Perry, Unwtmty Editor
ALAN CH APPLE, City Editor
JIM WRINN. Stofr and National Editor
Linda Robertson, Sports Editor
Laura Seifert, nu Editor
KEN MlNGIS, Associate Editor
Elaine McClatchey, v4 tof
SUSAN HUDSON, Features Editor
Leah T alley, Editor
Teresa Curry, Weekend Editor
AL STEELE, Photography Editor
Beginning Oct. 18, Perry Mason comes to the courtroom. At least that
may be the result of a ruling Wednesday by the North Carolina Supreme
Court that will allow television, radio and photographic coverage to begin
in some North Carolina courtrooms. The high court's decision represents
an important step toward opening the courtrooms to the public through
the use of the media.
The ruling, which allows in-court media coverage in a limited number
of state trial and appellate courts, is the result of a 1981 U.S. Supreme
Court ruling that enabled states to allow cameras in the courtroom.
Thirty-four states have begun some measure of photographic coverage.
Opponents of cameras in the courtroom have argued that they would
interfere with normal court proceedings. At some sensationalized trials in
the 1950s, bright lights and overzealous photographers often interrupted
Specifically, the decision requires that photographic equipment remain
out of sight and sound of the court. No special lighting may be used, and
no modifications of the courtroom will be made at taxpayer expense.
Cameras cannot photograph the jury, and coverage of certain witnesses,
such as informants or victims of sex crimes, would be prohibited.
Coverage of certain types of trials including divorce cases, juvenile pro
ceedings and others also would be banned.
North Carolina Chief Justice Joseph Branch has said he was concerned
that with cameras in the courtroom, the possibility of finding an impartial
jury, if the case were retried, would be difficult. With trial coverage
already splashed across TV and radio, it would be hard for viewers not to
form an opinion. Branch has a valid point. But the new ruling also
allows the presiding judge at a trial to ban photographic equipment from
the court if he feels it necessary.
The benefits to the public education of court proceedings outweigh the
potential disadvantages. Modern technology allows cameras to enter the
courtroom almost undetected, and judges can stop coverage of a trial if
they find it necessary. The two-year experimental period for the ruling
will provide the state and members of the media ample opportunity to
determine if cameras in the courtroom can provide a public service
without endangering the fairness of court proceedings.
This column is reprinted from the Sept. 17 edition of the
By JOHN DRESCHER
With the first home football game of the year here
tomorrow, there won't be much studying going on this
weekend. Not that there would have been if there wasn't a
game. With life's largest problems midterms still
weeks away, not many scholars here have been getting too
worked up about academics.
Instead they have been renewing the rites of September.
Sorority hopefuls in search of a bid have been traipsing
around town in every gawdy color known to man, subjec
ting themselves to the hoots and catcalls of males and the
head-shaking admonitions of feminists. Meanwhile, near
ly every night fraternities have been luring innocent
freshmen males and other gullible rushees to their parties,
each house vying with the others and the Chapel Hill
Police Department to see which fraternity can have the
loudest, longest and best-attended party. On campus,
stereos blasting from residence hall windows show that the
dormies also are contributing to the studious atmosphere.
Yet with all the current relaxation and foolishness, there
remains an underlying concern, especially among up
perclassmen, about their purpose for being here, and
more importantly, what they will do once they leave
Chapel Hill. In between classes, social life and Heisman
Trophy talk, most of them have stumbled upon news
reports that tell of the highest unemployment rate since
1941. That's sobering enough news to startle anybody
who will be graduating from the University in the next
year or two.
That concern with employment is what sets this genera
tion of college students apart from its counterparts from
recent decades. The frequent comparison between today's
students and the students of the 1960s and early '70s is
stark and vivid Today's typical student doesn't boycott
classes, stage sit-ins and protests, or rebel against confor
mity in society. He is part of that conformity.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Yet he probably has a better idea of the realities of life
than his cohorts from the '60s. Those reminiscing ad
mirers of the protest days frequently forget the naivete of
the '60s student. In evaluating the two generations of
students, objective observers say today's student is more
sophisticated. The '60s student went to college to get
educated. He did not worry about getting a job;
unemployment was low. The '80s student goes to college
to get a job.
placement official to a Daily Tar Heel reporter. Well, kind
of. She added: "However, when it comes to hiring or even
interviewing, many want the practical-major graduates."
That means recruiters believe in liberal arts backgrounds
when they can afford to take a chance. And now many
All of us here know bright, articulate recent graduates
who did well at this institution (a school a New York
The frequent comparison between today's students and the students of the
1960s and early 70s is stark and vivid. Today's typical student doesn't boycott
classes, stage sit-ins and protests, or rebel against conformity in society. He is part
of that conformity.
Then there is the comparison between today's student
and the student of his parents' generation, the 1950s
graduate. Because of the similarities, a mistaken conclu
sion is often drawn. Yes, men have short hair and women
wear skirts. And yes, football Saturdays are big and the
Greek system is thriving. .
But there's one major difference, and it affects educa
tional philosophy more than khakis and button-downs:
the '50s graduate knew he had a job when he graduated.
With it came the chance for advancement that stimulated
ambition. He had the opportunity to make more money
than his parents and have a higher standard of living.
That's all changed. '
The current trend toward technical and "practical"
degrees is unmistakable. Although the trend has been in
the making for about a decade, it is likely to become more
intense if unemployment continues to rise, Tell all the talk
of the value of a liberal arts education to an English,
history or classics major.
"Recruiters are believers in liberal arts," said one UNC
Times education guide called one of the top colleges in the
nation) that cannot find a job. We see them, talk to them
on the phone, read their letters and sense their desperation
and frustration. It hits close to home. One can't help but
wonder, "What's going to happen to me?"
So it is a different breed of student that is here today.
The ambition of the 50s and the idealism of the '60s and
early '70s has faded to the practicality and hesitancy of the
'80s. Now, at the beginning of the academic year, there is
the optimism and eagerness inherent with a fresh beginn
ing. But it will take something better than an unemploy
ment rate of 9.8 percent to sustain that optimism until spr
ing, when the UNC Class of '83 becomes part of the Job
Seeking Class of '83. . r
John Drescher, a senior journalism and history major
from Raleigh, is editor of The Daily Tar Heel.
Teaching is important too
To the editor: .-
Before serving on a faculty search com
mittee, I had only vague notions about
how professors are hired at the University.
Working with that group opened my eyes
to the internal politics and issues involved
in selecting new faculty members. I wish
every student who cares to know about
this process could experience it first-hand,
but most will learn of it through The Daily
Tar Heel. This is unfortunate, since the ar
ticle, "Research abilities emphasized in
hiring professors" (D7H, Sept. 22) gave a
distorted view of the real situation. -
The headline told us much
"Research abilities emphasized in hiring
professors." The rest of the story sought
to substantiate that claim and another
editorial assertion in the second paragraph
that teaching ability is playing less of a role
in hiring faculty.
Both statements are false, at least where
r- Editor's note
To the editor...
Because of their brevity, diversity and controversy,
letters to the editor of The Daily Tar Heel have always
attracted attention. With the exception of the "Per
sonals" on page 2, the letters, tojhe editor section is .
probably the most widely read part of the paper. . '
Because the DTH feels an obligation to offer as
many opinions as possible, it prints almost every letter
it receives, including those critical of the paper. In fact,
a letter critical of the paper is given the highest priority
and usually is run as the lead letter so that it receives a
headline and prominent attention. Editorial pages
thrive on dissent, and this page traditionally has had its
share. ; ' "
This year has been no exception. Most notable was
a series of exchanges that began when Jason E. Dow
dle of Chapel Hill wrote a- three-paragraph letter
"Israel at fault " (DTH, Sept. 7) that ended, "Hitler
created a monster." One letter writer then criticized
the DTH for printing Dowdle's letter, saying, "Such
thoughtless stuff surely deserves no place in a responsi
Perhaps the writer was correct. It is debatable,
though, at what point responsible newspapers censor
their readers who write to them. But what followed the
original letter were thoughtful, courteous and respect
ful letters and columns taking different opinions by
Rina S. Wolfgang and Dowdle. After Dowdle's
original letter, I found their exchange interesting and
informative, an editorial page fulfilling its primary
purpose of the intelligent discussion of ideas.
Not that all letters must be concerned with world
problems. On Sept. 14, a letter was printed from Jean
Hayes ("Something stirring'') on the need for salvation.
It was printed because it was one of those days and,
well, we needed something to fill a small space. Gary
McConnell then pointed out in "Anything goes"
(DTH, Sept. 15) that, since the DTH was such an open
forum, he wanted to say that he would like to live on
Tenney Circle and that he liked chocolate ice cream
best. When DTH editorial assistant Scott. Bolejack
defended the open letter policy in a column and invited
McConnell to write us his shoe size and favorite color,
McConnell did and it was printed. Yes, there are times
when the letter supply gets a bit low.
Then there are the letters we receive from enraged
administration officials and Student Government
leaders. Although letters are occasionally edited for
clarity and space, we especially try not to alter letters
from Student i Government and administration
representatives. When Campus Governing Council
member Dan Bryson wrote us, we printed the letter as
we received it, with a "sic" after 1 1 words to show on
ly that the errors were spelling mistakes and not
typographical errors. Then we received this letter:
To the editor:
I have often wondered about the meaning of the ex
pression "sic 'em," and now I know. It's what editors
do to intimidate persons who write letters critical of
However, in their haste to add 11 "sics" to Dan
Bryson's letter, the Tar Heel's staff introduced at least
10 new assorted grammatical and diction errors; either
that, or the editors did not notice and "sic" these,
which makes their rather pompous treatment of
Bryson's letter a class case of the pots calling the kettle
In any case, the addition of the "sics" was an insult
to someone on the top student organization on cam
pus. Why cannot letters be printed as written, without
embellishment of any kind?
' John L.S. Hickey
Hickey's final sentence is precisely why the "sics"
were added: to show exactly how the letter was writ
ten. It wasn't done to "intimidate" readers from
writing critical letters to the paper. Of the nearly 200
letters (many of them critical) the DTH has printed
since this staff took over in February, Bryson's letter
was the first in which spelling errors were not cor
rected. That was done because Bryson is an elected official.
In writing to us, he also was writing to his constituents.
If his letter was hastily written, some of his consti
tuents may find that relevant to his performance as a
CGC representative. It is a well-accepted journalistic
practice to print letters from public officials as they are .
Everyone makes mistakes and the DTH makes
more than it should. But the combination of Bryson's
campus position and so many errors in the letter made
the letter an exception to normal policy.
The DTH is not out to intimidate readers from
writing letters. To the contrary, the editorial page
thrives on your comments, and we encourage you to
the School of Journalism is concerned.
To present Jim Hummel as any sort of
authority on the selection of journalism
professors is to do your readers a grave
disservice. If the writer had talked to
someone who has actually been involved in
the selection process, I daresay a much
more balanced picture would have emerg
The story also omitted an important
detail of the search committee it has
two students on it, one undergraduate and
As the undergraduate representative,
my major concern was excellent teaching
ability. I can say unequivocably that my
views were often solicited and always
carefully considered by the rest of the
committee, who were full-time faculty
members. The needs of the school were
made clear: "We want a hotshot teacher"
was the department's message. It almost
goes without saying that this good teacher
must also perform good research, since the
University is primarily a research institu
tion. That is not to say, however, that
research is emphasized. In conducting our
search, we ended up the semester hiring no
one, largely because we felt the available
applicants were not good enough in the
Although the J-School is in need of a
new professor, the faculty was not ready
to hire someone who was lacking either
teaching or research skills. This, I believe,
represents a dedication to the high quality
of education at the University and an un
willingness to bend to the pressures of the
While there are other constraints in
faculty selection, the emphasis, if there is
one, is on a balance of teaching and
research skills. With this balance in mind,
the quality of education is assured. :
Decide for yourself
To the editor: .
I was not particularly surprised to see
Kevin Heisler's letter attacking Polyester
"Boycott 'Polyester' " (DTH, Sept. 23).
He claims that the film is "obscene
because it revels in the mockery 'of grave
societal problems," and urges that
students boycott the movie and that the
DTH refuse to run ads for it. His com
plaints are not particularly novel; indeed
the film itself seems deliberately to invite
such outrage by its refusal to be caught up
in the glamour, that so often characterizes
Hollywood films aimed at a mass au
dience. life is not always glamorous, compos
ed of glowing slow-motion shots of
beautiful people running into the sunset,
accompanied by the rising shimmer of syn
thesizers. It can be, of course, but it can
also be dirty, disgusting, depressing and
A careful viewing of Polyester suggests,
I think, that it is just such middle-class
mediocrity that director John Waters has
taken as his subject. Water's view of
suburban America is a bizarre one, to be
sure, but it draws on the dreams and
nightmares that pulse just beneath the sur
face of the shopping mall and the soap
If Waters has chosen not to glorify the
stuff of everyday life, not to settle for an
easily gained inspirational ending or a
cheap resolution to the problems we all
face, but rather to demonstrate the fallacy
of such shallow solutions and the danger
of depending either on an accumulation of
material goods or on a rescue by a matinee
idol for our salvation, should we condemn
him for that?
Waters works in a tradition of satire
that goes back through Swift to Juvenal, a
tradition which has always evoked cries of
horror and despair from the self-appointed
guardians of the public good. "Obscene!
Offensive!," they shriek. "Shocldng!
Lewd! Disgusting!" As Oscar Wilde
observed, "It is the spectator, and not life,
that art really mirrors. Diversity of opinion
about a work of art shows that the work is
new, complex and vital."
If you're intrigued by what you've read
about this film, go to see it yourself. Don't
take either Heisler's attack or my defense
as gospel; make up your own mind.
By CHIP WILSON
Support of Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin from within his own
government and from the United States
slowly slipped this week as his cabinet
rejected calls for an official inquiry into
the Palestinian refugee massacre.
Demonstrations by both Israelis and
Arabs provoked a clamor for a complete
accounting of how the massacre occurred
and whether Israel should take some re
sponsibility for it. . .
shoulder responsibility for the massacre,
because it is in control of west Beirut.
American discontent with Begin' s denial
spread to several pro-Israel congressmen
including Rep. Benjamin Rosenthal,
D-N.Y., and Sen. Henry Jackson,
D-Wash. Rosenthal told the Times that
U.S. -Israel relations are at an all-time
"This goes to the credibility of Israel's
standing ability to deal with the problem
in Lebanon and its standing as a member
of the family of nations," Jackson said.
THE WEEK IN REVIEW
While Palestine Liberation Organiza
tion officials claim as many as 1 ,400 refu
gees were killed Sunday by Lebanese
Christian rightists, the U.S. government
confirmed a death toll of only 204.
American spokesmen said, however,
many more corpses of men, women and
children remain buried.
Israel pinned the blame for the two-day
rampage of refugee camps on Christian
Phalangist militiamen loyal to the slain
Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayel.
The Israeli Ambassador to the United
States took out two full-page ads to that
effect Tuesday in The New York Times
and The Washington Post.
The Reagan administration, on the
other hand, contends Israel should
A moderate for Lebanon
Amin Gemayel, the brother of the
Lebanese president-elect slain last week,
will get the job his younger brother was
slated to take later this month. Tuesday's
balloting by parliament members didn't
inspire the same reaction from Moslem
factions as Bashir's, however.
In August, Moslem leaders boycotted
Bashir's election. But support for the
elder Gemayel was unanimous; he won
77-0. Both were affiliated with the
Maronite Christian Phalangjsts, long at
odds with the Palestinians and long in
cahoots with the Israelis.
But Amin Gemayel represents the more
dovish faction of the Phalange Party. His
was the softspoken and restrained voice
of moderation, while Bashir was con
stantly expressing his loathing for the
Most notably, Gemayel is the consum
mate politician. He never has departed
from the fold of the Phalange Party,
which his father founded in the 193te,
but his rapport with Moslems and the
PLO have led some Lebanese to call him
"the human face of the Phalange."
The election of a moderate Indicates
Lebanon's desire for an immediate reso
lution to its long and bloody dilemma
over the Palestinians.
Senate liberals thus far have been suc
cessful in using one of Sen. Jesse Helms
tactics the filibuster in an attempt to
head off legislation to put organized
prayer back into public schools.
The North Carolina Republican and
his colleagues fell slightly short of the 60
votes needed to limit debate on an
amendment, attached to the federal debt
ceiling bill, that would allow school
prayer. The debt bill has to pass in order
for the federal government to borrow the
money it needs to operate beyond Oct. 1.
Critics of the school prayer bill, such as
Daniel P. Moynihan, D-N.Y., have called
the Helms bill an unconstitutional push
to undermine the authority of the federal
courts. Moynihan said of tile liberal side's
filibuster victory: "We have broken the
radical right. The constitution is secure
'CIA2S Villi CDOTNE ITS STYLE OF CUSTOM PtfERfoTttE ).V?CfirWXOm.
Helms and the "radical right" suffered
another loss last week because of a liberal
filibuster. The Senate pushed aside consi
deration of a mild anti-abortion package
he had been supporting.
PCB protest continues
While Helms was taking his lumps in
Washington, protestors in Warren County
were launching more verbal assaults on
the man who wants to replace him.
Gov. Jim Hunt has asserted that PCBs
will continue to be dumped in the contro
versial landfill in Afton, a small com
munity near the Virginia border. Warren
residents and their sympathizers contend
the state violated their civil rights by plac
ing the landfill in that county.
State Highway Patrol officers have ar
rested 242 people for attempting to block
dump trucks from entering and leaving
the landfill. The protestors were or
ganized by a local citizen action com
mittee and by black activists such as the
Rev. Leon White of the United Church of
Christ Commission for Racial Justice and
the Rev. Ben Chavis, a former Wilming
ton 10 defendant.
Their appeal is rernimscent of the civil
rights struggle of the 1960s with sit
downs in the middle of the highway and
non-violent reactions to arrests. But the
biting rhetoric expressed by some of the
leaders has hardly been passive. 'f i
, "Jim Hunt is a racist wolf in sheep's
clothing," White told UNC students
, Tuesday in a rally against the dump.
Such comments have served only to re
inforce the notion that Warren County
citizens have turned the landfill contro
versy into a struggle between black and
whites instead of a controversy over the
Black faculty members last week told
the UNC faculty council that the Uni
versity should be doing a better job of re
muting minority employees.
Audreye Johnson, an associate pro
fessor of social work and chairman of the
Black Faculty-Staff Caucus, contends ap
plications' submitted by blacks have, in
many cases, been overlooked or buried.
"What is af issue is that sometimes
blacks are not considered in good faith,"
Johnson said. She also says blacks are
often offered jobs below their skill level
or "sometimes their applications don't'
get considered for a long time."
UNC Chancellor Christopher C. Ford
ham told the Faculty Council the Uni
versity should work harder in recruiting
more black faculty.
Chip Wilson, a senior journalism and
political science major from Gastonia, is
editorial assistant of The Daily Tar Heel.