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Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1982
Volume C4, Issue
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, September 30 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Peace 'n 9 quiet
Sophomore Rich Whitener finds a
quiet corner on the steps outside of
Calwell Hall to study" for an evening
Political Science exam.
By J. DONASIA
A bill proposing temporary away-from-reactor
storage of spent nuclear wastes will be introduced to
the House of Representatives today.
The bill, backed by Jim Broyhill, D-N.C, would
set up a plan to move the wastes from nuclear reac
tors, where they are stored now, to temporary
federal sites, until permanent storage sites can be
Although the bill is still in its formative stages, it
should provide for- minimal away-from-reactor
sites, and they should only be used as a last resort,
Lenn Arzt, press officer for the U.S. Department of
Energy, said. Plants with no storage room left
would have priority access to the new sites. The bill
limits the total amount of spent fuel the government
can store to 2,000 metric tons, a fraction of the
amount needing permanent storage.
Arzt said that technology for the storage sites
does exist, although they haven't been incorporated
Women 's group meets
on the commercial level yet.
Dan Read, president of the Chapel Hill Anti
Nuclear Group Effort, said he believes differently.
The dangers of handling and transporting the fuel
wastes are great, not to mention the possibility of
sabotage, he said.
"Even the release of a small fraction of
breathable particles could produce serious conse
quences in a heavily populated area," he said.
Joe Gilliland, public affairs officer for the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission in Atlanta, said
former President Jimmy Carter created the storage
problem when he imposed a moratorium on
reprocessing spent fuel. When the plants were built,
they were designed for reprocessing, not long-term
storage, he said.
"Ultimately this is a policy decision the Congress
and the public must deal with," he said. "Even if
plants are shut down, we still have to face the pro
blem of what to do with the spent fuel stored up
Gilliland said that many plants, including
Carolina Power and Light's Brunswick and Robin
son plants have been granted expanded storage
space by the NRC as a temporary relief.
CP and L spokesman Wayne Ennis said that
storage is not a technological issue but a political
one. He said Congress needs to make a decision on
storage since the nuclear industry has already shown
that it can successfully store the waste.
Barbara Simpson, director of federal government
relations for Duke Power, said a veto of the waste
storage bill would make electricity more expensive in
the Carolinas. Simpson said that Duke Power has a
capability to store the waste until the mid-1900s,
after which there will be no more room.
"This is one of those hard realities of life," she
said. "It's a national problem that must be dealt
Ettin elected NX.. "President of NOW
Air disaster in Luxembourg
results in 12 dead, 65 injured
The Associated Press
LUXEMBORG A Soviet airliner carrying 77
people veered off the runway, plunged into a stand
of trees and exploded in flames just after landing
at Luxemborg airport Wednesday night. Police
and fire officials said 12 people were killed and 65
The survivors, some of them burned severely,
were taken to five hospitals in the city and to a
burn center in Metz, France, about 37 miles to the
About 40 people, including six crew members,
apparently got out of the burning plane on their
own, Luxembough's RTL television said. Some
made it to a farmhouse not far from where the
plane came to rest, while others fainted as they
ran, the report added. ,
Airport officials said the aircraft carried 66 pas
sengers and 1 1 crew members. The nationalities of
those on board were not known.
The airport officials said the aircraft, an II
yushin 62 of the Soviet airline Aeroflot, landed at
8:23 p.m. (4:23 p.m. EDT) in good weather, and
appeared to have made a proper landing until it
suddenly turned to the right and skidded about
: It shot over a small pond and plunged into some
- woods, knocking down trees from about 100 yards
:t before it came to a halt at the end of a small valley,
. See CRASH on page 2 3 4 5 6
By IVY MILLIARD
r. - kit ' kw.
The North Carolina chapter of the National Or
ganization for Women elected officers at its recent
statewide conference in Wilmington. Members
stressed their resolve to work for the election of
more women and men in favor of women's rights.
Johanna Ettin of Winston-Salem, who was
elected NOW state president, said the group would
continue to work for the passage of the Equal
Rights Amendment and would "concentrate ac
tivity on political campaigning" to make voters
aware of N.C. legislators who voted against the
ERA in the 1982 General Assembly.
"As a state political action committee, we'll
raise money and contribute it to favorable can
didates all over the state. We're also training peo
ple in campaigning techniques to help win elections
in the next couple of years. As it stands now we
often find ourselves picking between the lesser of
two evils," Ettin said.
Earlier at the Sept. 17 through 19 convention,
Judy Goldsmith, national NOW executive vice
president, addressed the group. She told them the
ERA failure in June showed that "we have been
tested in fire and, like steel tempered in fire, have
- been made stronger by it."
Goldsmith said NOW membership has been in
creasing since the North Carolina legislature failed
to ratify the ERA and she added that "political
analysts who thought we would be tired, demor
alized and defeated, underestimated the energizing
effect of rage."
Ettin . said that NOW membership in North
Carolina has increased from 1,700 to 2,600
members since August, 1981 and that six new
chapters have begun since the June 4 vote against
: ERA in North Carolina. There are now a total of
22 chapters statewide.
"An ERA bill had been reintroduced as of July
14, but we have to concentrate now on the need to
change the composition of the bodies that will vote
on it. We're looking at a long-term process," Ettin
Said'. " -r;u:,r'r c i';'1-"'' ;V-- "r
Also elected to state NOW offices were Roberta
Waddle of Fayetteville, vice-president for legisla
tive action; Judy McNeil of Durham, vice
president for membership in the East; Marilyn
Smith of Boone, vice-president for membership in
the West; Sandra Harris of Sand Hills, secretary
and Jan Allen of Chapel Hill, treasurer.
Jan Allen has been active in NOW for six years
and was president of the local chapter at one time.
Ann Bagnal, a major opponent of ERA and abor
tion, and Democrat Steve Neal. The Uth District
U.S. House - "C6ngressioittal J'ace"':between ,
Democratic Sen. Jamie Clarke and Republican In
cumbent Bill Hendori will also be followed closely.
Both Ettin and Alien expressed support for 24th
District N.C. House candidates, Anne Barnes and
Joe Hackney who are running unopposed. NOW
also supported Democrats Russell Walker, incum
bent, and Wanda Hunt against Republican op
ponents P.H. Craig and Alan V. Pugh in the 16th
District N.C. Senate race.
"An ERA bill had been reintroduced as of July 14, but
we have to concentrate now on the need to change the
composition of the bodies that will vote on it. We're look
ing at a long-term process."
NOW state president
Allen said the local NOW chapter had not de
cided whether to support U.S. House candidate
Bill Cobey, a Republican, or Democrat Ike An
drews in the 4th District, which includes Chapel
"Cobey is anti-ERA and anti-abortion, and he
is a lot like Jesse Helms in that respect. Andrews
seems to have a more positive. record concerning,
women's issues. We can't support Cobey, but I
can't say we will definitely support Andrews,"
, Ettin said the state NOW organization was not
making any major endorsements in the Cobey
"That race is one we are not actively following.
There are so many races, we have to concentrate
on using our resources wisely," Ettin said.
Ettin said the organization was focusing on the
5th District N.C. Senate race between Republican
Said Allen, "The republicans are running a lot
of people in this state this year, which is unusual.
They are well funded, and we're concerned with
On Oct. 13 the Chapel Hill NOW chapter is
sponsoring a program at the Presbyterian Student
Center on Henderson Street. The topic of the pro
gram will be "Women in Politics" and it will
feature Ann Barnes, Wanda Hunt and County
Commissioner Shirley Marshall, all of whom
"We're very supportive of these three women,
and we hope to encourage other women to get in
volved. Our membership has increased since June.
There were a lot of people sitting around thinking
that it (ERA) would pass for sure and then when it
didn't, they felt guilty," Allen said.
By KATHERINE LONG
Spedal to the DTH
They were considering Harvard,
Brown, Vassar, Yale and could have
been accepted at most of them. In
stead, 77 freshmen came to UNC
because of an incentive that no other
school in the nation could offer.
A Morehead Scholarship.
The program that began on a small
scale 29 years ago, modeled after the
Rhodes Scholarship program, has ex
panded and branched out so much that
today it has imitators of its own.
The Morehead Scholarships were
started by John Motley Morehead II,
UNC alumnus of 1891. Morehead had
a varied career as a chemical engineer,
inventor, one of the founders of Union
Carbide, textbook author, mayor of
Rye, N.Y., and minister to Sweden.
In 1945, at the age of 70, Morehead
returned to his alma mater with a very
ambitious plan. He'd watched the
Rhodes Scholarship program being set
up when he was in Oxford, England,
and he wanted to set up a private fund
to start the same thing here.
The ever-growing program and its many scholars
"He wanted to attract to this univer
sity a significant number of outstand
ing, highly-motivated student leaders,"
said Morehead Foundation Executive
Director Mebane Pritchett.
In 1953, the first 10 Morehead
undergraduate scholars were selected.
Pritchett was one of them.
During the first years of the pro
gram, Morehead, the scientist, was
conducting an experiment. He wanted
to begin the program slowly, to see if it
would work. He lived until 1965, and
was chairman of the foundation
watching over his experiment, keeping
control of the purse strings. In 1964,
there were 32 scholars selected.
When Morehead died in 1965, the
bulk of his estate about $35 million
went to the foundation. Freed of
financial restrictions, the foundation
trustees were able to increase the
number of scholars they could select.
The 1967 class of Moreheads totaled
The foundation also began to in
crease the number of activities. The
Morehead Planetarium, built in 1945,
was expanded in 1973 to provide of
fices for the trustees, a banquet hall,
and reception and interview rooms.
The first British students arrived on
campus in 1972, and in 1974 the sum
mer internship program began.
The Morehead scholars of the past
few years are a different group from
the 15 white male North Carolinians
who arrived as the first Moreheads in
A majority of the scholars on cam
pus today are from North Carolina,
but many come from private schools
outside of the state. About 35 percent
of them are women; 10 percent are
Scholars arrive with an annual sti
pend of $3,800 for in-state students, the
equivalent of $5,800 for out-of-state
students. They have to maintain a C
average, stay out of trouble and not get
married. Although they'll hear from
the foundation periodically about in
ternships, banquets, luncheons and a
senior dinner, they are on their own.
But they're encouraged to use the
building and keep in touch with one
another and the foundation. The recep
tion area provides them with room to
study or hold discussions in a scholarly
atmosphere: hardwood paneing, brass
trim, chandeliers, sweeping staircases,
heavy drapes and expensive old rugs.
There's no written requirement that
Moreheads have to get involved in out
side activities, but they usually do.
They've served as student body
presidents, Campus Governing Council
members, publications editors and
town council members. They've been
involved in drama, music, art, sports,
tutoring and the marching band. And a
large number of them make the dean's
list and graduate Phi Beta Kappa every
There's a simple philosophy behind
the Morehead Scholarship selection
process: look for the best.
From East Forsyth High School in
North Carolina to Groton School in
Connecticut to Marlborough College in
England, the Morehead representatives
nominate students who have excellent
academic records and character, and
who show leadership capability and
"The key is that you cannot apply;
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DTH John Williams
Morehead scholars relaxing in the Morehead lounge
... one of the benefits provided for the students
you must be nominated," Mebane
Every public high school in the state
can nominate students for the competi
tion. Students then go through the
county selection process in each of
North Carolina's 100 counties. About
200 then go to the district selection in
10 districts. The 70 district nominees
join about 50 out-of-state nominees in
Chapel Hill in late February or early
March for the final selection, made by
the 20-member central committee.
The nominating process is different
in every school.
At Millbrook High School in
Raleigh, . students apply for a
nominating interview. A committee
goes through each application, inter
views the nominees, and picks the most
qualified students, said guidance
chairperson Mary Ellen Taft. The top
four candidates go to the county com
petition. At Garner High School, in Garner,
the faculty makes nominations and a
See MOREHEAD on page 6