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Mickey Michaux spoke to the
UNC Democrats Tuesday.
For details of his talk, see
story on page 3.
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the low 70s. Slight chance of
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume S3, Issue
Thursday, October 14, 1S82
Chapel Hill, North Carolina'
B us ins(C Advertising 962-11 S3
By LYNN EARLEY
Assistant State ind National Editor
Israelis and Arabs face the demand of
coexistence on the West Bank of the Jor
dan River in the current and future stages
of the Israeli-Arabic struggle, the former
deputy mayor of Jerusalem said in a
speech at UNC last night.
Dr. Meron Benvenisti told about 60
people in Gerrard Hall that the situation
now approaches the point of no return.
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin' s
current position suggests he will accept the
consequences of making the situation of
joint Israeli-Arabic occupation of the West
"He is ready to accept the Palestinians
as a community,' said Benvenisti, who is
chairman of the National Committee,
Peace and Civil Liberties Party in Israel.
If events progress as Benvenisti predicts,
joint communities, which already are
forming, will face the necessity of com
promising in order to live together.
"Both communities must find a way to
coexist," he said. "How they coexist
we'll only be able to see in the future. -
"For the first time, both Israelis and
Palestinians realize they are faced with a
mutual problem. They cannot ignore the
other side," Benvenisti said. '
Although some wish to stop the move
toward coexistence, integration will con
tinue, he said. . .
"I myself do not see that in the near
future there will be enough forces from the
inside (to stop the move)," he said.
See ISRAEL on page 4
IF1 j J
Curtis discusses issues
of conflicts in Lebanon
By J. BONASIA
Resolution of conflicts in the Middle
East will be the result of peaceful negotia
tions, said Michael Curtis, professor of
political science at Rutgers University.
Curtis spoke Wednesday afternoon in
Gerrard Hall before 35 people as part of a
lecture series sponsored by the Curricu
lum in Peace, War and Defense.
"The only way peace can be obtained
is with negotiation," Curtis said. The
Palestinian Liberation t Organization's
methods of destruction can lead only to
unending" wars, not solutions.
Curtis said that Anwar Sadat's peace
. initiative was an enormous step in bring
ing peace to the Middle East, but action
will have to be taken by the Jordanians
and Palestinians before conflicts can be
settled. He stressed that Jordan's King
Hussein would have to recognize Israel as
-Ajaeighborins state. v -.-
"Hussein is hardly the quintessence of
political courage," Curtis said. "He is
hesitant about becoming the second Arab
leader to enter into peaceful relations
with Israel." The Camp David proposals
hinge on this entry and until it is made,
Curtis said, there can be no progress in a
Middle East peace initiative.
Curtis thinks that constant pressure by
the United States and support from Saudi
Arabia will be crucial in bringing about a
commitment from Jordan.
Curtis pointed out the various conse
quences of the recent war in West Beirut
between Israel and the PLO. ;
"It's clear that the Israeli invasion of
Lebanon was a stunning success," he
said. This success has resulted in a re
evaluation of Israel in relationship to its
"Israel can no longer be viewed as a
small nation surrounded by more power
ful neighbors," Curtis said. "Certainly
Israel now has some degree of security."
But, Curtis also made it clear that the
power of the Arab nations is not to be
underestimated because of the Israeli vic
tory. - l'-:';T'.''":V:'?;4V
See LEBANON on page 4
'l 1 r
-: - DTHJeft Neuvilla
Dr. Meron Benvenisti said peace required compromise
... former Israeli deputy major spoke on Arab-Israeli issue
Riots, violence rampant as Poles protest ban of union
The Assdated Press
WARSAW, Poland Police battled thousands of
rioters who rampaged through the model steelmaking
city of Nowa Huta late Wednesday in protest of the
martial law regime's ban on Solidarity.
Violence erupted in the southern city after riot
police used water cannon and tear gas to break up a
demonstration by 3,000 steelworkers supporting the
outlawed independent union. '
Official sources in Krakow said Nowa Huta's streets
were littered with broken glass and stones, some streets
were torn up, and the center of the city was sealed off.
It was the third day of scattered protests across
State television said the angry mob in Nowa Huta
tried to destroy public buildings. "The rowdies
blocked the streets and were damaging municipal and
transport equipment," the broadcast said.
"Police officers who intervened were showered with
stones, glass, ball-bearings and concussion grenades. It
is difficult to estimate the damage, but indications are
that it is considerable," it said, adding that an
unspecified number of "the most aggressive rioters
Earlier, police had fired tear gas and water cannon
into a crowd of steelworkers who tried to march with
Polish flags to the Roman Catholic church in Nowa
Huta, witnesses reported. They said the crowd at
tacked some public buildings, but provided no details.
The huge Nowa Huta church was built in defiance ,
of communist authorities by then-Cardinal Karol Woj
tyla, who now is Pope John Paul II.
Anti-government demonstrations also were staged
in Wroclaw but no violence was reported in that
southern city, where about 700 people taunted police
with shouts of Gestapo!" as officers detained about
An Associated Press reporter at the scene said the
crowd dispersed peacefully.
Workers at a railroad equipment plant and a pump
factory in Wroclaw began a strike but went back to
their jobs after "discussions" with authorities, the of
ficial news media in Wroclaw reported.
Sources said the Nowa Huta rioting matched the
fury of street fighting Aug. 31, when five people were
killed and hundreds injured in protests and riots that
swept scores of Polish cities on Solidarity's second an
The riot followed two days of fierce street clashes in
the northern Baltic seaport of Gdansk, birthplace of
the independent labor federation. Most -striking
workers were reported back on the job in the embat
tled Gdansk shipyard Wednesday.
Poland's latest round of disturbances erupted Mon
day in Gdansk to protest last Friday's outlawing of the
independent labor union Solidarity and the imposition
of martial law 10 months ago.
An estimated 10,000 workers struck for eight hours
Monday and Tuesday in shipyards in Gdansk and
neighboring Gdynia, and riot police battled protesters
in Gdansk after each work stoppage, witnesses said.
A ham radio operator in Gdansk was quoted as say
ing two protesters were killed, but this could not be ,
The authorities Tuesday militarized the Gdansk
shipyard birthplace of Solidarity in 1980 and
warned workers arriving for the first shift Wednesday
they faced possible five-year prison terms if they
violated military rules. They were told their contracts
had been invalidated, some were fired and others were
drafted on the spot into the army, workers reported.
Most workers did their jobs Wednesday, the return
ing journalists reported.
The threatened five-year sentences are more
moderate than normal punishment for violating
military rules, which could be death.
Earlier, a Western correspondent in the Baltic port
said witnesses reported fresh riots had broken out
Wednesday near the shipyard. But later reports from
Western correspondents said there had been no rioting
and the city was calm. The Foreign Ministry said
reports of unrest in Gdansk were false.
Official sources said workers had staged a one-hour
work stoppage Tuesday at a factory in the western city
of Poznan, the first acknowledgement by officials that
unrest had spread beyond the Gdansk area following
the outlawing of Solidarity.
The Soviet news agency Tass, in a dispatch from
Warsaw, voiced approval of the tough measures, say
ing Polish "authorities are taking the necessary
measures to restore tranquility in accordance with
martial law." .
Underground leaders of Solidarity in Gdansk cir
culated a leaflet, meanwhile, urging workers to
boycott new trade unions authorized by the martial
law regime and prepare for regional general strikes.
. "The regional coordinating committee calls for
preparations for a general strike in the period chosen
by the underground union. The fight for Solidarity is
going on until victory," the leaflet said.
By JOHN CONWAY
Staff Writer .
Unemployment in Orange County stood
at 3.8 percent in August, the second lowest
rate among North Carolina counties. And
when the jobless rate for September is
released later this month, no significant
change' is expected, said Rhett
Chamberlain, manager of the Durham
bureau of the North Carolina Employ
ment Security Commission.
The 3.8 percent unemployment rate
recorded in August reflected a 0.1 percent .
drop in the rate for the same period a year
ago. Orange County's jobless rate fell con
siderably below the state rate of 9 percent
in August and the national level of 9.6 per
cent. Figures released last week place the
national unemployment rate in September
at 10.1 percent.
Dare County, on the east coast, had the
lowest rate in August, with only 3.7 per
cent of the work force out of jobs.
Orange County's low level of
unemployment is "fairly normal for the
Triangle area," Chamberlain said. Wake,
Durham and Orange counties traditionally
are among the lowest in the state. In
August, Wake County reported a 4.4 per
cent jobless rate, while Durham County's
level was 4.7 percent.
Chamberlain said the concentration of
government, education and medical in
dustries in me. Triangle accounted for the
"relatively low level of unemployment.'
These industries are "not subject to
depressionary influence," he said.
Specifically, the location of North
Carolina Memorial Hospital and the
university in the heart of Orange County
provides stability in the work force,
Chamberlain said. .
"As long as your base industry is stable,
your service industry is going to be
stable," he said.
Dave Garrison, assistant director of the
Labor Marketing Information Division of
the ESC, said Wake and Orange counties
tended to have one of the lowest jobless
rates in the nation. A recent press release
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics cited
Orange and Wake counties as examples of
consistently low unemployment rates
among counties in the nation, he said.
North Carolina's jobless rate was 0.6
percent below the national level of 9.6 per
cent for the month of August. The state
consistently has fallen below the national
figure because employment in North
Carolina is not heavily concentrated in
manufacturing industries, Garrison said.
The greatest opportunities for jobs are in
the technical and medical fields, which are
thriving in the Triangle, he said.
However, Garrison said many people
tend to misinterpret unemployment
statistics. The unemployment rate deter-
See JOBS on page 4
Itudent government ingrained in University's organizational structure
By LISA PULLEN
Staff Writer ,
Part two of a two-part series.
I wish I could be as confident of the future of
Student Government as Jam proud of its past.
Unfortunately, I cannot.
Students are not optimistic about change
through the system. They realize that Student
Government does not have much power. They
are tired of student "politicos" only out of their
own gain, and they have a rather curious
philosophy of 'nothing being better than
1970-71 UNC student body president
So wrote Bello when his administration was
embroiled in a controversy with administration
officials about the handling of Student Ac
tivities Fees in 1971 . The mere existence of Stu
dent Government on campus was threatened,
he said then.
But today, Student Government seems firmly
entrenched in the organizational structure of
the University. No longer worried with merely
existing, the big question surrounding Student
Government is how effective it is.
. Current Student ; Body President Mike
Vandenbergh said Student Government played
an active role on campus.
"I think the average student probably is not
aware of the variety of projects and influences
Student Government has," Vandenbergh said.
Student Government plays an important part
within the University, said Donald Boulton,
" vice-chancellor for student affairs.
"As far as I'm concerned, I take Student
Government and their role on campus very
seriously," Boulton said.
"Sometimes governments do a good job and
sometimes they don't," he said. "What is im
portant is the role that they play."
Jon Reckford, executive assistant to
Vandenbergh, said university administration
officials were very aware of Student Govern
ment. "The administration takes Mike very serious
ly," Reckford said.
As a voting member of the University's
Board of Trustees, Vandenbergh said he was
able to make student interests known to the ad
ministration. "Trustees really do look at student reaction
. as part of their decision on each issue," he said.
He added that the food service issue was one
area in which Student Government had played
an important role by lowering the student fee
proposed last spring by the administration, in
abandoning the idea of room and board in
residence halls and in the establishment of the
$100 meal ticket plan.
; But' 1981-82 Student Body President Scott
Norberg said Wednesday that such a plan
would not have been approved of by his ad
ministration. "I think that the administration might have
felt that I wouldn't stand for a mandatory meal
plan of any kind for students," Norberg said.
"They probably waited until I was out of office
until they thought they could get something like
Vandenbergh said that his aclministration
had been effective in involving more students in
"I think the office has changed a great deal
in the last year in that respect," he said.
Vandenbergh said he had made an effort to
appoint people to his administration who
would be interested in Student Government,
rather than their own interests.
Norberg said that his administration had also
made an effort to involve more students.
"It was my administration that began the
executive liaison program," he said. Norberg
added that he had been able , to double the
number of students involved -in Student
Government through the liaison program.
Proposing alternative solutions to problems
that arise has been a mark of his administra
tion, Vandenbergh said. "As far as I know,
that hasn't been done since I've been in Student
Government," he said.
The efforts of Student Government are
limited by the short amount of time it has to
work with, Boulton said. Elections, adjusting
to the office and final exams take up the spring
semester, he said, adding that August through
November were "the really crucial months" for
. In addition to the short amount of time in of
fice, Student Government must cope with the
representation problem of losing 25 percent of
their constituency to graduation and gaining 25
percent with incoming freshmen, Boulton said.
"That's a difficult thing for any group to
do," he said. "I think they get an 'A' for ef
fort." Not only must the executive branch deal with
problems affecting students, it must contend
with internal politics.
Vandenbergh said he picked people for his
cabinet who "had interests outside of Student
Government so that Student Government is not
a closed group. It's been self-concerned at
Student body presidents also must decide
what structure their cabinet will take. The ex
ecutive assistant and committee head structure
has been in use for the last five years, Norberg
The choice of executive assistants is an im
portant one for a student body president.
Although the . amount of responsibility ex
ecutive assistants have varies, they generally are
the closest advisers to the president.
Vandenbergh oversees five executive
assistants and 13 committees. The executive
assistants in his administration are mainly in
charge of coordinating the efforts of the com
mittees. The active role that executive assistants play
in making decisions with the student body
president and the committee heads might seem
to an outsider as 'government-by-subordinate.'
But Vandenbergh said the amount of respon
sibility an executive assistant had was left up to
, them. Do the committees assigned to the ex
ecutive assistant influence the amount of power
that he or she has?
See STUDENT on page 4