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Accent focuses today on the
dilemma surrounding abor
tion. See story on page 5.
Copyright The Oaily Tar Heel 1982
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume ffi, Issue J?2
Wednesday, November 10, 1S32 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
that KICK case
By MELISSA MOORE
A civil rights lawyer said Tuesday at UNC that the failure
of the U.S. Justice Department to appoint a special prose
cutor to investigate the 1979 Greensboro shootings presented
evidence that the United States is experiencing a "constitu
"What is required is the appointment of a special prosecu
tor," said Arthur Kinoy, attorney and Rutgers University
law professor, who spoke before about 60 people at the UNC
The U.S. Congress passed the Ethics in Government Act
in 1978 which set rules for appointing special prosecutors.
Plaintiffs in a suit to force appointment of a special prose
cutor in the Greensboro case have filed the necessary court
order, but the Justice Department has not responded, Kinoy
said. American lawyers had expected a special prosecutor to
be appointed in this case because of the act, he said.
Five Communist Workers Party members were shot and
killed at a "Death to the Klan March," on Nov. 3, 1979. Six
Klansmen and Nazis were acquitted of murder charges in
"What emerges is the simple fact that involved in the kill-,
ings in Greensboro was a federal agent," Kinoy said. He said
the agent had been sent to meet with the people who did the
killings and to teach them how to use guns on the day before
the killings occurred.
After Watergate, Americans recognized that they could
not expect high government officials to introduce evidence
against themselves in a grand jury, Kinoy said.
In the Greensboro case, the Justice Department says the
allegations are not specific enough, Kinoy said. In response
to this, Kinoy said, "The only thing that's missing is what?
Signed confessions of government agents."
Law teachers, lawyers and civic leaders are looking at the
Greensboro case because there is the implication that the
people who killed the C.W.P. members were helped by the
The appointment of a special prosecutor in the Greens
boro case would show that the federal government would not
allow itself to become involved in such killings, he said,
Kinoy' s voice grew louder, and he beat his fist on his hand
for emphasis as he said, "That is the crisis moment when
federal presence must occur."
'. See KKK on page 6
-""" - - '.
4 ' - ' --
for lower interest rates
Arthur Kinoy explains need for special prosecutor in 1979 case
... Rutgers law professor called problem a "constitutional crisis-
' The Associated Press
WASHINGTON An unlikely
alliance of Democratic leaders and conser
vative Republicans is quietly forming in
Congress behind proposed legislation that
would force the Federal Reserve Board to
lower interest rates.
The move in favor of an interest rate
setting bill is causing alarm at the nation's
central bank, which believes the legislation
is both bad, economics and a threat to the
Federal Reserve's longstanding in
dependence. "We view this with a great deal of con
cern," one Federal Reserve official said
Tuesday. He asked that his name not be
Calling the legislation a "mistake," this
official said it was crucial that the bank
preserve - its distance from day-to-day
political influences that might undermine
its credibility with the financial markets.'
The poalition has attracted the interest
of such leading congressional figures as
Rep. Jack Kemp, R-N.Y.; Republican
House Whip Trent Lott of Mississippi;
Senate Democratic Leader Robert C. Byrd
LOf West Virginia and House Democratic
Leader Jim Wright of Texas, other sources
. This group is pushing three separate but
similar bills that are intended to bring
down interest rates by forcing the Federal
Reserve to abandon its policy of limiting
the growth of money and credit to control
This policy has been blamed by Federal
Reserve critics for the high interest rates of
the past three years that have depressed the
The proposed legislation would force
the Federal Reserve to return to the policy
of setting interest rates that it scrapped
three years ago when it embarked on its
controversial policy of controlling the
money supply. The aim is to have interest
rates correspond more closely to the in
Congressional emissaries, in a post
election meeting last week with an aide to
Reserve Chairman Paul A. Volcker,
' -'--OTed that; if the board did not move
swiftly to bring rates down. Congress like-
DTHZane A. Saunders
ly would act when it convenes in January.
"We emphasized to the Fed that the
coalition is serious and alive and intending
to press the interest' rate issue," said a
Senate Democratic source who attended
the meeting. "It's one of the two or three
major things on the Democratic agenda." ,
The prospects for a bipartisan coalition
"may be better than anyone believed at the
beginning of our discussions," the source
The Federal Reserve did not make any
commitments to a policy change at the
meeting, except to say it is well aware of its
status as a creature of Congress and is
listening to what Congress has to say,
Reserve officials said.
The, coalition faces several major bar
riers in the way of passage of an interest
rate bill, including strong opposition from
the Federal Reserve and dim prospects for
approval by the Treasury Department and
the Senate and House banking commit
tees. President Reagan has not. taken a
The prospect that Congress might vote
to set monetary policy and limit the
board's authority has perturbed Volcker,
who said last spring that "transient
political influences" on monetary policy
could harm the economy: Volcker has per
sonally lobbied members of Congress
against the bills.
Interest rates have been declining since
the bills were introduced.
Reserve officials say the timing is a coin
cidence, that rates have fallen solely in
response to expectations of a declining in
flation rate and the weak economy.
In a critical summary of the legislation,
the Federal Reserve said the bills would be
difficult if not impossible to enforce,
that they would fuel inflationary expecta
tions and "will expose the Federal Reserve
to greater political pressure and erode its
independence and its credibility."
"The approach is bound to be self
defeating over time in terms of infla
tion, market stability and maintaining
lower interest rates," the summary stated.
Reserve officials contend that high in
terest rates are not the result of the board's
See BILL on page 6
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON With a blue-ribbon
governmental panel ready to take up the
issue of how to reshape Social Security,
private groups from right to left are pour
ing out their own ideas for reform of the
$218 billion retirement system.
The Heritage Foundation, a conser
vative think-tank, wants to gradually wean
workers from the program and allow them
to put their payroll taxes into Individual
Retirement Accounts and other in
vestments in the private sector.
The 13 million-member American
Association of Retired Persons says that
by raising taxes on oil, liquor and cigar
ettes and by reducing next year's tax cut,
among other steps, more than $200 billion
in new revenues could be generated to
carry the troubled old age fund through
Brookings Institute senior fellow Henry
Aaron, in a new book, disputes charges by
some economists including Martin S.
Feldstein, the new chairman of President
Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers
that the existence of Social Security has
seriously impeded private savings and in
vestment. Aaron, a liberal economist who served
in the Carter administration, did not spell
out what to do about Social Security's
shortages in the book, Economic Effects
of Social Security. But he explained his
views at length to reporters at a news con
ference at the liberal think-tank Tuesday.
"We're not talking about a hemor
rhage, we're talking about a shortfall of
rather modest proportions," equivalent to
about 5 percent to 8 percent of the
system's payments over the next seven
years, said Aaron. He favors speeding up
increases in the payroll tax, making federal
workers join the system, raising the tax on
the self-employed and modifying the cost-of-living
The Employee Benefit Research In
stitute, a business-supported group con
cerned about both public and private pen
sions, issued a 385-page report that criti
cized the notion of making Social Security
voluntary or eliminating its "welfare"
aspects. It called for changes along the
lines suggested by Aaron.
The outpouring of proposals came as
the 15-member National Commission on
Social Security Reform prepares to make
up its own mind about what to recom
mend at a three-day decision-making
meeting that starts Thursday in Alexan
dria, Va. Its staff released a list of 97 op
By ALISON DAVIS
Assistant Managing Editor
"It started with pushing and I was pushing away
and he hit me."
Jane (not her real name) is like a lot of other
women. She is a college student. She plans a career
after graduation. She has been an abused spouse.
But Jane is not, and has never been, married.
Neither are most "abused wives," according to Eric
Wcodrum, assistant professor of sociology at North
Carolina State University. :
"Spouse abuse is a misnomer," Woodrum said.
"A high proportion of abused women who seek,
help are unmarried. A significant proportion of
these (couples) don't live together."
Violence among coilege students is not unusual,
according to a 1979 study by sociologist James
In a survey of 202 freshmen and sophomores at
St. John's" University in Minnesota, Makepeace
found that 21.2 percent of the students interviewed
had been abused or had abused in a relationship at
least once. An additional 61.5 percent said they had
friends in violent relationships.
"Mostly it was pushing and slapping. Occasional
ly it was really hitting."
The type of violence reported at St. John's ranged
from pushing and punching to slapping and chok
ing. In some cases, weapons were used in the
"Although the percentages of the students who
have experienced the more serious forms of violence
may seem small, the students actually suggest a
significant social problem," the study concluded.
Studies such as the one conducted by Makepeace,
as well as the Womens' Movement, have helped to
increase public awareness o spouse abuse,
Woodrum said. In turn, reports of abuse have in
creased. But abused students rarely seek help,
Makepeace's study concluded. "Violence among
young unmarried couples may be even more under
rated than spouse abuse, because young people view
their world as a closed system, apart from adults,"
Makepeace stated. "Even if they are being
assaulted, calling the police is ratting on a peer to an
adult, and that is unacceptable." v
Police often may not like to answer domestic
violence calls. FBI figures show that one-fourth of
all U.S. murders occur in a domestic setting. In
North Carolina, 15 percent of all homicides result
from domestic arguments.
At least 20 percent of all police officers who are
killed on the job die trying to break up a domestic
dispute, according to the FBI figures. x
" didn 7 feel like I could go 'io the police, and I
was not up to a court case. I was sure I would get a
hard time from the police. And I was
A combination of factors may prevent the college
student from reporting violence, Woodrum said.
and abuse: violence high, reports few
These include embarrassment, shame and feelings
that "even though you're being victimized, you will
somehow be held responsible."
" was breaking up with him. But 1 didn't want
to hurt him." ,
Jane found it difficult to leave her relationship
bev ause she didn't want to hurt the man involved.
More often, women are afraid to leave relation
ships. "It's an 'I can't get away' type of a deal,"
Woodrum said there was evidence that being vic
timized was associated with being isolated. "If
you're tied in with other family members,
friends, separate kinds of connections ; it makes
See ABUSE on page 6
By ALISON DAVIS
Assistant Managing Editor
Eight hundred women at UNC may have been
punched at one time or another by their boyfriends.
It's a staggering figure, but probably quite ac
curate, according to M.C. Teague, chief of the
Crimes of Violence Section of the North Carolina
Department of Crime Control and Public Safety inr
Raleigh. Teague spoke at UNC last week as part of
two Carolina Union seminars on abuse in relation
ships. Citing figures from studies of violent relation
ships among college students at the St. Johns
University in Minnesota, Oregon State University
and Arizona State University, Teague told audi
ences in Morrison and Spencer residence halls that
one-fourth of the students surveyed at the three
sch.x)ls had been involved in abusive relationships.
Abuse may include punching, throwing and
pushing, Teague said.
"If you superimpose that ratio on UNC, 800
wemen at UNC have been punched," he said.
Either the man or the woman in a relationship
may be violent, Teague said, but "it's almost always
a male on female type thing."
Women should be wary and watch for danger
signs that could warn her if a man is potentially
violent, Teague said. A man is likely to become
he beats his girlfriend
he has a violent temper
he abuses alcohol or drugs
he is cruel to animals
he had a violent homelife during his childhood.
. Education is the most important measure one can
take to prevent abusive relationships, Teague said.
Teague has coordinated a public education program
since 1979, giving lectures on murder, rape, violent
crime, domestic violence and business crime.
"No other state has done anything quite like this
before," Teague said. "We had no model to go
Teague said he preferred to speak in informal,
group discussion situations like the ones on campus
last week. "Larger groups are a' little more in
hibited," he said. "The more homogeneous the
group, the more questions will be asked."
Teague said he could not gauge the success of the
seminar program, but that people were calling and
requesting his lectures more, often. Education on
violence leads to reports of violence, he said.
"We don't think it's (violence) become increasing
anywhere," he said. "The biggest thing is that peo
ple are reporting it more. It can be prevented."